Va. Code § 61-8-19. Cruelty to animals; penalties; exclusions.
(a)(1) It is unlawful for any person to intentionally, knowingly or recklessly,
(i) Proper sustenance, including food or water;
(ii) Shelter that protects from the elements of weather
(H) Cruelly chain or tether an animal
(2) Any person in violation of subdivision (1) of this subsection is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than $300 nor more than $2,000 or confined in jail not more than six months, or both.