Plastic Straws Didn’t Kill These Animals—Fishing Gear Did

Published by Katherine Sullivan.

In 2015, this video showing a sea turtle with a plastic straw lodged in his nostril went viral:

Researchers were able to remove the straw and return the animal to the ocean, but the video still received millions of views—and caused quite an uproar. It sparked a huge anti–plastic straw movement. According to ABC, the viral footage has been a “big factor in the growing campaign to eliminate plastic straws.” But according to a newer report, abandoned fishing gear—not straws and other consumer plastics—is “the most harmful form of marine debris for animals,” such as this sea lion, who became entangled in fishing line:

According to the report, titled Ghosts Beneath the Waves, more than 700,000 tons of fishing gear is left in the ocean each year. This abandoned equipment—also known as “ghost gear”—kills and mutilates millions of sea animals.

Update: March 22, 2021

In a dramatic rescue captured on video, a team from PETA-supported Animal Rahat in India cut a baby crocodile free from an abandoned fishing net that had become wrapped around the animal’s mouth and body. Check out the harrowing footage:

Thanks to Animal Rahat and locals who took swift action, this baby crocodile can splash about freely once more. Unfortunately, countless other animals aren’t as lucky.

Update: March 17, 2021

A pregnant minke whale is dead after “ghost gear” (in this case, a discarded fishing net) became stuck in her mouth—she was reportedly found dead on a beach on an island in Scotland. A trawl net (a large net that’s towed midwater or dragged along the seafloor) was found jammed in the expectant mother’s baleen (the filter-feeding system inside her mouth), making it impossible for her to eat.


Eating fish must end—not only are the individuals who wind up dead (or sometimes alive) on your plate deserving of being left in peace, the tens of thousands of whales, dolphins, sharks, and turtles who are killed because of discarded fishing gear (the fishing industry callously refers to these as “bycatch”) also deserve to live.

Don’t Fish for Fish—Go ‘Trash Fishing’ Instead!

Update: July 31, 2019

On June 20, a mother sperm whale and her baby, both dead, were found floating in a tangled fishing net in the Mediterranean Sea off the western coast of Italy.

Mother Sperm Whale and Her Baby Found Dead in a Tangled Fishing NetPHOTO: Marevivo

According to reports, the mother whale died while trying to save her baby. Fishing net was found in the mother’s mouth, while the net completely blanketed the baby whale.

“The death of these two giants of the sea is a loss for our natural heritage, but knowing that what happened is our fault makes it even more tragic,” said Rosalba Giugni, president of a local environmentalist group. “Changing our behavior is not enough. We need to change our beliefs.”

If this tragedy and the slew of similar incidents below make you sad, there’s really only one thing to do: Stop eating fish. Get started with these delicious vegan fish recipes.

Update: July 18, 2019

While patrolling off the coast of Maine, a group of marine scientists from the University of New England discovered a 7-foot porbeagle shark with a plastic ring wrapped around her neck and gills.

We do not know for sure where the plastic came from, but it appears to be similar to that found around commercial fish bait boxes,” said Dr. James Sulikowski, a professor. The shark likely would’ve died had the plastic not been removed, according to Sulikowski, who believes that it had been there for years, becoming more embedded in her skin as she grew. The group named her Destiny, “because she is definitely a survivor!

The number-one thing you can do for sharks like Destiny is to stop eating fish.

Order PETA’s free vegan starter kit for great tips and recipes to help you make the transition to fish-free vegan meals.

Update: May 21, 2019

A dead turtle, still entangled in the abandoned netting that most likely killed him or her, was found off the coast of Grayton Beach, Florida. The photos below, sent to PETA by a concerned snorkeler, show just how hopelessly trapped animals can become when snared by ghost gear. This is a grim glimpse into our collective future if more people don’t make the compassionate—and necessary—decision to stop eating fish.

Update: November 30, 2018

When this leatherback sea turtle (whose species is endangered) was found dead on a beach in New York, wildlife experts who examined his body determined that he had died after becoming entangled in discarded fishing equipment. A piece of rope with a buoy attached to it was wrapped around his head and both front flippers, and experts believe that the turtle strangled to death. He was likely between 50 and 80 years old.

Update: September 10, 2018

Off the coast of western Colombia, conservationists recorded a humpback whale calf breaching the water. At first, nothing seemed abnormal, but the observers were left stunned as her tail—or what was left of it—emerged. Where a significant chunk of the tail should have been, there was nothing but a gruesome wound.

Experts believe that the body part was most likely lost after becoming tightly entangled in an abandoned fishing net. Once circulation to the tail was cut off, it would eventually have fallen off. Unfortunately, this baby humpback—maimed by humanity’s carelessness—will probably die without her tail, if she hasn’t already.

Update: August 22, 2018

A photograph taken in northern Australia by a film crew shooting Blue—an upcoming ocean documentary—shows the decomposed body of a green sea turtle still wrapped in the plastic fishing net that’s believed to have killed him.

According to The Independent, the film crew released the image to call attention to the dangers of abandoned fishing nets, also known as “ghost netting.”

Update: August 15, 2018

A video shared recently by ABC News shows a whale off the coast of Chile trapped in a fishing net. Kind divers worked together to free the animal.

Had these divers not come across him, he could have died.

Originally published on March 29, 2018:

Other victims of this “ghost gear” include this seal …

… and this one …

… and this one …

… and this one …

Other animals affected include whales, like this one …

… and sea turtles, like this one …

… and gulls, like this one …

… and crustaceans, like this crab:

Sea animals aren’t the only ones suffering. “Already threatened ecosystems, including shallow coral reef habitats, also suffer further degradation from ghost fishing gear,” Ghosts Beneath the Waves reports.

Proposed solutions to this deadly epidemic include reducing the amount of fishing gear that’s being dumped into our oceans, as well as recycling abandoned fishing gear in innovative ways. While it’s commendable that solutions are being suggested and implemented, we need to think bigger if we want to protect marine animals and ecosystems.

If the appropriate response to a turtle getting a straw stuck in his nose is to shun such items, we clearly need to do more to save the millions of animals who are being maimed and killed by so-called “ghost gear.”

It’s simple: No fishing would mean no fishing gear—abandoned or otherwise.

© Jordy Chias

Clearly, fishing is hazardous to the environment. But it’s also horrifically cruel. Commercial fishing kills hundreds of billions of animals worldwide every year—far more than any other industry—while catch-and-release fishing is just cruelty disguised as “sport.” And if you think eating fish is good for your health, think again. Fish flesh can be badly contaminated with toxic chemicals that are known to cause cancer and brain degeneration. Fish is also the most likely of all foods to make you sick from bacterial contamination, which is why seafood is one of the top causes of food poisoning in the U.S.

So if fishing is so damaging to animals, the environment, and your health, why is it still a thing? The truth is, it doesn’t need to be. If you fish for “sport,” opt for a cruelty-free outdoor activity instead, like canoeing, kayaking, hiking, or birdwatching—you could even walk along the beach picking up discarded fishing nets and other plastic pollutants. If fish is part of your diet, choose from one of the many vegan fish options—like Gardein’s Mini Crispy Crabless Cakes or Golden Fishless Filets—or make your own fish-free dishes. Click the buttons below to learn more:

Check out our “Fish Are Friends, Not Food” leaflet in the PETA Catalog.

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 Ingrid E. Newkirk

“Almost all of us grew up eating meat, wearing leather, and going to circuses and zoos. We never considered the impact of these actions on the animals involved. For whatever reason, you are now asking the question: Why should animals have rights?” READ MORE

— Ingrid E. Newkirk, PETA President and co-author of Animalkind