Debate Kit: Should the Commercial Seal Slaughter Be Stopped?

A hot topic in classrooms and on the minds of many people today is the Canadian commercial seal slaughter. Here at PETA, our core belief is that animals are not ours to use. We know that many schools assign debates on topical issues to help their students learn to speak and write persuasively, develop research skills, and recognize multiple sides of a controversial or multifaceted issue. This student debate kit lists a variety of resources that can be shared with students to support the argument that the commercial seal slaughter should end and that the Canadian government should help sealers transition into other industries.

Resolved: The Canadian government should end its funding of the commercial seal slaughter immediately and help sealers transition into other industries.

© Sea Shephard Conservation Society

Affirmative Argument

Every year, commercial sealers slaughter tens of thousands of baby harp seals on the Canadian ice floes. Some are shot with rifles, while others are bludgeoned with weapons called hakapiks—heavy wooden clubs topped by a barbed metal hammer head. It can take more than one blow to the head to kill a seal, and many aren’t immediately killed by the first gun shot, so they’re sometimes left to die slowly and painfully on the ice. Baby seals have no way to escape from the sealers’ weapons. Their skin is torn off, and their bodies are thrown onto piles to rot on the ice. It’s legal for seals to be killed as soon as they lose their white fur at just a few weeks of age, and most are between only 3 weeks and 3 months old when they’re slaughtered.

The Canadian government allows this cruelty to continue even though all major markets—including those in the EU, Russia (which had been importing about 95% of the pelts), and the U.S.—have banned seal-fur imports. Efforts to sell seal fur in China, which was once presumed to be an untapped market for seal-derived “products,” have also failed. The sealing industry has been condemned around the world, and most Canadians oppose it, too.

© Sea Shephard Conservation Society

In recent years, fewer than 1,000 sealers have participated in the slaughter because of a lack of markets for seal products. The slaughter costs millions of dollars more to support than it earns, and even seal-fur processors have reportedly admitted that pelts are stockpiling because they can’t sell them. The commercial seal slaughter continues only because politicians funnel money toward it in order to win the favor of regional voters within sealing communities. They’re desperate to show voters in those regions that they support local business endeavors—apparently even if it means pouring money into an industry with no future, costing Canadian taxpayers millions every year.

There’s no excuse for this cruelty. The Canadian government frequently hides behind native people in a dishonest attempt to justify the commercial slaughter despite the fact that it accounts for the overwhelming majority of seals killed in Canada and is separate from Inuit subsistence hunts. The seal slaughter is cruel, unprofitable, and unsustainable and should end immediately.

Become an ‘Expert’

Use the following links to research general information about the commercial seal slaughter and prepare logical arguments against it:

Build Your Case

Use the following links to gather evidence and examples to support your position against the seal slaughter:

Research Articles and Investigative Analysis

© Sea Shephard Conservation Society

Statements and Studies by Experts Against the Seal Slaughter

The Declining Economic Viability of Seal ‘Products’

International Opposition to the Seal Slaughter

© Sea Shephard Conservation Society

Finding the Solution

Use the following resources to help build a proposal suggesting solutions to issues that could allegedly arise from ending the Canadian seal slaughter:

Leigh Vogel/PETA

Anticipate Counterarguments and Prepare Rebuttals

Analyze sources that support the seal slaughter to determine their stated reasons for doing so. Investigate how much money or favor these companies acquire through their support of the slaughter and think critically about their motivations. Also, examine which other entities benefit from the commercial seal slaughter (e.g., sealers/fishers and government officials). Create a list of typical statements made by parties who want the commercial seal slaughter to continue. Information included in the links in this document can be used to respond to counterarguments.

Additional Resources

Websites

Book and Film

Photos and Infographics

Videos

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Have students use the curated content in this debate resource kit to prepare an affirmative argument stating why Canada’s commercial seal slaughter should be illegal. These resources will assist students in supporting their position using scientific, ethical, and philosophical arguments.

Want free educational posters and stickers for students to use during their debates? E-mail us at [email protected]

Do your students need to conduct an interview as part of their research? Staff members from PETA’s student sector are available to speak with students via phone, Skype, or e-mail and to answer questions about our stance on keeping marine mammals in captivity. Have students e-mail us directly at [email protected], or if you’d like to contact us on their behalf, please fill out the form below, and we’ll arrange for them to speak with a representative.

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