The Following Communities Permit Animals to Be Chained for a Limited Period of Time

Birmingham, Alabama
July 21, 2020

Dogs may not be tethered with a chain or to a fixed point and may not be tethered for more than eight consecutive hours.

Sec. 6-1-16. – Care of tethered dogs.

(a) It shall be unlawful for any person to tether a dog in an inhumane manner and it shall be unlawful for any person to leave a dog tethered without its owner or a competent person to care for it.

(b) Except as provided in this ordinance, no person may tie or chain a dog, other than with a humane tethering device, as a primary means of containment or restraint.

(c) A humane tethering device shall provide for unrestrained range of movement for the animal and prevent entanglement. The dog shall be attached to an overhead running line or cable with a trolley by means of a properly fitting collar or harness attached to a cord with a swivel on both ends to prevent entanglement. The cable or running line shall be at least 12 feet in length but shall not allow the dog to access a street, sidewalk, other public right-of-way, or the property of anyone other than its owner without permission of the other property owner. The humane tethering device shall not present a hazard to the dog or to the general public.

(d) It shall be unlawful for any person to tether a dog with a chain at a fixed-point.

(e) The overhead running line or cable of a humane tethering device shall allow the trolley to run smoothly without catching. The tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog, with enough room between the collar and the dog’s throat through which two (2) fingers may fit. Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for purposes of tethering a dog with a humane tethering device.

(f) There must be a swivel on at least one (1) end of the tether to minimize tangling of the tether.

(g) The cable, running line, or cord of the humane tethering device must be of adequate size and strength to effectively restrain the dog. Chains may not be used to tether. The size and weight of the tether must not be excessive, but must be proportional considering the age, size, and health of the dog. The dog must not be tethered in a manner that presents a hazard to themselves or the general public, as determined by the investigating law enforcement or animal control officer, considering the age, size, and health of the dog. No dog that is sick, injured, or six months of age or under may be tethered.

(h) The cable, running line, or cord of the humane tethering device must be at least twelve (12) feet in length and mounted at least four (4) feet and no more than seven (7) feet above ground level. The cable, running line, or cord of the humane tethering device must allow access to the maximum available exercise area and continuous access to water and shelter. The trolley system must be of appropriate configuration to confine the dog to the owner’s property, to prevent the dog from extending the tether over an object or an edge, including climbing over a fence, railing or wall, that could result in injury or strangulation of the dog, and to prevent the tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals.

(i) Only one dog may be restrained per humane tethering device.

(j) It shall be unlawful to tether or shelter a dog outdoors during the course of a severe weather event, including, but not limited to, heat, cold, rain, flood, storm, or tornadic activity, in which a warning has been issued.

(k) Nothing in this ordinance shall be construed to prohibit owners or others walking dogs with a handheld leash.

 

Decatur, Alabama
March 22, 2021

Fixed point tethering is prohibited. Dogs may be tethered on trolley systems under certain conditions.

Section 4-2.1-Chaining/tethering of dogs.

a. Tethering or chaining refers to the act of securing a dog to a stationary object or stake. This is usually done using a chain, rope, or other device to limit the range of the dog. The City determines that tethering is an inhumane way to contain a dog.

b. Direct point chaining, or tethering of dogs to a stationary object, is prohibited. Dogs may be restrained by means of a trolley system, or a tether attached to a pulley on a cable run, if the following conditions are met:

i. Multiple dogs can be on one cable run provided there is lead stop that allows enough separation as to prevent any possible entanglement.

ii. The tether must be attached to a properly fitting harness or collar worn by the dog. Choke collars, pinch collars and prong collars are prohibited for purposes of tethering a dog to a cable run.

iii. There must be a swivel on at least one end of the tether to minimize tangling of the tether.

iv. The tether and cable run must be of adequate size and strength to effectively restrain the dog. The size and weight of the tether must not be excessive, as determined by the Animal Control officer, considering the age, size and health of the dog. Under no circumstances shall the weight of the tether be more than 25% of the animal’s weight.

v. The length of the tether from the cable run to the dog’s harness must allow access to an exercise area, continuous access to water and shelter, and to some form of shade at all times. The trolley system must be of appropriate configuration to confine the dog to the owner’s property, to prevent the tether from extending over an object or an edge that could result in injury to the dog, and to prevent the tether from becoming tangled with other objects or animals. The runner must be between 4 feet to 7 feet above the ground and at least 15 feet in length and must remain unobstructed as to allow the animal full use of at least 15 continuous feet of the runner. If multiple dogs are attached to one cable, each dog must be provided with at least 15 continuous feet of the runner.

c. Notwithstanding the foregoing, a dog may be tethered while under supervision of an adult person that is presently outside or while actively participating in or attending an organized show, field trial, agility event, herding contest or other similar exposition or event conducted outdoors, of a limited duration, that involves the judging or evaluation of animals, or when under the care and supervision of a licensed veterinarian.

d. In cases of maintenance and repair to existing restraint structures or construction of new constraint structures consistent with this ordinance a person will be able to obtain a temporary tethering permit for a period of fourteen days. A one-time extension will be available for up to one week if determined necessary by the Animal Services Department or its Animal Control Officers. The first time permit shall cost ten dollars. The extension to any related first-time permit shall cost twenty dollars.

e. In all cases, any person who tethers a dog in accordance with this section shall ensure that the animal is tethered in a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, entanglement or neglect.

f. No person owning or keeping a dog may subject the dog to cruel conditions or inhumane tethering at any time. Cruel conditions and inhumane tethering are defined as, but not limited to, the following conditions:

i. Filthy and dirty confinement conditions, including but not limited to exposure to excessive animal waste, garbage, dirty water, noxious odors, dangerous objects that could injure or kill the dog upon contact, or other circumstances that could cause harm to the dog’s physical health.

ii. Taunting, prodding, hitting, harassing, threatening or otherwise harming a tethered or confined dog.

iii. Subjecting the dog to dangerous conditions, including but not limited to attack by other animals. (Animals in use by law enforcement or those animals that are specifically bred and/or trained for agricultural duties are exempt from this section).

 

Fort Smith, Arkansas
December 27, 2012

Dogs may not be tethered as a primary means of confinement, but they may be attached to a trolley system provided that certain requirements are met.

Sec. 4-120. Regulations for tethering dogs

(a) No person shall tether, fasten, chain, tie, or restrain a dog, or cause any dog to be tethered, fastened, chained, tied, or restrained to a dog house, tree, fence, or any other stationary object with the intent that the tethering will be the animal’s primary means of permanent containment.

(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a), a person may do any of the following:

(1) Attach a dog to a trolley system as long as the trolley system is not intended as a means of permanent containment; or

(2) Tether, fasten, or tie a dog to a stationary object no longer than is necessary for the person responsible for the dog to complete a temporary task (e.g., cutting the grass, washing a car, gardening). In such temporary event, the dog must have convenient access to a sheltered area and containers of food and water.

(c) An acceptable trolley system is subject to the following requirements:

(1) The trolley system must be at least five (5) times the length of the dog’s body, as measured from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail; it must terminate at both ends with a swivel; it must not weigh more than one-eighth (1/8) of the dog’s weight; it must be free of tangles; and, it must be attached at two (2) permanent points elevated four (4) to seven (7) feet off the ground in a manner that allows the tether to move freely along the length of the cable; and

(2) The tether must be connected to the dog by a properly fitted, buckle-type collar or body harness of a size appropriate for the animal. A tether shall not be connected by means of a choke-type, pinch-type or prong type collar; and

(3) The dog must be tethered to a trolley system in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement; and

(4) The dog shall not be outside tethered to a trolley system during a period of extreme weather, including but not limited to, extreme heat or near-freezing temperatures, thunderstorms, or tornadoes; and

(5) The dog must have access to food, water, shade and shelter or dry ground; and

(6) Except as indicated hereafter, no person shall tether any dog outside to a trolley system unless the animal has been spayed/neutered. However, it is permissible to tether an intact dog when under the direct visual observation of the owner at all times the dog is tethered; it is also permissible to tether an intact dog if it is inside a completely fenced area that will prevent other dogs from coming into contact with the tethered intact dog; and

(7) No more than one (1) dog at a time may be attached to the same trolley system.

(d) An acceptable tether system for temporary purposes is subject to these requirements:

(1) When tethered, fastened, chained, tied, or restrained to stationary object, the tether must allow the free and untangled movement of the dog.

(2) The tether must be connected to the dog by a properly fitted harness (recommended) or collar appropriate for the dog. The harness or collar must fit in such a manner as to prevent injury, harm, and strangulation to the dog or allow the contained dot to escape.

(3) The minimum length of a tether is ten (10) feet.

(4) Except as indicated hereafter, no person shall tether any dog outside unless the animal has been spayed or neutered. However, it is permissible to tether an intact dog when under the direct visual observation of the owner at all times the dog is tethered; it is also permissible to tether an intact dog if it is inside a completely secured enclosure that will prevent other dogs from coming into contact with the tethered intact dog; and

(5) The dog is to be monitored periodically.

 

Jonesboro, Arkansas
March 17, 2009

Dogs older than 1 year of age and weighing less than 20 pounds may be tethered for two hours. Dogs may be restrained by a trolley system but only within certain limits.

Sec. 10-47. – Confinement of dogs.

(c) Tethering. Unless otherwise permitted under subsections (d) and (e) of this section, it shall be unlawful for any person to tether, fasten, chain, tie, restrain or cause a dog to be fastened, chained, tied or restrained to houses, trees, fences, garages or other stationary or highly immobile objects by means of rope, chain, strap, or any other physical restrain for the purpose of confinement, except an adult dog age one year or over and less than 20 pounds may be so tied for a time period not to exceed two hours.

(d) Trolley systems. A trolley system is a method to confine a dog by tethering the dog to a cable that is no less than 15 feet in length and elevated seven feet off the ground in a manner that allows the tether to move freely along the length of the cable. Only one animal may be attached to each running cable line or trolley system. Unless otherwise permitted under subsection (d) of this section, it shall be unlawful for any person to confine a dog through the use of a trolley system as follows in subsections (d)(1) through (6) of this section:

(1) For more than 12 consecutive hours or more than 18 total hours in any 24-hour period;

(2) For a puppy under the age of three months to be attached to a running cable line or trolley system for more than one consecutive hour or more than eight hours in a 24-hour period;

(3) For dogs that are not spayed or neutered for any period of time. Unaltered dogs must be in a completely fenced yard, defined within the same parameters as a “pen” to wit: “pen” shall be constructed of wood, metal or wire in such a fashion and manner of construction as to prevent the animal from escaping and to prevent the animals head from protruding through any section or part thereof, or housed indoors;

(4) That is located within 25 feet from any dwelling other than the person owning or controlling the dog;

(5) Any tethering system employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owner’s property; or

(6) In a manner that poses harm to the dog, including without limitation:

a. The use of a collar or harness that is ill fitting or constructed of any material other than leather or nylon;

b. The use of a tether that exceeds one-fifth of the body weight of the dogs or ten pounds total weight; or

c. The use of trolley system in an area that contains hazards to the dog or deprives the dog of food, water, and shelter.

 

Lowell, Arkansas
January 20, 2015

This ordinance prohibits tethering to stationary objects but allows tethering on a running line/trolley system. It provides additional criteria such as a minimum tether length.

ORDINANCE NO. 952

Section 1. Direct-point chaining or tethering of dogs to a stationary object is prohibited. Dogs may be restrained by means of a trolley system, or a tether attached to a pulley on a cable run, or to an anchoring device, sufficient in strength to restrain the dog, to a tangle-resistant tether if the following conditions are met:

  • Only one dog may be tethered to each cable run.
  • The tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog, with enough room between the collar and the dog’s throat through which two fingers may fit. Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for purposes of tethering a dog to a cable run, or other tangle-resistant restraint device.
  • There must be a swivel on both ends of the tether to prevent tangling of the tether.
  • The tether and cable run, or other anchoring device with a tangle-resistant tether, must be of adequate size and strength to effectively restrain the dog. The size and weight of the tether must not be excessive, as determined by the animal services officer, considering the age, size and health of the dog.
  • The cable run must be at least ten feet in length and mounted at least four feet and no more than seven feet above ground level, and if an anchoring system is used, the tangle-resistant tether must be at least ten (10′) feet in length.
  • The length of the tangle-resistant tether from the cable run, or anchoring device, to the dog’s collar should allow access to the maximum available exercise area and should allow continuous access to water and shelter. The trolley system or anchoring device and tangle-resistant tether must be of appropriate configuration to confine the dog to the owner’s property, to prevent the tether from extending over an object or an edge that could result in injury of strangulation of the dog, and to prevent the tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals.

Texarkana, Arkansas
March 20, 2017

No animal shall be tethered to a stationary object. Dogs may be restrained by means of a trolley system, provided that certain requirements are met.

Section 5-6 of the Code of Ordinances of the City of Texarkana, Arkansas, is hereby deleted in its entry and the following is substituted therefore:

A. Confinement of Dogs. Any person owning, possessing or keeping a dog or dogs, whether vaccinated or unvaccinated, licensed or unlicensed, shall confine such dog or dogs within an adequate fence or enclosure within a house, garage or other building that provides adequate ventilation and protection from environmental conditions.

B. Confinement of Cats. Any person owning, possessing or keeping a cat or cats, whether vaccinated or unvaccinated, licensed or unlicensed, shall confine such cat or cats to his or her property in a manner adequate to prevent the cat from running at large.

C. No person shall direct-point chain or tether a dog to a stationary object. Dogs may be restrained by means of a trolley system or a tether attached to a pulley on a cable run only if the following conditions are met:

Only one (1) dog may be tethered to each cable run.

  1. The tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog, with enough room between the collar and the dog’s throat through which two (2) fingers may fit. Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for purposes of tethering a dog to a cable run.
  2. There must be a swivel on a least one (1) end of the tether to minimize tangling of the tether.
  3. The tether and cable run must be of adequate size and strength to effectively restrain the dog. The size and weight of the tether must not be excessive, as determined by the Animal Welfare Officer, considering the age, size and health of the dog.
  4. The cable run must be at least ten (10) ft. in length and mounted at least four (4) ft. and no more than eight (8) ft. above ground level.
  5. The length of the tether from the cable run to the dog’s collar should allow access to the maximum available exercise area and should allow continuous access to water and shelter. The trolley system must be of appropriate configuration to confine the dog to the owner’s property, to prevent the tether from extending over an object with an edge that could result in injury or strangulation of the dog, and to prevent the tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals.

Notification of any violation of this provision shall be in the form of written warning to any one of: any owner of the animal, any person found to be in possession of the animal, or any owner or occupant of the property upon which the violation is occurring, whereupon a period of ten (10) days will be allowed for compliance.

If compliance is not met on or before the expiration of such period, the dog may be removed by Animal Welfare Officers.

If, for any reason, any portion of this ordinance should be held to be invalid, such invalidity shall in no way affect the remaining portions thereof which are valid, but said valid portions shall be and remain in full force and effect.

 

Kern County, California
2002

This ordinance prohibits the fixed-point tethering of dogs for longer than 12 consecutive hours in a 24-hour period. Tethers must be at least 15 feet long, weigh no more than one-eighth of the dog’s weight, have swivels on both ends, and attach to a properly-fitting collar or harness.

7.08.115 Restraint.

(a) A dog or puppy shall not be restrained by a fixed point chain or tether for more than twelve (12) consecutive hours in a twenty-four (24) hour period. This chain shall be at least fifteen (15) feet long.

(b) A dog or puppy may be exclusively restrained by a chain or tether provided that it is at least fifteen (15) feet in length and attached to a pulley or trolley mounted on a cable which is also at least fifteen (15) feet in length and mounted no more than seven (7) feet above ground level.

(c) Any tethering system employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owner’s property.

(d) No chain or tether shall weigh more than one-eighth (1/8) of the dog or puppy’s weight.

(e) Any chain or tether shall be at least fifteen (15) feet in length and have swivels on both ends.

(f) Any chain or tether shall be attached to a properly fitting collar (no choke chain collars) or harness worn by the animal. (Ord. G-6942 § 5 (part), 2002)

 

Los Angeles, California
September 26, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the tethering of dogs in most circumstances. A limited period of tethering is allowed provided that certain conditions are met.

SEC. 53.70. CARE AND MAINTENANCE OF DOGS

D.  Tethering. It shall be unlawful for any person to tether, fasten, chain, tie, restrain or cause a dog to be fastened, chained, tied or restrained to houses, trees, fences, garages or other stationary or highly immobile objects by means of a rope, chain, strap or other physical restraint for the purpose of confinement, except in circumstances where all of the following requirements are met:

(1)  The tethering shall not be for more time than is necessary for the dog owner or custodian to complete a temporary task that requires the dog to be physically restrained for a reasonable period.

(2)  The dog must be tethered by a non-choke type collar or a body harness to a tether that is at least three (3) times the body length of the dog, measured from the dog’s nose to the back of the hindquarters and which tether is free from entanglement.

(3)  The dog must have access to food, water and shelter as described above.

(4)  The dog shall be monitored periodically.

This section shall not affect the use of appropriate electronic means of confinement.

 

San Bernardino, California
May 2007

6.08.145 Methods of Restraint – Improper Restraint.

F. Tie-outs must be of sufficient length to allow the animal freedom of movement without becoming tangled, but never less than eight (8) feet in length, excluding the length of the collar. Tie-outs must be made of a non-rigid material. Tie-outs shall not be the primary means of restraint and no animal shall be kept in this manner for more than 12 hours a day.

G. It is unlawful to use a weighted chain collar as a method of restraint.

 

Sonoma County, California
2006

Sec. 5-127. – Tethering/chaining of dogs restricted.

(a) A dog may be restrained by a fixed point chain or tether for no more than twelve (12) hours in a twenty-four hour period. This limitation shall not apply to a dog used in an agricultural operation for herding, guarding, or protecting livestock.

(b) No chain or tether shall weigh more than one-eighth of the dog’s body weight.

(c) Any chain or tether shall be at least ten (10) feet in length and have swivels at both ends.

(d) Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the animal. The use of chain or pinch collar is prohibited.

(e) If a dog is restrained using a pulley and cable system, the chain or tether must be at least ten (10) feet in length and attached to a pulley or trolley mounted on a cable that is also at least ten (10) feet in length and mounted at least four (4) feet and no more than seven (7) feet above ground level in a manner so as not to interfere or become entangled with objects on the property.

(f) The chained or tethered dog must have constant access to clean, fresh water in a sturdy, tip-resistant bowl or bucket inside a rubber tire to prevent tipping. It should be checked for freezing in the winter. Food has to be palatable and nutritious.

(g) The chained or tethered dog must have constant access to shelter and protection from the elements in all seasons of the year. The area must be kept clean of defecation.

(Ord. No. 5664 § 1(d), 2006.)

 

Denver, Colorado
2018

Unattended tethering is prohibited if it causes distress to the animal.

Sec. 8-131. Cruelty to animals prohibited.

(b) It shall specifically be cruel, dangerous, or inhumane for any person to:

(3) Tether and leave, or permit to be left, unattended any animal on a leash, cord or chain in such a manner as to cause distress to the animal.

 

Washington, D.C.
June 8, 2001

Animals may not be chained in a manner deemed “cruel” as defined by the district’s law.

§ 22-1001 Definition and penalty

a. (1) Whoever knowingly overdrives, overloads, drives when overloaded, overworks, tortures, torments, deprives of necessary sustenance, cruelly chains, cruelly beats or mutilates, any animal, or knowingly causes or procures any animal to be so overdriven, overloaded, driven when overloaded, overworked, tortured, tormented, deprived of necessary sustenance, cruelly chained, cruelly beaten, or mutilated, and whoever, having the charge or custody of any animal, either as owner or otherwise, knowingly inflicts unnecessary cruelty upon the same, or unnecessarily fails to provide the same with proper food, drink, air, light, space, veterinary care, shelter, or protection from the weather, shall for every such offense be punished by imprisonment in jail not exceeding 180 days, or by fine not exceeding $250, or by both.

b. For the purposes of this section, “cruelly chains” means attaching an animal to a stationary object or a pulley by means of a chain, rope, tether, leash, cable, or similar restraint under circumstances that may endanger its health, safety, or well-being. Cruelly chains includes, but is not limited to, the use of a chain, rope, tether, leash, cable or similar restraint that:

1 Exceeds 1/8 the body weight of the animal;

2 Causes the animal to choke;

3 Is too short for the animal to move around or for the animal to urinate or defecate in a separate area from the area where it must eat, drink, or lie down;

4 Is situated where it can become entangled;

5 Does not permit the animal access to food, water, shade, dry ground, or shelter; or

6 Does not permit the animal to escape harm.

 

Smyrna, Delaware
July 15, 2013

Dogs may not be tethered unattended for longer than six consecutive hours or during extreme weather. Dogs who are sick or injured may not be tethered. Puppies under 6 months of age may not be tethered.

Sec. 14-36. Tethering of Dogs
It shall be unlawful for a dog to be tethered outdoors, except when all of the following conditions are met:
(a) The dog is not tethered outside for a period of longer than six (6) consecutive hours without the owner or individual who tethered the dog, or who is otherwise responsible for the care and maintenance of the dog, having direct physical contact with the dog.
(b) The tethering device complies with the following requirements:
(1) The tethering device is not placed directly around the dog’s neck;
(2) The tethering device is connected to the dog using a buckle-type collar or a body harness made of nylon or leather at least one inch in width;
(3) The length is at least (a) five times the length of the dog’s body, as measured from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail or (b) ten (10) feet long, whichever is greater;
(4) Both ends of the tethering device terminate with a swivel;
(5) The tethering device does not weigh more than 1/8 of the dog’s weight; and
(6) The tethering device is not prone to becoming tangled.
(c) The dog is tethered in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement with the dog or other objects.
(d) The dog is not outside during periods of extreme weather, including but not limited to the following:
(1) those times when the National Weather Service has issued an excessive heat warning for the Town of Smyrna;
(2) those times when the temperature is at or below 32 degrees Fahrenheit or 0 degrees Celsius;
(3) thunderstorms;
(4) tornadoes;
(5) tropical storms; and
(6) hurricanes.
(e) The tethering device shall allow the dog adequate access to food and water containers, shelter, and dry ground.
(f) The dog is not sick or injured or a puppy less than six (6) months of age.
(g) Any pulley, running line, or trolley systems used to tether the dog is at least 15 feet in length and is less than 7 feet above the ground.
(h) If there are multiple dogs, the dogs are tethered such that they cannot come into contact with each other.

 

Alachua County, Florida
2007

Section 72.10 Humane treatment for companion animals.

(c) Except as provided herein and in Section 72.34(b) no person shall restrain a dog by means of tethering, fastening, chaining, or tying the dog to a stationary object for more than 3 hours in a 24 hour period. If a dog is tethered the owner shall use a tether that weighs less than 118 the total weight of the dog and that is at least three times the body length of the dog from nose to the end of the body excluding the tail. A dog may be attached to a running line, pulley, or trolley system provided a choke or pinch collar is not used.

 

Bonita Springs, Florida
March 24, 2009

This ordinance limits the conditions in which an animal may be lawfully tethered. Comfortable and properly fitted collars must be used, and tethering is not allowed during significantly inclement weather.

Sec. 8-5. – Cruelty to animals.

(l) Tethering. No person shall under any circumstances tether or otherwise confine any animal in a manner that is injurious to the animal’s health, safety and well-being. Proper and humane tethering includes, but is not limited to, the following:

(1) Collars used to attach an animal should be comfortable and properly fitted as to not choke the animal. The use of choke chains is prohibited.

(2) The tethering shall not extend over an object or edge in such a manner that could result in strangulation of or injury to the animal. The length of the tether must be a minimum of ten feet, or at least three times the length of the animal measured from the animal’s nose to the base of its tail, whichever is greater, unless the tether is being used to secure the animal to the bed of an open vehicle or pickup truck. Restraints should allow the animal to move about and lie down comfortably.

(3) Tethering of an animal is prohibited during natural disasters such as floods, fires, tornados or hurricanes.

 

Coconut Creek, Florida
June 2012

Sec. 5-7. Prohibition of cruelty to animals.

(5) A fenced yard, an electric fence, or an enclosure, that is sufficient to prevent the animal from escaping; or
a. In lieu of the above enclosures requirement, a tether is permitted that meets the following requirements:
1. Animal is in visible and/or sound distance from owner.
2. Animal tethering shall not exceed a time period of 30 minutes between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 11:00 p.m. Tethering is not permitted between 11:00 p.m. and 7:00 a.m.
3. Animal or if multiple animals are tied to a tether system that either swivels or running line or pulley system in a manner that prevents injury, strangulation, or entanglement.
4. The tether is not less than ten (10) feet long and not more than fifteen (15) feet long.
5. The tether does not weight more than one eight [sic] (1/8) of the dog’s total body weight.
6. Animal is older than 6 months of age.
7. Animal has clean drinking water, shade, and dry ground.
8. The animal is not sick or injured.

 

Dania Beach, Florida
July 26, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs for longer than one hour in any 24-hour period and allows such tethering only under certain conditions.

Section 5-15. Dogs at large prohibited.

(b) It shall be a violation of this section for the owner of any dog to tie, chain, or otherwise tether a dog… outdoors; provided, however, that a dog may be temporarily tethered, tied or chained outdoors for a total period of time not exceeding one hour on any day between the hours of 9:00 am and 6:00 pm if accompanied by its owner or any person over the age of fifteen years. No dog shall be tethered, tied or chained outdoors at any time for purposes of training on any treadmill device. Dog owners must provide clean, safe and humane conditions for dogs which are outdoors on private property, which conditions include, but are not limited to, sufficient food and water, shelter from cold, heat and rain, with adequate shelter ventilation.

 

Escambia County, Florida 
April 2010

The ordinance requires dog owners to provide each dog with a shelter that is large enough to allow the animal sufficient space to stand up, turn around, lie down, and stretch comfortably. Tethering of animals who are more than 6 months old will be allowed if the animal is within eyesight of the owner and if the tethering system is at least 6 feet long, weighs no more than one sixteenth of the animal’s body weight, and is fitted with a proper collar. The animal cannot be tethered during extreme weather or while he or she is sick.

Section 10-16. Cruelty to Animals.

(e) It shall be unlawful for any owner or person in possession of an animal and who confines the animal outdoors on private property to tie, chain or otherwise tether an animal that is under the age of six (6) months.

(f) It shall be unlawful for any owner or person in possession of an animal and who confines the animal outdoors on private property to tie, chain or otherwise tether an animal that is over the age of six (6) months except when the following conditions are met:

(a) the animal is in the visible range of the responsible party or the responsible party is located outdoors with the animal;

(b) the tether shall—i) be a minimum of six (6) feet in length or at least five (5) times the length of the animal when measured from the tip of the animal’s nose to the base of the tail, whichever is longer, ii) terminate at both ends with a swivel, and iii) not weigh more than 1/16 of the animal’s weight;

(c) an overhead pulley/running line shall—i) be that is at least fifteen (15) feet in length and ii) no less than seven (7) feet above the ground;

(d) the tether must be fastened to a properly fitting body harness or buckle-type collar made of nylon or leather;

(e) the tether shall be free from entanglements or other obstructions at all times;

(f) the animal shall have access to potable water, food, shelter and dry ground at all times;

(g) an animal shall not be tethered while sick, injured or in distress;

(h) an animal shall not be tethered outside during a period of extreme weather, including but not limited to, extreme heat, extreme cold, thunderstorms, tornadoes, tropical storms, or hurricanes; and

(i) multiple animals must be tethered separately.

 

Fort Lauderdale, Florida
June 16, 2006

This ordinance prohibits the tethering of cats, dogs who are under the age of 6 months, and any dog during periods of extreme weather or for longer than 15 minutes between the hours of 10 a.m. and 5 p.m. Any tethering of dogs during other times must meet certain conditions.

Section 6-35. Supervision and Confinement; Tethering.

A. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog or cat to confine or tether that animal outdoors during periods of extreme weather, such as periods of unusually cold or hot temperatures, or periods of poor air quality, or when a hurricane or tropical storm warning has been issued.

B. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog or cat and who confines that dog or cat outdoors on private property to fail to provide the animal with:

6. A tether, which may be employed subject to the following regulations:

a. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog that is under the age of six months to tie, chain, or otherwise tether a dog that is under the age of six months outdoors. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any cat to tie, chain, or otherwise tether a cat outdoors.

b. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog that is over the age of six months to tie, chain, or otherwise tether a dog outdoors between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. except that a dog of any age may be temporarily tethered, tied, or chained outdoors for a total time period not exceeding fifteen minutes. At other times, it is permitted to tie, chain, or otherwise tether a dog that is over the age of six months outdoors if the dog is harnessed by a properly-fitting body harness that is fastened to either

i. a tether that is at least ten feet long and that is free from entanglement and that allows the dog to move unheeded; or

ii. an overhead run, which is an overhead wire at least 10 feet long to which the dog’s body harness is attached by a leash or chain, that allows the dog to move unheeded.

 

Hollywood, Florida
July 6, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs between the hours of 10 a.m. and 5 p.m. and allows tethering during other times only under certain conditions.

Chapter 92.08 Animal Care; Manner of Keeping.

(C) Animals maintained on a tether must be in an area free of objects that may cause entanglements. All tethers must be a minimum of six (6) feet in length and longer if appropriate for breed (i.e., Irish Wolfhound, Borzoi, Great Dane, St. Bernard, etc.). Choke type or prong type collars shall be used only while the animal is under the handler’s direction control. Between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., animals shall not be on a tether outdoors.

 

Jacksonville, Florida
May 28th, 2013

Animals may not be tethered to a stationary point. Animals may be tethered only when the owner is outside and within visual range of the animals and only if certain specific restrictions are observed in terms of tether material, collar/harness material, shelter accessibility, distance from other tethered animals, and distance from property perimeters. Animals who are sick, injured, or less than 1 year old may not be tethered, and animals may not be tethered during extreme weather.

Sec. 462.204. Restraint by tethering.

The City of Jacksonville recognizes that there is a clear link between animals that are left tethered in one location and increased aggressiveness. In order to protect the safety and welfare of citizens and visitors, restraint by tethering may only be used provided all of the following conditions are met:

(a) The tether is constructed of material sufficient to restrain the animal, but also not place the animal in danger of injury or death. Welded metal link chain with links larger than 2.5 mm in thickness (2.5 mm welded link chain has a working load of 750 pounds and a breaking load of 2,000 pounds) cannot be used to tether an animal regardless of the length or weight of the chain. The tether shall not weigh more than one-eighth of the animal’s body weight. When a violation of this provision occurs, an animal control officer is authorized to take reasonable measures to remove the animal from the tether and take the tether and animal to the shelter;

(b) The tether shall be at least long enough to allow the animal to move ten feet in all directions from the point of tethering. The tether must have operative swivels on both ends and be attached to an elevated line, not less than seven feet from the ground and not more than ten feet from the ground, connected to two stationary points not less than 15 feet apart and sufficient to hold the dog without breaking or coming loose;

(c) The tether shall be attached to a properly fitted buckle-style collar or buckle-style harness made of nylon or leather with a width of not less than one inch worn by the animal; the tether may not be attached to a slip or prong collar;

(d) The animal, while restrained by tether, is able to access proper shelter with sufficient floor, at least three walls, and roof to protect the animal from the weather, extreme temperatures and direct sunlight; and is able to access sufficient potable water and sufficient wholesome food.

(e) Beginning October 1, 2014, the tethered animal is within the visual range of the owner, and the owner is located outside with the animal;

(f) The animal is at least one year of age or older, and is not sick or injured;

(g) The animal is not outside during a period of extreme weather, including but not limited to extreme heat or near freezing temperatures, tropical storm or hurricane watches or warnings, thunderstorms, and/or tornado watches and warnings;

(h) Every animal must be tethered separately with each complying with all provisions herein, plus the animals must not be able to tangle their tether with any other animal on the property;

(i) No tethered animal may extend any closer than five feet from the perimeter fence or lot line; and

During the educational phase of the revision of this Section, beginning upon enactment of this ordinance and for a period of six months thereafter, animal code enforcement officers shall provide a warning to all first time tethering violators and allow them 30 days to correct the violation before any civil citation is issued for the tethering violation. Provided however, nothing herein prohibits any animal code enforcement officers from citing an owner for violations of any other portion of Chapter 462, Ordinance Code, including other prohibited acts of cruelty or neglect.

In the interest of public safety, animal control officers and/or law enforcement officers are authorized to remove aggressive and dangerous dogs from tethers and impound such animals where the animal is accessible by children or the public without a secured fence or enclosure.

A violation of this Section shall subject the violator to a civil fine of not less than the amount designated in Chapter 462, Part 18, Ordinance Code.

 

Oakland Park, Florida
July 5, 2006

This ordinance prohibits the tethering of dogs who are pre-adolescent and cats. It also prohibits the tethering of any dog during periods of extreme weather or for longer than 15 minutes between the hours of 10 a.m. and 5 p.m. Any tethering of dogs during other times must meet certain conditions.

Sec. 4-23. Supervision and confinement; tethering.

(a) It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog, cat or other animal to confine or tether that animal outdoors during periods of extreme weather or during a period during which a hurricane warning or tropical storm warning is in effect.

(b) It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog, cat or other animal who confines that animal outdoors on private property to fail to provide the animal with:

(1) Food and potable water; and

(2) Adequate shelter, which shall mean ventilated protection for the animal from the elements and which shall provide room for each animal to stand erect, sit, lie down and fully turn around; and

(3) Periodic supervision, which shall mean that each animal is provided with fresh food and potable water and inspected for injury or poor health at least once during every twelve (12) hours; and

(4)) Adequate space for exercise, which shall mean no less than one hundred fifty (150) square feet per animal; and

(5) A fenced yard, an electronic fence or an enclosure that is sufficient to prevent the animal from escaping; or

(6) A tether which may be employed subject to the following regulations:

a. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any pre-adolescent dog to tie, chain or otherwise tether outdoors that pre-adolescent dog .

b. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge of or in control of any cat to tie, chain or otherwise tether outdoors a cat.

c. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog which has reached the adolescent stage to tie, chain or otherwise tether outdoors that dog between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. except that a dog of any age may be temporarily tethered, tied or chained outdoors for a total time period not exceeding fifteen minutes.

d. At other times, it is permitted to tie, chain or otherwise tether outdoors an adolescent or older dog if the dog is harnessed by a properly fitting body harness that is fastened to either:

(i) A tether that is at least ten feet long and that is free from entanglement and that allows the dog to move unheeded;

(ii) An overhead run, which is at least ten feet long to which the dog’s body harness is attached by a leash or chain that allows the dog to move unheeded.

(c) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit an owner or keeper from controlling a dog, cat or animal kept as a pet by the handheld use of a rope, leash, or chain, when total weight of the collar together with the chain, rope, or tether does not exceed on-sixteenth [sic] (1/16) the body weight of the animal.

 

Orange County, Florida
July 12, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs between the hours of 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. and during periods of extreme weather. Tethering is allowed during other times only under certain conditions.

Section 5-29. Definitions.

Restraining Device shall mean a chain, cord, or cable, with a minimum length of ten feet, used to confine an animal on an owner’s property. This device must provide for humane, unrestrained range of movement for the animal to insure that the animal is not exposed to hazard or injury and shall not prevent the animal from having food, water, shelter, adequate ventilation, protection from the elements or other care generally considered to be normal and usual. This device shall be proportional in size, weigh no more than 1/8 of the dog or puppy’s body weight, and designed for use with the specific breed of animal with an appropriate collar. These devices shall not be used to confine a dog on an owner’s property between the hours of 9:00 am and 5:00 pm, 365 days a year and during times of extreme weather, e.g., hurricanes, below freezing conditions.

 

Panama City, Florida
2011

Tethering to a fixed point is prohibited. The ordinance does not prohibit tethering to a trolley system.

Sec. 4-8. – Animal care, protection generally.

(j) Dogs and cats shall not be chained, tied, fastened, or otherwise tethered to dog houses, trees, fences or other stationary objects as a means of confinement to property.

 

Seminole County, Florida
March 22, 2011

Dogs may be tethered only under certain conditions during certain hours of the day.

Sec. 20.39 Use of a fixed-point restraining device

(a) A fixed-point restraining device is hereby defined as a trolley system, chain, cord, leash, cable, or similar device which is attached to one or more fixed points to include, without limitation, a house, tree, fence, post, garage or shed, used to confine a dog or cat to the owner’s property and designed to be used for such purposes. The device shall be a minimum length of ten (10) feet in length and shall be no longer than what is necessary to keep such dog or cat confined to the owner’s property.

(b) A fixed-point restraining device shall not be used to confine a dog or cat outdoors between the hours of 9:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., except as provided herein. A dog or cat may be attached to a fixed-point restraining device for a period of time not to exceed one (1) hour per day, and shall be directly supervised and accompanied by the owner outside for the duration of the time the dog or cat is attached to the fixed-point restraining device.

(c) The use of a fixed-point restraining device between 5:00 p.m. and 9:00 a.m. may be allowed as provided herein.

(1) The fixed-point restraining device shall be a minimum of ten (10) feet in length and shall be placed in a location which keeps such dog or cat confined exclusively to the owner’s property.

(2) The fixed-point restraining device shall be used in conjunction with an appropriate collar or harness designed for use with the specific size of dog or cat. Pinch, choke, and/or pronged type collars shall not be used when restraining a dog or cat in this manner.

(3) The fixed-point restraining device shall be placed in a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation or entanglement.

(4) If there are multiple dogs or cats, each shall be confined separately and in such a manner the fixed-point restraining device shall not become entangled with each other.

(d) It shall be unlawful to use a fixed-point restraining device to confine any dog or cat under the age of six (6) months.

(e) During any time of severe weather, the use of a fixed-point restraining device to secure a dog or cat onto the owner’s property is strictly prohibited. This includes, but is not limited to, lightning storms, tornado warnings, hurricane warnings, heat index above ninety degrees (90°) Fahrenheit, temperatures below thirty-two degrees (32°) Fahrenheit.

 

Wilton Manors, Florida
August 12, 2006

Companion animals may not be kept outside during extreme weather, and those under 6 months of age may not be tethered. No companion animal may be tethered for more than 15 minutes between 10 a.m. and 5 p.m. Tethering is allowed only when certain requirements are met.

Sec. 4-4. – Supervision and confinement; tethering.

(a) The following terms, as used in this section, are defined as set out below:
Animal: A multicellular organism of the kingdom Animalia, differing from plants in certain typical characteristics such as capacity for locomotion, nonphotosynthetic metabolism, pronounced response to stimuli, restricted growth, and fixed bodily structure.

(b) Any person who owns or any person who is in charge of any dog, cat or animal kept as a pet is prohibited from confining or tethering that dog, cat or animal outdoors during periods of extreme weather or when a hurricane warning has been issued.

(c) Any person who owns or any person who is in charge of any dog, cat or animal kept as a pet who confines that animal outdoors on private property must provide the dog, cat or animal with:

(1) Sufficient and appropriate food and potable water; and

(2) Adequate shelter from cold, heat, sun, and rain; and

(3) Periodic supervision, which shall mean that each animal shall be attended to at least once during every twelve (12) consecutive hours; and

(4) Adequate space for exercise, which shall mean no less than one hundred fifty (150) square feet per animal; and

(5) A fenced yard, an electronic fence, or an enclosure, which has at least one (1) translucent side, that is sufficient to prevent the animal from escaping; or

(6) A tether under the following circumstances:

a. Any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog, cat, or animal that is under the age of six (6) months shall not tie, chain, or otherwise tether a dog, cat or animal kept as a pet that is under the age of six (6) months outdoors.

b. Any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any animal that is over the age of six (6) months shall not tie, chain, or otherwise tether a dog, cat or animal kept as a pet outdoors between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. except that an animal kept as a pet of any age may be temporarily tethered, tied, or chained outdoors for a total time period not exceeding fifteen (15) minutes. At other times, it is permitted to tie, chain, or otherwise tether an animal kept as a pet that is over the age of six (6) months outdoors if the pet is collared by a properly fitting, non-choke type collar or a body harness that is fastened to either:

i. A tether that is at least three (3) times the body length of the dog, cat, or animal measured from the dog, cat, or animal’s nose to back of the hindquarters, and that is free from entanglement; or

ii. An overhead run, which is a leash or chain attached to an overhead wire at least ten (10) feet long, that allows the dog, cat, or animal to move unheeded, when total weight of the collar together with the chain, rope, or tether does not exceed one-sixteenth (1/16) the body weight of the animal.

(d) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit an owner or keeper from controlling a dog, cat or animal kept as a pet by the handheld use of a rope, leash, or chain, when total weight of the collar together with the chain, rope, or tether does not exceed one-sixteenth (1/16) the body weight of the animal.

(Ord. No. 907, § 2, 8-12-06)

 

Baldwin County, Georgia
April 16, 2019

Dogs may not be tethered to a stationary point or in dangerous weather conditions.

Sec. 14- 50. Chaining and tethering of dogs

(a) It is the responsibility of the owner to have a dog within the property limits of the owner.
The chaining and tethering of dogs to a stationary point is prohibited. When a fence or enclosure is not available, to lawfully tether a dog, the owner must ensure:

1) The tether may not be tied to a stationary point. The animal must be on a trolley system, swivel hook, pulley, or runner system, allowing a larger range of movement.

2) Only one animal may be attached to each system at one time.

3) The tether must be attached to a harness or collar that fits the animal. No choke or pinch collars are permitted.

4) Animals that are tethered must have access to food, water, and shelter at all times meeting the standards in Sec 14-54.

5) Owners are prohibited from tethering an animal in weather conditions that cause immediate imminent threat to the animal’s physical well-being.

6) The tether must be at least 4 times the length of the dog, weighing no more than 25 percent of its body weight.

7) The animal must not be injured or showing any signs of discomfort or it must be temporarily removed from the tether until resolved.

 

Blakely, Georgia
March 2008

Animals may not be tethered permanently.

Section 4.34 Prohibited Conditions.
c. No person shall permanently harness or tether an animal.

 

Baker, Louisiana
2004

Dogs may not be tethered unattended for a period longer than one hour.

Sec. 4-201. – Definitions.

(8) Dogs on tethers; improper confinement:

a. The continuous maintenance of a dog on a chain, rope or other kind of tether is abnormally restrictive and stressful and often results in health and temperament problems. In most cases such longterm confinement will cause the dog to suffer unnecessarily.
b. However, tethering may be acceptable in cases where adequate daily socialization and exercise are allowed.
c. If a dog is confined on a tether, the tether shall be positioned to prevent tangling and hanging. The tethered dog shall wear a properly fitted harness or buckle-type collar. A properly installed and positioned running line is preferable to a stationary tether.
d. No other animals shall be tethered unless under the supervision of a custodian capable of handing the animal, and the animal is not a threat to [public] safety and health concerns.
e. Not withstanding any other provision of this section, it shall be unlawful to tether and leave or permit to be left a dog in any area for a period of time longer than one hour.

 

LaGrange, Georgia

This ordinance prohibits direct point chaining and provides restrictions on the use of trolley systems.

Sec. 10-30-31. Tethering of Dogs.

(b) It shall be the duty of every owner of a dog to ensure that the dog is securely and humanely enclosed within a proper enclosure as a means of primary restraint. Such enclosure must be securely locked at any time the dog is left unattended. When outside the proper enclosure but on the owner’s property, it shall be the duty of every owner of a dog to ensure that the dog is humanely secured by a leash or lead and under the control of a responsible and competent person; or off leash but under the direct control of a responsible and competent person who is physically present with the dog, provided that such dog is obedient to that person’s command.

(c) Any dog that is housed outside of its owner’s house shall be housed in a proper enclosure that complies with the provisions of this Code.

(d) Direct point chaining or tethering of a dog is prohibited.

(e) As a secondary means of restraint to a proper enclosure, a dog may be attached to a running cable line or trolley system providing that:

(1) Only one (1) dog may be attached to each running cable line or trolley system;

(2) Tethers and cables attaching the dog to the running cable line or trolley system must be made of a substance which cannot be chewed through by the dog and shall not weigh more than twenty-five percent (25%) of the body weight of the dog tethered;

(3) A running cable line or trolley system must have a swivel installed at each end and be attached to a stationary object that cannot be moved by the dog;

(4) The running cable line or trolley system must be at least ten (10) feet in length and positioned at sufficient distance from any other objects to prohibit the tangling of the cable / lead line; must not extend over an object or an edge that could result in injury of strangulation of the dog; and must be of sufficient distance from any fence so as to prohibit the dog from access to the fence; (5) The length of the lead line from the running cable line or trolley system to the dog’s harness should allow access to the maximum available exercise area and allow the animal free access to food, water, and shelter. In no event shall the length of the lead line allow for access to less than the square footage required within a proper enclosure as defined in subsection (a) above; or

(6) The lead line must be attached to a properly fitted harness not used for the display of a current rabies tag and other identification. Collars are prohibited for the purpose of securing a dog to a running cable line or trolley system.

(f) If an electronic animal confinement system is used to confine a dog, it shall provide a properly fitted and working signal device that will be worn by the dog to be enclosed

 

Lowndes County, Georgia
March 22, 2016

This ordinance prohibits direct-point chaining and provides restrictions on the use of trolley systems.

SECTION XXI. CHAINING; TETHERING

a. It shall be unlawful for any person to chain or tether an animal to a stationary object.

b. An animal may be tethered to a cable run system provided:

  1. The cable is securely affixed between two stationary objects.
  2. The cable is at least 15 feet in length.
  3. The cable is a minimum of five feet above the ground.
  4. The cable is made of galvanized wire, other composite material, or metal.
  5. The tether is at least ten feet in length.
  6. The tether is made of galvanized wire, other composite material, metal, or nylon.
  7. The tether is attached to the cable with a swivel.
  8. The length and weight of tether are appropriate for the animal’s size, age, species, breed, and physical condition in order to allow the animal to move freely along the length of the cable. The weight of the tether shall not exceed ten percent of the animal’s body weight. Guidelines for proper tether weight and length can be obtained from Animal service.
  9. The tether is attached to the animal by means of a swivel attached to (i) a harness or (ii) a collar not less than one-half inch for animals up to 20 pounds and one inch for animals exceeding 20 pounds in order to prevent the collar from becoming embedded in the animal. The tether may not be attached to a slip-type choke or pinch type collar.
  10. The length of the tether may not allow the animal to go beyond the limits of the property of the owner.
  11. The tether allows the animal to move freely and to lie comfortably.
  12. The subject area is free of obstructions with which the tether could become entangled.
  13. The animal has easy access to adequate food and water.
  14. The animal has easy access to shelter.
  15. The subject area is well drained.
  16. Only one animal is attached to each cable run.
  17. An animal is not tethered to a cable run during extreme weather, including but not limited to, freezing temperatures, lightening, tornadoes, tropical storms, thunder storms, or hurricanes.
  18. The animal is not tethered to a cable run for any duration or durations likely to cause physical or mental suffering.

 

Cook County, Illinois

Tethering is permitted with certain restrictions.

Sec. 10-8. – Animal care.

(e) Restrictions on a dog that is tethered:

(1) A tethered dog must have access at all times to water, adequate shelter, and dry ground.

(2) If there are multiple dogs, each dog must be tethered separately and each dog must have separate food, water, and shelter.

(3) A dog must be tethered in such a manner as to prevent injury or strangulation and the tether must be at least ten feet long.

(4) The tether must be attached to the dog by a properly fitting collar or harness with a rotating toggle attachment. Pinch, prong, or choke collars shall not be used. The tether shall not wrap directly around the dog’s neck.

(5) No dog may be tethered in the case of extreme weather conditions, including when a heat advisory, a wind chill warning or tornado warning has been issued by local, state, or national authority.

(6) No dog shall be tethered within 200 yards of a school.

(7) No person shall permit at any time a tethered dog to bark, whine, howl or make excess noises so as to cause a nuisance.

 

Bloomington, Indiana
December 23, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the tethering of animals for more than 10 continuous hours and for more than 12 total hours in any 24-hour period or for any period of time in conditions that threaten the health or well-being of the animal.

Chapter 7.36.050 General animal care.

(f) No chain or tether shall weigh more than 1/8 of the animal’s body weight.

(g) Any chain or tether shall be at least ten (10) feet in length and have swivels on both ends.

(h) Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting buckle-type collar or harness worn by the animal. Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for purposes of tethering an animal to a stationary object or cable run. A person may not wrap a chain or tether around an animal’s neck. A chain or tether used to restrain an animal must, by design and placement, be unlikely to become entangled.

(i) It shall be unlawful for the owner/guardian of any animal to keep or maintain the animal on a tether for a period of more than ten (10) continuous hours and no more than twelve (12) hours in any twenty-four (24) hour period, or for any duration under conditions, which threaten the health, or well being of the animal.

 

Floyd County, Indiana

Only spayed or neutered dogs may be chained. These dogs may not be chained or tethered for more than 10 hours in any 24-hour period and never between sunset and sunrise. The chain may not weigh more than one-eighth of the animal’s bodyweight.

ss. A-O.00 Restraint.

2. For dogs and puppies, RESTRAINT shall mean restricted to the premises of the owner and confined in a secure enclosure as previously defined, or accompanied by the owner and under his/her direct control.

a) Any tethering system employed in place of a fence shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owner’s property. The chain or tether must not be made of rope, twine, cord or similar material that can easily be cut or chewed through. Any tethering system shall not be acceptable for any dog declared dangerous.

b) No chain or tether shall weigh more than 1/8 of the animals body weight.

c) Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the animal as defined in this ordinance. A chain, choke or pinch collar shall not be utilized for tethering purpose.

d) No dog shall be chained or tethered that has not been spayed or neutered.

e) Spayed or neutered dogs may not be chained or tethered for more than 10 continuous hours in any 24-hour period. Dogs may not be chained or tethered at all between sunset or sunrise.

 

Fort Wayne, Indiana
December 11, 2007

Dogs may not be tethered between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m., and unaltered dogs may not be tethered at all.

§ 91.021 FASTENING ANIMALS WITH ROPE OR CHAIN; CHOKER COLLAR.
(F) Tethering. It shall be unlawful:
(1) For any dog to be tethered between the hours of 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.
(2) To tether any unsterilized dog for any period of time.
(3) To tether or confine a dog at a vacant structure or premises for any purpose when it is not monitored by an adult who is present at the property for the duration of such tethering or confinement.
(4) To tether a dog under six months of age.
(5) For more than three dogs to be tethered simultaneously at the same residence.
(6) To have contact between tethered dogs.
(7) For tethered dogs to be within three feet of another person’s property, public thoroughfare, and/or right-of-way.
(8) To tether a dog without access to adequate shelter at all times.
(G) Multiple tangling during tethering. If one or more dogs at a residence have required a response from Animal Control to untangle tethers more than two times in one year, it shall be a violation of this section.

 

Gary, Indiana
1998

All animals must be confined indoors or inside of a securely locked pen as a means of confinement. Pitbulls specifically must be confined indoors or inside of a securely locked pen as a means of confinement unless muzzled with the owner present. Tethering is not an acceptable means of restraint.

Restraint means any animal securely fenced in or in a building on the property of the owner or an animal secured by leash when off owner’s property.

Sec. 8-3. – Restraint of animals.

(a) All animals shall be kept under restraint at all times. An owner shall exercise proper care and control of his animals to prevent them from becoming a public nuisance. Every female animal in heat shall be confined in a building or secure enclosure in such a manner that the female animal cannot come into contact with another animal, except through planned breeding. Every vicious animal, as determined by the animal control center, shall be confined by the owner within a building or secure enclosure and shall be securely muzzled or caged whenever off the premises of its owner.

Sec. 8-140. – Confinement.

(a) Because of the pit bull’s inbred propensity to attack other animals, and because of the danger posed to humans and animals alike by a pit bull and other potentially dangerous dogs when running loose or while running together in a pack situation, said dogs must at all times be securely confined indoors, or confined in a securely and totally enclosed or locked pen, with either a top or other sides six feet high.

(b) Any dog affected by this article, if not confined as required in subsection (a) of this section, shall be muzzled in such a manner as to prevent it from biting or injuring any person or animal, and kept on a leash with the owner or custodian in attendance.

(c) An exception to this section is hereby provided for any pit bull or others in attendance at, and participating in, any lawful dog show, contest, or exhibition sponsored by a dog club, association, society, or similar organization.

(d) An exception to this section is hereby provided for any pit bull or others when the dog is actually engaged in the sport of hunting in authorized areas and supervised by a competent person.

 

Indianapolis and Marion County, Indiana
2006

An animal may not be tethered between the hours of 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. Unaltered dogs may not be left unattended while tethered.

Sec. 531-401. – General requirements for animal care and treatment.
(c) It shall be unlawful to tether any animal by use of a choke collar, or on any collar too small for the size and age of the animal, or by any rope, chain, or cord directly attached to the animal’s neck, or by a leash less than twelve (12) feet in length, or by any tether or leash without swivels on both ends, or of such unreasonable weight as to prevent the animal from moving about freely;

(d) It shall be unlawful for any animal to be tethered between the hours of 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.; or to tether any un-sterilized dog for any period of time unless the dog is in visual range of a competent adult who is outside with the dog; or to tether or confine an animal at a vacant structure or premises for any purpose or time when it is not monitored by a competent adult who is present at the property for the duration of such tethering or confinement.

 

South Bend, Indiana
May 28, 2014

This ordinance provides specific restrictions on how an animal may be legally tethered. Dogs may not be tethered between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m., and no unsterilized animals may be tethered.

Section 5-22. Fastening Animals with Rope or Chain; Choker Collar.

(a)    No animal shall be hitched, tied or fastened by any rope, chain, or cord that is directly attached to the animal’s neck. If animals must be tied, hitched or fastened:

(1)   The length of the rope, chain, or cord must be no less than three (3) times the length of the animal and of an appropriate length for the animal to move freely without risk of injury; and

(2)   The weight of the rope, chain or cord is light enough to permit the animal to move freely without risk of injury; and

(3)   The collar and rope, chain, or cord cannot cause the animal to choke; and

(4)   A properly fitted collar or harness made of leather or nylon, not of the choker type is worn by the animal. This is not to prohibit the proper use of choker collars in the training of animals, and

(5)   The tying device shall be attached to the animal’s leather or nylon collar or harness and must have a swivel device on both the anchor and collar end to prevent tangling; and

(6)   The location of the anchor and the length of the rope, chain, or cord cannot cause the animal to become tangled, choke, or become injured; and

(7)   The animal must have access to water and shelter at all times.

(b)   No person shall chain their dog using an agitation collar, a collar exceeding 1 ½ inches wide for any dog under 60 pounds. Dogs over sixty (60) pounds shall not be tethered using a collar exceeding 2 inches (2″) in width.

(c)    A person shall not tether an animal in a manner that permits the animal to leave the person’s property.

(d)   Tethering. It shall be unlawful:

(1)   For any dog to be tethered between the hours of 11:00 pm and 6:00 am.

(2)   To tether any unsterilized dog for any period of time.

(3)   To tether or confine a dog at an unattended structure of premises for any purpose when it is not monitored by an owner or guardian who is present at the property for the duration of such tethering or confinement.

(4)   To tether a dog under six (6) months of age.

(5)   For more than three (3) dogs to be tethered simultaneously at the same residence.

(6)   To have contact between tethered dogs.

(7)   For tethered dogs to be within three feed (3′) of another person’s property, public thoroughfare, and/or right-of-way.

(8)   To tether a dog without access to adequate shelter at all times.

(e)    Multiple tangling during tethering. If one (1) or more dogs at a residence have required a response from the Division of Animal Care and Control to untangle tethers more than two (2) times in one year, it shall be a violation of this Section.

 

Waterloo, Iowa
April 10, 2014

This ordinance limits the conditions under which a dog can legally be tethered. Tethering to fixed objects is not permitted. Minimum length requirements and maximum weight limits for tethers are defined, as is the need for access to potable water and food. Tethering is limited to no more than eight hours in a 24-hour period. Stricter limitations are defined for periods of extreme weather.

5-1B-8: TETHERING OF DOGS:

  1. A dog may be restrained outdoors by tether, only on the property of the owner or caretaker of the dog, and only under the following conditions:
  2. No tether may be attached to a fixed object unless the tether is so placed or attached that it cannot become entangled with another animal or object, and cannot extend over an object or edge that could result in strangulation of or injury to the animal, and shall be of sufficient length in proportion to the size of the animal, but no less than 10 feet in length, to allow the animal proper exercise and unlimited access to adequate feed, adequate water, and an outdoor facility that provides adequate protection from the elements. Such tethering shall be so located so as not to allow such animal to trespass on public property or upon private property belonging to others, nor in such manner as to cause harm or danger to persons, the tethered animal, or other animals.
  3. The tether shall not weigh more than one-eighth of the animal’s body weight. Chains may not be used as tethers.
  4. The tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the animal. Choke or prong collars are prohibited. The tether must have a swivel at both ends.
  5. No animal may be restrained by tether for more than 8 hours in a 24-hour period. When the temperature falls below 30 degrees Fahrenheit, with wind chill factor applied, or when the heat index is at least 85 degrees, no animal may be restrained outdoors by tethering for more than 15 minutes without access to adequate feed, adequate water, and an outdoor facility that provides adequate protection from the elements. In any circumstances, a tethered animal must have access to an outdoor facility that provides adequate protection from the elements.

 

Arkansas City, Kansas
2007

Dogs may be tethered for an hour at a time at three-hour intervals and for no more than four hours total in a 24-hour period.

Sec. 10-35. Restriction on dogs tethered or staked on private property.

No person shall tether or stake a dog for more than one continuous hour, except that tethering or staking of the same dog may resume after a hiatus of three continuous hours, for no more than four total hours on a tether or stake every 24-hour period.

 

Dodge City, Kansas
February 7, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs for more than one continuous hour or more than three total hours in any 24-hour period. Three continuous hours must pass between periods of chaining. Tethers must be at least 10 feet long, weigh no more than one-eighth of the dog’s weight, and attach to a proper collar or harness. Tethers cannot inhibit the dog’s movement or cause injury, entanglement, or strangulation.

Chapter 2-108. Tethering of dogs restricted.

It shall be unlawful for any person to continuously tether a dog for more than one continuous hour, except that tethering of the same dog may resume after a hiatus of three continuous hours, for up to three hours total time on tether per day. (a) For the purpose of tethering a dog, a chain, leash, rope, or tether shall be at least 10 feet in length.

(b) A chain, leash, rope, collaring device, tether, or any assembly or attachments thereto used to tether a dog shall not weight more than one-eighth of the animal’s body weight, or due to weight, inhibit the free movement of the animal within the area tethered.

(c) Dogs shall be tethered in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement on fences, trees, or other manmade or natural obstacles.

(d) It is unlawful to attach chains, ropes, or other restraints implements directly to a dog without the proper use of a collar, harness, or other device designed for that purpose and made from a material that prevents injury to the animal.

 

El Dorado, Kansas
December 8, 2014

This ordinance restricts continuous tethering to one hour. Dogs must be untethered for three hours before being tethered again. It also defines maximum tether weight and minimum tether length.

6.16.17 Tethering

  1. It shall be illegal for any animal to be tethered or chained for more than one hour in the city limits. This ordinance requires that a dog must be untethered for three hours before being tethered again.
  2. No person shall use any tether shorter than 10 feet in length.
  3. No person shall use chains weighing more than 1/8 of the animal’s weight, or inhibiting the free movement of the animal.
  4. No person shall tether a dog on a choke chain.
  5. No person shall tether a dog without access to proper protection from the elements.
  6. No person shall tether a dog in an open area where it can be teased by people or in an area that does not provide protection from attack by other animals.
  7. No person shall tether an animal where no steps have been taken to prevent the surface from becoming wet and muddy in the event of precipitation.

 

Lawrence, Kansas
No dog, cat, or Vietnamese pot-bellied pig may be tethered for more than 15 minutes without direct supervision.

3-108 TETHERING OF ANIMALS.

No person shall:

(A) Continuously tether a dog, cat, or Vietnamese Pot Bellied Pig for more than 15 minutes without supervision. Supervision requires the animal to be within visual or auditory range of the owner; or

(B) Use a tether or any assembly or attachments thereto to tether a dog, cat, or Vietnamese Pot Bellied Pig that shall weigh more than one-eighth of the animal’s body weight, or, due to weight, inhibit the free movement of the animal within the area tethered; or

(C) Tether a dog, cat, or Vietnamese Pot Bellied Pig on a choke chain or near stationary objects or fences in a manner that could potentially cause injury, strangulation, or entanglement; or

(D) Tether a dog, cat, or Vietnamese Pot Bellied Pig without access to shade when sunlight is likely to cause overheating, or appropriate shelter to provide insulation and protection against cold and dampness when the atmospheric temperature falls below 40 degrees Fahrenheit, or to tether without securing the animal’s water supply so that it cannot be tipped over by the tether; or

(E) Tether a dog, cat, or Vietnamese Pot Bellied Pig in an open area where it can be provoked or tormented by persons or an open area that does not provide the dog, cat, or Vietnamese pot-belly pig protection from attack by other animals; or

(F) Attach chains or other tethers, restraints or implements directly to a dog, cat, or Vietnamese Pot Bellied Pig without the proper use of a collar, harness, or other device designed for that purpose and made from a material that prevents injury to the animal; or

(G) Tether a dog, cat, or Vietnamese Pot Bellied Pig when it is known to the owner that tethering or chaining will exacerbate a health condition of the animal; or

(H) Tether a dog, cat, or Vietnamese Pot Bellied Pig in a manner that will allow it to reach within the property of another person, a public walkway, or a road; or

(I) Tether a dog, cat, or Vietnamese Pot Bellied Pig in an area where bare earth is present and no reasonable steps have been taken to prevent the surface from becoming wet and muddy in the event of precipitation.

 

Leavenworth, Kansas
June 13, 2006

This ordinance prohibits the tethering of dogs for more than two continuous hours or six total hours in any 24-hour period. A hiatus of three or more continuous hours must separate tethering sessions.

Sec. 18-44.  Restriction on dogs leashed or tethered on private property.
Any dog leashed, or otherwise tethered on private property shall be restricted from movement closer than ten feet to the property line of the premises or any public sidewalk or right-of-way, unless such dog is muzzled or fenced in.
No person shall continuously tether or stake a dog for more than two continuous hours, except that tethering or staking of the same dog may resume after a hiatus of three continuous hours, for up to six hours total time on a tether or stake per day.  Provided, that this provision shall not apply to businesses utilizing dogs for security during non-business hours.

 

Overland Park, Kansas
1992

Dogs may not be tethered between 7 p.m. and 7 a.m., and they may be tethered only if certain requirements are met.

6.09.025 Abuse and Neglect of Animals.

A. No owner, keeper or harborer of an animal shall fail to provide the animal with adequate care, adequate food, adequate water, adequate health care, and adequate shelter. Such shelter should be clean, dry, and compatible with the condition, age and species. An animal must also have the opportunity for adequate daily exercise. This requires that an owner must offer some freedom from continuous chaining, stabling and tethering. The area where animals are kept must also be kept free from unsanitary conditions and vermin-harboring debris.

B. Tethering. For the purposes of this Section, “tethering” is the use of a chain, leash, tie, tether, rope or other device to restrain any animal to an inanimate object. It shall be unlawful to tether any animal in a manner that is inhumane, cruel, or detrimental to its welfare.

In addition to the above general requirements, the tethering of a dog shall be subject to the following conditions:

a. Dogs shall not be tethered outside except between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 7:00 p.m.

b. Any device used for the purpose of tethering a dog shall provide the dog at least ten feet in which to run.

c. Any device used for the purpose of tethering a dog shall not be of a weight that inhibits the free movement of the dog within the area tethered.

d. Dogs shall be tethered in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation or entanglement on fences, trees or other man made or natural obstacles.

e. It is unlawful to attach chains or other tether restraint implements directly to a dog without the proper use of a collar, harness, or other device designed for that purpose and all such tethering devices shall be made from a material that prevents injury to the animal.

 

Topeka, Kansas
2005

Dogs may not be left tethered unattended for more than 15 minutes. When dogs are tethered, certain requirements must be met.

6.05.040 Cruelty to animals.

(b) It shall be unlawful for any person to attach chains or other tethers, restraints or implements directly to a dog or cat without the proper use of a collar, harness, or other device designed for that purpose and made from a material that prevents injury to the animal. No person shall:

(1) Continuously tether a dog or cat for more than 15 minutes without supervision; or

(2) Use a tether or any assembly or attachments thereto to tether a dog or cat that shall weigh more than one-eighth of the animal’s body weight, or due to weight, inhibit the free movement of the animal within the area tethered; or

(3) Tether a dog or cat on a choke chain or in such a manner as to cause injury, strangulation, or entanglement of the dog on fences, trees, or other manmade or natural obstacles; or

(4) Tether a dog or cat without access to shade when sunlight is likely to cause overheating, or appropriate shelter to provide insulation and protection against cold and dampness when the atmospheric temperature falls below 40 degrees Fahrenheit, or to tether a dog without securing its water supply so that it cannot be tipped over by the tether; or

(5) Tether a dog or cat in an open area where it can be teased by persons or an open area that does not provide the dog or cat protection from attack by other animals; or

(6) Tether a dog or cat in an area where bare earth is present and no steps have been taken to prevent the surface from becoming wet and muddy in the event of precipitation.

 

Wellington, Kansas
April 15, 2008

Dogs may not be tethered for longer than two consecutive hours or more than four total hours within a 24-hour period. Certain requirements must also be met when a dog is tethered.

Sec. 6-73. Tethering.

(a) Unless a dog is under the direct supervision of the owner and/or harborer, it shall be unlawful to keep a dog tethered in place for more than two hours at a time. After a break of not less than two hours off the tether, a dog may be tethered again for two hours. A dog may not be tethered more than four hours in any 24-hour period.

(b) Conditions of tethering are defined as follows:

(1) Dogs shall be tethered in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation or entanglement on fences, trees or other objects.

(2) Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar, or to a harness that is worn by the dog. Collars shall not be of a choke type.

(3) No tether shall weigh more than one-eighth of the dog’s body weight.

(4) Any tether shall be at least ten feet in length and have swivels on both ends.

(5) Any tethering system used shall not allow the dog to leave the owner’s property.

(c) Exceptions to tethering are as follows: Overhead trolley tethering systems are allowed and not applicable to the provisions of subsection (a) of this section.

(d) Penalties for violation of this section are as follows:

(1) A violation of this section shall be an unclassified misdemeanor. Upon repeat offenses by the same person, the court shall have the discretion to remove the dog involved and place the animals with the county humane society for adoption.

(2) Any dog found to be tethered in violation of this section may, at the discretion of the animal control officer, be impounded and placed in a safe harbor until ordered by the court to be released. The owner of the impounded dog shall be responsible for any costs associated with the dog’s placement. If the owner fails to pay the impound costs, the subject dog may be considered for adoption through the county humane society.

 

Wichita, Kansas
2003

Dogs may not be tethered for more than an hour at a time, there must be a three-hour break between periods of tethering, and dogs may not be tethered for more than three hours total in a 24-hour period. Certain requirements must also be met when a dog is tethered.

Sec. 6.04.040. Control and protection of animals in general.

(e) It is unlawful for any person to:

(12) Continuously picket a dog for more than one continuous hour, except that picketing of the same dog may resume after a hiatus of three continuous hours. A dog may not be picketed for a total time period exceeding three hours, in any twenty-four-hour period.

For the purpose of picketing a dog, a chain, leash, rope, or tether shall be at least 10 feet in length.

a. A chain, leash, rope, collaring device, tether, or any assembly or attachments thereto used to picket a dog shall not weigh more than one-eighth (1/8) of the animal’s body weight, or due to weight, inhibit the free movement of the animal within the area picketed.

b. Dogs shall be picketed in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement on fences, trees, or other man made or natural obstacles;

c. It is unlawful to attach chains or other tether restraint implements directly to a dog without the proper use of a collar, harness, or other device designed for that purpose and made from a material that prevents injury to the animal.

 

Bowling Green, Kentucky
March 7, 2006

Dogs may not be restrained on a fixed-point tether for more than one hour in a 24-hour period. Certain requirements must also be met while the animal is tethered.

5-1.01  Definitions.

“Confinement” shall mean:

a.  All animals, except puppies and dogs: confinement shall mean on the premises of the owner, or if off the premises of the owner, under restraint by means of a lead, leash, harness, appropriate animal carrier or other reasonable method and under the control of a responsible person.

b.  Puppies and dogs: confinement shall mean on the premises of the owner and confined in a secure enclosure or accompanied by the owner on the owner’s property and under his direct control. If off the premises of the owner, the animal must be restrained by a lead or leash and under the control of a responsible person, or accompanied by a responsible person into an approved off-leash area and in conformance with all regulations and/or requirements imposed as a condition of utilizing such “off-leash” area.

1.  It is prohibited to exclusively restrain a dog or puppy by a fixed-point chain or tether. A fixed-point restraint may be used temporarily, but not to exceed one (1) hour in a twenty-four (24) hour period.

2.  A dog may be exclusively restrained by a chain or tether provided that it is at least ten (10) feet in length and attached to a pulley or trolley mounted on a cable which is also at least ten (10) feet in length and mounted no more than seven (7) feet above ground level.

3.  Any tethering system employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owner’s property.

4.  No chain or tether shall weigh more than 1/8 of the dog or puppy’s body weight.

5.  Any chain or tether shall be at least ten (10) feet in length and have swivels on both ends.

6.  Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the animal.

 

Louisville-Jefferson County, Kentucky
December 20, 2007

Dogs may not be tethered for more than one hour during any eight-hour period or between the hours of 8 a.m. and 6 p.m. Certain requirements must be met when dogs are tethered.

§ 91.091 RESTRAINT BY LEASH, CHAIN, OR COLLAR; SPECIFICATIONS.

(A)  Minimum standards for restraint of animals shall be as follows:

(1)  It is prohibited to exclusively restrain a dog or puppy by a fixed-point chain or tether:

(a)  Between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m.;

(b)  For a period of time exceeding one hour in any eight-hour period.

(2)  A dog may be restrained by a chain or tether provided that it is at least ten feet in length and attached to a pulley or trolley mounted on a cable which is also at least ten feet in length and mounted no more than seven feet above ground level.

(3)  Any tethering system employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owner’s property.

(4)  No chain or tether shall weigh more than 1/8 of the dog or puppy’s body weight.

(5)  Any chain or tether shall be at least ten feet in length and have swivels on both ends.

(6)  Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the animal.

(7)  All collars used for the purpose of chaining or tethering an animal must be made of nylon, leather, or other durable and non-metallic material. Using a chain, choke, or pinch collar as a primary collar is prohibited.

(8)  All collars shall fit an animal so as to avoid causing injury to the animal or becoming imbedded in the animal’s neck.

(B)  The Director, with the approval of the Secretary, may promulgate regulations implementing this section which are not inconsistent with any of the provisions of this chapter.

 

Radcliff, Kentucky
March 17, 2021

Dogs may not be tethered as a primary form of restraint and may not be tethered more than four hours per 24-hour period.

Section 3-17.5: Tether minimum specifications: restraint by leash, chain or collar

A. For the purpose of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning:

DOG. Any domestic canine four months of age or older for which there exists a U.S. Department of Agriculture approved rabies vaccine.

PUPPY. Any domestic canine younger than four months of age.

B. The provisions of Section 3-17 notwithstanding, minimum standards for restraint of puppies and dogs shall be as follows:

1. It is prohibited to exclusively restrain a puppy or dog by a fixed-point chain or tether.

2. Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the animal so as to avoid causing any injury to the animal or become embedded in the animal’s neck. Any use of a chain, choke, pinch or prong collar as the primary collar is prohibited.

3. No puppy or dog shall be chained or tethered for more than a total of four (4) hours in a twenty-four hour period.

4. No puppy or dog shall be chained or tethered in an area in which temperatures are greater than ninety (90) degrees Fahrenheit or are less than thirty-two (32) degrees Fahrenheit without access to a shaded area and shelter designed or constructed to provide insulation and protection from temperature extremes in accordance with the specifications set out in Section 3-16.

5. No puppy or dog shall be chained or tethered in weather conditions such as hail, flooding rain, wind conditions, or any other weather conditions that results in harm to the puppy or dog.

6. A dog may be restrained by a chain or tether provided that the chain or tether: has swivels at both ends; does not weigh more than one-eighth (1/8) of the dog’s or puppy’s body weight; is at least ten (10) feet in length and attached to a swiveled stake, or pulley or trolley mounted on a cable which is also at least ten (10) feet in length and mounted no more than seven (7) feet above ground level; is clear of objects to avoid entanglement.

7. Any tethering system employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owner’s property.

 

Carroll County, Maryland
November 28, 2006

This ordinance prohibits the tethering of dogs between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. and for more than 12 total hours between 6 a.m. and 11 p.m. Tethers used during such periods must meet certain conditions.

Chapter 81-5. Restraint.

C.  The owner of a dog shall not tie, chain, cable or in any way tether a dog outside for more than 12 hours a day (and at no time between 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.).

D.  A tether to confine a dog shall be a minimum of 41⁄2 times the length of the dog (nose to tail base) and under no circumstances less than 10 feet long.

E.  The tether shall have swivels at both ends to prevent kinking and knotting. The area covered shall be maintained so that the tether cannot become entangled and positioned so that the dog cannot wrap the tether around posts, trees, debris or hang by jumping a fence or guardrail.

 

Frederick County, Maryland
September 23, 2008

This ordinance prohibits chaining dogs for more than 10 hours at a time. A non choke-type collar or body harness must be used to secure dogs to tethers and tethers must be at least four times the length of the dog’s body or a minimum of 10 feet in length, with swivels at both ends.

§ 1-5-26 . PROPER RESTRAINT, SHELTER, PROTECTION AND CARE FOR DOGS.

(A) Restraint requirement.

(1) It shall be unlawful for any person to tether, fasten, chain, tie, restrain or cause a dog to be fastened, chained, tied or restrained to any stationary or inanimate object by means of a rope, chain, strap or other physical restraint for the purpose of confinement for more than ten hours, cumulatively in any 24-hour period.

(2) The dog must be tethered by a non-choke type collar or a body harness to a tether that is at least four times the body length of the dog, measured from the dog’s nose to the back of the hindquarters, or at a minimum be ten feet in length, and which the tether is free from entanglement.

(3) The tether shall have swivels at both ends and all areas of confinement shall be maintained as to provide a safe and healthy environment for the dog.

 

Montgomery County, Maryland
March 2011

This ordinance prohibits dogs from being tethered outside for more than two hours per day.

05.201.01.01 Tethering of Dogs.

The following conditions for the tethering of dogs are adopted under Section 5-201(b); Article II – Prohibited Conduct; Chapter 5, Animal Control; Montgomery County Code, 2005, as amended, and interpret State anti-cruelty provisions at Maryland Code, Criminal Law Article, Section 10-604(a), 2002, as amended and applied in Montgomery County pursuant to Section 5-201(a); Article II – Prohibited Conduct, Chapter 5, Animal Control; Montgomery County Code, 2005, as amended.

I. Definitions.

  1. Director means the Director of the Animal Services Division or designee.
  2. Sanitary means sanitary as defined in § 5-101 of the Montgomery County Code (1994), as amended.
  3. Tether means attaching a dog to a stationary object or pulley run by means of a chain, rope, tether, cable, or similar restraint. Tether does not include the use of a leash to walk a dog.

II. Prohibited Conduct. A person must not tether a dog under circumstances that endanger its health, safety, or well being, including:

  1. Tethering a dog longer than two hours cumulatively during any twenty-four hour period;
  2. tethering a dog by any means other than a harness;
  3. tethering a dog between the hours of eight p.m. and eight a.m. unless the Director grants a waiver based on extraordinary circumstances after determining that the proposed tethering will be safe and humane;
  4. unattended tethering of a dog during a weather emergency, or a dog-control emergency declared by the Executive, the Director, or the County Health Officer,
  5. using a tether that weighs more than 1/8 of the dog’s body weight;
  6. using a tether that does not have a swivel attached on each end;
  7. using a tether that is less than five times the length of the dog, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail;
  8. tethering that unreasonably limits a dog’s movement;
  9. tethering under conditions where the dog or tether can become entangled on the tether or some other object;
  10. tethering that restricts a dog’s access to suitable and sufficient food, clean water, and appropriate shelter;
  11. tethering in unsafe or unsanitary conditions;
  12. tethering that does not allow a dog to defecate or urinate in an area separate from the area where it must eat, drink, or lie down; or,
  13. tethering that causes injury, stress, or demonstrable socialization problems.

III. It shall be unlawful for any person to tether, chain, fasten, tie, or otherwise restrain a cat to a house, tree, fence, or other stationary or immobile object.

IV. Failure to provide relief to a dog in distress when exposed to any of the conditions listed in subsection II is proof that the dog was improperly, i.e., cruelly, tethered.

V. Exception. Nothing in this regulation prohibits:

  1. a regiment of restraint that the Director has approved for a particular training or working dog purpose; or
  2. the temporary tethering of a dog incidental to its veterinary care and/or grooming, in accordance with professionally accepted standards.

VI. This regulation establishes requirements for tethering a dog humanely. Notwithstanding any other provision of this regulation, the particular circumstances or conditions of a dog otherwise tethered according to the requirements of this regulation are sufficient evidence of cruelty to constitute a violation of State or County law.

 

Amherst, Massachusetts

Dogs may not be tethered for longer than eight hours in any 24-hour period.

Prolonged Confinement of Dogs Outside
(A) Prolonged Chaining or Tethering of Dogs is Prohibited.
No person owning or keeping a dog in the town shall chain or tether a dog to a stationary object including but not limited to any structure, dog house, pole or tree for longer than eight (8) total hours in any 24-hour period. Any tethering employed shall not allow the dog to leave the owner/guardian’s or keeper’s property. The tether must be designed for dogs (e.g., logging chains and other lines or devices not for the purpose of tethering dogs may not be used). No chain or tether shall weigh more than one-eighth (1/8) of the dog’s body weight. Nothing in this section shall be construed as prohibiting a person from walking a dog on a hand-held leash.
No dog under the age of six (6) months shall be tethered outside for any length of time.

 

East Longmeadow, Massachusetts
May 1, 2006

This ordinance prohibits the outside confinement of dogs between the hours of 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. and allows the confinement of dogs outside for more than six total hours in any 24-hour period only when certain conditions are met.

9.025 Prolonged Confinement of Dogs Outside

(A) Prolonged Chaining or Tethering of Dogs is Prohibited.
No person owning or keeping a dog in the town shall chain or tether a dog to a stationary object including but not limited to any structure, dog house, pole or tree for longer than six total hours in any twenty-four hour period. Nothing in this section shall be construed as prohibiting a person from walking a dog on a hand-held leash.

(B) Permissible Outside Confinement.
A person owning or keeping a dog in the town may confine such dog outside for longer than six total hours in a twenty-four hour period through the used of any of the following three methods: (1) A pen or secure enclosure, if the following conditions are met:
(a) The pen or secure enclosure has adequate space for exercise with a dimension of at least one-hundred square feet. Commercial dog kennels with pens intended for the temporary boarding of dogs are exempt from this requirement.

(b) The pen or secure enclosure is constructed with chain link or other similar material as determined by the Building Inspector, with all four sides enclosed.

(2) A fully fenced or otherwise securely enclosed yard wherein a dog has the ability to run but is unable to leave the enclosed yard.

(3) A trolley system or a tether attached to a pulley on a cable run, if the following conditions are met:
(a) Only one dog may be tethered to each cable run.

(b) The tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog, with enough room between the collar and the dog’s throat through which two adult fingers may fit. Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for the purposes of tethering a dog to a cable run.

(c) There must be a swivel on at least one end of the tether to minimize tangling of the tether.

(d) The tether and cable run must be at least ten feet in length and mounted at least four feet but not more than seven feet above ground level.

(e) The length of the tether from the cable run to the dog’s collar or harness must allow continuous access to water and appropriate shelter as described in paragraph (C) of this by-law. The trolley system or tether must be of appropriate configuration to confine the dog to the owner’s property, to prevent the trolley system or tether from extending over an object or an edge that could result in injury or strangulation of the dog; and to prevent the trolley system or tether from becoming tangled with other objects or animals.(C) Access to Water and Shelter.
Any person owning or keeping a dog in the town confined outside in accordance with Paragraph (B) of this section must provide the dog with access to water and an appropriate dog shelter. The dog shelter must allow the dog to remain dry and protected from the elements. Such shelter shall be fully enclosed on three sides, roofed, and have a solid floor. The entrance to the shelter shall be flexile to allow the dog’s entry and exit, and sturdy enough to block entry of wind and rain. The shelter shall be small enough to retain the dog’s body heat and large enough to allow the dog to stand and turn comfortably. The enclosure shall be structurally sound and in good repair. Suitable drainage must be provided so that water is not standing in or around the shelter.

(D) No Outside Confinement at Night.
No person owning or keeping a dog in the town may leave a dog chained, tethered or confined outside between the hours of 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.

 

Easthampton, Massachusetts
May 18, 2011

Dogs may not be tethered for longer than eight hours in any 24-hour period, and they may be tethered only when certain conditions are met.
Section 11-18. Prolonged Chaining, Tethering, and Confinement of Dogs
a. Prolonged Chaining or Tethering of Dogs. No person owning or keeping a dog in the City shall chain or tether a dog for longer than 8 continuous hours during any twenty-four hour period. Nothing in this section shall be construed as prohibiting a person from walking a dog on a hand-held leash. It shall be lawful for a responsible party to tether a dog while outdoors when all of the following conditions are met:

  1. The dog must be wearing a suitable collar (no pinch collars) when connected to the tether.
  2. The tether must be appropriate to the age and size of the dog and be long enough to allow the dog ample movement.
  3. The dog is tethered in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement.
  4. The dog is not outside during a period of extreme weather. Arctic breeds and other dogs with a double-layered coat, bred to live in an arctic climate, may be out in suitable freezing temperatures.
  5. The dog is always within reach of drinking water and has access to dry ground.
  6. The dog is not sick or injured.
  7. If there are multiple dogs, each dog is tethered separately.

 

Greenfield, Massachusetts

Dogs may not be tethered for longer than eight hours in any 24-hour period.

4.7.9.5 No person owning or keeping a dog shall permit such dog to be at large elsewhere than on the premises of the owner or keeper, except if it be on the premises of another person with the permission of such other person. Such owner or keeper of the dog, which is not on the premises of the owner, or upon the premises of another person with the permission of such other person shall restrain such dog with a chain or leash not exceeding eight (8) feet in length. No dog or puppy may be restrained by a fixed point chain or tether for more than eight (8) hours in a twenty-four (24) hour period. Any tethering employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owners or keepers property. No chain or tether shall weigh more than one-eighth (1/8) of the dog or puppy’s body weight. Any chain or tether used must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the animal. Exceptions:

  1. the dog is attached to a leash held by a person who is capable of controlling the dog or puppy,
  2. the dog is in a vehicle from which it cannot escape while the vehicle is driven, parked, or stopped,
  3. the dog is not more than fifty (50) feet from a person whose commands it abides to,
  4. the dog is within hundred (100) feet or within calling or whistling distance, mechanical or otherwise, for the purposes of hunting in an area where hunting is allowed and dogs are legally allowed for hunting purposes,
  5. the dog or puppy is not annoying any human or domestic animal or trespassing on private property,
  6. the dog is in a public area where dogs or puppies are allowed. These exceptions shall apply to public parks and recreational fields designated by the Town of Greenfield allowing dogs to be off leash.

 

Milton, Massachusetts
2007

Dogs may not be tethered for more than an hour at a time.

D. 1. No dog shall be tethered to a stationary object for more than one (1) hour at a time.
2. Dogs shall be tethered to a stationary object with a tether which is manufactured specifically for dogs or which is made of a material with sufficient strength for that purpose, including without limitation coated steel cable. No dog shall be tethered to a stationary object with a material which may cause death or injury to a dog or which could become entangled around the body or limbs of a dog or could otherwise cause discomfort to a dog, including without limitation rope, clothesline or chain.
3. No dog shall be tethered to a stationary object with a tether which is less than five (5) times the length of the dog, measured from the tip of the dog’s nose to the tip of the dog’s tail.
4. No dog shall be tethered to a stationary object by a tether which is attached to a training collar on the dog’s neck which, if the tether became tangled, could tighten, causing death, injury or discomfort to the dog.

 

Provincetown, Massachusetts
November 8, 2010

Dogs may not be tethered for more than three hours in a 24-hour period, and they may be tethered only when certain conditions are met.

13-2-7-8 UNLAWFUL TETHERING OF DOGS.38
(a)The following term shall have the following definition:
“Reasonable period” shall mean a period of time not to exceed a total of three hours in any 24-hour period, or a time that is otherwise approved by the animal control officer.
“Temporary task” shall mean a task that takes no longer than 30 minutes to complete.
“Tether” shall mean to fasten, chain, tie or otherwise restrain.
(b) No person shall tether, or cause a dog to be tethered, to a dog house, tree, fence, or any other stationary object.
(1) A dog shall not be tethered to any running line, pulley, or trolley system by means of a choke collar or pinch collar or prong collar or any other device that is not properly fitted to the dog or that is likely to cause injury to the dog.
(2) A dog shall not be tethered if the length of the tether is shorter than ten feet or five times the length of the dog as measured from the tip of the dog’s nose to the base of the dog’s tail, whichever is greater.
(3) A dog shall not be tethered in any manner that is likely to cause injury, strangulation or entanglement to the dog.
(4) A dog shall not be tethered if the dog does not have access to water, shade and dry ground.
(5) A dog shall not be tethered if it is visibly sick or injured.
(6) A dog shall not be tethered in the case of extreme weather conditions, including conditions in which the actual or effective outdoor temperature is below 32 degrees Fahrenheit; a heat advisory has been issued by a local or state authority jurisdiction; or a hurricane, tropical storm or tornado warning has been issued within the Town by the National Weather Service.
(7) A dog shall not be tethered if the owner or party responsible for the dog is not in visual range of the dog.
(c) Notwithstanding subdivision (b), an owner or person responsible for the dog may do any of the following:
(1) Tether a dog for a reasonable period. If there are multiple dogs, each dog is tethered separately.
(2) Tether a dog pursuant to the requirements of a camping or recreational area.
(3) Tether a dog no longer than is necessary for the owner or person responsible for the dog to complete a temporary task that requires the dog to be restrained.
(d) Any person who violates this bylaw shall be subject to a fine of $100 (one hundred dollars) for the first offense; $200 (two hundred dollars) for the second offense; and $300 (three hundred dollars) for the third and subsequent offenses. Each violation of this by-law shall be deemed to be a separate offense.

 

Springfield, Massachusetts

No dog may be tethered for more than 5 out of every 24 hours or from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m. Dogs may not be tethered during weather or other advisories.

Humane Care

110-8

Owners shall provide each of their animals with sufficient good and wholesome food and water, proper shelter, protection from the weather; veterinary care when needed to prevent suffering, and otherwise humane care and treatment. No person shall tether a dog for more than five (5) out of every twenty-four (24) hours and outside from 10 PM to 6 AM, unless the tethering is for not more than 15 minutes and the dog is not left unattended by the owner, guardian or keeper. No dog under the age of six (6) months shall be tethered outside for any length of time. No person shall keep or place an animal in a location that would cause an unreasonable risk of injury or death to the Animal or subject them to “cruel conditions” which shall include, but not be limited to, the following-leaving an Animal unattended in a stationary or parked vehicle; filthy and dirty confinement conditions; extreme weather, including but not limited to extreme heat, cold, wind, snow or hail which pose an adverse risk to the health and safety of the dog based on the dog’s breed, age or physical condition, and times when a weather advisory, warning or watch is issued by a local, state or federal authority; taunting, prodding, hitting, harassing, threatening or otherwise harming a tethered or confined dog.

 

Battle Creek, Michigan
October 4, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the tethering of dogs for more than three , one-hour periods per day. Tethering periods must be separated by a hiatus of three continuous hours.

CHAPTER 608
608.09 Cruelty to Animals

(a) No person shall cruelly treat or abuse an animal in any of the following ways:

(7) Confine an animal on a tether, unless the tether allows the animal access to suitable shelter and:

A. For dogs, the tether is at least ten feet in length; the tether and collar, harness or other type of collaring device when taken together weighs not more than one-eighth of the dog’s body weight and does not, due to weight, inhibit the free movement of the dog; the manner of tethering prevents injury, strangulation, or entanglement on fences, trees or other man-made or natural obstacles or objects; the collar, harness or any other type of collaring device being used is designed for that purpose and made from material that prevents injury to the dog; the period of tethering does not exceed one continuous hour, except that tethering of the same dog may resume after an hiatus of three continuous hours; and the dog is tethered no more than a total of three hours per day.

Dearborn, Michigan
August 13, 2013

Dogs may not be tethered for more than one continuous hour unless there is a three-hour hiatus between periods of tethering, and the total amount of time may not exceed three hours tethered per day.

Sec. 4-32. – Tethering.

It shall be unlawful for any person to:

(a) To attach chains or tethers, restraints or implements directly to a dog without the proper use of a collar, harness, or other device designed for that purpose and made from a material that prevents injury to the animal.

(b) No person shall:

(1) Continuously tether a dog for more than one continuous hour, except that tethering of the same dog shall resume after a hiatus of three continuous hours, for up to three hours’ total time on tether per day; provided that for the purpose of tethering a dog, a chain, leash, rope or tether shall be at least ten feet in length; or

(2) Use a tether or any assembly or attachments thereto to tether a dog that shall weigh more than one-eighth of the animal’s body weight, or due to weight, inhibit the free movement of the animal within the area tethered; or

(3) Tether a dog on a choke chain or in such a manner as to cause injury, strangulation, or entanglement of the dog on fences, trees, or other man made or natural obstacles; or

(4) Tether a dog without access to shade when sunlight is likely to cause overheating, or appropriate shelter to provide insulation and protection against cold and dampness when the atmospheric temperature falls below 40 degrees Fahrenheit, or to tether a dog without securing its water supply so that it cannot be tipped over by the tether; or

(5) Tether a dog in an open area where it can be teased by persons or an open area that does not provide the dog protection from attack by other animals; or

(6) Tether an animal in an area where bare earth is present and no steps have been taken to prevent the surface from becoming wet and muddy in the event of precipitation.

Detroit, Michigan
March 14, 2017

No dog shall be tethered continuously for more than three hours per day or with a tether that is too short or too heavy or prevents access to food, water, or protection from the weather. Puppies under 4 months old may not be tethered.

Sec. 6-2-2. Dog restraint; prolonged tethering prohibited under certain circumstances.
(c) No owner of a dog shall:
(1) Continuously tether a dog for more than three hours per day;
(2) Tether a dog using a tether made of anything but a coated steel cable at any length less than three times the length of the dog as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail;
(3) Use a tether or any assembly or attachments that amount to more than 10% of the dog’s weight or that significantly inhibit the movement of the dog within the tethered area;
(4) Attach a dog to a tether by means of any implement other than a buckle-type collar or harness, so as to risk injury, strangulation, or entanglement of the dog on fences, trees, or other obstacles;
(5) Tether a dog without access to shade when sunlight is likely to cause overheating or without access to appropriate shelter for insulation and protection against cold and dampness when the atmospheric temperature falls below forty degrees Fahrenheit;
(6) Tether a dog without securing its food and water source to prevent its being tipped over or spilled by the tether;
(7) Tether a dog in an open area that does not provide the dog protection from attack from people or other animals;
(8) Tether a dog in an area composed entirely of bare earth subject to becoming wet and muddy in the event of precipitation, and without any dry surface area for cover or protection;
(9) Tether a dog under four months old;
(10) Tether more than one dog to a single tether;
(11) Tether a dog to a stationary object that would allow the dog to come within five feet of any property line; or
(12) Tether a dog without a swivel attached or equipped on both ends.

Trenton, Michigan
February 19, 2013

Dogs may not be tethered for more than three hours per day. Dogs may only be tethered when certain conditions are met, such as the tether and collar/harness being of certain materials and the dog having access to shade, food, and water.

Section 14-120 Tethering of Dogs

a) Tethering means the practice of securing a dog to a stationary object by means of a metal chain or coated steel cable for keeping a dog restrained in its movement. Tethering does not mean walking a dog on a leash, or for temporary grooming, or other professional service.
b) It shall be unlawful for a person to:
1) Continuously tether a dog for more than three hours per day;
2) Tether a dog on a tether made of anything but a coated steel cable more than (10) feet in length;
3) Use a tether or any assembly or attachments thereto to tether a dog that shall weigh more than ten percent (10%) of the animal’s body weight, or due to weight, inhibit the free movement of the animal within the area tethered; or
4) Tether a dog on anything except a buckle-type collar or harness, or tethering on a choke chain or around the dog’s neck, or tethered to training collars such as choke or pinch-style collars, or in such a manner as to cause injury, strangulation, or entanglement of the dog on fences, trees, or other man made or natural obstacles; or
5) Tether a dog without access to shade when sunlight is likely to cause overheating, or appropriate shelter to provide insulation and protection against cold and dampness when the atmospheric temperature falls below 40 degrees Fahrenheit, or to tether a dog without securing its food and water supply so that it cannot be tipped over by the tether; or
6) Tether a dog in an open area where it can be teased by persons or an open area that does not provide the dog protection from attack by other animals; or
7) Tether a dog in an area composed entirely of bare earth subject to becoming wet and muddy in the event of precipitation, and without any dry surface area or cover for protection.
8) Tether a dog less than four (4) months of age.
9) Tether more than one dog to a single tether.
10) Tether a dog to a stationary object which would allow a dog to come within five feet of any property line.
11) Tether a dog without a swivel attached and/or equipped on both ends.
c) The animal control officer, or his/her designee, may in his/her discretion temporarily order a more restrictive tethering requirement if circumstances require and it is not detrimental to the health, safety, or welfare of the dog.
d) Penalty. A person found responsible for violating section 14-120 shall be deemed responsible for a municipal civil infraction in the amount of $100 per day. Any person found liable for violating this section three or more times in a one year time span shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

 

Southgate, Michigan
July 2, 2014

Dogs may not be tethered for more than three consecutive hours, and tethers must be made of coated steel cable. This ordinance also specifies basic safety requirements for tethering.

Section 615.05 Animal Care

(12) Tethering of dogs

(a) Tethering means the practice of securing a dog to a stationary object by means of a metal chain or coated steel cable or other similar means for keeping a dog restrained in its movement. Tethering does not mean walking a dog on a leash, or for temporary grooming, or other professional service.

(b) It shall be unlawful for a person to:

(1) Continuously tether a dog for more than three hours during any twenty-four hour period; or

(2) Tether a dog on a tether made of anything but coated steel cable; or

(3) Use a tether or any assembly or attachments there to tether a dog that shall weigh more than ten percent (10%) of the animal’s body weight, or due to weight, inhibit the free movement of the animal within the area tethered; or

(4) Tether a dog on anything except a buckle type collar or harness. It is unlawful to tether a dog on a choke chain or around the dog’s neck, or tethered to training collars such as choke or pinch type collars, or in such a manner as to cause injury, strangulation, or entanglement of the dog on fences, trees, or other man made or natural obstacles; or

(5) Tether a dog without access to shade when sunlight is likely to cause overheating.

(6) Tether a dog and fail to provide appropriate shelter to provide insulation and protection against cold and dampness when the atmospheric temperature falls below 40 degrees Fahrenheit; or

(7) Tether a dog without securing its food and water supply so that it cannot be tipped over by the tether; or

(8) Tether a dog in an open area where it can be teased by persons or an open area that does not provide the dog protection from attack by other animals; or

(9) Tether a dog in an area composed entirely of bare earth subject to becoming wet and muddy in the event of precipitation, and without any dry surface area or cover for protection; or

(10) Tether a dog less than four (4) months of age; or

(11) Tether more than one dog to a single shelter; or

(12) Tether a dog to a stationary object which would allow a dog to come within five (5) feet of any property line; or

(13) Tether a dog without a swivel attachment on both ends; or

(14) Tether a dog on a tether more than 10 feet in length.

(c) The animal control officer, or his/her designee, may in his/her discretion temporarily order a more restrictive tethering requirement if circumstances require and it is not detrimental to the health, safety, or welfare of the dog.

 

St. Paul, Minnesota
October 28, 2009

Dogs may be tethered only for eight cumulative hours total in a 24-hour period, with certain intervals off the tether required. Certain conditions must also be met when dogs are tethered.

Sec. 200.16. Collars, leashes, tie outs.

(a) Collars. Collars may not exceed two (2) pounds in weight and must be made of durable material strong enough to hold the dog it is intended for. No collars are to be used other than for humane restraint. Collars may not be equipped with any type of sharp prongs on the inside of the collar or weighted devices that may cause injury or discomfort to the animal’s neck. Blunt pronged training collars are permitted if properly fitted and unaltered from the manufactured design.

(b) Leashes. Leashes must not exceed six (6) feet in length and may not exceed four (4) pounds in total weight.

(c) Chains, kennels, tethers and tie outs. Chains, tethers or tie outs must be at least three (3) times the length of the animal secured to it and may not exceed ten (10) pounds in total weight. Tie outs must be of durable material, strong enough to hold the animal it is intended for. Any animal secured with a tie out must be so in an area that would not allow the animal to become tangled around objects while allowing access to shelter and water. Tie outs must be placed in such a location as to inhibit the animal secured from reaching a public sidewalk, street or alley. The tie out must not allow the secured animal access to any neighboring property unless written permission has been obtained from the property owner. Animals restrained by a chain, tether, or other tie out device shall not be secured to any stationary object for more than two (2) consecutive hours, with at least a two-hour rest or relief period between each chaining, and no more than four (4) two-hour chaining periods in a twenty-four-hour period. Kennels and pulley/cable run systems shall be exempt from the two-hour restriction provided that:

(1) The length of the pulley system is at least twelve (12) feet, and the attached tether has a swivel at both ends;

(2) The height of the pulley system is mounted at least seven (7) feet above the ground;

(3) The space provided inside the kennel is at least thirty-two (32) square feet;

(4) At least one-third of the kennel floor must be made of solid material to provide relief from the ground conditions in inclement weather and the kennel must also provide proper shelter pursuant to Minn. Stat. § 343.30.

(5) The animal or animals confined or secured to a kennel or pulley system, are not confined in it or to it for more than ten (10) consecutive hours in a twenty-four-hour period.

“Stationary object” shall include, but not be limited to, a tree, embedded stake, pole or post, a house, garage, dog house, or other structure or railing.

“Solid material” shall mean cement, brick, durable plastic, or other suitable material other than wood.

 

Creve Coeur, Missouri
January 6, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs for more than eight consecutive hours or 12 total hours in any 24-hour period. Tethers must be at least 15 feet long and terminate with swivels on both ends. Tethers must attach to a proper collar or harness and may not become entangled or restrict a dog’s access to food, water, and shelter. Tethers must allow dogs to eliminate in a separate area from where they eat, drink, and rest.

SECTION 205.220:   TETHERING — PROHIBITED CONDUCT

It shall be unlawful for any owner or other person controlling or possessing any dog, cat or other animal to:

1.   Leave a dog, cat or other animal tethered outdoors for eight continuous hours or for a total of twelve (12) hours in a twenty-four (24) hour period.

2.   Tether a dog, cat or other animal except by means of a properly fitting harness or collar of nylon or leather construction and a tether in proportion to the size of the animal. The tether must be at least fifteen (15) feet in length with a swivel at both ends.

3.   Tether a dog, cat or other animal outdoors under conditions where the animal or tether can become entangled on the tether, another animal or some other object or where the tether can restrict the animal’s access to suitable, edible and sufficient food, clean water (cool in summer and unfrozen in winter) and appropriate shelter.

4.   Tether a dog, cat or other animal outdoors in unsafe or unsanitary conditions or when said tether does not allow the animal to defecate or urinate in an area separate from the areas where it must eat, drink or lie down.

5.   Expose a dog, cat or other animal to any weather conditions that cause immediate imminent threat to the animal’s physical well-being.

 

O’Fallon, Missouri
December 9, 2010

Animals may not be tethered for more than eight continuous hours or for a total of 12 hours in any 24-hour period.

SECTION 210.055: TETHERING, PROHIBITED CONDUCT
It shall be unlawful for any owner or other person controlling, possessing or having custody any dog or cat to:
1. Leave a dog or cat tethered outdoors for eight (8) continuous hours or for a total of twelve (12) hours in a twenty-four (24) hour period.
2. Tether a dog or cat except by means of:
a. A properly fitting harness or collar of nylon or leather construction which does not chafe or injure the animal, and
b. A tether in proportion to the size of the animal such that its weight and construction do not burden or encumber the animal. The tether must be at least fifteen (15) feet in length with a swivel at both ends.
3. Tether a dog or cat in such a manner that the animal cannot access adequate shelter while tethered.
4. Tether a dog or cat outdoors under conditions where the animal or tether can become entangled on the tether, another animal or some other object or where the tether can restrict the animal’s access to suitable, edible and sufficient food, clean water (cool in summer and unfrozen in winter) and appropriate shelter.
5. Tether a dog or cat outdoors in unsafe or unsanitary conditions or when the tether does not allow the animal to defecate or urinate in an area separate from the areas where it must eat, drink or lie down.
6. Expose a dog or cat to any weather conditions that cause immediate imminent threat to the animal’s physical well-being.
7. No person shall tether an animal on a choke, prong or pinch collar or tow chain or in such a manner as to cause injury, strangulation or entanglement of the animal on fences, trees or other manmade or natural obstacles.
8. No person shall tether an animal in an area where bare earth is present and no steps have been taken to prevent the surface from becoming wet and muddy in the event of precipitation.
9. No person shall leave an animal tethered outside between the hours of 10:00 P.M. and 6:00 A.M., except temporarily tethering outdoors for a time period not exceeding fifteen (15) minutes. (Ord. No. 5469 §1, 6-11-09; Ord. No. 5643 §1, 12-9-10)

 

St. Louis, Missouri
2007

Dogs and cats may not be tethered for longer than 10 continuous hours or 12 hours total in a 24-hour period. Certain conditions must be met when animals are tethered.

10.04.285 Tethering, confinement and treatment of dogs and cats on owner/guardian’s property.

A. No owner/guardian or other person controlling or possessing any dog or cat shall leave a dog or cat tethered outdoors for ten (10) continuous hours or for a total of twelve (12) hours in a twenty-four-hour period.

B. No owner/guardian or other person controlling or possessing any dog or cat shall tether a dog or cat except by means of a properly fitting harness or collar of nylon or leather construction and a tether in proportion to the size of the animal. The tether must be at least fifteen (15) feet in length with a swivel at both ends.

C. No owner/guardian or other person controlling or possessing any dog or cat shall tether a dog or cat outdoors under conditions where the animal or tether can become entangled on the tether, another animal, or some other object or where the tether can restrict the animal’s access to suitable, edible, and sufficient food, clean water (cool in summer and unfrozen in winter), and appropriate shelter.

D. No owner/guardian or other person controlling or possessing any dog or cat shall tether a dog or cat outdoors in unsafe or unsanitary conditions or when said tether does not allow the animal to defecate or urinate in an area separate from the areas where it must eat, drink, or lie down.

E. No owner/guardian or other person controlling or possessing any dog or cat shall fail to provide the dog or cat with sanitary living conditions including shelter proper for the species and sufficient to protect the animal from extreme temperatures, wind, rain, snow and sun.

F. No owner/guardian or other person controlling or possessing any dog or cat shall maliciously and knowingly restrain a dog or cat using a metal chain, tether, or metal wire grossly in excess of the size necessary to restrain a dog or cat safely.

G. All dogs and cats shall be treated humanely and shall not be beaten, tormented, overworked, neglected or cruelly treated, except that reasonable force may be used to drive off vicious animals. No animal shall be induced or encouraged to perform through the use of chemical, mechanical, electrical or manual devices which may cause physical injury or suffering.

(Ord. 67799 § 2, 2007: prior: Ord. 66384 § 1 (part), 2004: Ord. 65206 § 1 (part), 2001.)

 

North Las Vegas, Nevada
December 16, 2021

Dogs may not be tethered for more than 10 hours per 24-hour period, and certain conditions must be met.

6.12.070 – Tethering.

1. Except as otherwise provided in subsections 2. and 3. and NRS 574.210 to 574.510, inclusive, a person shall not restrain a dog:

(a) Using a tether, chain, tie, trolley or pulley system or other device that:

(1) Is less than twelve (12) feet in length;

(2) Fails to allow the dog to move at least twelve (12) feet or, if the device is a pulley system, fails to allow the dog to move a total of twelve (12) feet; or

(3) Allows the dog to reach a fence or other object that may cause the dog to become injured or die by strangulation after jumping the fence or object or otherwise becoming entangled in the fence or object;

(4) Places the dog in unsafe or unsanitary conditions; or

(5) Does not permit the dog access to food, water, shade, dry ground, or shelter.

(b) Using a prong, pinch or choke collar or similar restraint; or

(c) For more than ten (10) hours during a twenty-four-hour period.

 

Berkeley, New Jersey
April 27, 2015

This ordinance bans the tethering of unaltered animals. Altered animals may be tethered for no more than four consecutive hours. Additional provisions include prohibiting tethering in extreme temperatures.

  • 9-2.10 Failure to Provide Proper Care; Tethering.

B. Tethering of dogs.

(1) It is unlawful to chain or tether unaltered animals (dogs or cats that are unspayed or unneutered) in any manner and/or at any time within the Township.

(2) Altered animals (dogs or cats that have been spayed or neutered) may be tethered only under the following conditions:

(a) Tethers must allow the animal access to shelter, food and water and can be used only in an area where it will not be tangled around objects.

(b) Tethers must be at least 15 feet long, have a swivel on both ends, weigh no more than 1/8th of the dog’s weight and be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness.

(c) Tethers cannot inhibit the animal’s movement or cause injury, entanglement or strangulation.

(d) The tether must restrain the animal on the owner’s own property.

(e) Animals may be chained or tethered for no more than four consecutive hours, or six hours total hours in any twenty-four-hour period of time and never between sunset and sunrise.

(f) Animals may not be chained or tethered when temperatures exceed 85 degrees or fall below 32 degrees.

 

Camden, New Jersey
January 11, 2001

Animals may not be chained or tethered in any manner for more than two consecutive hours.
§ 210-45. Unlawful to chain or tether animals.

Animals shall not be chained, tied, fastened or otherwise tethered to dog houses, trees, stakes, poles, fences, walls, or any other stationary objects outdoors or indoors as a means of confinement for more than two consecutive hours in any twenty-four-hour period.

 

Cape May, New Jersey
December 5, 2012

Dogs may not be tethered for more than four consecutive hours or between sunset and sunrise. Unaltered dogs may not be tethered. Dogs may not be tethered unless the owner or responsible person is also on the property.

Sec. 145-8
E. Chaining or tethering dogs.
(1) Dogs must be able to move freely when chained or tethered. The size of the tether or chain must be a minimum of 15 linear feet and shall be tangle free. The placement of the chain or tether must be such that the dog is confined to the owner’s property. Dogs must be equipped with properly fitted harness or buckle type collars. The chain or tether must be made of light-weight, yet durable material.
(2) A dog house must be accessible to any dog that is chained or tethered.
(3) Dogs that are not spayed or neutered are not permitted to be chained or tethered for any period of time and must be in a completely enclosed yard or housed indoors.
(4) No dogs may be chained or tethered after dark (prior to sunrise or after sunset).
(5) No dogs may be chained or tethered for more than four consecutive hours.
(6) No dogs may be chained or tethered unless the owner or a person responsible for the dog is at the property.

 

East Brunswick Township, New Jersey
August 22, 2016

Dogs who are sick or injured may not be tethered. Dogs may not be tethered for longer than six consecutive hours in any 24-hour period and never between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. Dogs may not be left outside during inclement weather.

§ 83-14. J. Tethering of Dog

1) Dogs may be tethered under the following circumstances:

a. The tether must be at least fifteen (15) feet long and have an operative swivel on both ends, weigh no more than 1/8 of the dog’s weight and be attached to a properly fitted collar or harness.

b. The collar used for tethering may not be a choke chain collar, slip collar or prong collar.

c. The tethered dog must have easy access to drinking water, edible food, dry ground and adequate shade and/or shelter within the tethering area.

d. The tether may not be used in any area where it may be tangled around an object, such as, but not limited to, a tree, pole, fence or stake.

e. The tether cannot inhibit the movement of the animal’s limbs or cause injury, harm, entanglement or strangulation.

f. The tether must restrain the dog within the bounds of the owner’s or custodian’s property.

g. The tether must terminate no less than five (5) feet from any fence, pool, wall, vehicle, tree or roadway, or other object or obstruction upon which the animal might harm himself.

h. Dogs may be tethered for no more than six (6) consecutive hours in any twenty-four hour period of time.

i. If there are multiple dogs, each dog shall be tethered separately and in such a manner that the tethers shall not become entangled with each other.

j. No dog shall be tethered at a vacant structure or premises for any purpose when it is not monitored by a competent adult who is present at the property for the duration of such tethering.

k. No dog that is sick or injured shall be tethered.

l. No dogs shall be tethered between the hours of 11:00 pm and 6:00 am.

m. No animal shall be left outside during inclement weather, e.g. rain storms, snow storms, ice storms, hurricanes or thunder storms.

 

Egg Harbor City, New Jersey
March 1, 2014

Dogs may not be chained for longer than six hours within a 24-hour period or for extended periods of time when temperatures are below 32 degrees or above 90 degrees. Animals younger than 6 months may not be left outside for an extended period.

§ 97-92. Chaining or tethering of dogs

A. Dogs must be able to move freely when chained or tethered and shall be so confined for a period no greater than six hours within a twenty-four hour period. The size of the tether or chain must be a minimum of 15 linear feet and shall remain tangle free. Dogs must be equipped with properly fitted harness or buckle-type collars. The tether or chain shall be constructed of lightweight cable. A doghouse shall be accessible to dogs that are chained or tethered.

B. No animal shall remain outdoors, tethered, untethered or penned in temperatures below 32° F. or above 90° F. for extended periods.

C. In no instance shall an animal less than six months old be left outside for an extended period of time.

 

Lacey Township, New Jersey
September 24, 2015

Dogs who are intact, sick, or injured may not be tethered. Dogs who have been spayed or neutered may be tethered for no longer than six consecutive hours in any 24-hour period and never between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.

§ 134-7.5 Tethering of dogs; shelter.
A. It is unlawful to chain or tether unneutered/unspayed dogs in any manner and/or at any time within the Township.
B. Neutered/Spayed dogs may be tethered under the following circumstances:
(1) The tether must be at least 15 feet long and have an operative swivel on both ends, weigh no more than 1/8 of the dog’s weight and be attached to a properly fitted collar or harness.
(2) The collar used for tethering may not be a choke chain collar, slip collar or prong collar.
(3) The tether must allow the dog access to proper shelter, sufficient food and sufficient water.
(4) The tether may not be used in any area where it may be tangled around an object, such as, but not limited to, a tree, pole, fence or stake.
(5) The tether cannot inhibit the movement of the animal’s limbs or cause injury, harm, entanglement or strangulation.
(6) The tether must restrain the dog within the bounds of the owner’s or custodian’s property.
(7) The tether must terminate no less than five feet from any fence, pool, wall, vehicle, tree or roadway, or other object or obstruction upon which the animal might harm himself.
(8) Dogs may be tethered for no more than six consecutive hours in any twenty-four-hour period of time and never between 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.
(9) If there are multiple dogs, each dog shall be tethered separately and in such a manner that the tethers shall not become entangled with each other.
(10) No dog shall be tethered at a vacant structure or premises for any purpose when it is not monitored by a competent adult who is present at the property for the duration of such tethering.
(11) No dog that is sick or injured shall be tethered.

 

Lower Township, New Jersey
April 19, 2004

This ordinance limits the chaining of dogs to nine hours in any 24-hour period. Tethers must be lightweight, at least 15 feet long, and tangle free. They must allow a dog to move freely and have access to a doghouse.

Section 166-1 (E) Chaining or Tethering of Dogs: Dogs must be able to move freely when chained or tethered and shall be confined for a period no greater than nine hours within a twenty-four hour period. The size of the tether or chain must be a minimum of 15 linear feet and shall remain tangle free. Dogs must be equipped with properly fitting harness or buckle type collar. The tether or chain shall be constructed of lightweight cable. A doghouse shall be accessible to dogs that are chained or tethered.

 

Monroe Township, New Jersey
November 4, 2015

Dogs who are unaltered, sick, or injured may not be tethered. Dogs may not be tethered between sunset and sunrise, during extreme weather, or for longer than seven consecutive hours in a 24-hour period.

§ 33-15.1. Failure to provide proper care; tethering.
B. Tethering of dogs.
(1) Definition. “Tether” means to fasten an animal by any device (such as a rope or chain) so that it can range only within a set radius.
(2) It is unlawful to chain or tether unaltered animals (dogs or cats that are unspayed or unneutered) in any manner and/or at any time within the Township.
(3) Altered animals (dogs or cats that have been spayed or neutered) may be tethered only under the following circumstances:
(a) Tethers must allow the animal access to shelter, food and water and can be used only in an area where it will not be tangled around objects.
(b) If there are multiple dogs, each dog shall be tethered separately and in such a manner that the tethers shall not become entangled with each other.
(c) Tethers must be at least fifteen (15) feet in length, have an operative swivel on both ends, weigh no more than 1/8 of the dog’s weight and be attached to a properly fitting buckle type collar or body harness made of nylon or leather.
(d) Tethers must be free of attached weights and if links are utilized, they must not be over one-quarter (1/4) inch thick.
(e) The collar used for tethering may not be a choke chain collar, slip collar or prong collar.
(f) The tether must restrain the dog within the bounds of the owner’s or custodian’s property.
(g) The area in which the animal is tethered must be kept free of insect infestation, such as ant hills, wasp nests, fleas, ticks and maggot infestations.
(h) The tether cannot inhibit the movement of the animal’s limbs or cause injury, harm, entanglement or strangulation.
(i) Dogs may be tethered for no more than seven (7) consecutive hours in any twenty-four-hour period of time and never between sunset and sunrise.
(j) No dog may be tethered at a vacant structure or premises for any purpose when it is not monitored by a competent adult who is present at the property for the duration of the tethering.
(k) No dog that is sick or injured shall be tethered.
(l) No dog may be tethered outdoors during National Weather Service issued Alerts or Storm Warnings.

 

Northfield, New Jersey
May 12, 2015

Dogs may not be tethered for longer than nine hours within a 24-hour period. No animal may be tethered outside during extreme weather. Dogs who are under 6 months of age, sick, injured, or in distress may not be tethered or penned.

§ 97-20 Keeping and control off domesticated pets.
Chaining or tethering of dogs.
D. (1) Dogs must be able to move freely when chained or tethered and shall be so confined for a period no greater than nine hours within a twenty-four-hour period. The size of the tether or chain must be a minimum of 15 linear feet and shall remain tangle-free. Dogs must be equipped with properly fitted harness or buckle-type collars. The tether or chain shall be constructed of lightweight cable not weighing more than 1/16 of the animal’s weight. A doghouse shall be accessible to dogs that are chained or tethered. Tethered animals shall have access to potable water, food, shelter and dry ground at all times.
(2) No animal shall remain outdoors, tethered, untethered or penned during a period of extreme weather, including but not limited to extreme heat (above 90°), extreme cold (below 32°), thunderstorms, tornadoes, tropical storms, or hurricanes.
(3) In no instance shall an animal remain outdoors, tethered, untethered or penned, under the age of six months old, or while sick, injured or in distress.

 

Ocean City, New Jersey
July 21, 2004

This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs who have not been spayed or neutered. The chaining of sterilized dogs for more than nine total hours in any 24-hour period is prohibited. Dogs may not be chained at all between sunset and sunrise. Tethers must be light-weight, tangle free, attach to a proper collar or harness, and must not place the animal in any danger.

Chapter 11-1.6. Chaining or Tethering.

a. Dogs must be able to move freely when chained or tethered and shall be confined for a period no greater than nine (9) hours within a twenty-four (24) hour period. The tether or chain shall be of such length as not to place the animal in any danger and shall assure that the animal will be confined to the owner’s property. The chain or tether shall be tangle free. Dogs must be equipped with a properly fitting harness or buckle type collar. The tether must be made of light-weight, yet durable material, or a chain.

b. Dogs that are not spayed or neutered will not be allowed to be tethered or chained for any period of time and must be in a completely enclosed yard or housed indoors.

c. No dogs may be tethered or chained after dark (prior to sunrise or after sunset).

 

Plainfield, New Jersey
May 9, 2016

Dogs who are intact, sick, injured, under the age of 1 year, or under 20 pounds may not be tethered. Dogs who have been spayed or neutered may be tethered for no longer than six consecutive hours in any 24-hour period and never between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.

Sec. 5:7-6A. Tethering of animals.

Sec. 5:7-6A-1. Definitions.

As used in this Section:
(a) Tethering shall mean the restraining of an animal by the tying to any object or structure, including, without limitation, a house, tree, fence, post, garage, weight or shed, by any means, including, without limitation, rope, cord, leash or running line, but shall not include the use of a leash used to walk the animal or to forms of restraint used in the transportation of an animal.
(MC 2015-09, March 9, 2015.)

Sec. 5:7-6A-2. Tethering of dogs.

(a) It shall be unlawful for any person to tether, fasten, tie, restrain or cause an unattended dog to be fastened, tied or restrained to houses, trees, fences, garages, stakes or other stationary or highly immobile objects by means of a rope, strap or other physical restraint for the purpose of confinement, except in circumstances where all of the following requirements are satisfied:
(1) The tethering is for a total of no more than six (6) hours within a twenty-four (24) hour period, with a maximum of two (2) hours at any one (1) interval and a minimum one (1) hour period between confinements.
(2) The tether is attached to the dog by a non-choke type collar, swivels at both ends, and attached to the stationary object by anchors, latches, or similar devices in a manner which the dog is able to move freely and prevents the tether from becoming entangled around the dog or any object so as to limit the dog’s freedom within the tethered area or to prevent the dog, or any of its appendages, from becoming entangled by the tether.
(3) The tether shall be of a type commonly used for the size of the dog involved.
(4) The construction of the tether shall be of a lightweight, yet durable material, shall not exceed twenty (20) percent of the animal’s weight, and may not be thicker than one-eighth (1/8) inch.
(5) The tether must be a minimum of fifteen (15) linear feet in length, less than six (6) feet above the ground, and shall remain tangle free.
(6) The tethered dog has easy access to potable drinking water, edible food, dry ground, and adequate shade and/or shelter within the tethering area.
(7) The tethering area shall be clean, clear of obstructions and/or debris, and no less than one hundred fifty (150) square feet/per dog in total area.
(8) The dog, whether used for hunting, farming, breeding, or is an otherwise working dog, is regularly monitored while tethered for the aforementioned period of time.
(b) No dog shall be tethered by means of a choke-type, pinch-type, prong-type, or improperly fitting collar.
(c) Chains shall be prohibited for use as a tethering device.
(d) If there are multiple dogs, each dog shall be tethered separately and in such a manner that the tethers shall not become entangled with each other.
(e) No dog shall be tethered within five (5) feet of another person’s property, public thoroughfare, and/or right-of-way.
(f) No dog shall be tethered in a location in which the tether would allow such dog to reach a potentially dangerous object or obstruction, including, but not limited to, a pool, fence, tree, post, railing, half wall or other object or area that poses a risk of injury or strangulation.
(g) No dog shall be tethered in a location where it may be approached by and attacked by another animal or people, without the chance to escape to a protected area.
(h) No dog shall be tethered at a vacant structure or premises for any purpose when it is not monitored by a competent adult who is present at the property for the duration of such tethering.
(i) Dogs that are not spayed or neutered shall not be tethered for any period of time.
(j) No dog under the age of one (1) or under twenty (20) pounds shall be tethered.
(k) No dog that is sick or injured shall be tethered.
(l) No dogs shall be tethered between the hours of 10:00 P.M. and 6:00 A.M.

 

Point Pleasant Beach, New Jersey
July 7, 2015

Dogs who are unaltered, sick, or injured may not be tethered. No dog may be tethered at night or for longer than six consecutive hours in a 24-hour period.

§ 7-6.6 Leashing or Tethering of Dogs.
b. It is unlawful to chain or tether unneutered/unspayed dogs in any manner and/or at any time within the Borough.
c. Neutered/spayed dogs may be tethered under the following circumstances:
1. The tether must be at least fifteen (15) feet long and have an operative swivel on both ends, weigh no more than 1/8th of the dog’s weight and be attached to a properly fitted collar or harness.
2. The collar used for tethering may not be a choke chain collar, slip collar or prong collar.
3. The tether must allow the dog access to proper shelter, sufficient food and sufficient water.
4. The tether may not be used in any area where it may be tangled around an object, such as, but not limited to, a tree, pole, fence or stake.
5. The tether cannot inhibit the movement of the animal’s limbs or cause injury, harm, entanglement or strangulation.
6. The tether must restrain the dog within the bounds of the owner’s or custodian’s property.
7. The tether must terminate no less than five (5) feet from any fence, pool, wall, vehicle, tree or roadway, or other object or obstruction upon which the animal might harm itself.
8. Dogs may be tethered for no more than six (6) consecutive hours in any twenty-four hour period of time and never between sunset and sunrise.
9. If there are multiple dogs, each dog shall be tethered separately and in such a manner that the tethers shall not become entangled with each other.
10. No dog shall be tethered at a vacant structure or premises for any purpose when it is not monitored by a competent adult who is present at the property for the duration of such tethering.
11. No dog that is sick or injured shall be tethered.

 

Ringwood, New Jersey
May 21, 2009

Animals may not be tethered when temperatures are below freezing, for an extended duration during inclement weather, or for longer than eight hours in a 24-hour period. Dogs under 5 months of age may not be tethered for an extended period of time.

§ 5-18.1 Shelter and Care of Animals.
a. Conditions of Pens and Premises.
1. It shall be unlawful for any person keeping or harboring animals to fail to keep the premises where such animals are located free from excessive animal waste and offensive odors to the extent that such waste and odors disturb person(s) residing or located within twenty (20) feet from the premises. It shall be unlawful to allow the premises where animals are kept to become unclean and a threat to the public health by failing to diligently and systematically remove all animal waste from the premises.
2. If animals are kept outdoors, access to shelter that supplies protection from weather shall be provided. Shelters shall be well constructed and appropriate for the species. All animals shall have access to adequate shade and water. The animal’s age, physical condition and hair coat shall be considered when determining whether available shelter is proper. The Animal Control Officer shall be empowered to make such determination.
3. Should the property restriction, environment or mitigating circumstances prevail and the animal must be tethered or tied outdoors, the confinement on the tether shall be no more than eight (8) hours during any twenty-four (24) hour period. The tether must be at least fifteen (15) feet in length and positioned to prevent tangling and hanging. If an animal must be tethered or tied outdoors, the animal must wear a properly fitted harness or buckle collar to prevent tangling or hanging. No chains shall be permitted for tethering or tying an animal outdoors. No dog shall remain outdoors in temperatures below freezing, thirty-two (32) degrees Fahrenheit during the night or for extended periods in inclement weather unless the owner of the dog has demonstrated to the Animal Control Officer that by breed or acclimation the animal can withstand such circumstances with no harm to the animal.
4. In no instance shall a dog less than five (5) months of age be left or permitted to remain outside for extended periods of time.

 

Sea Isle City, New Jersey
May 11, 2004

This ordinance limits the chaining of dogs to nine hours in any twenty-four hour period. Tethers must be lightweight, at least 15 feet long, and tangle free. They must allow a dog to move freely and have access to a doghouse. Unaltered animals cannot be chained for any period of time. No dogs may be chained after 10:30 p.m.

Subsection 5-3.9 Chaining or Tethering of Dogs: (a) Dogs must be able to move freely when chained or tethered and shall be confined for a period no greater than nine hours within a twenty-four hour period. The size of the tether or chain must be a minimum of 15 linear feet and shall remain tangle free. Dogs must be equipped with properly fitting harness or buckle type collars. The tether or chain shall be constructed of lightweight cable. A doghouse shall be accessible to dogs that are chained or tethered. (b) Dogs that are not spayed or neutered will not be allowed to be chained for any period of time and must be in a completely enclosed yard or housed indoors. (c) No dogs may be chained after the hours of 10:30 PM in the evening.

 

Toms River Township, New Jersey
May 12, 2015

Dogs who are intact, sick, or injured may not be tethered. Dogs who have been spayed or neutered may not be tethered at night or for longer than six consecutive hours in any 24-hour period.

§ 165-8 Tethering of dogs.
A. It is unlawful to chain or tether unneutered/unspayed dogs in any manner and/or at any time within the Township.
B. Neutered/spayed dogs may be tethered under the following circumstances:
(1) The tether must be at least 15 feet long and have an operative swivel on both ends, weigh no more than 1/8 of the dog’s weight and be attached to a properly fitted collar or harness.
(2) The collar used for tethering may not be a choke chain collar, slip collar or prong collar.
(3) The tether must allow the dog access to proper shelter, sufficient food and sufficient water.
(4) The tether may not be used in any area where it may be tangled around an object, such as, but not limited to, a tree, pole, fence or stake.
(5) The tether cannot inhibit the movement of the animal’s limbs or cause injury, harm, entanglement or strangulation.
(6) The tether must restrain the dog within the bounds of the owner’s or custodian’s property.
(7) The tether must terminate no less than five feet from any fence, pool, wall, vehicle, tree or roadway, or other object or obstruction upon which the animal might harm itself.
(8) Dogs may be tethered for no more than six consecutive hours in any twenty-four-hour period of time and never between sunset and sunrise.
(9) If there are multiple dogs, each dog shall be tethered separately and in such a manner that the tethers shall not become entangled with each other.
(10) No dog shall be tethered at a vacant structure or premises for any purpose when it is not monitored by a competent adult who is present at the property for the duration of such tethering.
(11) No dog that is sick or injured shall be tethered.

 

Tuckerton, New Jersey
June 15, 2015

This ordinance restricts tethering to a maximum of four hours and bans overnight tethering. Tethering unsterilized animals is also banned.

Article III

  • 93-17 Tethering Dogs.
  1. It is unlawful to chain or tether unneutered/un-spayed dogs in any manner and/or at any time within the Borough.
  2. Neutered/Spayed dogs may be tethered under the following circumstances:
  3. The Tether must be at least 15 feet long and have operative swivels on both ends, weigh no more than 1/8th of the dog’s weight and be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness.
  4. The collar used for tethering may not be a choke chain collar, slip collar or prong collar.
  5. The tether must allow the dog access to proper shelter, sufficient food and sufficient water.
  6. The tether may not be used in any area where is may become tangled around object [sic], such as, but not limited to, a tree, pole, fence, or stake.
  7. The tether cannot inhibit the movement of the animal’s limbs or cause injury, harm, entanglement, or strangulation.
  8. The tether must restrain the dog within the bounds of the owner’s or caregiver’s property.
  9. The tether must terminate no less than five (5) feet from any fence, pool, wall, vehicle, tree or other object or obstruction upon which any animal may harm itself.
  10. Dogs may not be tethered for no more than four (4) consecutive hours in any twenty four hour period of time and never between sunset and sunrise.
  11. When a violation of this provision occurs, an animal control officer or law enforcement officer is authorized to document the circumstances and evidence, take reasonable measures to remove the animal from the tether, take as evidence, and take the animal to the pound.

 

Upper Township, New Jersey
2009

Dogs may not be tethered after dark. Unaltered dogs may not be tethered for any period of time.

8-5.7 Chaining or Tethering of Dogs.
a. Dogs must be able to move freely when chained or tethered. The size of the tether or chain must be a minimum of fifteen (15′) linear feet and shall remain tangle free. Dogs must be equipped with properly fitted harness or buckle-type collars. The tether or chain shall be constructed of lightweight, yet durable, material. A dog house must be accessible to any dog that is chained or tethered.
b. Dogs that are not spayed or neutered shall not be tethered or chained for any period of time and must be in a completely enclosed yard or housed indoors.
c. No dogs may be tethered or chained after dark (prior to sunrise or after sunset).

 

Wildwood, New Jersey
July 14, 2004

This ordinance limits the chaining of dogs to nine hours in any twenty-four hour period. Tethers must be lightweight, at least 15 feet long, and tangle free. They must allow a dog to move freely and have access to a doghouse.

Section 8-7.8 Chaining or Tethering of Dogs: Dogs must be able to move freely when chained or tethered and shall be confined for a period no greater than nine hours within a twenty-four hour period. The size of the tether or chain must be a minimum of 15 linear feet and shall remain tangle free. Dogs must be equipped with properly fitting harness or buckle type collar. The tether or chain shall be constructed of lightweight cable. A doghouse shall be accessible to dogs that are chained or tethered.

 

Wildwood Crest, New Jersey
June 14, 2004

This ordinance limits the chaining of dogs to eight hours in any twenty-four hour period. Dogs cannot be tethered for more than four consecutive hours, and must be taken off a tether for at least one hour between confinements. Tethers must be lightweight, at least 15 feet long, and tangle free. They must allow a dog to move freely and have access to a doghouse. No dogs may be chained after 11:00 p.m.

Section 28-9 Chaining or Tethering of Dogs: (a) Dogs must be able to move freely when chained or tethered and shall be confined for a period no greater than eight hours within a twenty-four hour period, with a maximum of four (4) hours at any one interval and a minimum one (1) hour period between confinements. The size of the tether or chain must be a minimum of fifteen (15’) linear feet and shall remain tangle free. Dogs must be equipped with properly fitting harness or buckle-type collars. The tether or chain shall be constructed of lightweight cable. A doghouse shall be accessible to dogs that are chained or tethered. (b) No dogs shall be chained after the hour of 11:00 PM in the evening.

 

Woodbridge Township, New Jersey
February 7, 2017

No animal shall be tethered for more than six hours within a 24-hour period, with a maximum of two consecutive hours and a minimum interval of one hour between periods of tethering. No animal shall be tethered between the hours of 10 p.m. and 7 a.m. or left outside during severe weather conditions.

Chapter XI entitled “Animal Control” … Section 11-5.11 is amended to add the following:

d. Definitions. As used in this Section:

  1. Tethering shall mean the restraining of an animal by the tying to any object or structure, including, without limitation, a house, tree, fence, post, garage, weight or shed, by any means, including, without limitation, rope, cord, leash or running line, but shall not include the use of a leash used to walk the animal or to forms of restraint used in the transportation of an animal.
  2. It shall be unlawful for any person to tether, fasten, tie, restrain or cause an unattended dog to be fastened, tied or restrained to houses, trees, fences, garages, stakes or other stationary or highly immobile objects by means of a rope, strap or other physical restraint for the purpose of confinement, except in circumstances where all of the following requirements are satisfied:

(a)  The tethering is for a total of no more than six (6) hours within a twenty-four (24) hour period, with a maximum of two (2) hours at any one (1) interval and a minimum one (1) hour period between confinements.

(b)  The tether is attached to the dog by a non-choke type collar, swivels at both ends, and attached to the stationary object by anchors, latches, or similar devices in a manner which the dog is able to move freely and prevents the tether from becoming entangled around the dog or any object so as to limit the dog’s freedom within the tethered area or to prevent the dog, or any of its appendages, from becoming entangled by the tether.

(c) The tether shall be of a type commonly used for the size of the dog involved.

(d) The construction of the tether shall be of a lightweight, yet durable material, shall not exceed twenty (20) percent of the animal’s weight, and may not be thicker than one-eighth (1/8) inch.

(e) The tether must be a minimum of fifteen (15) linear feet in length, less than six (6) feet above the ground, and shall remain tangle free.

(f)  The tethered dog has easy access to potable drinking water, edible food, dry ground, and adequate shade and/or shelter within the tethering area.

(g)  The tethering area shall be clean, clear of obstructions and/or debris, and no less than one hundred fifty (150) square feet/per dog in total area.

(h)  The dog, whether used for hunting, farming, breeding, or is an otherwise working dog, is regularly monitored while tethered for the aforementioned period of time.

  1. No dog shall be tethered by means of a choke-type, pinch-type, prong-type, or improperly fitting collar.
  2. Chains shall be prohibited for use as a tethering device.
  3. If there are multiple dogs, each dog shall be tethered separately and in such a manner that the tethers shall not become entangled with each other.
  4. No dog shall be tethered within five (5) feet of another person’s property, public thoroughfare, and/or right-of-way.
  5. No dog shall be tethered in a location in which the tether would allow such dog to reach a potentially dangerous object or obstruction, including, but not limited to, a pool, fence, tree, post, railing, half wall or other object or area that poses a risk of injury or strangulation.
  6. No dog shall be tethered in a location where it may be approached by and attacked by another animal or people, without the chance to escape to a protected area.
  7. No dog shall be tethered at a vacant structure or premises for any purpose when it is not monitored by a competent adult who is present at the property for the duration of such tethering.
  8. Dogs that are not spayed or neutered shall not be tethered for any period of time.
  9. No dog that is sick or injured shall be tethered.
  10. No dogs shall be tethered between the hours of 10:00 P.M. and 7:00 A.M.

e. No animal shall be left outside during snow storms, ice storms or thunderstorms or if the National Weather Service has issued a weather alert or storm warning.

 

Albuquerque, New Mexico
August 22, 2006

This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs for longer than one hour in a 24-hour period. Chains must be at least 12 feet long, weigh no more than one-eighth of the animal’s bodyweight, have swivels on both ends, and attach to a properly fitting harness.

§ 9-2-2-2 HOUSING AND RESTRAINT STANDARDS FOR MAMMALS AND BIRDS KEPT ON RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY.
(D) (3) Chaining, when not accompanied by a Person.
(a) Chaining is prohibited as a means of outdoor confinement for more than one hour during any twenty-four hour period.
(b) No Chain shall weigh more than 1/8 of the Animal’s weight.
(c) The Chain must be affixed to the Animal by the use of a non-abrasive, well-fitted harness.
(d) The Chain must be at least 12 feet long and fastened so the Animal can sit, walk, and lie down using natural motions.
(e) The Chain must be unobstructed by objects that may cause the Chain or the Animal to become entangled.
(f) The Chain shall have a swivel on both ends.
(g) The Chained Animal shall be surrounded by a barrier sufficient to protect the Chained Animal from At Large Animals. The barrier shall be sufficient to prevent children from accidentally coming into contact with the Chained Animal.

 

Doña Ana County, New Mexico
January 17, 2014

Dogs may be tethered to a stationary object for up to two hours in any 12-hour period or to a running line, trolley, or pulley system for up to four hours in any 12-hour period. Certain requirements regarding the tether itself and how it is attached to the dog must be met.

§ 134-6. Restraint Requirements

C. Owner’s Premises. A person owning or having charge, custody, or care over an animal on his or her premises shall restrain the animal either by a secure enclosure or by immediate control.

(2) A person owning or having charge, custody, or care over a dog on his or her premises may use a tether as a temporary means of restraint only.

  1. A person shall not tether a dog to a stationary object for more than two (2) hours in any twelve (12) hour period.
  2. A person shall not tether a dog to a running line, pulley, or trolley system for more than four (4) hours in any twelve (12) hour period.
  3. A person shall not tether a dog in an unenclosed area where people or other animals are able to wander into the proximity of the tethered dog.
  4. A tether used to restrain a dog shall be at least twelve (12) feet in length. Such tether shall not enable the animal to reach beyond the owner’s property.
  5. A tether used to restrain a dog shall be affixed to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog. A person shall not wrap a chain or tether directly around the neck or other body part of a dog.
  6. A tether used to restrain a dog shall not weigh more than one-eighth (1/8) of the animal’s body weight. The tether weight shall include any additional objects attached to the dog or tether, such as locks or fasteners.
  7. A tether used to restrain a dog shall have working swivels on both ends and shall be fastened so that the animal may sit, walk, and lie down using natural motions. Such tether shall be unobstructed by objects that may cause the tether or animal to become entangled or strangled.

 

Silver City, New Mexico
August 25, 2015

This ordinance bans unattended tethering of dogs to one single point. It allows the use of trolley systems and running lines.

Sec. 6-187. Restraint and Confinement of Animals.

(3) Prohibited tethering. It is unlawful for any person to keep an animal on unenclosed premises or to chain, stake or tether any animal in a cruel and inhumane manner, including but not limited to:

a. A cable/chain that exceeds 1/8th of the dog’s body weight.

b. A cable/chain which causes the dog to choke or become entangled.

c. Any restraint which prevents the dog from getting adequate food, water or to shelter.

d. Any restraint that is too short to allow the dog to sit, stand or lie down in a natural position or does not allow the dog enough area to relieve itself away from the food, water and shelter area.

e. No dog shall be tethered to a single point. The only exception shall be short term tethering of working dogs, hunting dogs, search and rescue dogs. In these instances, the dogs may only be tethered in this manner when in the presence of the owner or keeper/guardian or trainer and only for short periods. Any other system used to secure or restrain an animal shall be set up as specified herein for using a trolley system.

f. Tie outs: where circumstances warrant and no fencing alternative exists for confining an animal on its owner’s or keeper/guardian’s property, a dog may be secured or restrained by means of a trolley system only if the following criteria are met:

  1. Only one dog may be secured to each cable run.
  2. The device must be attached to a pulley on a cable run or trolley of a minimum of ten feet in length; the cable run must be at ground level or at least six feet off the ground.
  3. The cable/chain must be affixed to the animal by use of a non-abrasive, comfortably fitted collar or harness. Prong type, pinch type or choke collars shall not be used.
  4. Cable/chain shall be at least ten feet in length unless such length allows the animal to enter onto another’s property, in which case the cable/chain shall be no less than eight feet in length. Ropes shall not be used to secure or restrain a dog. The chain/cable used to secure the animal to the trolley system shall not be of excessive weight appropriate to the size, age and health of the dog.
  5. The device shall be fastened so that the animal can sit, walk, and lie down comfortably.
  6. The animal must have accessibility to fresh water, appropriate shelter and fresh food. The area where the animal is confined must be kept free of garbage, feces and debris, and insect infestation which may endanger the animal’s health and safety.
  7. The owner or keeper/guardian shall be responsible for assuring that the animal is safe from attack by wild or stray animals.

 

Taos, New Mexico
2015

Fixed point tethering is prohibited for more than two hours in any 24-hour period, and the use of a trolley system is prohibited for more than 9 hours in any 24-hour period.

Section 2-2 Housing and Restraint Standards for Animals Kept on Residential Property

(E) Outdoor – Secure Fence

3) Chaining of Companion Animals, when not accompanied by a Person.

i. Chaining is prohibited as a means of outdoor confinement for more than two (2) hours during any 24 hour period.

ii. The Chain must be affixed to the Companion Animal by the use of a non-abrasive, well-fitted harness.

iii. The Chain must be of an appropriate length and weight so the Companion Animal can easily sit, walk, and lie down using natural motions.

iv. The Chain must be unobstructed by objects that may cause the Chain or the Companion Animal to become entangled.

v. The Chain shall have a swivel on both ends.

(4) Trolley. Trolleys shall be used for no longer than nine (9) hours in a 24 hour period.

 

Canandaigua, New York
April 5, 2018

This ordinance prohibits the tethering of dogs for more than 8 hours in any 24-hour period and only allows tethering if certain conditions are met.

§ 253-14 Restrictions

H. Tethering of dogs. It is prohibited to restrain a dog or puppy by a chain or tether for more than eight hours in a twenty-four-hour period.

(1) Any tethering system employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owner’s property.

(2) Any tethered animal shall be arranged so that the tethering device cannot become tangled around trees, poles or other obstacles nor prevent the access to shade, food, water and shelter.

 

Dutchess County, New York
August 12, 2019

Dogs younger than 6 months of age may not be tethered. Dogs may not be tethered in adverse weather or for longer than 12 hours in any 24-hour period.

L.L. No. 6-2019 A LOCAL LAW ESTABLISHING CANINE TETHERING REGULATIONS
SECTION 3. TETHERING REGULATIONS.
The following provisions shall regulate the usage of tethers and the conditions surrounding when
a canine may be tethered:
(a) Tethers:
(1) A tether shall be properly fitted and attached to the canine with a buckle type collar or
a body harness. Such collar or body harness shall be made of a non-metal such as nylon
or leather that is at least one inch wide.
(2) A tether shall not utilize a choke collar, pinch type collar, or attached weights.
(3) A tether’s length shall be whichever length is longer, longer than ten feet or five times
the length of the canine’ s body as measured from the tip of the nose to the base of the
tail.
(4) A tether shall connect at both ends with a swivel, weigh less than 1/10th of the canine’s
weight and be free of tangles.
(5) If the canine is tethered to a pulley, running line, trolley, or cable system, it shall be a
minimum of fifteen (15) feet long, less than seven (7) feet above the ground.
(6) A tether shall allow the canine to move in an area not less than 125 sq ft.
(7) A tether shall restrain the canine to the property.
(b) While a canine is tethered the following provisions shall be met:
(1) The canine shall be at least six (6) months old.
(2) The canine shall have access to shade, water, and dry ground.
(3) The canine shall not be tethered during a Weather Alert.
(4) The canine shall not be tethered in any weather that poses an adverse risk to the health
and safety of such canine based on the breed, age or physical condition.
(5) The canine shall not have any known medical or behavioral condition that could be
exacerbated by tethering.
(6) A canine shall not be tethered for longer than twelve (12) hours per twenty-four (24)
hour period. If a canine is tethered between sunset and sunrise the surrounding area
must be well lit.
(7) If tethered for more than two (2) consecutive hours the canine shall have access to
shelter.
(8) If there are multiple canines, each must be tethered separately or on a separate pulley,
running line, trolley, or cable system.
(9) A canine shall be free of cruel, inhumane or dangerous conditions at all times including
but not limited to:
i. Exposure to animal waste, garbage, noxious odors or objects that could injure or
kill a canine;
ii. Exposure to taunting, prodding, provoking, hitting, harassing, threatening or
otherwise harming a tethered canine;
iii. Potential attack by other animals;
iv. Objects that could cause a canine to become entangled.

 

Essex County, New York

December 6, 2016

No dog shall be tethered in a manner that endangers his or her health, safety, or well-being; restricts access to food, water, or shelter; or unreasonably restricts movement. No dog shall be tethered unless a responsible party is on the premises.

Local Law No. 3 Regulating the Outdoor Restraint of Dogs for the County of Essex

Section 5. Prohibitions.

A. It shall be unlawful for any person, owner, agent or responsible person to tether, leash, fasten, secure, restrain, chain, confine or tie a dog to any stationary object outdoors or cause such dog to be confined in a manner that:

  1. Endangers such dog’s health, safety or wellbeing;
  2. Restricts such dog’s access to suitable and sufficient food and water;
  3. Does not provide such dog with shelter appropriate to its breed, physical condition, size and the climate as defined by Section 353-b of the New York State Agriculture and Markets Law;
  4. Unreasonably limits the movement of such dog because it is too short for the dog to move around or for the dog to urinate or defecate in a separate area from the area in which it must eat, drink or lie down;
  5. Denies such dog the opportunity to exercise and engage in normal social interactions on a regular

B. Notwithstanding the provisions of Section A of this section:

  1. Under no circumstances shall a dog be left tethered to a fixed point while the owner, agent or responsible party is not on the
  2. No dog shall be left tethered to a fixed point, attached to an overhead dog run, or trolley system or placed in a dog enclosure unattended on vacant or abandoned
  3. No dog shall be tethered or restrained to a fixed point for a period of time in excess of four (4) continuous hours or eight (8) hours cumulative during any twenty-four (24) hour period while its owner, agent or responsible party is physically present on the premises.
  4. No dog shall be tethered to an overhead dog run or trolley system or confined in a dog enclosure for a period of time exceeding twelve (12) hours cumulative in a twenty-four (24) hour period with the exception of hunting dogs, sled dogs, and agricultural working dogs. Dogs may be tethered to an overhead dog run or trolley system or confined in a dog enclosure while the owner, agent or responsible party is not present at their residence provided there is compliance with this local law.
  5. Notwithstanding all other provisions of this law, the prohibitions contained in Section 5 shall not apply to dogs restrained in accordance with the regulations of any campground or recreational area, provided those regulations are more stringent than the regulations contained in this local law.

C. Specifications for tethering restraints and enclosures

  1. A dog shall not be tethered to a fixed point, running line, pulley or trolley system or any other system by means of a choke, chain or pinch collar. Dogs shall be tethered to such system by means of a harness or collar made of nylon, leather or other durable non-metallic material and must be fitted so as not to cause injury to the animal or embed itself in the animal’s neck.
  2. All tether systems must be of appropriate configuration to prevent the tether from extending over any object or any ledge that could result in injury or strangulation of the dog, and to prevent the tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals. All tether systems must be at least 15 feet in length.
  3. Any tether, running line or lead line must have sufficient slack to allow a dog to comfortably lie down and perform normal postural movements.
  4. Cable or tether shall not exceed more than 10% of the dog’s body weight. No logging chains, tow chains or other lines or devices not intended for the purpose of tethering dogs may be used.
  5. Any pulley or trolley system must be at least 15 feet in length, mounted at least seven

(7) feet, but no more than ten (10) feet off the ground, with a swivel on both ends.

  1. Dog enclosures, dog runs, fences, pens and other outdoor enclosures, must meet the following restrictions:

a. Any dog confined within a dog enclosure must have an adequate space for exercise based on a dimension of at least 100 square feet per dog, however in the case of dogs 15 lbs. or smaller, an enclosure may be less than 100 square feet per dog provided that it is deemed adequate for exercise and safety by the enforcing officer. The following are excepted from this requirement:

(i)     All veterinary facilities.

(ii)    Duly incorporated SPCAs and Humane Societies.

(iii)   Municipal animal shelters.

(iv)   Commercial professional boarding facilities that temporarily house dogs for a fee.

b. Dog enclosures shall be constructed of chain link or other secure fencing materials with all four sides enclosed. The enclosure shall be of sufficient height to prevent the dog from escaping from such enclosure;

c. Dogs however confined must have access to adequate food and must have continuous access to water and continuous access to shelter at all times, and, in addition, as set forth in Section 353 of the NYS Agriculture and Markets Law.

d. Crates and kennels used for the purpose of temporarily confining or transporting hunting dogs, sled dogs or livestock dogs shall be constructed and sized to provide sufficient space to allow each dog to make normal postural and social adjustments with adequate freedom of movement to maintain physical conditioning. Dogs should be able to sit, stand, turn and lie without obstruction. Adequate space for food and water containers must be provided.

Section 6. Extreme Weather Conditions.

No dog shall be left outdoors during extreme weather conditions such as snow or ice

storms, thunderstorms or during extreme cold or heat or during a “weather alert.”

 

Hempstead, New York
April 12, 2016

This ordinance bans tethering a dog overnight and restricts daytime tethering to no more than two continuous hours in any 12-hour period.

  • 152-8 Dogs at large.

A. Dogs at large prohibited; restraining dogs outdoors.

(1)  It shall be a violation of this section for any owner to permit a dog, whether licensed or unlicensed, to be at large within the Town other than on the owner’s premises. For purposes of this section, a dog on a leash of six feet or more shall be considered a “dog at large.”

(2) No person shall tether, leash, fasten, secure, restrain, chain or tie a dog to a stationary object outdoors, or cause such animal to be so restrained, for longer than two continuous hours in any continuous twelve-hour period. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit a person from walking a dog on a hand-held leash.

(3) Any person who tethers, leashes, fastens, secures, restrains, chains or ties a dog to a stationary object outdoors shall provide such animal with adequate food, water and shelter, and shall restrain the dog with a device having swivels at both ends that is of an adequate length for the type, age and size of the dog being restrained; provided, however, that the requirement to provide adequate food, water and shelter shall not apply to a person who restrains a dog for a period of time that is 15 minutes or less in duration.

B. Notwithstanding, the provisions of this section, no person shall tether, leash, fasten, chain, tie, secure or restrain any dog for any amount of time with a device that:

(1) Is a choke collar or pinch collar; or similar collar that restrains the dog in such a manner that it impairs the flow of oxygen or blood to the dog which may cause choking or substantial discomfort to the dog;

(2) Is embedded, partially embedded or may become embedded in the dog’s skin;

(3) Weighs more than 1/8 of the dog’s total body weight, but in no event shall such weight exceed 10 pounds;

(4) Is less than 10 feet in length for a running cable trolley and 15 feet in length for a tether to a stationary object;

(5) Is too short to allow the dog continuous access to adequate food, water, and shelter or to urinate or defecate in an area separate from where it must eat, drink, or lie down;

(6) Is not designed for dogs;

(7) Has weights attached or contains links that are more than one-quarter-inch thick;

(8) Because of its design or placement is likely to become entangled around itself, the dog, objects or other animals;

(9) Is long enough to allow the animal to move outside of its owner’s pro perty; and

(10) Would allow the restrained animal to move over an object, including but not limited to any type of fencing or barrier or edge that could result in the strangulation of or injury to such animal.

C. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, any tether, leash, fastener, chain, tie, or restraint shall be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness designed for this purpose worn by the dog, with enough room between the collar and the dog’s throat through which two adult fingers may fit; provided, however, that such collar or harness is in compliance with subdivision B(1) above.

D. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, no person shall tether, leash, fasten, chain, tie, secure or restrain any dog for any amount of time if such dog is under six months of age.

E. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, no person shall tether, leash, fasten, chain, tie, secure or restrain more than one dog at a time on a permissible device.

F. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, no person shall allow a tethered, leashed, fastened, chained, tied, secured or restrained dog to be taunted, prod, hit, harassed, threatened, attacked or otherwise harmed by humans or other animals.

 

New York City

Animals may not be tethered for more than three continuous hours in any 12-hour period.

§ 17–197 Restraining animals outdoors.
a. (1) No person shall tether, leash, fasten, secure, restrain, chain or tie an animal to a stationary object outdoors, or cause such animal to be so restrained, for longer than three continuous hours in any continuous twelve-hour period.
(2) Any person who tethers, leashes, fastens, secures, restrains, chains or ties an animal to a stationary object outdoors for a permissible period of time shall provide such animal with adequate food, water and shelter, and shall restrain the animal with a device having swivels at both ends that is of an adequate length for the type and size of animal being restrained, provided, however, that the requirement to provide adequate food, water and shelter shall not apply to a person who restrains an animal while completing a task for a period of time that is fifteen minutes or less in duration.
b. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision a of this section, no person shall tether, leash, fasten, chain, tie, secure or restrain any animal for any amount of time with a device that:
(1) is a choke collar or pinch collar;
(2) has weights attached or contains links that are more than one-quarter inch thick;
(3) because of its design or placement is likely to become entangled;
(4) is long enough to allow the animal to move outside of its owner’s property; and
(5) would allow the restrained animal to move over an object or edge that could result in the strangulation of or injury to such animal.
c. Any person who violates the provisions of this section or any of the rules promulgated thereunder shall, for a first offense, be guilty of a violation punishable by a fine not to exceed two hundred fifty dollars, provided that such person shall be issued a written warning instead of such fine for such first offense where such animal was not injured as a result of being restrained in violation of this section. For any subsequent offense within a continuous twelve-month period, such person shall be guilty of a class B misdemeanor punishable by a fine not to exceed five hundred dollars or by imprisonment of not more than three months, or both. In addition to such penalties, any person who violates this section shall be liable for a civil penalty of not less than two hundred fifty dollars nor more than five hundred dollars.
d. Authorized officers, veterinarians and employees of the department, agents of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and any other persons designated by the commissioner shall be empowered to enforce the provisions of this section or any rule promulgated hereunder. Violations of this section may be supported by evidence including, but not limited to, time-stamped photographs and video, records of complaints, and sworn witness statements.
e. The provisions of this section shall not be construed to prohibit the department, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals or any law enforcement officer from enforcing any other law, rule or regulation regarding the humane treatment of animals.
f. The provisions of subdivision (a) of this section shall not apply to the officers or employees of any federal, state or city law enforcement agency.

 

Niagara Falls, New York
March 6, 2019

Dogs may not be tethered for longer than an hour in extreme weather.

702.01 Regulations

(a) Prohibition. No person who owns or has custody or control of a dog shall knowingly leave such dog outdoors, tethered or otherwise, for longer than a period of one continuous hour at such time as when either (1) the actual air temperature is lower than 32⁰ Fahrenheit (not accounting for wind chill), (2) the actual air temperature is greater than 90⁰ Fahrenheit (not accounting for humidity levels), or (3) during such period of time as extreme weather conditions exist, where any such condition in (1), (2), or (3) above is actually known to such person or reasonably should have been known to such person. Actual harm or injury need not be shown to prove a violation of the prohibition in this subsection.

(b) Rebuttable Presumptions. Extreme weather conditions shall be presumed to have been present in the event that a weather alert was in effect for a region reasonably construed and commonly understood to be affecting the region in which the dog was left outdoors and during such time as the dog was left outdoors.
A dog exhibiting signs of frostbite shall be presumed to have been left outdoors for longer than a period of one continuous hour at such time as when the actual air temperature was lower than 32⁰ Fahrenheit.
A dog exhibiting signs of heatstroke shall be presumed to have been left outdoors for longer than a period of one continuous hour at such time as when the actual air temperature was greater than 90⁰ Fahrenheit. Exceptions. This ordinance shall not apply:
– To dogs on a leash or other restraint under direct supervision or control of persons actively engaged in recreational activities, including walking, jogging, or running; and
– To dogs required to be tethered under an applicable law, rule, regulation, or court order.

 

North Hempstead, New York
June 7, 2019

Dogs may not be tethered during certain weather conditions, between the hours of 11 p.m. and 6 a.m., or for more than one hour during a 12-hour period between the hours of 6 a.m. and 11 p.m.

§ 14-9. Dogs to be restrained. . . .

B. It shall be unlawful for any person to tether, leash, fasten, secure, restrain, chain or tie a dog to any stationary object outdoors or cause such dog to be restrained in a manner that:

1. Restricts such dog’s access to suitable food, fresh, potable water and dry ground;

2. Does not provide such dog with shelter appropriate to its breed, physical condition, and the climate as defined by § 353-b of the New York State Agriculture and Markets Law; or

3. Unreasonably limits the movement of such dog because the restraint is too short for the dog to move around or for the dog to urinate or defecate in an area separate from the area where the dog must eat, drink or lie down.

C. Notwithstanding the provisions of Subsection B of this section, no person shall tether, leash, fasten, secure, restrain, chain or tie a dog to any object with a device that:

1. Is a choke collar, pinch collar, prong collar or a similar collar that restrains the dog in such a manner that it impairs the flow of oxygen or blood to the dog and which may cause choking or causes substantial discomfort to the dog;

2. Is embedded, partially embedded or may become embedded in the dog’s skin;

3. Has weights attached or contains links that are more than 1/4 inch thick;

4. Weighs more than 12.5% of the dog’s total body weight, not to exceed 15 pounds for any dog;

5. Is less than 15 feet in length, except that the device may be in a shorter length if the length of 15 feet may allow activity prohibited by Section 14-9(C)(7) below;

6. Because of its design or placement is likely to become entangled;

7. Is long enough to allow such dog to move outside of its owner’s property;

8. Would allow the restrained dog to move over an object, including any fencing, barrier, or edge that could result in the strangulation of or injury to such dog; or

9. Is fixed (i.e., does not swivel) on either end.

D. No person shall tether, leash, fasten, secure, restrain, chain or tie a dog to any stationary object outdoors for more than one continuous hour in any continuous twelve-hour period between the hours of 6:00 a.m. and 11:00 p.m.

E. No person shall tether, leash, fasten, secure, restrain, chain or tie a dog to any stationary object outdoors between the hours of 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.

F. Multiple dogs shall not be tethered or restrained in such a manner that they are able to come into contact with one another at any point in time while restrained.

G. No person shall tether, leash, fasten, secure, restrain, chain, tie, pen or otherwise confine outdoors a dog when:

1. The temperature is below 32° F.;

2. The temperature is above 90° F.;

3. The National Weather Service has issued a heat or wind chill advisory, watch or warning; or

4. Conditions are not appropriate due to the breed, physical condition and climate, as established pursuant to New York State Agricultural and Markets Law § 353-b.

H. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any federal, state or local law enforcement agency.

I. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, no person shall allow a tethered, leashed, fastened, chained, tied, secured or restrained dog to be taunted, prod, hit, harassed, threatened, attacked or otherwise harmed by humans or other animals.

 

Ossining, New York
October 3, 2018

Dogs may not be tethered for longer than 12 hours in a 24-hour period or during severe weather alerts.

§ 75-30 Definitions.

As used in this article, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated:
RESPONSIBLE PARTY: Any person owning, harboring, or having custody or control of a dog.
TETHERING: To restrain a dog by attaching the dog to any object or structure, including, without limitation, a house, tree, fence, post, garage, or shed, by any means, including, without limitation, a chain, rope, cord, leash, or running line. Tethering does not include the use of a leash to walk a dog.
WEATHER ALERT: A warning issued by the National Weather Service for heat advisory, frigid weather, snow or ice storm, tornados, tropical storm, high winds or thunderstorms.

§ 75-31 Prohibited acts.

A. It shall be unlawful for any responsible party to tether, leash, fasten, secure, restrain, chain or tie a dog to any stationary object outdoors or cause such dog to be restrained in a manner that:

(1) Endangers such dog’s health, safety or well-being;

(2) Restricts such dog’s access to suitable and sufficient food and water;

(3) Does not provide the dog with shelter appropriate to its breed, physical condition, and the climate as defined by § 353-b of the New York State Agriculture and Markets Law; or

(4) Unreasonably limits the movement of such dog because the tether is too short for the dog to move around or for the dog to urinate or defecate in a separate area from the area where it must eat, drink and lie down.

B. Notwithstanding the provisions of Subsection A of this section, no responsible party shall tether, leash, fasten, secure, restrain, chain or tie a dog to any object with a device that:

(1) Is a choke collar, pinch collar, or similar collar that restrains the dog in such a manner that it impairs the flow of oxygen or blood to the dog, which may cause choking or causes substantial discomfort to the dog;

(2) Is embedded, partially embedded or may become embedded in such dog’s skin;

(3) Has weights attached or contains links that are more than 1/4 inch thick;

(4) Weighs more than 12.5% of the dog’s total body weight, not to exceed 15 pounds for any dog;

(5) Is less than 10 feet in length for a running cable trolley and 15 feet in length for a tether to a stationary object, but in no event shall the tether be long enough to allow the dog to move outside the responsible party’s property;

(6) Because of its design or placement, the tether is likely to become entangled;

(7) Would allow the restrained dog to move over an object or edge that could result in the strangulation of or injury to such dog.

C. Notwithstanding the provisions of Subsection A of this section, no responsible party shall tether, leash, fasten, secure, restrain, chain or tie a dog to any stationary object outdoors if the dog is:

(1) Less than six months of age;

(2) Sick or injured; or

(3) A nursing mother whose offspring is present.

D. Multiple dogs shall not be tethered or restrained in such a manner that the dogs are able to come in contact with one another at any point while restrained.

E. Notwithstanding the provisions of Subsection A of this section, a dog may be tethered outside for a maximum of 12 hours in any twenty-four-hour period, except that a dog may not be tethered outside when the National Weather Service has issued a weather alert as defined in § 75-30.

F. Tethered dogs must be free of cruel conditions or inhumane tethering at any time. For purposes of this section, “cruel conditions or inhumane tethering” shall include the following:

(1) Exposure to animal waste, garbage, noxious odors or objects that could injure or kill a dog;

(2) Exposure to taunting, prodding, provoking, hitting, harassing, threatening or otherwise harming a tethered or confined dog;

(3) Exposing a dog to dangerous conditions, including potential attacks by other animals.

 

Port Chester, New York

This ordinance restricts tethering to a maximum of two hours in any 12-hour period. It provides additional protections, including a minimum tether length, and requires that tethered animals have access to shade, water, and food.

Chapter 136: Animals
Article IV: Tethering
§ 136-31 Required conditions.

It shall be unlawful for a responsible party to tether an animal while outdoors, except when all of the following conditions are met:

A. The responsible party is physically present on the premises while the animal is tethered.
B. The tether is connected to the animal with a collar or a body harness made of nylon or leather (no choke or pinch collars allowed).
C. The tether has the following properties:
(1) It must be at least five times the length of the animal’s body, as measured from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail, however in no event shall the tether be long enough to allow the animal to move outside the responsible party’s property.
(2) It terminates at both ends with a swivel.
(3) It is not weighted.
(4) It is free of tangles.
D. The animal is tethered so as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement.
E. The animal is not outside during inclement weather.
F. The animal has access to shade by natural or artificial means to protect the animal from direct sunlight at all times when exposure to sunlight is likely to threaten the health of the animal.
G. The animal has access to water and food.
H. The animal is a least six months of age.
I. The animal is not sick or injured.
J. Pulley, running line or trolley systems are at least 15 feet in length and are less than seven feet above ground; however, in no event shall the tether be long enough to allow the animal to move outside the responsible party’s property.
K. If there are multiple animals, each animal is tethered separately, in a manner in which they cannot become entangled.
L. The animal is not tethered for more than two hours in a continuous twelve-hour period.

 

Ulster County, New York
December 8, 2014

This ordinance limits conditions in which a dog may legally be tethered and defines a minimum tether length.  Dogs may not be tethered for more than 12 hours in a 24-hour period or during extreme weather events or extreme temperatures. Dogs under 6 months of age may not be tethered for any period of time.

SECTION 3. TETHERING REQUIREMENTS.

It shall be unlawful to tether a dog outdoors under circumstances including, but not limited to, the following:

  1. a) It shall be illegal to tether a dog using a choke or pinch collar or any device that restricts a dog’s ability to breath, eat or drink or to protect itself from reasonably anticipated danger. Tether attachments to dogs, other than a buckle type collar or a body harness made of nylon or leather and are at least one inch in width, are not permitted. Tethers must be free of attached weights and if links are utilized they must not be over one-quarter inch thick.
  1. b) (i) The length of a stationary tether shall not be less than ten feet or five times the length of the dog’s body as measured from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail, whichever length is greater; shall connect at both ends with a swivel; shall not weigh more than 1/10th of the dog’s weight; shall be free of tangles; and shall not allow the dog to move outside the owner’s property.

(ii) If the dog is tethered to a pulley, running line, or trolley or cable system, it must be a minimum of fifteen (15) feet long and less than seven (7) feet above the ground. A choke collar or a pinch collar shall not be used with tethering to a trolley or cable system.

  1. c) The dog must be tethered in a manner that prevents entanglement around trees, poles or other obstacles. The dog must have access to shade, food, water and shelter.
  1. d) The dog must not be tethered outdoors during a National Weather Service issued weather alerts or storm warning. No dog shall be tethered during snow or ice storms or thunderstorms. Dogs should not be tethered unless temperature is between 32F and 80F.
  1. e) The dog has access to clean water, shelter, shade, and dry ground.
  1. f) A tethered dog must be at least 6 months old.
  1. g) No tethered dog shall have a health condition that would be exacerbated by tethering.
  1. h) If there are multiple dogs, each must be tethered separately in a manner that prevents entanglement with each other.
  1. i) A tethered dog shall have access to appropriate shelter that will allow the dog to remain dry and to be protected from the elements. In addition to complying with the requirements of Section 353-b of New York State Agriculture and Markets Law, the shelter shall: be fully enclosed on all sides except one, which side shall have an opening that will allow the dog easy entry to and exit from the shelter; have a slanted, waterproof roof; have a solid floor. The shelter shall contain clean bedding and shall be small enough to retain the dog’s body heat, and large enough to allow the dog to stand, lie down with limbs outstretched, and turn around comfortably. The area around the shelter shall be kept free of standing water, ice and waste.
  2. j) No dog shall be tethered outside for more than 12 hours in any 24 hour period.
  1. k) No person shall subject a dog to cruel conditions or inhumane tethering at any time. For purposes of this section, “cruel conditions or inhumane tethering” shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

(i) A tethered dog shall not be exposed to excessive animal waste, garbage, dirty water, noxious odors or dangerous objects that could injure or kill a dog upon contact.

(ii) Taunting, prodding, provoking, hitting, harassing, threatening or otherwise harming a tethered or confined dog.

(iii) Exposing a dog to dangerous conditions, including potential attacks by other animals.

SECTION 4. ENFORCEMENT.

This Local Law shall be enforced by the office of the Ulster County Sheriff, New York State Police and may also be enforced by any police officer, local Dog Control or Animal Control officer, or humane law officer or investigator with jurisdiction within Ulster County.

Any person who violates the provisions of this section shall, for a first offense, be guilty of a violation punishable by a fine of $100 and/or 20 hours of community service.

For a second offense, the fine shall be five hundred dollars and/or 75 hours of community service plus reimbursement of investigation costs.

For a third or subsequent violation, the fine shall be one thousand dollars and/or 150 hours of community service plus surrender of dog, if ordered by court, plus costs of investigation and prosecution. In addition, all third time offenders, subsequent to the enactment of this law, are required to register as an animal abuser at such time that an animal abuse registry is lawfully established.

 

Westchester County, New York
May 20, 2019

Tethering to a fixed point is prohibited between the hours of 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. and when a responsible party is not on the premises. Additional protections are described.

Sec. 681.02 Restrictions on tethering

1. It shall be unlawful for any responsible party to tether a dog to any stationary object outdoors or cause such dog to be restrained in a manner that:

(a) Restricts such dog’s access to suitable and sufficient food, potable water and dry ground;

(b) Does not provide such dog with shelter appropriate to its breed, physical condition, and the climate as defined by § 353-b of the New York State Agriculture and Markets Law;

(c) Unreasonably limits the movement of such dog to urinate or defecate in a separate area from the area where it must eat, drink or lie down;

(d) Exposes such dog to animal waste, garbage, noxious odors, taunting, prodding, provoking, hitting, or harassing that could injure or kill the dog; or

(e) Enables such dog to move outside of the property to which it is otherwise properly tethered.

2. No responsible party shall tether a dog to any stationary object outdoors unless they remain on the premises where the dog is tethered.

3. No responsible party shall tether a dog to any stationary object outdoors if such dog is:

(a) Less than six months of age;

(b) Sick or injured; or

(c) A nursing mother whose offspring are present.

4. Notwithstanding any provision to the contrary in this chapter, no responsible party shall tether a dog to any stationary object outdoors:

(a) During a weather alert; or

(b) Between the hours of 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.

 

Bladen County, North Carolina
June 17, 2013

This ordinance bans tethering under conditions deemed harmful by an animal control officer, including employing a tether of an inappropriate length or weight; requires that tethering arrangements prevent possible entanglement; and mandates that animals have access to food, water, and shelter. It also requires that tethers be attached with swivels on both ends.

Chapter 5 – Animals
Article I – IN GENERAL
Sec. 5-15. – Manner of keeping and treating animals generally.

It shall be unlawful to tether an animal to a stationary object for a period of time or under conditions that an animal control officer or animal cruelty investigator deems harmful or potentially harmful to the animal. Examples of improper tethering include, but are not limited to the following:

(1) Using a length or weight of tether that is not appropriate for the size, weight and age of the animal. The restraint must be a minimum of four times the length from the tip of the animal’s nose to the tip of the animal’s tail and shall be no less than ten feet.
(2) Using tether that does not have swivels on both ends. All tethers must be attached to the animal by means of a properly fitting harness or collar of not less than one inch in width made of nylon or leather.
(3) Allowing an animal to be tethered such that the animal is not confined to the owner’s property or such that the tether can become entangled and prevent the animal from moving about freely, lying down comfortable or having access to adequate food, water and shelter.

 

Buncombe County, North Carolina
December 7, 2010

This ordinance bans tethering under conditions deemed harmful by an animal control officer, including employing a tether of an inappropriate length or weight; requires that tethering arrangements prevent possible entanglement; and mandates that animals have access to food, water, and shelter. It also requires that tethers be attached with swivels on both ends.

CHAPTER 6 – ANIMALS

ARTICLE II. ANIMAL CONTROL

Sec. 6-58. – Animal care.

(o)  It shall be unlawful to tether an animal to a stationary object for a period of time or under conditions that an officer or animal cruelty investigator deems harmful or potentially harmful to the animal. Tethering may be allowed in certain cases if there is no sign of obvious neglect and the animal is not exhibiting health or temperament problems. Examples of improper tethering include, but are not limited to the following:

  • Using a length or weight of tether that is not appropriate for the size, weight and age of the animal. An appropriate restraint must be a minimum of four times the length from the tip of the animal’s nose to the tip of the animal’s tail and shall be no less than 15 feet.
  • Using a tether that does not have swivels on both ends. All tethers must be attached to the animal by means of a properly fitting harness or collar of not less than one inch in width made of nylon or leather.
  • Allowing an animal to be tethered such that the animal is not confined to the owner’s property or such that the tether can become entangled and prevent the animal from moving about freely, lying down comfortable or having access to adequate food, water and shelter.

 

Burke County, North Carolina

This ordinance prohibits the chaining or tethering of animals to a stationary object for a period of time or under conditions that could harm the animal and requires that the tether be at least 8 feet long, have a swivel on one end, and be attached to a properly fitting harness or collar.

Sec. 6-3. Animal Cruelty

(1) Animal Cruelty: In addition to what is prohibited by NC State Statute the following shall be prohibited:

(2) Chaining or tethering an animal to a stationary object for a period of time or under conditions that are harmful or potentially harmful to the animal. Examples of improper chaining or tethering include, but are not limited to, the following:

a. Using a length or weight of a chain or tether that is not appropriate for the size, weight, and age of the animal.

b. Using a chain or tether than is less than (8) eight feet in length and/or does not have swivels on one end. All chains or tethers must be attached to the animal by means of a properly
fitting harness or collar.

c. Allowing an animal to be chained or tethered such that the animal is not confined to the owner’s property or such that the chain or tether can become entangled and prevent the animal from moving about freely, lying down comfortably or having access to adequate food, water and shelter.

d. Using a chain of any type as a primary collar. All collars used for the purpose of chaining or tethering an animal must be made of nylon or leather. Choke chains are intended for training purposes only and not to be used as a collar to tie the animal to a chain or tether made of rope, twine, cord, or similar material.

e. When it has been determined that an animal is housed or restrained less than (15) fifteen feet from a public street, road, sidewalk, or rite of passage constitutes a public nuisance, but the animal is not in the street, road, sidewalk, or rite of passage, the Animal Control Officer shall issue a notice to the owner directing the owner to move the animal. If the animal is found on a public street, road, sidewalk, or rite of passage and the owner is not at home or refuses to remove the animal from the street, road, sidewalk, or rite of passage, the animal may be seized and impounded.

 

Burlington, North Carolina
October 9, 2014

This ordinance limits tethering to seven consecutive days. It contains additional provisions, including the minimum length and maximum weight of tethers and discussion of unattended versus attended tethering.

Sec. 6-23. – Mistreatment of animals prohibited

(f) No person shall tether, fasten, chain tie, or restrain an animal, or cause such restraining of an animal to any object during periods of which tethering is unlawful. Periods of lawful tethering shall be temporary in nature and for no longer than seven (7) consecutive days and shall not be misconstrued to permit the practice of continuous tethering of a dog as a method of restraint or confinement. An animal may be tethered, subject to the requirements of section 6-23 in the following circumstances:

(1) Tethering for a period not to exceed seven (7) consecutive days while actively engaged in:

a. Lawful animal event (such as a show or sporting event).

b. Lawful hunting activities, if reasonably necessary for the safety of the dog.

c. While a dog is actively engaged in shepherding or herding livestock.

d. When meeting the requirements of a camping or recreation facility.

e. Law enforcement activities.

f. After taking possession of a dog that appears to be a stray dog and after having advised animal control of the stray.

(2) When the animal’s caretaker is outside and within eyesight of the animal.

(g) During periods of lawful tethering, the following are stipulations to the types of tethers that may be used:

(1) Tethers must be made of rope, twine, cord, or similar material with a swivel on one end or must be made of a chain that is at least ten (10) feet in length with swivels on both ends and which does not exceed ten (10) percent of the dog’s body weight.

(2) All collars or harnesses used for the purpose of the lawful tethering of a dog must be made of fabric or leather.

(3) No person shall tether a dog with a chain or wire or other device to, or cause such attachment to, any collar other than a buckle-type collar or body harness.

(4) No person shall tether with a chain or a wire or other device to, or cause such attachment to, a head harness, choke-type collar or pronged collar to a dog.

(5) No person shall tether with a chain, wire or other device to a dog where the weight of the tethering device and the collar combined exceeds ten (10) percent of the dog’s body weight.

(6) No person shall tether with a chain or wire or other device a dog in such a manner that does not allow the dog access to adequate food, water and shelter.

(7) Trolley systems: The length of the cable along which the tethering device can move must be at least ten (10) feet, and the tethering device must be of such length that the dog is able to move ten (10) feet away from the cable perpendicularly and attached in such a manner as to prevent strangulation or other injury to the dog and entanglement with objects.

(8) No person shall tether a sick, diseased and/or injured dog, or puppy (a dog that is one (1) year of age or younger).

 

Catawba County, North Carolina
June 16, 2014

This ordinance prohibits what it calls improper tethering, by requiring a minimum tether length, a maximum tether weight, elimination of the possibility of entanglement, and that a tether or chain be attached to a collar, rather than directly around an animal’s neck.

CHAPTER 6 – ANIMALS

ARTICLE III. ANIMAL CRUELTY

Sec. 6-41. – General care; prohibited acts.

(6) Chaining or tethering an animal to a stationary object for a period of time or under conditions that an animal control officer deems harmful or potentially harmful to the animal. Examples of improper chaining or tethering include, but are not limited to, the following:

  1. Using a length or weight of a chain or other tether that is not appropriate for the size, weight and age of the animal. Note: Under no circumstances should the weight of the tether exceed ten percent of the total body weight of the animal, but the tether must be of sufficient strength to prevent breakage.
  2. Using a chain or tether made of rope, twine, cord or similar material, unless such chain or tether is sold commercially for the purpose of chaining or tethering an animal.
  3. Using a chain or tether that is less than ten feet in length and/or does not have swivels on both ends. All chains or tethers must be attached to the animal by means of a properly fitting harness or collar of not less than one inch in width.
  4. Allowing an animal to be chained or tethered such that the animal is not confined to the owner’s property or the chain or tether can become entangled and prevent the animal from moving about freely, lying down comfortably or having access to adequate food, water and shelter.
  5. Using a chain as a primary collar. All collars used for the purpose of chaining or tethering an animal must be made of nylon or leather.

 

Cornelius, North Carolina
March 21, 2016

This ordinance bans unattended tethering while providing requirements for legal attended tethering.

  • 91.06 VIOLATIONS.

(G) Restraint of animals.

(2) Tethering. Domestic animals may not be tethered to a stationary object UNLESS it is attended by a responsible adult and all of the conditions numbered 1 through 9 are followed:

  1. A tether must be equipped with a swivel on both ends.
  2. A tether must be a minimum of 10 feet in length and be made of either metal chain or coated steel cable.
  3. Tethers must be attached to a buckle type collar or harness worn by the domestic animal and under no circumstances shall the tether be placed directly around the domestic animal’s neck. Tethers are never to be used in conjunction with training collars such as a choke or pinch-style collars.
  4. The weight of the tether must not exceed 10% of the total body weight of the domestic animal but shall be of sufficient strength to prevent breakage.
  5. The tether by design and placement must allow the domestic animal a reasonable and unobstructed range of motion without the possibility of entanglement.
  6. The domestic animal must be four months of age or older to be tethered.
  7. Only one domestic animal may be attached to a single tether.
  8. Pulley systems, running lines, and trolley systems may be used in conjunction with a tether.
  9. Pulley systems, running lines or trolley systems shall be at least 10 feet in length and no more than seven feet above the ground.
  10. The line of the pulley system, running line or trolley system to which the tether is attached shall be made of coated steel cable.
  11. No tether shall be affixed to a stationary object which allows a domestic animal to come within 5 feet of any property line.

(3) Within the corporate limits of the town, animal control officers shall have the authority, provided in G.S. § 160A-186, to seize any animal in violation of this section. In carrying out and performing their lawful duties, this shall include the authority to enter upon private property, not including entry into a dwelling unit or other similar building, when the animal control officer has observed an animal running-at-large in violation of this section. Such entry upon private property shall not be deemed a trespass.

 

Dare County, North Carolina
May 15, 2017

No dog shall be tethered for more than a total of three hours in a 24-hour period. When dogs are tethered, the materials must meet minimum length standards and allow access to food, water, shelter, and protection from the weather.

91.033 General Care and Tethering of Dogs
A. It shall be unlawful for any person to restrain a dog using a chain, wire or other type of tethering device on vacant or unoccupied property.
B. It shall be unlawful for any person to restrain a dog using a chain, wire or other type of tethering device except under the following conditions:
(1) No person shall tether, fasten, chain, tie or restrain a dog, or cause such restraining of a dog, to a tree, fence, post, dog house, or other stationary object for more than a total of three hours in a 24‐hour period.
(2) During periods of tethering, any tethering device used shall be at least ten feet in length and attached in such manner as to prevent strangulation or other injury to the dog and entanglement with objects. If a cable trolley system is used for tethering, the length of the cable along with the tethering device must be at least ten feet in length and the dog must be able to move ten feet away from the cable perpendicularly and be attached to the dog in such a manner to prevent strangulation or other injury to the dog and entanglement with objects.
(3) The tether shall be connected to the dog by a body harness made of nylon or leather, not less than one inch in width and where the weight of the tethering device and the collar cannot exceed ten percent of the dog’s body weight.
(4) No person shall tether a dog with a chain or wire or other device, or cause such attachment that does not terminate at both ends with a swivel.
(5) No person shall tether with a chain or wire or other device to, or cause such attachment to, a head harness, choke‐type collar or pronged collar to a dog.
(6) Tethered dogs shall have access to adequate food, water, and shelter. This includes shelter from extreme heat or near freezing temperatures, flooding, tornadoes, thunderstorms, tropical storms and hurricanes.
(7) Tethered dogs shall be at least six months of age. Puppies shall not be tethered. Tethered dogs shall not be sick or injured.
(8) Tethering and restraint of dogs shall be allowed when actively engaged in organized and lawful animal activities including but not limited to hunting, obedience training, field and water training, law enforcement training, herding or shepherding of livestock, and/or in the pursuit of working or competing on those legal endeavors.
C. A chain or rope is acceptable in the place of a leash when walking a dog as long as the dog has an appropriate collar or harness.
D. Any person found in violation of the regulations described in Section 91.033 shall be subject to the following fees:
(1) 1st Offense: Subject to citation and $100.00 fee (if the dog is not spayed or neutered, the fee may be voided in lieu of the owner having the pet spayed or neutered by a veterinarian and providing to the animal control officer documented proof of such within 14 days.)
2nd Offense: Subject to a class 3 misdemeanor and fine of up to $500.00 and forfeiture of the dog to Dare County Animal Control.

 

Greene County, North Carolina
February 21, 2005

This ordinance prohibits what it calls improper tethering, by requiring a minimum tether length, a maximum tether weight, and elimination of the possibility of discomfort caused by the tether, and it requires that a tether or chain be attached to a collar, rather than directly around an animal’s neck.

Section 2-3-6. Adequate Feed, Water, and Shelter

  1. Chaining or tethering an animal to a stationary object for a period of time or under conditions that an animal control officer or animal cruelty investigator deems harmful or potentially harmful to the animal is unlawful. Examples of improper chaining or tethering include, but are not limited to the following:
  • Using a length or weight of a chain or tether that is not appropriate for the size, weight and age of the animal. Guidelines for the proper weight and length of chains or tethers can be obtained from the animal shelter or animal control;
  • Using a chain or tether made of rope, twine, cord or similar material;
  • Using a chain or tether that is less than 10 feet in length and/or does not have swivels on both ends. All chains or tethers must be attached to the animal by means of a properly fitting harness or collar or not less than 1 inch in width;
  • Using a chain or tether that exceeds ten percent (10)% of the animal’s body weight;
  • Allowing an animal to be chained or tethered such that the animal is not confined to the owner’s property or such that the chain or tether can become uncomfortable or will not allow access to adequate food, water and shelter;
  • Using a chain as a primary collar. All collars used for the purpose of chaining or tethering an animal must be made of nylon or leather.

 

Laurinburg, North Carolina
June 20, 2000

Dogs may not be chained for a period longer than one hour in a 24-hour period.

Sec. 4-19. Restraint of dogs.

When a dog is on the property of its owner or keeper and is not within a secure enclosure, it shall be under the direct control of and obedient to the owner or keeper. At all other times when a dog is on the property of its owner or keeper, it shall be kept within a secure enclosure, including a fenced in area or electronic fence, house or other building, of sufficient strength and height to prevent the dog from escaping therefrom; provided, the owner or keeper may, for a period not to exceed one (1) hour every twenty-four (24) hours, allow the dog to be tethered or chained to a stationary object or pole so long as the dog is provided sufficient water and nourishment. All dogs off of the property of the owner or keeper shall be controlled by means of a leash and under the direct control of and obedient to the owner or keeper’s command.

Noncompliance with any of the foregoing provisions in the section 4-21 may result in the impoundment of the animal at any time, or it may result in a fine of one hundred dollars ($100.00) or both.

Dogs utilized by law enforcement officers in the course of law enforcement activities are exempt from the section. (Code 1975, § 4-5; Ord. No. O-1997-29, 11-18-97; Ord. No. O-2000-12, § 1, 6-20-00)

 

Orange County, North Carolina
November 18, 2008
(effective November 19, 2009)

Tethering is restricted to a total of no more than three hours in a 24-hour period. The tether must be at least 10 feet long and less than 10 percent of the dog’s bodyweight, and a buckle collar or body harness must be used.

Sec. 4-41. Mistreatment of animals unlawful.

The following acts or failure to act relating to the mistreatment of animals are unlawful and violations of this Ordinance:

(e) It shall be unlawful to restrain any animal except in a humane fashion as set forth in Section 4-37 above and Section 4-41 below.

(k) It shall be unlawful for any person to restrain a dog using a chain, wire or other type of tethering device in a manner prohibited by this subsection.

(1) No person shall tether, fasten, chain, tie, or restrain a dog, or cause such restraining of a dog, to a tree, fence, post, dog house, or other stationary object for more than a total of three hours in a 24-hour period. During periods of tethering that are not unlawful under this subsection, any tethering device used shall be at least ten feet in length and attached in such manner as to prevent strangulation or other injury to the dog and entanglement with objects. In no event shall the time limitations established by this subsection 4-41(k)(1) & (2) below be added together to allow for tethering, fastening, chaining, tying, or restraining to either a stationary object or to a cable trolley system for more than a total of three hours in a 24-hour period.

(2) No person shall tether, fasten, chain, tie, or restrain a dog, or cause such restraining of a dog, to a cable trolley system, that allows movement of the restraining device, for more than a total of three hours in a 24-hour period. During periods of tethering that are not unlawful under this subsection, the length of the cable along which the tethering device can move must be at least ten feet, and the tethering device must be of such length that the dog is able to move ten feet away from the cable perpendicularly and attached in such a manner as to prevent strangulation or other injury to the dog and entanglement with objects.

(3) No person shall tether a dog with a chain or wire or other device to, or cause such attachment to, any collar other than a buckle type collar or body harness.

(4) No person shall tether with a chain or wire or other device to, or cause such attachment to, a head harness, choke-type collar or pronged collar to a dog.

(5) No person shall tether with a chain, wire or other device to a dog where the weight of the tethering device and the collar combined exceeds ten percent of the dog’s body weight.

(6) No person shall tether with a chain or wire or other device a dog in such manner that does not allow the dog access to adequate food, water, and shelter.

(7) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections 4-41(k)(1) & (2) of this subsection, a person may, subject to the provisions of subsections 4-41(k)(3—(6), and subject to the requirement that any stationary tethering devise used shall be at least ten feet in length, and subject to the requirement that for any cable trolley system used the length of the cable along which the tethering device can move must be at least ten feet, and the tethering device must be of such length that the dog is able to move ten feet away from the cable perpendicularly:

a. Tether and restrain a dog while actively engaged in:

1. Use of the dog in shepherding or herding livestock, or

2. Use of the dog in the business of cultivating agricultural products, if the restraining is reasonably necessary for the safety of the dog, or

3. Use of the dog in lawful hunting activities if the restraint is reasonably necessary for the safety of the dog, or

4. Use of the dog at dog training or performance events, including but not limited to field trials and obedience trials where tethering does not occur for a period exceeding seven consecutive days, or

5. Camping or other recreation where tethering is required by the camping or recreational area where the dog is located, or

6. Any activity where a tethered dog is in visual range of its Owner or Keeper, and the Owner or Keeper is located outside with the dog.

b. After taking possession of a dog that appears to be a stray dog and after having advised animal control authorities of the capture of the dog, tether and restrain the dog in accordance with the provisions of Section 4-41 for a period not to exceed seven days as the person having taken possession of the dog is seeking the identity of the owner of the dog.

c. Walk a dog with a handheld leash.

 

Raleigh, North Carolina
July 7, 2020

Dogs may not be tethered for more than three hours in any 24-hour period.

Sec. 12-3013. – TETHERING REQUIREMENTS.

(a) No person shall tether a dog to a tree, fence, post, dog house, or other stationary object for more than three (3) hours total in a twenty-four (24) hour period. Any device used to tether shall be at least ten (10) feet long and attached in such a manner as to prevent strangulation or other injury to the dog and entanglement with other objects. A cable trolley system may be used to tether for the allowed period so long as the stationary cable is at least ten (10) feet long and the dog can perpendicularly move at least ten (10) feet away from the stationary line. The line should be attached to the dog with a buckle type collar or a body harness. The device used to tether shall weigh no more than ten (10) percent of the dog’s body weight and must allow the dog access to adequate food and water. In addition to being a misdemeanor, a violation of this section is subject to a civil penalty of one hundred dollars ($100.00) per day for each day of violation.

(b) Any dog that is confined in the manner described in this section shall have access to adequate shelter as herein defined to include periods of extreme weather.

 

Randolph County, North Carolina
October 5, 2015

Tethering is limited to a “reasonable amount of time.”

Section 3. ANIMAL CONTROL

  1. Animals Out of Control
  2. Tethering dogs
  3. It shall be unlawful to tether a dog(s) as a regular method of keeping the dog(s) on the owner’s property.
  4. Owners may tether a dog(s) for a reasonable period of time to allow for waste elimination.
  5. Owners may tether a dog(s) on a runner for a reasonable period of time that allows the dog(s) to exercise.
  6. The provisions of paragraphs (b) and (c) above notwithstanding, it shall be unlawful for a dog to be tethered twenty-four (24) hours a day.
  7. Owners may only tether their dog(s) for reasons other than those set out in paragraphs (b) and (c) or for extended periods in emergency situations or under extreme extenuating circumstances. Owners should be prepared to explain to Animal Control Officers what circumstances existed that required them to tether their dog(s).

 

Richmond County, North Carolina
2014

Dogs may not be tethered more than 12 hours in any 24-hour period.

Section 7. Tethering

A. No person shall fasten, chain, or tie an animal for more than twelve (12) hours in any twenty-four (24) hour period or cause such animal to be fastened, chained, or tied in such a manner as to cause or threaten to cause injury to that animal.

B. Any animal tethered in a fixed manner, must be tethered to a ground anchor by a coated cable wire not shorter than fifteen (15) feet. Ropes shall not be used as a tether line.

C. Any animal tethered in a running manner, must be tethered to a coated cable runner wire not shorter than fifteen (15) feet and the runner wire must be firmly secured to two fixed anchor points. The running tether must be attached to a runner wire and have a swivel connector to prevent entanglement.

D. All tethers must be attached to a properly fitting and secure nylon or leather collar. Wire or choke collars are not permitted as collars. All tethers must have swivels attached at both ends to prevent entanglement. The tether must be arranged so as to clear any obstacle that may limit the length of the tether. Adequate shade, protection from precipitation, and access to drinking water must be within reach of a tethered animal.

E. Animal Enforcement Deputies are authorized to impound or, in the alternative, request the general court of justice to issue a seizure order, for any animal for which there is probable cause to believe has not been tethered as required by this Section.

 

Scotland County, North Carolina
2005

Dogs may not be tethered more than one hour per day.

SECTION 9. KEEPING OF ANIMALS; MISTREATMENT, ABANDONMENT PROHIBITED; CARE, RESTRAINING OF DOGS; EXERCISE AREA FOR DOGS

H. No person shall, at any time, fasten, chain, or tie any dog or cause such dog to be fastened, chained, or tied, while such dog is on the dog owner’s property, or on the property of the dog owner’s landlord no longer than one (1) hour per day.

 

Spencer, North Carolina
2016

Dogs may not be tethered for more than two hours in any 24-hour period.

§ 91.24  KEEPING OF DOGS.

(B)  No person shall tether an animal to a tree, fence, post, house, or other stationary object for more than two hours total in any 24-hour period.

 

Spindale, North Carolina
July 2, 2014

Tethering is allowed for the purposes of exercise and relief of bodily functions. Tethering cannot be used as a permanent method of restraint.

Section 91.24

(C) Acceptable methods of restraint on the owner’s property shall include secure fencing, invisible fencing, and tethering. If a dog is kept on the premises by a secure fence, the secure fence must be adequate enough to contain the animal. If such fence is an effective, working invisible fence, then there must be a visible, permanent sign on the premises stating that there is an invisible fence. Tethering may be used for the purposes of exercise and relieving bodily functions. However, the use of tethering for the primary or permanent method of restraint is prohibited.

 

Surry County, North Carolina
August 1, 2016

This ordinance provides restrictions on tethering, including a minimum tether length and maximum tether weight, and it specifies types of collars and harnesses that can be used.

ARTICLE VII. ANIMAL WELFARE
Section 3: Animal Welfare

a. Owners must provide adequate food, shelter, and water as defined in Article I.
b. Tethering: It shall be unlawful for any person to restrain a dog using a chain, wire, or other type of tethering device in a manner prohibited by this subsection.
c. No person shall tether, fasten, chain, tie, or restrain a dog, or cause such restraining of a dog, to a cable trolley system, that allows movement of the restraining device. During periods of tethering that are not unlawful under this subsection, (1) the length of the cable along which the tethering device can move must be at least ten feet; (2) the tethering device must be of such length that the dog is able to move 15 feet away from the cable perpendicularly; and (3) the tethering device must be detached in such manner as to prevent strangulation or other injury to the dog and entanglement with objects. During periods of lawful tethering under this subsection, tethers must be made of rope, twine, cord, or similar material with a swivel on one end or must be made of a chain that is at least 10 feet in length with swivels on both ends and which does not exceed 10% of the dog’s body weight. All collars or harnesses used for the purpose of the lawful tethering of a dog must be made of nylon or leather. No person shall tether a dog with a chain or wire or other device to, or cause such attachment to, any collar other than a buckle type collar or body harness. No person shall tether with a chain, wire or other device to a dog where the weight of the tethering device and the collar combined exceeds 10% of the dog’s body weight. No person shall tether with a chain or wire or other device a dog in such a manner that does not allow the dog access to adequate food, water or shelter. No person shall tether a sick, diseased and/or injured dog.

 

Akron, Ohio
April 6, 2015

This ordinance restricts chaining to six hours per day and three consecutive hours without an hour-long break in between. Chaining is prohibited during extreme weather such as rain, and a minimum required chain length is defined.

92.052 – Tethering animals.

A. No person shall tether an animal in any of the following circumstances:

  1. For more than six (6) hours total in a twenty-four (24) hour period or for more than three (3) consecutive hours with less than a one (1) hour period between tetherings;
  2. Between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.;
  3. If a heat or cold advisory has been issued by a local or state authority or the national weather service;
  4. If a severe weather warning has been issued by a local or state authority or the national weather service;
  5. If the length of the tether is less than five times the length of the animal;
  6. If the tether allows the animal to touch the fence or cross the property line or cross onto public property;
  7. If the tether is attached by means of a pinch-type, prong-type, or choke-type collar or if the collar is unsafe or is not properly fitted;
  8. If the tether may cause injury or entanglement;
  9. If the animal is not provided with its needs as identified in Division (C) of Section 92.051;
  10. If the tether is made of a material that is unsuitable for the animal’s size and weight or that causes any unnecessary discomfort to the animal;
  11. If no owner or occupant is present at the premises.

B. As used in this section, “tether” means a rope, chain, cord, dog run or pulley, or similar restraint for holding an animal in place, allowing a radius in which it can move about.

 

Anderson Township, Ohio
January 19, 2017

No dog shall be tethered between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. or in an area considered unsanitary or dangerous.

Resolution No. 17-0119-07 For the Control of Dogs in Anderson Township

SECTION 1.  This Board hereby determines it to be in the best interest of the Township and its residents to implement the following restrictions with respect to the control of dogs in the Township:

(b)  No person who confines or who is the owner, custodian or caretaker of a dog shall tether or permit a dog to be tethered by means of a rope, chain, cord or similar restraint from a fixed point to a dog’s collar or elsewhere on the dog, for the purpose of holding the dog in place, which in effect creates a fixed area in which the dog can move about, the radius of which is the length of the tether as follows:

i. Between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.; or

ii. In any area where there is an accumulation of feces or other waste, insect infestation, rodent infestation, foul odor, or another unsanitary or dangerous condition within the radius of the tether.

(c) No person shall use any of the following types of tethers for the dog:

i. A tether of less than ten (10) feet in length, or less than four times the length of the dog’s body from tip of nose to base of tail, whichever is greater;

ii. A tether the length of which allows the dog to cross the property line on which it is tethered;

iii. A tether that causes injury or pain to the dog because of the material of which it is made or because of the size or weight of the tether; a tether should not weigh more than one-eighth (1/8th) of a dog’s body weight.

(d) No person shall tether the dog by attaching the tether to the dog by means of a choke collar, pinch collar, or prong collar, as those collars are defined by the Humane Society of the United States.

 

Buckeye Lake, Ohio
January 8, 2018

No animal may be tethered for more than six hours total in a 24-hour period or for more than two consecutive hours. Animals must be provided with at least one hour off the tether between periods of tethering. No animal may be tethered between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m., during a heat or cold advisory, or during a severe-weather warning.

Ordinance Number 2017-21
§ Tethering Animals
(a) No person shall tether an animal in any of the following circumstances:
(1.) For more than six (6) hours total in a twenty-four (24) hour period and not more than two (2) consecutive hours with no less than a one (1) hour period between tetherings;
(2.) Between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.;
(3.) If a heat or cold advisory has been issued by a local or state authority or the National Weather Service;
(4.) If a severe weather warning has been issued by a local or state authority or the National Weather Service;
(5.) If the tether is less than twenty (20) feet in length;
(6.) If the tether allows the animal to touch the fence or cross the property line or cross onto public property;
(7.) If the tether is attached by means of a pinch-type, prong-type, or choke-type collar or if the collar is unsafe or is not properly fitted;
(8.) If the tether may cause injury or entanglement;
(9.) No person shall keep any animal in a place that is unsanitary, including any place where there is an accumulation of feces or other waste, or foul odor, or insect or rodent infestation.
(10.) If the tether is made of a material that is unsuitable for the animal’s size and weight or that causes any unnecessary discomfort to the animal;
(11.) If no owner or occupant is present at the premises.
(b) As used in this section, “tether” means a rope, chain, cord, dog-run or pulley, or similar restraint for holding an animal in place, allowing a radius in which it can move about.

 

Cincinnati, Ohio
October 12, 2016

No dog shall be tethered for more than six hours in a 24-hour period or between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.

Sec. 701-22. – Tethering Dogs.

(a) No owner, keeper, or harborer shall allow a dog to be tethered:

(1) For more than six hours in a twenty-four hour period;

(2) Between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.;

(3) When no owner, keeper, or harborer of the dog is present on the premises; or

(4) In any area where there is an accumulation of feces or other waste, insect infestation, rodent infestation, foul odor, or another unsanitary or dangerous condition within the radius of the tether.

(b) No owner, keeper, or harborer of a dog shall use any of the following types of tethers for the dog:

(1) A tether of less than ten feet in length, or less than four times the length of the dog’s body from tip of nose to base of tail, whichever is greater;

(2) A tether the length of which allows the dog to cross the property line of the property on which it is tethered;

(3) A tether that causes injury or pain to the dog because of the material of which it is made or because of the size or weight of the tether; generally, a tether should not weigh more than one-eighth (1/8) of a dog’s body weight.

(c) No owner, keeper, or harborer of a dog shall tether the dog:

(1) By attaching the tether to the dog by means of a choke chain collar, pinch collar, or prong collar, as the collars are defined by the Humane Society of the United States;

(2) By attaching the tether to a collar that is not properly fitted;

(3) In an area likely to cause injury or pain to the dog because of entanglement; or

(4) In an area likely to cause injury or pain to the dog because of surrounding structures.

(Ordained by Emer. Ord. No. 325-2016, § 1, eff. Oct. 12, 2016)

 

Cleveland, Ohio
May 25, 2012

Dogs may not be tethered for more than six hours total in a 24-hour period or longer than two hours at a time with one-hour breaks between tethering. Certain requirements must also be met in order for a dog to be tethered.

§ 603.092 Tethering Animals

(a) No person shall tether an animal in any of the following circumstances:

(1) For more than six (6) hours total in a twenty-four (24) hour period and not more than two (2) consecutive hours with no less than a one (1) hour period between tetherings;

(2) Between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.;

(3) If a heat or cold advisory has been issued by a local or state authority or the National Weather Service;

(4) If a severe weather warning has been issued by a local or state authority or the National Weather Service;

(5) If the tether is less than twenty (20) feet in length;

(6) If the tether allows the animal to touch the fence or cross the property line or cross onto public property;

(7) If the tether is attached by means of a pinch-type, prong-type, or choke-type collar or if the collar is unsafe or is not properly fitted;

(8) If the tether may cause injury or entanglement;

(9) If the animal is not provided with its needs as identified in division (b) of Section 603.091;

(10) If the tether is made of a material that is unsuitable for the animal’s size and weight or that causes any unnecessary discomfort to the animal;

(11) If no owner or occupant is present at the premises.

(b) As used in this section, “tether” means a rope, chain, cord, dog run or pulley, or similar restraint for holding an animal in place, allowing a radius in which it can move about.

(c) Whoever violates this section is guilty of a minor misdemeanor on the first offense, a misdemeanor of the fourth degree on the second offense, and a misdemeanor of the first degree on the third or any subsequent offense. Notwithstanding the foregoing penalties, if an animal becomes sick or injured as a result of a violation of this section, then whoever violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor of the first degree.

(Ord. No. 12-12. Passed 5-21-12, eff. 5-25-12)

 

Columbus, Ohio
October 2, 2017

No animal may be tethered unattended between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. or during a heat or cold advisory or severe-weather warning.

2327.20 – Tethering animals
(A) No person shall allow an animal to be tethered outdoors:
(1) unattended between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.
(2) in an environment that violates the provisions of section 2327.15 of the Columbus City Codes;
(3) in an environment that violates the provisions of section 2327.19 of the Columbus City Codes;
(4) if a heat or cold advisory or a severe weather warning has been issued by a local or state authority or the national weather service for the area in which the animal is kept or harbored.
(5) with a pinch, prong, or choke-type collar;
(6) with a tow chain, log chain, padlock chain, or any type of tether unsuitable for the animal’s size and weight.
(7) with a tether that is entangled or does not allow free movement of the animal for the full length of the tether
(8) in a manner that will allow it to reach within the property of another person, a public walkway, or a road;
(9) in a manner that could allow it to become entangled with a fence or other tethered animals;

 

Dayton, Ohio
June 13, 2018

Dogs may not be tethered for more than 30 consecutive minutes and only under certain conditions.

Sec. 91.62. – Confinement of dogs.

(A) Except as otherwise limited by Section 91.50 of the Revised Code of General Ordinances, dogs may be considered to be secure on the premises of the owner for the purpose of complying with Section 91.50 if they are enclosed or tethered on the property of such owner.

(B) No person owning, keeping, possessing, harboring, maintaining, or having the care, custody, or control of a dog shall suffer or permit such dog to be tethered unless all of the following conditions are met:

(1) The tethered dog must not be tethered for more than 30 consecutive minutes.

(2) The dog must be tethered to a trolley or pulley on a cable run or to a fixed point.

(3) Only one dog may be tethered to each cable run or fixed point.

(4) The line from the cable run or fixed point must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog, with enough room between the collar and the dog’s throat through which two adult human fingers may fit. The use of choke collars, prong collars, and pinch collars are prohibited when a dog is tethered.

(5) The line connecting the tethered dog to the cable run or fixed point must have swivels on both ends.

(6) The line connecting the tethered dog to the cable run or fixed point must be of adequate size and strength to effectively restrain the tethered dog. However, the line shall weigh no more than one-eighth of the tethered dog’s weight.

(7) Unless the tethered dog is a dangerous dog under section 955.11 of the Ohio Revised Code, the line connecting the tethered dog to the cable run or fixed point must be at least ten feet in length or three times the length of the dog as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail, whichever is longer. If not attached to a fixed point, the dog must be tethered to a trolley or pulley on a cable run which is at least 15 feet in length and mounted no more than seven feet above the ground. If the tethered dog is a dangerous dog, that dog shall be kept in compliance with all of the requirements found in section 955.22 of the Ohio Revised Code.

(8) The dog shall be tethered at such a distance from all other objects so as to

(a) Prevent tangling or wrapping of the line,

(b) Prevent extending the line over any object that could result in strangulation,

(c) Prohibit the dog access to any other premises, and

(d) Prohibit the dog access to any fence.

(9) The tethered dog shall have continuous access to water and shelter.

(C) No person owning, keeping, possessing, harboring, maintaining, or having the care, custody, or control of a dog shall suffer or permit such dog to be enclosed unless all of the following conditions are met:

(1) The area of the pen or fenced yard must be a minimum of 150 square feet per enclosed dog.

(2) The pen or fence shall be of sufficient height to prevent the dog from escaping from the enclosed area.

(3) If the enclosed area has a cover, such cover must be at least two feet above the height of the dog standing on its hind legs.

(4) The enclosed dog shall have continuous access to water and shelter.

 

Dennison, Ohio
April 18, 2013

Dogs may not be tethered for more than eight hours at a time, during severe weather, or if the owner is not present on the property.

ORDINANCE NO. 2541
An Ordinance regulating the tethering of animals within the village of Dennison, Ohio, and declaring an emergency. WHEREAS, it has become necessary for the Council of the Village of Dennison, Ohio to regulate the tethering of animals within the territorial limits of the Village of Dennison, Ohio. NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT ORDAINED by the Council of the Village of Dennison, Ohio as follows:

SECTION 1.No person shall tether an animal in any of the following circumstances:

(A) For more than 8 hours totaling a 24-hour period with no less than one half-hour period between tetherings;
(B) If a severe weather warning has been issued by a local or state authority or by the National Weather Service;
(C) With no cover, shelter, bedding, or straw;
(D) If the tether is less than 6 feet in length;
(E) If the tether allows the animal to touch the fence or cross the property line, or cross on to public property;
(F) If the tether may cause injury or entanglement
(G) If the animal is not provided with its needs as identified in Ordinance No. 2323;
(H) If the tether is made of material that is unsuitable for the animal’s size and weight, or that causes any unnecessary discomfort to the animal;
or
(I) If no owner or occupant is present at the premises.

SECTION 2. As used in this section, “tether” means a rope, chain, cord, dog run or pulley, or similar restraint for holding an animal in place, allowing a radius in which it can move about.

SECTION 3.Whoever violates this ordinance is guilty of a minor misdemeanor on the first offense, a misdemeanor of the fourth degree on the second offense, and a misdemeanor of the third degree on the third or any subsequent offense. Notwithstanding the foregoing penalties, if an animal becomes sick or injured as a result of a violation of this section, then whoever violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor of the third degree.

SECTION 4.This Ordinance is hereby declared to be an emergency measure and its immediate passage is necessary in order to preserve, protect and maintain the health, safety and welfare of the citizens of the Village of Dennison, Ohio and for the further reason that immediate action is needed to regulate certain activities within the limits of the Village of Dennison, Ohio.

 

Lakewood, Ohio
April 2, 2018

Dogs may not be tethered more than six hours total in a 24-hour period or between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.

505.09 CRUELTY TO ANIMALS. . . .

(b) No person shall tether an animal in a way that causes the animal to:

(1) Suffer from a condition that is known, by that person, to be exacerbated by tethering;

(2) Become entangled in a manner that is harmful to the animal or become entangled with other tethered animals;

(3) Be tethered with a lead that (A) is more than one eighth of the animal’s body weight or (B) is a tow chain or a log chain;

(4) Be tethered with a lead fixed onto the ground or a stationary structure or object that measures, when rounded to the nearest whole foot, fewer than 10 feet in length;

(5) Be tethered with an improperly fitting harness or collar; or a pinch, prong, or choke-type collar;

(6) Be tethered with a lead fixed onto the ground or a stationary structure or object in a manner that will allow the animal to move upon the property of another person, a public walkway or a road, or be a menace to or injure another person or animal on a neighboring property, public walkway or road;

(7) Be tethered for more than six (6) hours total in a twenty-four (24) hour period and not more than two (2) consecutive hours with no less than a one (1) hour period between tetherings;

(8) Be tethered between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.;

(9) Be tethered if a heat or cold advisory has been issued by a local or state authority or the National Weather Service;

(10) Be tethered if a severe weather warning has been issued by a local or state authority or the National Weather Service;

(11) Be tethered if the tether is made of a material that is unsuitable for the animal’s size and weight or that causes any unnecessary discomfort to the animal; or

(12) Be tethered if no owner or occupant is present at the premises
As used in this section, “tether” means a rope, chain, cord, dog run or pulley, or similar restraint for holding an animal in place, allowing a radius in which it can move about.

 

Lorain, Ohio
June 20, 2016

This ordinance limits tethering to ten hours per day and bans overnight tethering.

SECTION 505.102 – TETHERING ANIMALS

(a) “Tether” means a rope, chain, cord or pulley, or similar restraint for holding an animal in place, allowing a radius in which it can move about.
(b) Tethering an animal within the following circumstances is strictly prohibited:
1. For a total of more than ten (10) hours within a twenty-four (24) hour period;
2. Between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.;
3. If a heat or cold advisory or a severe weather warning by the National Weather Service for the City of Lorain or area including same has been issued by the national weather service for the area in which the animal is kept or harbored;
4. If the tether is less than five (5) times the dog’s length or less than fifteen feet in length;
5. If the tether allows the animal beyond its owner’s property line or [to] traverse residence boundary lines, public property, or right of way;
6. If the tether is attached by means of a pinch, prong or choke type collar, or if the collar is otherwise unsafe or improperly fitted or may otherwise cause injury or entanglement of the animal;
7. If the animal is not provided with a sanitary environment, free from an accumulation of feces and all provisions of Chapter 505 of the Lorain Codified Ordinances, including but not limited to sufficient quantities of good, wholesome food, potable water and appropriate shelter from the elements;
8. If the tether is made of a material that is unsuitable for the animal’s size and weight or that causes any unnecessary discomfort to the animal; is not tethered with a lead that (i) exceeds one-eighth (1/8) of the dog’s body weight, or (ii) is a tow chain or log chain or similar apparatus;
(c) Whoever violates this section is guilty of a minor misdemeanor for the first offense, a misdemeanor of the fourth degree on the second offense and a misdemeanor of the first degree on the third or any subsequent offense.
(d) Notwithstanding the foregoing penalties, if an animal is injured as a result of a violation of this section, whoever violates this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor of the first degree.

 

Lyndhurst, Ohio
November 19, 2012

Dogs may not be tethered for more than six hours in a 24-hour period or during severe weather.

618.021 Tethering Animals
(a) No person shall tether an animal in any of the following circumstances:

(1) For more than 6 hours total in a 24-hour period and not more than 2 consecutive hours with no less than a one-half hour period between tetherings;
(2) If a severe weather warning has been issued by a local or state authority or the National Weather Service;
(3) If the tether is less than 10 feet in length;
(4) If the tether allows the animal to touch the fence or cross the property line or cross onto public property;
(5) If the tether is attached by means of a pinch-type, prong type, or choke-type collar or if the collar is unsafe or is not properly fitted;
(6) If the tether may cause injury or entanglement;
(7) If the animal is not provided with its needs as identified in Section 618.05;
(8) If the tether is made of a material that is unsuitable for the animal’s size and weight or that causes any unnecessary discomfort to the animal; or
(9) If no owner or occupant is present at the premises.

(b) As used in this section, “tether” means a rope, chain, cord, dog run or pulley, or
similar restraint for holding an animal in place, allowing a radius in which it can move about.
(c) Whoever violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor of the fourth degree on the first offense, a misdemeanor of the third degree on the second offense, and a misdemeanor of the second degree on the third or any subsequent offense. Notwithstanding the foregoing penalties, if an animal becomes sick or injured as a result of a violation of this section, then whoever violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor of the first degree.
SECTION 2. The Council finds and determines that all formal actions of this Council relating to the adoption of this Ordinance have been taken at open meetings of this Council; and that deliberations of this Council and of its committees, resulting in such formal action, took place in meetings open to the public, in compliance with all statutory requirements including the requirements of Section 121.22 of the Ohio Revised Code.
SECTION 3. This Ordinance is hereby declared to be an emergency measure for the immediate preservation of the health, safety and welfare of the residents of the City of Lyndhurst because it will provide added protection to the residents of the City and their animals. Therefore, this Ordinance shall take effect immediately upon the affirmative vote of not less than five (5) members elected to Council, and signature by the Mayor, or otherwise at the earliest time allowed by law.

 

Middletown, Ohio
March 6, 2007

Dogs may not be tethered directly to a stationary point but may be tethered to a trolley system or cable run. Dogs may not be tethered for longer than 12 consecutive hours in any 24-hour period.

§ 618.23 CONFINEMENT OF DOGS.
(a) Except as otherwise limited by § 618.17 of the Codified Ordinances, dogs may be considered to be in the reasonable control of their owner, harborer or keeper if they are enclosed or tethered on the property of such owner, harborer or keeper.
(b) Chaining or tethering. Direct point chaining or tethering of dogs to a stationary point is prohibited. Dogs may be restrained by means of a trolley system or a tether attached to a pulley on a cable run, if the following conditions are met:
(1) Only one dog may be tethered to each cable run.
(2) The tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog, with enough room between the collar and the dog’s throat through which two adult human fingers may fit. Choke collars, prong collars and pinch collars are prohibited for purposes of tethering a dog to a cable run.
(3) The chain or tether must have swivels on both ends.
(4) The tether or chain and cable run must be of adequate size and strength to effectively restrain the dog. However, the chain or tether shall weigh no more than one-eighth (1/8) of the dog’s weight.
(5) The chain or tether must be at least 15 feet in length and attached to a pulley or trolley mounted on a cable which is also at least 15 feet in length and mounted no more than 7 feet above the ground.
(6) The dog shall be tethered at a sufficient distance for any other objects to prevent tangling of the chain or tether, from extending over an object or an edge that could result in strangulation and a sufficient distance from any fence to prohibit the dog access to the fence.
(7) The dog shall have continuous access to water and shelter.
(8) The dog must be spayed or neutered.
(9) No dog shall be chained or tethered for more than 12 consecutive hours in a 24 hour period.

 

North Royalton, Ohio
July 1, 1997

Dogs may not be tethered unless certain requirements are met regarding socialization, space, safety, exercise, and materials used for restraint.

Chapter 618.05 ANIMAL CARE STANDARDS; CRUELTY TO ANIMALS.

6. Dogs continuously maintained on a restrictive chain, rope or other kind of tether shall be deemed to be improperly confined. However, tethering may be acceptable in certain cases where adequate daily socialization and exercise off the tether have been afforded and verified. If a dog is confined on a tether, excepting periods of time that are brief and incidental, the tether shall be at least fifteen feet in length and positioned to prevent tangling and hanging. The tether must be of proper weight for the dog’s size to allow for the provisions set forth in paragraph (c)(1) hereof. Logging chains are prohibited for any dog. The tethered dog shall wear a properly fitted harness or buckle-type collar and be released from the tether at least twice daily for adequate exercise. A choker-chain on the neck of a tethered dog is prohibited. No other animals shall be tethered unless under the supervision of a custodian capable of handling the animal. Collars, harnesses, halters and the like shall be properly fitted to prevent discomfort or injury.

 

Richmond Heights, Ohio
August 23, 2016

This ordinance bans overnight tethering as well as tethering in extreme temperatures or inclement weather. It also requires that tethers be of a defined minimum length.

SECTION 4. Chapter 505
505.072 NEGLECT OF ANIMALS.

(e) Unlawful restraint of animals. The owner of an animal may restrain an animal on a tether for a reasonable period, provided adequate food, water and shelter from the elements is provided. Tethering is prohibited:

(1) Between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.;
(2) If a heat advisory has been issued by a local or state authority or jurisdiction;
(3) If a tornado warning has been issued for the jurisdiction by the National Weather Service;
(4) If the tether is less than 20 feet, provided the tether does not allow the animal to touch the fence or cross the property line or cross onto a public easement;
(5) If the tether is attached by means of a pinchtype, prongtype, or choketype collar or if the collar is unsafe or is not properly fitted;
(6) If the tether inhibits the animal’s free movement or causes injury or entanglement;
(7) If the animal does not have access to shade, dry shelter, and a tip-proof water supply

 

Youngstown, Ohio
February 19, 2015

This ordinance restricts unattended chaining to one hour in any 24-hour period.

SECTION 505.011 DOGS RUNNING AT LARGE

(C) Tethering dogs

(3) No person shall tether or cause to be tethered any dog that is not in the immediate proximity of its owner or custodian except under ALL the following conditions:

  1. a) the owner or custodian is present on the property
  2. b) such tethering does not exceed sixty (60) continuous minutes
  3. c) the dog is six (6) months of age or older
  4. d) if female, the dog is sterilized or not in estrus
  5. e) the tether does not exceed ten percent (10%) of the dog’s body weight
  6. f) the tether is at least three (3) times the length of the dog from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail
  7. g) the tether allows the dog to easily sit, stand, lie, turn around, and make all other normal body movements in a comfortable normal position for the dog
  8. h) the tether allows the dog in interact safely with other animals, if at all
  9. i) the tether is appropriate for the age and size of the dog and attached to the dog by a properly fitted collar or body harness configured to prevent the dog or tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals or from extending over an object or edge that could result in he [sic] strangulation or injury of the dog
  10. j) only one dog is attached to a single tether; and
  11. k) the dog is not tethered in such a manner to permit the dog to cross and enter upon another’s property, except that the same shall not be unlawful if the affected property owner or person having lawful possession thereof provides consent.

 

Bartlesville, Oklahoma
April 26, 1999

Dogs may not be chained for a period longer than five continuous hours in a 24-hour period.

Sec. 3-124. Confinement of dogs.

A. The owner of any dog shall provide the animal with adequate shelter that meets the minimum specifications of this subsection. Said shelter shall: 1. Allow the dog to remain dry and protected from the elements; provided, that metal barrels shall not be considered adequate shelter;
2. Be small enough to retain the dog’s body heat and large enough to allow the animal to stand and turn comfortably;
3. Be structurally sound and in good repair;
4. Contain adequate and appropriate bedding.B. Any owner of any dog that elects to confine the animal to a pen or enclosure shall, in addition to the requirements of subsection A of this section, provide a pen or enclosure that meets the minimum specifications of this subsection. Said pen or enclosure shall: 1. Have not less than one hundred (100) square feet of space for each adult dog, provided that boarding kennels shall be exempt from this provision;
2. Provide adequate drainage to prevent surface water from standing in the area of the pen or enclosure where the dog is kept;
3. Be maintained in compliance with section 3-6 of this chapter.
Sec. 3-125. Use of tie-outs and chaining limited.

A. It shall be unlawful for the owner of any dog to keep or maintain the dog on a tie-out consisting of a rope, chain or other type of tether for a period of more than five (5) continuous hours, or for any duration under conditions which threaten the health or well-being of the animal. At the end of any such period, the owner shall remove the tether from the dog and provide the dog with an adequate chance to exercise.

B. The owner of a dog maintained on a tether of any type shall properly fit the dog with a harness or buckle-type collar to which the tether shall be attached. The tether shall be of adequate length to allow reasonable exercise and access to water and shelter at all times, and shall not be subject to entanglement with other objects in a manner to cause the dog any injury or discomfort or be of a weight disproportionate to the size of the animal so tethered as to unduly burden the animal.

C. The owner of any cat shall not stake the cat outside on a leash, rope, chain, or similar tether.

D. The requirements of this section shall apply during the twenty-four hours of each day.

 

Chickasha, Oklahoma
2016

Fixed point tethering is prohibited unless the owner is in immediate proximity for a temporary task, but tethering on a trolley system is allowed under certain conditions.

Sec. 8-291. – Tethering restrictions.

(a) Tethering of dogs and cats as a primary means of confinement is prohibited.

(1) A single, stationary tethering system may be used as a temporary means of confinement while an animal is actively participating in or attending an organized show, field’s trail, agility event, herding contest, or other similar exposition or event of a limited duration that involves the judging or evaluation of animals.

(2) A single, stationary tethering system may also be used on an owner’s property as a temporary means of confinement while the owner/occupant is present at the residence if the animal being temporarily confined has free and unimpeded access to shelter, food, and water.

(b) Animals secured to a single, temporary, stationary tethering system shall not be allowed to be within 15 feet of any sidewalk, street, driveway, front door, or any other passageway used for deliveries or by the public.

(c) In the event an animal is temporarily tethered as allowed by this section, the tethering system shall be of a screw in, spiral anchor ground stake type no less than 12 inches in length. Furthermore, the tether and anchor must have a swivel on both ends.

(d) Pinch, prong, or choke type collars of any kind shall not be used as a collar on a dog that is being kept on a tether, trolley system, [or] leash while walking the animal or while temporarily at a field or trial show.

(1) All collars used must be made of nylon, leather, or other durable, non-metallic material and must be fitted so as to not cause injury to the animal or embed itself in the animal’s neck.

(e) Neither a chain nor a heavy braided nylon rope may be used to secure an animal in any way.

(f) Temporary tethering system leads must be a plastic coated airplane type cable or its equivalent.

(g) Tethering shall not be construed to mean including a leash or lead to walk an animal.

(h) This section shall not apply to law enforcement K-9s.

Sec. 8-292. – Trolley system.

Fastening a dog to a trolley system is permissible if under these circumstances:

(1) The primary usable trolley runner line must be suspended at least three feet above the animals head while the animal is standing with at least ten feet in length between two pulley stop points.

(2) The secondary line, attached to the animal, shall have a rolling trolley freely movable a distance of at least ten feet on the primary trolley line.

(3) The trolley system shall allow the animal unrestricted body movement and utilization of the entire area designated by the trolley system, with a minimum of five feet lateral movement for the animal on each side of the primary trolley line, as measured on the ground.

(4) The trolley system must allow the animal free access to food, water, and shelter.

(5) The trolley system must be of appropriate configuration to prevent escape of the animal, and confine the animal to the owner’s property.

(6) The primary trolley line shall be used to restrain only one animal at a time.

(7) The dog shall not be fastened outside to a trolley system during a period of extreme weather, including but not limited to, extreme heat or near-freezing temperatures, thunderstorms, or tornadoes.

(8) No person shall fasten any dog outside to a trolley system unless the animal has been spayed/neutered. An animal control officer or police officer of the city, upon seeing an animal attached to a trolley system, may enter the open property to view the animal to determine whether or not it is spayed/neutered.

(9) No dog secured to a trolley system shall be allowed to be within 15 feet of any sidewalk, street, driveway, front door, or any other passageway used for deliveries or by the public

(10) Pinch, prong or choke type collars of any kind shall not be used as a collar on a dog that is being kept on a trolley system.

(11) All dogs attached to a trolley system must be secured via a properly fitted, buckle-type collar or body harness of a size appropriate for the animal.

(12) All collars and harnesses used must be made of nylon, leather, or other durable, non-metallic material and must be fitted so as to not cause injury to the animal or embed itself in the animal’s neck.

(13) The trolley system must allow emergency services personnel (e.g., police and fire department) free and unimpeded access to the front door of the residence.

(14) The minimum requirements of a trolley system as defined by this chapter are as follows: Round, steel painted poles able to maintain a clean painted surface, of at least a three-inch inside diameter having between 3/16 and 1/4 wall thickness, screw eyes double nutted on the opposite side of the eye to secure the primary trolley runner line, permanently attached caps at the top of the poles to prevent insect infestation and each pole being permanently secured into the ground using a concrete mixture and having been buried no less than 24 inches in depth.

 

Multnomah County, Oregon
June 27, 2002

Tethering is restricted. Dogs may not be continuously tethered longer than 10 hours in a 24 hour period.

§ 13.305 DUTIES OF OWNERS

(B) It is unlawful for any person to commit any of the following:

(14) Except as provided under MCC 13.300(B) (2), permit any dog to be tethered for more than 10 hours in a 24-hour period.

(15) Notwithstanding MCC 13.305 (B) (14), permit any dog to be tethered in a manner or method that allows the animal to become entangled for a period of time detrimental to the animal’s well being.

 

Abington, Pennsylvania
March 13, 2014

This ordinance lists the conditions under which dogs may be tethered, requiring access to food and potable water, sanitary shelter, reasonable space, and safe surroundings.

S 58-2. Rules and regulations for the tethering of dogs outdoors.

  1. It shall be unlawful for any person to tether, fasten, chain, tie, restrain, or allow a dog in such person’s care or located on such person’s property to be fastened, chained, tied or restrained by means of a rope, chain, strap, or other physical restraint in a matter that:
    1. Deprives the dog from access to necessary sustenance or clean water; or
    2. Deprives the dog from access to sanitary shelter which ill protect the animal from inclement weather in such manner as will allow the dog to remain dry and retain its proper bodily temperature; or
    3. Prevents the dog from having the ability to rest in an area that is reasonably safe and sanitary; or
    4. Prevents the dog from being able to move around an area that is reasonable in size, based on the size of the animal and the area that is otherwise available for the dog’s movement; or
    5. Uses an anchor, latch or similar tethering device which enables the tether to become entangled around any object so as to limit the dog’s freedom from within the tethered area or causes the dog, or any of its appendages, to become entangled by the tether; or
    6. Otherwise creates a condition that is cruel, unsafe, unsanitary, inhumane or otherwise creates an immediate danger to the life and health of such animal.

 

Beaufort, South Carolina
2016

Dogs may not be tethered for longer than 24 continuous hours. Dogs under 6 months of age may not be tethered for any length of time unless supervised.

Sec. 6-4010. – Animal cruelty.

(e) Unlawful tethering. No person owning or keeping a dog shall chain or tether a dog to a stationary object including, but not limited to, a structure, dog house, pole, stake, or tree for longer than twenty-four (24) consecutive hours. A tethering device employed shall not allow the dog to leave the owner’s, guardian’s or keeper’s property. The tether shall be designed for dogs and devices not designed for tethering dogs shall not be used. No chain or tether shall weigh more than one-eighth (⅛) of the dog’s body weight. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit a person from walking a dog on a hand-held leash. No dog under the age of six (6) months shall be tethered outside for any length of time, unless under direct supervision of an adult over the age of eighteen (18) years old.

(1) A person owning or keeping a dog may confine such dog outside, subject to the restrictions in this section, through the use of any of the following methods:

a. Inside a pen or secure enclosure; or

b. A fully fenced, electronically fenced or otherwise securely enclosed yard, wherein a dog has the ability to run but is unable to leave the enclosed yard; or

c. The length of the tether from the cable run to the dog’s collar or harness shall allow continuous access to clean water and appropriate shelter.

(2) Exceptions to the above restrictions on outdoor confinement shall be made for dogs actively engaged in conduct directly related to the business of shepherding or herding cattle or other livestock or engaged in conduct that is directly related to the business of cultivating agricultural products, if the restraint is reasonably necessary for the for the safety of the dog.

 

Cherokee County, South Carolina
August 19, 2019

No dog shall be tethered unless specific requirements are met. Dogs may be tethered by a running line or trolley system.

Sec. 4-11. Tethering of dogs.
It shall be unlawful for an animal owner to tether a dog except when:
(a) tethered pursuant to requirements of park, camping, or recreational areas; or
(b) tethered while engaged in lawful hunting activities; or
(c) tethered to a running line elevated no higher than seven feet off the ground, in a manner that allows the tether to move freely along the length of the running line which must be at least twenty feet in length between the two stop points. The tether must be connected to the dog by a buckle type collar or body harness made of nylon, leather or other durable and non-metallic material and must be properly fitted so as to not cause injury to the dog or embed in the dog’s neck. Only one dog may be attached to each running line, pulley, or trolley system so as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement. Furthermore, the tethering system must allow the dog full access to food, water, and shelter at all times. Dogs under six months of age shall not be connected to a tether or trolley system.

 

Florence County, South Carolina
2008

Dogs may not be tethered for more than eight hours in a 24-hour period or during severe weather. Dogs who are under 6 months of age or who are sick or injured may not be tethered.
Sec. 6-2. – Animal cruelty.
(n) Tethering of dogs. “Tethered” or “tethering” means attaching an animal to a stationary object by means of a chain, cable, rope, running line, harness or similar device. Tethering shall not include the use of an appropriate leash to walk a dog.
(1) It shall be unlawful for any person to tether, fasten, chain, tie, restrain or otherwise cause a dog to be fastened, chained, tied or restrained, without limitation to houses, trees, garages, or other stationary or immobile objects by means of a chain, cable, rope, running line, harness or other physical restraint for the purpose of confinement, except in circumstances where all of the following requirements are met:
a. The tether must be attached to a properly fitting harness or collar and not directly to the dog’s neck. The tether must be at least 15 feet in length; positioned so that at its greatest length it prevents injury, strangulation or entanglement with any obstruction, man-made or natural or another animal; and employ a swivel on at least one end of the tether to minimize tangling.
b. The tether, assembly or attachments shall not exceed one-tenth of the dog’s body weight so as to inhibit the free movement of a dog within the area tethered.
c. Tethering of dogs for more than eight hours at a time in any 24-hour period is prohibited.
d. A dog is not to be tethered outside during extreme weather including, but not limited to, extreme heat or near-freezing temperatures, thunderstorms or floods.
e. A tethered dog must have access to adequate shade, shelter, food and water.
f. The dog must be at least 15 feet from the edge of any public road or sidewalk and not in an area open to teasing or attacks, or where the ground is continuously wet or muddy. The dog must be tethered in a manner that will prevent the animal from leaving any part of the owner’s property.
g. The dog must be six months of age or older.
h. The dog must not be sick or injured.
i. If there are multiple dogs, each dog must be tethered separately with sufficient space placed between the dogs to ensure that there is no contact with another tethered animal.
(2) Any person in violation of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction must be punished by imprisonment not exceeding 30 days or by a fine not less than $100.00 nor more than $500.00, or both.

 

Greenville, South Carolina
November 26, 2012

Animals may not be tethered for more than two hours in a continuous period of 12 hours. Animals may not be tethered unless a responsible party is outside and within visual range of the animal. Animals under 6 months of age may not be tethered.

Sec. 4-5 – Animal Care Generally
c) It shall be unlawful for a responsible party to tether an animal while outdoors, except when all of the following conditions are met:

  1. The animal must be over the age of six months.
  2. The animal is in visual range of the responsible party and the responsible party is located outside with the animal.
  3. The animal is not tethered more than 2 hours in any continuous 12 hour period.
  4. The tether is connected to the animal with a buckle type collar or a body harness made of nylon or leather not less than one inch in width and is one inch greater in diameter than the animal’s neck or torso.
  5. The tether has the following properties:
    a. A minimum twelve foot length
    b. A swivel type termination at both ends.
    c. Is not made of chain.
    d. Total weight does not exceed ten percent of the animal’s body weight, and
    e. Is fabricated of a material that prevents tangles.
  6. The animal is not outside during extreme weather including, but not limited to, extreme heat, temperatures below 36 degrees Fahrenheit, snow, hail, tornadoes, thunderstorms, tropical storms or hurricanes.
  7. The animal is tethered so as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement.
  8. The animal has access to water, food and shelter.
  9. The animal is not tethered where any object may interfere or impede free movement of the tether.
  10. The animal is not sick or injured.
  11. The animal is not tethered in such proximity to any other tethered animal that would allow entanglement.
  12. The animal is not tethered on any property with an unoccupied dwelling to include, but not limited to, abandoned or condemned buildings.
  13. Any pulley, running line or trolley system to which a tether is attached shall be no less than fifteen feet in length and no more than seven feet above ground.

 

North Myrtle Beach, South Carolina
July 15, 2019

Dogs may not be tethered unattended between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. or during extreme weather.

Sec. 4-5. Cruelty to or poisoning of animals . . .

(d) It shall be unlawful for any person to allow a dog to be tethered: (1) between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. or when no owner or keeper of the dog is present on the premises; (2) by a tether of less than ten feet in length, or less than four times the length of the dog’s body from tip of nose to base of tail, whichever is greater; (3) by a tether the length of which allows the dogs to cross the property line of the property on which it is tethered; (4) using a logging chain, tow chain, or other tether that causes injury or pain to the dog because of the material of which it is made or because of the size or weight of the tether; (5) by attaching the tether to the dog by a collar that is not properly fitted or by means of a choke chain collar, pinch collar, or prong collar; (6) in an area likely to cause injury or pain to the dog because of entanglement or because of surrounding structures.

(e) It shall be unlawful to leave a dog outside and unattended during extreme weather.

 

Spartanburg, South Carolina
April 9, 2018

Dogs may be tethered by a trolley system in the presence of a competent adult but not for more than two hours in any continuous 12-hour period.

Sec. 4-26. Restraining Animals

(a) Animals may be restrained as follows:

(1) Cable Trolley Systems –
To utilize a cable trolley system, the primary trolley runner line must be at least ten (10) feet in length between the two pulley stop points. The secondary line shall attach to the animal’s properly fitting metal buckle-style collar or harness made of nylon or leather, no less than one inch in width and one inch or greater in diameter than the animal’s neck or torso. It shall have a rolling trolley, which is freely moveable a distance of at least ten (10) feet on the primary trolley line with a spring/shock absorber attachment and swivels at both ends.

The trolley system shall allow the animal unrestricted body movement and utilization of the entire area designated by the trolley system. The trolley system must also allow the animal free access to food, water and adequate shelter.

The trolley system must be of appropriate configuration to prevent escape of the animal, entanglement with other objects, and confine the animal to the owner’s property. The primary trolley line shall be used to restrain only one animal at a time.

No person shall restrain an animal outside of the range of a competent adult, also outside with the animal nor, in any case, by use of the Cable Trolley System for more than two hours in any continuous 12-hour period. The tether is connected to the animal with a buckle type collar or a body harness made of nylon or leather; is not less than one inch in width and is one inch greater in diameter than the animal’s neck or torso. The animal must be in visual range of the responsible party and the responsible party must be outside with the animal.

(2) Pens or Secure Enclosures
To utilize a pen or secure enclosure, the enclosure must be at least 100 square feet. A dog over eighty (80) pounds must be provided with an additional fifty (50) square feet. For each additional dog inside the enclosure, fifty (50) square feet of space for exercise must be added per dog.

(b) All collars used to restrain an animal must be made of nylon, leather, or other durable material, and must be fitted so as to not cause injury to the animal or embed itself in the animal’s neck. The use of chain, choke, pronged or pinch type collars as a primary collar is prohibited.

 

York County, South Carolina
September 3, 2019

No dog shall be tethered unless specific requirements are met. Dogs may be tethered by a running line or trolley system.

Sec. 55.19 Restraint Requirements
(A) When a tether is utilized as a means of restraint, a responsible adult must be physically outdoors with their dog, and the dog must be under the owner’s direct control. The tether must be at least ten feet in length, have swivels on both ends, and allow the dog to utilize the entire 360 degree circular area designated by the tether. The tether must allow the dog free access to food, water and shelter. Any tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog and shall weigh no more than 10% of the dogs estimated body weight.
(B) Owners may use trolley systems, fences, and kennels for passive restraint of dogs.
(C) The primary usable trolley runner line must be suspended at least three feet above the dog’s head, with at least ten feet in length between two pulley stop points. The secondary line attached to dog shall have a rolling trolley freely moveable a distance of at least ten feet on the primary trolley line with a spring/shock absorber attachment and swivels at both ends. The trolley system shall allow the dog unrestricted body movement and utilization of the entire area designated by the system, with a minimum of five feet lateral movement for the dog on each side of the primary trolley line, as measured on the ground. The trolley system must allow the dog free access to food, water, and shelter. The trolley system must be of appropriate configuration to prevent escape of the dog, and confine the dog to the owner’s property. The primary trolley line shall be used to restrain only one dog at a time.
(D) All collars used must be made of nylon, leather, or other durable and non-metallic material and must be fitted so as to not cause injury to the animal or embed itself in the dog’s neck.
(E) Use of a chain, choke, or pinch collar for passive restraint is prohibited.
(F) Any dog that is restrained must be a sufficient distance from any other objects or debris so as to prohibit any tangling of the restraint or from extension over an object or an edge that could result in injury or strangulation of the dog.
(G) No animal shall be permitted to be on private property unless it is with the express permission of the property owner.
(H) An unspayed female dog must be confined within a building or secure fence or kennel to prevent potential contact with stray dogs.
(I) The area of every fence or kennel must measure at least 6 feet by 10 feet.

 

Bristol, Tennessee
January 7, 2020

No dog shall be tethered between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m., with exceptions.

Sec. 10-46. – Tethering of dogs.

(c) (1) Beginning July 1, 2020, no dog shall be tethered between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m., unless the owner of the dog has obtained a permit from the City Manager that allows tethering between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.

(2) Such a permit may be issued

(i) to an owner who demonstrates a need for the permit based on their current work schedule. This permit will designate a specific eight-hour period in each twenty-four hour day when the dog owner is unable to tether the dog.

(ii) to an owner of sporting or hunting dogs, actually used (or intended to be used) to hunt game under a valid hunting license during the then present year or the year previous, when training or hardening toward such activity requires that the dogs be kept outside during the hours of 10 p.m. to 6 a.m.

(3) The City Manager is authorized to promulgate rules and regulations necessary to make effective the provisions of this section.

 

Chattanooga, Tennessee
January 26, 2010

This ordinance prohibits the chaining or tethering of animals to a stationary object for more than 12 hours in a 24-hour period or under conditions that could harm the animal and/or that could be dangerous to pedestrians.

Sec. 7-2. Definitions.

“Adequate space” means sufficient space to allow each animal to (i) easily stand sit, lie, turn about, and make all other normal body movements in a comfortable, normal position for the animal and (ii) interact safely with other animals in the enclosure.

When an animal is tethered, “adequate space” means a tether that permits the above actions and is appropriate to the age and size of the animal; is attached to the animal by a properly applied collar, halter, or harness configured so as to protect the animal from injury and prevent the animal or tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals, or from extending over an object or edge that could result in the strangulation or injury of the animal; and is at least three times the length of the animal, as measured from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail, except when the animal is being walked on a leash or is attached by a tether to a lead line. When freedom of movement would endanger the animal, temporarily and appropriately restricting movement of the animal according to accepted veterinary standards for the species is considered provision of adequate space. Provided, however, that no animal shall be tethered for more than twelve (12) hours in a twenty-four (24) hour period.

Sec. 7- 49. Tethering dogs and other animals.

(a) It shall be unlawful for any person to tie or tether a dog or other animal to a stationary object for a more than a reasonable period of time or in a location so as to create an unhealthy situation for the animal or a potentially dangerous situation for a pedestrian as determined by an animal services officer.

(b) The terms “unhealthy situation” and “potentially dangerous situation” shall include, but not be limited to the following:

(1) Tether, fasten, chain, tie, or restrain a dog, or cause a dog to be tethered, fastened, chained, tied, or restrained, to a dog house, tree, fence, or any other stationary object
for longer than a reasonable time;

(2) Tether any animal in such a manner as to permit the animal to leave the owner’s property;

(3) Tether any animal in an area that is not properly fenced so as to prevent any person or child from entering the area occupied by said animal;

(4) Tether any companion animal in a manner whereby the animal is subject to harassment and perpetual stings or bites that show evidence of injury from outdoor insects, or attacks by other animals;

(5) Failure to remove waste from the tethered area on a daily basis;

(6) Allow more than one animal to be tethered to each running cable or trolley line.

(7) Use a tether that weighs more than one fifth (1/5) of the animal’s body weight;

(8) Tether, chain, attach to a running cable line or trolley system any animal between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 am;

(9) Use a running cable line or trolley system that is made of a substance which can be chewed by the animal;

(10) Not allow the length of the tether from the running cable line or trolley system to the animal’s collar and permit access to the maximum available exercise area and allow the animal free access to food, water, and shelter;

(11) Not be attached to a properly fitted harness or collar not used for the display of a current rabies tag and other identification; and with enough room between the collar and
the dog’s throat through which two fingers may fit; and

(12) Not be tethered at sufficient distance from any other objects to prohibit the tangling of the cable, from extending over an object or an edge that could result in injury of strangulation of the animal and be of sufficient distance from any fence so as to prohibit the animal access to the fence.

 

Montgomery County, Tennessee

Dogs may not be tethered to a fixed point for longer than four hours. Tethering on a trolley system is permitted.

 

Sec. 4. Tethering dogs and other animals.

(a) It shall be unlawful for any person to tie or tether a dog or other animal to a stationary object so as to create an unhealthy situation for the animal or a potentially dangerous situation for a pedestrian as determined by an Animal Control Officer.

(b) The terms “unhealthy situation” and “potentially dangerous situation” shall include, but not be limited to the following:

(1) Tether, fasten, chain, tie, or restrain a dog, or cause a dog to be tethered, fastened, chained, tied, or restrained, to a dog house, tree, fence, or any other stationary object for longer than 4 hours;

(2) Tether any animal in such a manner as to permit the animal to leave the owner’s property;

(3) Tether any companion animal in a manner whereby the animal is subject to harassment and perpetual stings or bites that show evidence of injury from outdoor insects, or attacks by other animals;

(4) Failure to remove waste from the tethered area on a daily basis;

(5) Allow more than one animal to be tethered to each running cable or trolley line.

(6) Use a tether that weighs more than one eighth (1/8) of the animal’s body weight.

(7) Use a running cable line or trolley system that is made of a substance which can be chewed by the animal;

(8) Not allow the length of the tether from the running cable line or trolley system to the animal’s collar and prohibit access to the maximum available exercise area and allow the animal free access to food, water, and shelter;

(9) Not be attached to a properly fitted harness or collar not used for the display of a current rabies tag and other identification, and;

(10) Not be tethered at sufficient distance from any other objects to prohibit the tangling of the cable, from extending over an object or an edge that could result in injury of strangulation of the animal and be of sufficient distance from any fence so as to prohibit the animal access to the fence.

(c) A person may do any of the following provided the dog does not become a nuisance to neighbors:

(1) Attach a dog to a running line, pulley, or trolley system. A dog shall not be tethered to the running line, pulley, or trolley system by means of a choke collar or pinch collar.

(2) Tether, fasten, tie, or otherwise restrain a dog pursuant to the requirements of a recreational area.

(3) Tether, fasten, or tie a dog no longer than is necessary for the person to complete a temporary task that requires the dog to be restrained for a reasonable period.

(4) Tether, fasten, or tie a dog while engaged in, or actively training for, an activity that is conducted pursuant to a valid license issued by the State of Tennessee if the activity for which the license is issued is associated with the use or presence of a dog.

 

Nashville, Tennessee
June 23, 2015

This ordinance regulates tethering, including banning tethering during extreme weather conditions.

Chapter 8.12

Section 1.

  1. Pet tethering. For purposes of this subsection, “tether” means a cable, cord, or similar device used to attach an animal to a stationary device, but does not include chains. No person shall allow any animal to remain confined in such a manner as to unreasonably restrict the animal’s ability to move. No person shall allow any dog to remain tethered unless all of the following conditions are satisfied:
  2. The tether is not unreasonably heavy in proportion to the weight of the animal.
  3. A swivel is located at both ends of the tether and the tether is free of tangles.
  4. The collar on the animal to which the swivel is attached is properly fitted and is a collar that is commonly recognized as a pet collar (choke and pinch collars are not permitted).
  5. The tether is not less than fifteen feet in length.
  6. Chains shall be prohibited for use as a tethering device.
  7. The animal is not outside during a period of extreme weather, including without limitation a heat index of 95 degrees Fahrenheit (95°F) or above as determined by the National Weather Service, freezing temperatures, thunderstorms, or tornadoes.
  8. The animal has access to water, shelter, and dry grounds at all times, and has access to adequate food.
  9. The animal is at least six months of age and has a current rabies vaccination.
  10. The animal is not sick, injured, or in heat (estrus).
  11. Pulley, running line, or trolley systems are at least fifteen feet in length and are not less than six feet above ground.
  12. If there are multiple animals, each animal must be tethered separately.
  13. The tethering device shall allow the tethered dog to lie down comfortably at all positions of tether.

 

Oak Ridge, Tennessee
August 26, 2002

Animals may not be restrained for more than eight hours in a twenty-four hour period.

10-101. Definitions.

(18) “Restraint.”

(b) A dog or puppy may be restrained by a fixed point chain or tether for no more than eight hours in a twenty-four hour period.
(c) A dog may be exclusively restrained by a chain or tether provided that it is at least ten feet in length, with swivels on both ends, and is properly attached to a pulley or trolley mounted on a cable which is also at least ten feet in length and mounted at least four feet and no more than seven feet above ground level in a manner so as not to interfere or become entangled with objects on the property.
(d) Any tethering system employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owner’s property.
(e) No chain or tether shall weigh more than one-eighth of the dog or puppy’s body weight.
(f) Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog or puppy.

 

Shelbyville, Tennessee
January 1, 2016

This ordinance provides regulations on tethering, including a minimum allowable tether length.

Chapter 2: Dogs and Cats

Section 3-205. Prohibited acts.

(3) Restraint.

Chaining. Direct point chaining, or tethering of dogs to a stationary object, is prohibited. Dogs may be restrained by means of a trolley system, or a tether attached to a pulley on a cable run, if the following conditions are met:

  • Only one dog may be tethered to each cable run.
  • The tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog, with enough room between the collar and the dog’s throat through which two fingers may fit. Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for purposes of tethering a dog to a cable run.
  • There must be a swivel on both ends of the tether to minimize tangling of the tether.
  • The tether and cable run must be of adequate size and strength to effectively restrain the dog. The size and weight of the tether must not be excessive as determined by the Animal Control Officer, considering the age, size, and health of the dog.
  • The cable run must be at least (10) ten feet in length and mounted at least five (5) feet and no more than seven (7) feet above ground level.
  • Must be located no closer than 10 feet from the owner’s property line.
  • The length of the tether from the cable run to the dog’s collar should allow access to the maximum allowable exercise area and should allow continuous access to water and shelter. The trolley system must be of appropriate configuration to confine the dog to the owner’s property, to prevent the tether from extending over and object or an edge that could result in injury or strangulation of the dog, and to prevent the tether from becoming tangled with other objects or animals.
  • No dog may be restrained on the side of your property that faces a public street.

Above is effective January 1, 2016

No person shall, at any time, fasten, chain or tie any dog or cause such dog to be fastened, chained or tied while such dog is on the owner’s property or on the property of the dog owner’s landlord. (Exception – A dog may be tethered to allow for the cleaning of the dog’s enclosure or while the owner is outside with the dog and is in visual contact of the animal at all times to prevent injury to the dog.)

Any dogs confined within a fenced yard must have adequate space for exercise based on a dimension of at least one hundred (100) square feet. Provided further that where dogs are kept or housed on property without a fenced yard, the owner of such dogs or persons having custody of such dogs shall provide an enclosure for such dogs meeting the one hundred (100) square feet dimension. Such enclosure shall be constructed of chain link or similar type materials with all four sides enclosed. The enclosure shall be of sufficient height to prevent the dog from escaping from such enclosure. The top of such enclosure shall be covered with materials to provide the dog with shade and protection from the elements. An additional fifty (50) square feet of space is required for each additional dog within the same enclosed area.

Above is effective January 1, 2017

 

Abilene, Texas
2015

Certain conditions must be met for a dog to be tethered.

Sec. 6-16. Care and humane treatment of animals.

(a) For purposes of this section, “restraint” shall mean a chain, rope, tether, leash, cable, or other device that attaches a dog to a stationary object or trolley system.

(b) It shall be unlawful for an owner or other person to:

(10) Secure by use of a restraint a dog or other animal to a stationary object for a period of time or in a location so as to create an unhealthy situation for the animal or a potentially dangerous situation for a pedestrian.

(A) “Unhealthy situation” and “potentially dangerous situation for a pedestrian” shall include, but not be limited to:

(i) Leaving a dog unattended by use of a restraint that unreasonably limits the dog’s movement:

a. Between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.;

b. Within 500 feet of the premises of a school; or

c. In the case of extreme weather conditions, including conditions in which the actual or effective outdoor temperature is below 32 degrees Fahrenheit, a heat advisory has been issued by a local or state authority or jurisdiction, or a hurricane, tropical storm, or tornado warning has been issued for the jurisdiction by the National Weather Service.

(ii) Secure by use of a restraint an animal in such a manner as to permit the animal access upon any public “right-of-way”;

(iii) Secure by use of a restraint an animal in such a manner that does not permit the animal to reach shelter, food, or water;

(iv) Secure by use of a restraint an animal in such a manner that it is subject to attacks by persons or other animals, stinging bites from outdoor insects, or other similar hazards that pose an unreasonable threat of injury to the animal;

(v) Failing to remove waste on a daily basis from the area in which the animal is restrained;

(vi) Using a choke-type collar to on an animal in conjunction with a restraint.

(B) It shall be minimally required that the tether used must be at least ten (10) feet in length, equipped with swivel ends, positioned in such a manner as to prevent the animal from becoming entangled with any obstruction, from partially or totally jumping any fence, or from leaving any part of its owner’s property, and that is secured to the animal using a properly fitted collar or harness.

(C) For purposes of subsection (10), a restraint unreasonably limits a dog’s movement if the restraint: uses a collar that is pinch-type, prong-type, or choke-type or that is not properly fitted to the dog; is a length shorter that the greater of five times the length of the dog, as measured from the tip of the dog’s nose to the base of the dog’s tail or 10 feet; is in an unsafe condition; or causes injury to the dog.

(D) Notwithstanding subsections [sic] subsection (10) does not apply to:

(i) A dog restrained to a running line, pulley, or trolley system and that is not restrained to the running line, pulley, or trolley system by means of a pinch-type, prong-type, choke-type, or improperly fitted collar;

(ii) A dog restrained in compliance with the requirements of a camping or recreational area as defined by a federal, state, or local authority or jurisdiction;

(iii) A dog restrained for a reasonable period, not to exceed three hours in a 24-hour period, and no longer than is necessary for the owner to complete a temporary task that requires the dog to be restrained;

(iv) A dog restrained while the owner is engaged in, or actively training for, an activity that is conducted pursuant to a valid license issued by this state if the activity for which the license is issued is associated with the use or presence of a dog;

(v) A dog restrained while the owner is engaged in conduct directly related to the business of shepherding or herding cattle or livestock; or

(vi) A dog restrained while the owner is engaged in conduct directly related to the business of cultivating agricultural products, if the restraint is reasonably necessary for the safety of the dog.

 

Allen, Texas
October 27, 2009

Sec. 3-3. – Running at large/restraint.
(a) It shall be unlawful for an owner of an animal without regard to mental state, to fail to keep the animal from running at large.
(b) It shall be unlawful for an owner or harborer to allow a dog or other animal to be tethered to a stationary object or in a location so as to create an unhealthy situation for the animal or a potentially dangerous situation for a pedestrian as determined by the animal control authority. The term “unhealthy situation” shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
(1) To tether any animal in such a manner as to cause the animal injury;
(2) To tether any animal in such a manner as to not permit the animal access to shelter, food, or water. It shall be an affirmative defense to this subsection that the owner or harborer was in the same location as the dog or other animal while the animal was tethered;
(3) To tether any animal in such a manner as to permit the animal to leave the premises owned, leased, or occupied by the dog’s owner or harborer or to permit the animal access on any public right-of-way;
(4) To tether any animal in such a manner as to permit the animal to leave the owner or harborer’s property;
(5) To allow any tethered animal to become entangled; or
(6) To use a collar that is pinch-type, prong-type, or choke-type or that is not properly fitted to the dog.
(c) An owner may not leave a dog outside and unattended by use of a restraint that unreasonably limits the dog’s movement:
(1) Between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.;
(2) Within five hundred (500) feet of the premises of a school; or
(3) In the case of extreme weather conditions, including conditions in which: a. The actual or effective outdoor temperature is below thirty-two (32) degrees Fahrenheit;
b. A heat advisory has been issued by a local or state authority or jurisdiction; or
c. A hurricane or tornado warning has been issued for the jurisdiction by the National Weather Service.
(Ord. No. 1859-8-00, § 1, 8-3-2000; Ord. No. 2867-10-09, § 1, 10-27-2009)

 

Corpus Christi, Texas
September 15, 2015

No dog may be kept tethered to a fixed point for a time or in a location that is unhealthy for the animal. Dogs may be tethered to a trolley line.

Sec. 6-162. – Tethering dogs and other animals.

It shall be unlawful for any person to tie or tether a dog or other animal to a stationary object for a period of time or in a location so as to create an unhealthy situation for the animal.

This section does not apply to any animal that is restrained to a running line, pulley, or trolley system and that is not restrained to the running line, pulley, or trolley system by means of a pinch-type, prong-type, choke-type, or improperly fitted collar.

 

Galveston County, Texas
2019

No dog shall be tethered between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. or during extreme weather conditions.

  1. Unlawful Restraint of a Dog – Anti-Tethering Law (THSC Section 821.077)

An owner may not leave a dog outside and unattended by use of a restraint that unreasonably limits the dog’s movement:

  • Between the hours of 10 pm and 6 am;
  • Within 500 feet of the premises of a school; or
  • In the case of extreme weather conditions, including conditions in which:
    • The actual or effective outdoor temperature is below 32 degrees Fahrenheit;
    • A heat advisory has been issued by a local or state authority or jurisdiction; or
    • A hurricane, tropical storm, or tornado warning has been issued for the jurisdiction by the National Weather Service.

In this section, a restraint unreasonably limits a dog’s movement if the restraint:

  • Uses a collar that is pinch- type, prong-type, or choke-type or that is not properly fitted to the dog;
  • Is a length shorter than the greater of:
    • Five times the length of the dog, as measured from the tip of the dog’s nose to the base of the dog’s tail; or
    • 10 feet;
  • Is in an unsafe condition; or
  • Causes injury to the dog.

 

Grand Prairie, Texas
October 2, 2007

Animals may not be tethered for more than three hours in a 24-hour period, between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m., within 500 feet of a school or school bus stop, in freezing temperatures, or during extreme weather.

Sec. 5-21. – Unlawful restraint of animals.
(a) The owner of an animal may restrain an animal on a tether for a reasonable period, not to exceed three (3) hours in a twenty-four-hour period, and no longer than is necessary for the owner to complete a temporary task that requires the animal to be restrained.
Tethering is prohibited:
(1) Between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.;
(2) Within five hundred (500) feet of the premises of a school or school bus stop;
(3) If the actual or effective outdoor temperature is below thirty-two (32) degrees Fahrenheit;
(4) If a heat advisory has been issued by a local or state authority or jurisdiction;
(5) If a hurricane, tropical storm, or tornado warning has been issued for the jurisdiction by the National Weather Service;
(6) If the tether is:
a. less than five (5) times the length of the dog, as measured from the tip of the dog’s nose to the base of the dog’s tail; or
b. less than ten (10) feet; whichever is greater.
(7) If the tether and/or related attachments are greater than twenty (20) percent of the animal’s weight;
(8) If the tether is attached by means of a pinch-type, prong-type, or choke-type collar or if the collar is unsafe or is not properly fitted;
(9) If the tether inhibits the animal’s free movement or causes injury or entanglement;
(10) If the animal is under four (4) months of age;
(11) If the animal does not have access to shade, dry shelter, and a tip-proof water supply;
(12) If the length of the tether allows the animal to touch the fence or cross the property line or cross onto public easement.
(Ord. No. 7676, § 3, 10-2-07)

 

Harris County, Texas
October 1, 2007

Dogs may not be tethered between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. or during extreme weather conditions.

SECTION 13. UNLAWFUL RESTRAINT OF DOGS

  1. A person who owns or has custody or control of a dog and who uses a chain, rope, tether, leash, cable, or other device that attaches a dog to a stationary object or trolley system shall comply with Chapter 821, Subchapter D, sections 821.076 through 821.081 of the Texas Health and Safety Code, as amended. Dogs must have a properly fitted collar and restraint system as required by Subchapter D, Chapter 821 of the Texas Health and Safety Code.
  2. A person who owns or has custody or control of a dog may not leave a dog outside and unattended by use of a chain, rope, tether, leash, cable, or other device that attaches a dog to a stationary object or trolley system that: unreasonably limit the dog’s movement: between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.; or is located within 500 feet of a school; or occurs during extreme weather conditions as defined in Subchapter D, Chapter 821 of the Texas Health and Safety Code.
  3. A chain, rope, tether, leash, cable, or other device that attaches a dog to a stationary object or trolley system unreasonably limits a dog’s movement if it:
    1. uses a collar that is pinch-type, prong-type, or choke-type or that is not properly fitted to the dog;
    2. is a length shorter than the greater of: 17
      1. five times the length of the dog, as measured from the tip of the dog’s nose to the base of the dog’s tail; or
      2. 10 feet;
    3. is in an unsafe condition; or
    4. causes injury to the dog.

 

Nocona, Texas

This ordinance bans unattended tethering as well as all overnight tethering and tethering in extreme temperatures.

Section 2.108 Dogs to be Restrained

(A) Chaining and Tethering Animals.

  1. It shall be unlawful to keep an animal or livestock on a chain or rope placed in a manner that makes it possible to become entangled with the restraints of other animals or livestock or with any other objects.
  2. It shall be unlawful to keep any animal or livestock on a chain or rope that is of insufficient length to allow the animal or livestock complete access to food, water and shelter at all times.
  3. It shall be unlawful to attach a chain to an animal or livestock in a manner so as to cause injury or discomfort to the animal or livestock.
  4. It shall be unlawful to stake a cat outside on a leash, rope, chain or similar apparatus.
  5. It shall be unlawful to restrain a dog outside with a chain or tether unless:

a) A person is holding the chain or tether; or

b) The dog’s owner or handler remains outside, within 50 feet of the dog, throughout the period of restraint.

6. An owner may not leave a dog outside and unattended by use of a restraint that unreasonably limits the dog’s movement:

a) Between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.;

b) Within 500 feet of the premises of a school; or

c) In the case of extreme weather conditions, including condition in which:

1) The actual or effective outdoor temperature is below 32 degrees Fahrenheit;

2) A heat advisory has been issued by a local or state authority or jurisdiction;

3) A hurricane, tropical storm, or tornado warning has been issued for the jurisdiction by the National Weather Service.

  1. Violations of this Ordinance shall be punishable by a penalty of up to $2,000.00 dollars per violation.

 

Parker County, Texas

No dog shall be tethered for longer than 20 minutes at a time and for no more than five times per day, unless the dog is tethered by means of an overhead trolley system as described in the ordinance.

Section 5.3 Tethering
(a) Because of significant increase in aggression that occurs when dogs are tethered, it is unlawful to tether or chain a dog as a means of restraint except for temporary periods not to exceed 20 minutes in duration and no more than 5 times a day.
(b) Exception: A dog may be tethered by attaching the end of the tethering chain or rope to a heavy line, heavy wire or cable of at least 40 feet in length and the ends of which are in turn attached to solid anchoring posts or other devices or structures at a height that is sufficient to prevent the line, wire or cable from obstructing the passage of humans and from presenting a hazard to humans and which allows the line, wire or cable to run parallel to the surface of the ground. The tethering must be done in such manner as permits the dog to move freely up and down the parallel line, wire or cable. The tethering chain or rope must be of a length that permits the dog to move freely to a distance of at least 10 feet on either side of the fixed line, wire or cable.
(c) It shall be unlawful to tether a dog, even temporarily, in such proximity to the owner’s property line or a public road or path as would permit the dog to reach persons using the public road or path or to reach persons not on the property of the owner or to come within 50 feet of such persons. It is unlawful to use a tethered dog as a guard dog, and to leave a dog tethered in a location to which children has access.

 

Richland Hills, Texas
July 8, 2008

Sec. 6-80. – Tethering of animals.
(a) No person shall tether an unattended animal by any means on any public property such as city parks or utility easements, or private property accessible to the public, such as undeveloped lots or unfenced yards, or any other plot or tract where the public has unrestricted access.
(b) No person shall tether an animal without providing unrestricted, continuous access to shade and water.
(c) No person shall tether an animal for more than three hours without providing unrestricted, continuous access to a wind and moisture proof shelter.
(d) No person shall tether an animal in such a way that the tethering device can become tangled around trees, poles or other obstacles and prevent the access to shade, water or shelter.
(e) No person shall leave an animal outside and unattended by use of a tether that unreasonably limits the animal’s movement:
(1) Between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.;
(2) Within 500 feet of the premises of a school; or
(3) In the case of extreme weather conditions.
(f) A tether unreasonably limits an animal’s movements if the tether:
(1) Uses a collar that is a pinch-type, prong-type, or choke-type or that is not properly fitted to the animal;
(2) Is a length shorter than the greater of:
a. Five times the length of the animal’s nose to the base of the animal’s tail, or
b. Ten feet.
(3) Is in an unsafe condition; or
(4) Causes an injury to the animal.
(g) Subsection (e) of this section shall not apply to:
(1) An animal tethered to a running line, pulley, or trolley system and that is not tethered to the running line, pulley, or trolley system by a means of a pinch-type, prong-type, choke-type, or improperly fitted collar.
(2) An animal tethered for a reasonable period, not to exceed three hours in a 24-hour period, and no longer than is necessary for the owner to complete a temporary task that requires the animal to be tethered;
(3) An animal tethered while the owner is engaged in, or actively training for, an activity that is conducted pursuant to a valid license issued by the state if the activity for which the license is issued is associated with and requires the use or presence of the animal;
(4) An animal tethered while the owner is engaged in conduct directly related to the business of shepherding or herding cattle or livestock; or
(5) An animal tethered while the owner is engaged in conduct related to the business of cultivating agricultural products, if the use of the tether is reasonably necessary for the safety of the animal.
(Ord. No. 810-97, § 15(F), 1-28-1997; Ord. No. 1119-08, § 3, 7-8-2008)

 

San Angelo, Texas
March 2009

Sec. 3.2002 Chaining of Dogs Prohibited as Primary Enclosure
(a) It shall be unlawful for any person to chain or tether a dog as its primary enclosure for any period longer than two hours cumulative, in a 24-hour period, except that:
(1) A dog must be restrained by a leash while being walked outside of a fenced or enclosed area;
(2) A dog may be restrained by chain or tether at a camping or recreational area in compliance with Texas Health and Safety Code § 821.077.

 

Seguin, Texas
December 5, 2017

No dog may be tethered in temperatures below freezing, during a heat advisory, or during a hurricane, tropical storm, or tornado warning.

Sec. 14-51. Definitions
[…]
Extreme weather conditions means any day in which:
1. The actual or effective outdoor temperature is below 32 degrees Fahrenheit;
2. A heat advisory has been issued by a local or state authority or jurisdiction; or
3. A hurricane, tropical storm, or tornado warning has been issued for the jurisdiction by the National Weather Service.

Sec. 14-59. – Restraint
[…]
(k) No dog shall remain tethered during extreme weather conditions.

 

Weatherford, Texas
February, 2007

This ordinance prohibits tethering that causes an animal injury or pain or creates an unsafe environment. It also prohibits tethering without the use of a pulley/trolley system or in an area that may result in entanglement. It requires the sanitary removal of waste and defines a maximum allowable tether weight.

Section 3.102 Tethering of animals: A person commits an offense if he tethers, chains or otherwise secures an animal by or under any of the following methods or circumstances:

1) To tether an animal in such a way that it is capable of moving within 15 feet of any public right of way, park, or other public land, including sidewalks, or within five (5) feet of any privately or commercially owned property line when such tether or line is stretched to its full length;
2) To tether any animal in such a manner as to cause the animal injury or pain or not to permit the animal to reach shelter, food and or water or otherwise create an unsafe or unhealthy situation;
3) To tether any animal in such a manner as to permit the animal to leave the owner’s property;
4) To tether any animal in a manner whereby the animal is subject to harassment, stings or bites from outdoor insects, or attacks by other animals;
5) To tether any animal with a tether that is not equipped with swivel ends and which is not also attached to a pulley or a trolley;
6) To tether any animal in such a manner that does not prevent the animal from becoming entangled with any obstruction, from partially or totally jumping any fence, or from leaving its owner’s property;
7) To fail to remove waste from the area within which the animal is tethered on a reasonable basis so as to avoid a health hazard;
8) To tether any animal without using a properly fitted collar or harness which prevents the tether from being directly wrapped around the animal’s neck;
9) To tether with a choke-type collar of any sort;
10) To use a tether which weighs more than 1/8 of the animal’s body weight.

 

Salt Lake County, Utah
June 5, 2010

8.08.130 – Tethering of dogs—Restrictions.
A. It is unlawful for an owner or handler of a dog to tether a dog in any manner that would cause injury or damage to the dog, or when restriction of freedom of movement would endanger a dog. A tether must be of sufficient length to provide the dog with adequate space. Each dog tethered in violation of this section shall constitute a separate offense.
B. It is unlawful for an owner or handler of a dog to tether a dog for longer than ten hours within a twenty-four-hour period. Each dog tethered in violation of this section shall constitute a separate offense.
(Ord. No. 1663, § III, 1-5-2010)

 

Alexandria, Virginia
June 12, 2010

Sec. 5-7-36.1 Provision Of Adequate Shelter And Space, Tethering Of Dogs.

(a) It shall be unlawful for my person to fail to provide any dog with adequate space or adequate shelter. As used in this section, the terms “adequate space” and “adequate shelter” have the meanings ascribed to them by City Code Section 5-7-3 1 (DEFINITIONS), subsections n and o, respectively.

(b) Except when a dog’s owner, guardian or custodian is physically within reach of the dog, it shall be unlawful for any person to tether a dog to a chain, rope or line of any kind -that is too short to enable the dog easily to stand, sit, lie, turn about, and make all other normal body movements in a comfortable, normal position for the animal and reach shade as necessary, for more than three hours cumulatively within any twenty-four hour period, whether or not the tethered dog has been provided adequate space.

(c) Notwithstanding any other part of this Section, a dog may be attached to a running cable line or trolley system that allows it to reach shelter and water as necessary, except that no dog may be confined to such a running cable line or trolley system for more than twelve (12) hours cumulatively, within any twenty-four (24) hour period. A running cable line or trolley system is defined as one that is at least twenty (20) feet in length and is mounted at least four (4) feet, but no more than seven (7) feet, above the ground. Under no circumstances shall a dog be attached to a running cable line or trolley system unless the tether attaching it to the running cable line or trolley system is at least ten (1 0) feet in length or three times the length of the animal, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail, whichever is longer.

 

Arlington County, Virginia
October 19, 2013

Dogs may not be restrained by a tether that is too short to allow them natural movement for more than three hours in a 24-hour period while unattended and may not be retrained on a trolley system for more than 12 hours in a 24-hour period.

§ 2-6.1. Tethering of Dogs
A. Except when a dog’s owner, guardian or custodian is physically within reach of the dog, it shall be unlawful for any person to tether a dog to a chain, rope or line of any kind that is too short to enable the dog easily to stand, sit, lie down, turn about, and make all other normal body  movements in a comfortable, normal position for the animal, and reach shade as necessary, for more than three (3) hours cumulatively within any twenty-four (24) hour period, regardless of whether the tethered dog has been provided adequate space during parts of such period. For the purposes of this section, “adequate space” shall have the meaning given to it in Title 3.2 of the Code of Virginia. When the same dog is observed to be tethered in the same location that it was in after an initial observation of the dog in that location, then there shall be a rebuttable presumption that the dog has been continuously tethered in that location since the initial observation.
B. Notwithstanding any other part of this section, a dog may be attached to a running cable line or trolley system that allows it to reach shelter and water as necessary, except that no dog may be confined to such a running cable line or trolley system for more than twelve (12) hours cumulatively within any twenty-four (24) hour period. When the same dog is observed to be tethered in the same location on a least two (2) subsequent occasions in the twenty-four (24) hour period that follows an initial observation of the dog in that location, then there shall be a rebuttable presumption that the dog has been tethered in that location for more than twelve (12) hours cumulatively in the twenty-four (24) hour period since the initial observation. A running cable line or trolley system is defined as one that is at least 20 feet in length and is mounted at least four (4) feet, but no more than seven (7) feet, above the ground. Under no circumstances shall a dog be attached to a running cable line or trolley system unless the tether attaching it to the running cable line or trolley system is at least ten (10) feet in length or three (3) times the length of the animal, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail, whichever is longer.

 

Charlottesville, Virginia
March 5, 2007

Dogs may not be tethered for more than 10 hours total in a 24-hour period.

Sec. 4-42. – Limitation on tethering, tying or chaining dogs.       

(a) It shall be unlawful for any owner to tie, chain or tether a dog to any fixed or stationary object, or any other object designed to confine and limit the movement of the dog, for a period in excess of ten (10) cumulative hours during any twenty-four-hour period. (b) Any person who violates this section shall be guilty of a Class 4 misdemeanor; provided that, upon a third conviction within one (1) year of any offense under this section, whether or not involving the same dog, the defendant shall be deemed guilty of a Class 3 misdemeanor.

 

Chesapeake, Virginia
February 11, 2014

Dogs may be tethered to a stationary object for no more than 60 consecutive minutes. Tethering dogs less than 6 months of age or females in estrus is prohibited. Certain requirements regarding the tether itself and how it is attached to the dog must be met.

Sec.10-22.1. Tethering dogs.

(c) No person shall tether or cause to be tethered any dog that is not in the immediate proximity of its owner or custodian except under all of the following conditions:

(1)   The owner or custodian is present on the property;

(2)   Such tethering does not exceed sixty (60) continuous minutes;

(3)   The dog is six (6) months of age or older;

(4)   If female, the dog is sterilized and not in estrus;

(5)   The tether does not exceed ten percent (10%) of the dog’s body weight;

(6)   The tether is at least three (3) times the length of the dog from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail;

(7)   The tether allows the dog to easily stand, sit, lie, turn around, and make all other normal body movements in a comfortable, normal position for the dog;

(8)   The tether allows the dog to interact safely with other animals, if at all;

(9)   The tether is (i) appropriate for the age and size of the dog; and (ii) attached to the dog by a properly fitted collar or body harness configured to prevent the dog or tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals or from extending over an object or edge that could result in strangulation or injury of the dog;

(10) Only one (1) dog is attached to a single tether; and

(11)  The dog is not tethered in such a manner to permit the dog to cross and enter upon another’s property, except that the same shall not be unlawful if the affected property owner or person having lawful possession thereof provides consent.

 

Culpeper County, Virginia
February 6, 2018

Dogs may not be tethered to a stationary object for more than eight consecutive hours or on a movable run for more than 14 hours in a 24-hour period. Dogs younger than 4 months of age or females in estrus may not be tethered.

Sec. 4-155. – Tethering restrictions for dogs and other canines.

(a) “Tether” shall mean, when used as a noun, any device, including but not limited to a chain, leash, cable, tie down, or tie out, attached to a stationary point or object, trolley or run used to contain or restrain a dog or other canine (as used in this section, “canine” shall mean a hybrid of the domestic dog and any other species of the Canidae family). When used as a verb, “tether” shall mean to attach such a device to a dog or other canine.

(b) No person shall tether or cause to be tethered any dog or other lawfully permitted canine, except when the tether meets the following conditions:

(1) The tether is appropriate to the age and size of the dog or other canine; the tether shall weigh no more than ten percent (10%) of the animal’s weight; the tether shall comply with any and all requirements otherwise articulated in the Code of Virginia (1950), as amended, Title 3.2, Subtitle V, Chapter 65.

(2) The tether is attached to the dog or other canine by a properly applied collar, halter, or harness, configured so as to protect the dog or other canine from injury, and prevent the dog or other canine or tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals, or from extending over an object or edge that could result in the strangulation or injury of the dog or other canine; and

(3) The tether is at least three (3) times the length of the dog or other canine, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail, except when the dog or other canine is being walked on a leash or is attached by a tether to a lead line.

(c) It shall be unlawful for a person to tether any dog or other lawfully permitted canine:

(1) When the dog or other canine is four (4) months old or younger; or

(2) When the dog or other canine is a female in estrus; or

(3) When the temperature is less than thirty-two (32) degrees Fahrenheit or greater than ninety (90) degrees Fahrenheit unless the dog or other canine is provided adequate food, water, and shelter under the Code of Virginia (1950), as amended, §§ 3.2-6500 et seq.; or

(4) If the tether weighs more than ten percent (10%) of the dog’s or other canine’s body weight; or

(5) On the same tether concurrently with another dog or other canine; or

(6) For longer than fourteen (14) hours in any twenty-four-hour period on a movable tether such as a cable run; or

(7) For longer than eight (8) consecutive hours in any twenty-four-hour period on a fixed tether.

(d) Any person found to be in violation of this section shall be guilty of a Class 3 misdemeanor, punishable by imposition of a fine of not more than five hundred dollars ($500.00).

Nothing contained in this section shall be interpreted as limiting the authority of any animal control officer or other law enforcement officer to seize an unlawfully tethered dog or other canine pursuant to the authority articulated in the Code of Virginia (1950), as amended, Title 3.2, Subtitle V, Chapter 65, including but not limited to § 3.2-6569.

 

Danville, Virginia
December 1, 2009
(effective July 1, 2010)

This ordinance prohibits the tethering of companion animals who are under the age of 4 months and any animal when outside temperatures are 32 degrees Fahrenheit or below or for longer than four hours in a 24-hour period. Tethering is also prohibited under certain conditions that could harm the animal.

Sec. 5-25. Adequate space for animals; time restriction on tethering companion animals.

(a) It shall be unlawful to fail to provide any animal with adequate space. “Adequate space” means sufficient space to allow each animal to (i) easily stand, sit, lie, turn about, and make all other normal body movements in a comfortable, normal position for the animal and (ii) interact safely with other animals in the enclosure.

(b) When a companion animal is tethered, “adequate space” means a tether that permits the above actions and is appropriate to the age and size of the companion animal. The tether must be attached to the companion animal by a properly applied collar, halter, or harness configured so as to protect the companion animal from injury and prevent the companion animal or the tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals, or from extending over an object or edge that could result in the strangulation or injury of the companion animal. Furthermore, the tether must be at least three (3) times the length of the companion animal, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail, except when the companion animal is being walked on a leash or is attached by a tether to a lead line. When freedom of movement would endanger the companion animal, temporarily and appropriately restricting movement of the companion animal according to professionally accepted standards is considered to be provision of adequate space.

(c) It shall be unlawful for any person to tether a companion animal:

  1. When the outside temperature is equal to or less than thirty-two (32) degrees Fahrenheit;
  2. In a manner as to cause injury, strangulation or entanglement of the dog on fences, trees, or other manmade or natural obstacles;
  3. To a fixed-point;
  4. That is under four (4) months of age;
  5. That is sick or injured; or
  6. For more than four (4) hours, in any twenty-four-hour period.

 

Fairfax City, Virginia
December 9, 2014

This ordinance prohibits tethering for longer than an hour. It also bans overnight tethering and tethering in extreme temperatures.

Sec. 6-3. – Tethering, tying, or chaining of companion animals.

(1) No person shall tie, fasten, chain, restrain or tether a companion animal to any fixed or stationary object, device or structure, or to any other object designed to confine and limit the movement of the companion animal, for a period in excess of one cumulative hour in any one day between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 10:00 p.m.

(2) In addition to the foregoing limitation, no tying, fastening, chaining, restraining or tethering, as set forth in subsection (1) of this section, shall be permissible:

a. Between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 7:00 a.m.;

b. With regard to any animal that is sick or injured;

c. With regard to any animal that is under four months of age;

d. When the ambient air temperature exceeds 90 degrees Fahrenheit or is at or below 32 degrees Fahrenheit in the immediate vicinity of the tying, fastening, chaining, restraining or tethering of the animal.

Any person who violates this section shall be subject to a civil penalty of $50.00, which shall not be suspended in whole or in part; however, any person found guilty of a violation of this section for a second or subsequent time (regardless of whether or not the companion animal is the same animal for each violation) shall be subject to a civil penalty of up to $250.00 for each additional violation.

 

Fauquier County, Virginia
December 10, 2020

This ordinance restricts conditions for legal tethering, including banning tethering during extreme heat or cold or when a female is in heat.

Sec. 4-6. – Cruelty to animals; penalty.

(h) Any person who confines a canine or canine crossbreed outside of a fully enclosed structure on any property by chain or tether to a trolley system, ground stake or other fixed object without the owner or other adult capable of controlling the animal being physically present with and directly supervising the animal at all times in any one (1) of the following circumstances shall be liable upon conviction to a civil penalty as set forth in section 4-28 of this chapter:

(1) When such animal is not at least six (6) months old; or

(2) When such animal is female and in estrus; or

(3) When such animal is not safe from predators and well suited and well equipped to tolerate its environment; or

(4) During the effective period for a hurricane warning or tropical storm warning issued for the area by the National Weather Service; or

(5) During a heat advisory issued by a local or state authority unless the animal warden, having inspected the animal’s individual circumstances, has determined the animal to be safe from predators and well suited and well equipped to tolerate its environment; or

(6) When the outdoor temperature is less than thirty-two (32) degrees Fahrenheit or greater than eight-five (85) degrees Fahrenheit unless the animal warden, having inspected the animal’s individual circumstances, has determined the animal to be safe from predators and well suited and well equipped to tolerate its environment; or

(7) During the effective period for a severe weather warning issued for the area by the National Weather Service, including a winter storm, tornado, or severe thunderstorm warning unless the animal warden, having inspected the animal’s individual circumstances, has determined the animal to be safe from predators and well suited and well equipped to tolerate its environment.

 

Lynchburg, Virginia
March 26, 2019

Dogs may not be tethered between 9 p.m. and 6 a.m. Dogs who are sick or injured, younger than 4 months, or in estrus may not be tethered.

Sec. 7-42.Tethering restrictions.

(a) Definition—For the purposes of this section, “tethering” means the use of a rope, chain, or the like, by which an animal is fastened to a fixed object so as to limit its range of movement. Tethering includes the use of a “run-line” in which a wire, or the like, is placed above ground, is tied off between two fixed points, and a lead is suspended from the run-line to the collar or the harness of a dog which allows the dog to run from point to point.

(b) It shall be unlawful for any person to knowingly allow, condone, or participate in the tethering of a dog under any of the following conditions:

(1) Between 9:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.

(2) If the dog is sick or injured.

(3) If the dog is “in heat.”

(4) If the dog is under the age of four (4) months.

(5) if the dog is tethered in a manner that is reasonably likely to cause the dog’s injury, strangulation or entanglement on fences, trees, or other physical obstacles.

(c) The city’s animal warden, deputy animal wardens, and police officers shall enforce this
ordinance.

 

Northampton County, Virginia
May 10, 2004

No animal shall be tethered for more than 12 hours in a 24 hour period. Tethers must be at least 10 feet long.

§ 95.05 TETHERING OF ANIMALS.

(A)  An animal owner in the county shall allow each animal to (i) easily stand, sit, lie, turn about and make all other normal body movements in a comfortable, normal position for the animal and (ii) interact safely with other animals in the enclosure. When an animal is tethered, “adequate space” means a tether that permits the above actions and is appropriate to the age, size, and health of the animal; is attached to the animal by a properly applied collar, halter, or harness configured so as to protect the animal from injury and prevent the animal or tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals, or from gaining access to public thoroughfares, or from extending over an object or edge that could result in the strangulation or injury of the animal; and is at least ten feet in length or three times the length of the animal whichever is longer, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail, except when the animal is being walked on a leash or is attached by a tether to a lead line. When freedom of movement would endanger the animal, temporarily and appropriately restricting movement of the animal according to professionally accepted standards for the species is considered provision of adequate space. Provided, however, that no animal shall be tethered for more than 12 hours in a 24-hour period.

(B)  Animals involved in agricultural activities shall not be subject to this section.

(C)  It shall be an unlawful act if any person violates any provision of this section and it shall constitute a Class 4 misdemeanor.

 

Richmond, Virginia
2018

Tethering is prohibited for more than one cumulative hour in any 24-hour period and for any length of time without the owner present on the property.

Sec. 4-96. – Cruelty to animals.

(d) It shall be unlawful for any person to fail to provide any dog with adequate space.

(2) It shall be unlawful for any person to tether a dog for more than one hour cumulatively within any 24-hour period, whether or not the tethered dog has been provided adequate space. No dog shall be tethered for any amount of time while the owner or custodian thereof is physically absent from the property where the dog is tethered. No dog shall be tethered for any amount of time in inclement, adverse, or extreme weather conditions.

 

Roanoke, Virginia
June 5, 2017

No dog may be tethered between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. or for more than three cumulative hours during the day. Animals who are sick, injured, in heat, or younger than 4 months may not be tethered.

Sec. 6-29. – Tethering restrictions.
(a) Definition.
Tethering means a rope, chain, or the like, by which an animal is fastened to a fixed object so as to limit its range of movement.
(b) As authorized by section 3.2-6543, Code of Virginia (1950), as amended; a tethering restriction shall be enforced pursuant to section(s) 3.2-6587, Code of Virginia (1950), as amended. The animal wardens shall enforce this restriction regarding how dogs shall be tethered:
(1) No more than three (3) accumulative hours during the day between 6:00 a.m. and 10:00 p.m.
(2) No tethering shall be allowed between 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.
(3) No sick, injured, or animals in heat shall be tethered at any time.
(4) No animals under four (4) months old shall be tethered at any time.

 

Smithfield, Virginia
October 4, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the tethering of dogs for more than 8 hours in any 24- hour period and forbids tethering between the hours of 11 p.m. and 6 a.m.

Section 18-45

(a) It shall be unlawful for any person owning and/or controlling dogs whether vaccinated or unvaccinated, licensed or unlicensed, to allow said animal to be tied or chained to dog houses, or other stationary objects for a period of time longer than 8 hours in a 24 hour period and shall be prohibited from 11:00 pm through 6:00 am.

 

Staunton, Virginia
2010

Animals younger than 4 months of age may not be tethered. Animals older than 4 months of age may not be tethered between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.

6.05.090 Tethering animals.
(1) It shall be unlawful for any person to tether any animal less than four months of age within the city of Staunton. Animals over four months of age are prohibited from being tethered between the hours of 10:00 p.m. through 6:00 a.m. local time.
(2) Whenever the police department or animal control officer receives a complaint as to a violation of this section, and the complaint is found to be warranted, the police department or animal control officer shall notify the person in writing to abate such violation within 30 days. If, after such written notice, the person fails to correct the violation, the police department or animal control officer shall take the necessary legal action to abate the violation by having the animal impounded or the person charged with a violation of this section, or both.
(3) The first violation of this section shall constitute a Class 4 misdemeanor. A subsequent violation shall constitute a Class 3 misdemeanor. (Ord. 2010-14).

 

Vinton, Virginia
April 3, 2018

Dogs may not be tethered between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. or for more than three cumulative hours between 6 a.m. and 10 p.m. Dogs who are sick, injured, in estrus, or younger than 4 months may not be tethered.

Sec. 10-5. – Responsible animal care.         

(b) It shall be unlawful for any owner or harborer of a companion animal to tether the animal: (1) More than three cumulative hours during the day between 6:00 a.m. and 10:00 p.m.; (2) At any time between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.; (3) At any time if the animal is sick, injured, or in heat; (4) At any time if the animal is four months of age or younger.

 

Virginia Beach, Virginia
April 5, 2016

No dog shall be tethered for more than one hour in a 24-hour period.

Sec. 5-501. – Adequate space for animals; time restriction on tethering dogs.
(c) It shall be unlawful for any dog to be tethered for more than one (1) hour, cumulatively in any twenty-four-hour period.

 

Arlington, Washington
September 21, 2015

This ordinance bans overnight tethering and provides additional restrictions.

Section 2.    Arlington Municipal Code section 8.10.110 shall be and hereby is amended to read as follows:

8.10.110 – Unlawful tethering.

(a) Any animal that is restrained by a tether must be restrained in compliance with this section.

(b) If chain is used for tethering, it must have links of 5/16 of an inch or smaller.

(c) The use of chains or choke chains as collars is prohibited. This subsection does not apply to choke chains used for training purposes when a person is present at all times and actively engaged in training the animal.

(d) Any tether must be connected to a collar or harness on a swivel or in a manner that prevents the tether from tangling.

(e) The tether may be connected to the animal only by a buckle-type or snap-on collar or a body harness made of nylon or leather. Any collar or harness must fit the animal properly.

(f) Any tether must be at least ten feet in length, and the animal must have access to clean water and adequate shelter while tethered. The shelter and water vessel must be constructed or attached in such a way that the animal cannot knock over the shelter or water vessel.

(g) If there are multiple animals tethered, each animal must be on a separate tether and not secured to the same fixed point.

(h) It is a violation:

(1) To tether any animal in such a manner as to permit the animal to leave the owner’s property;

(2) To tether any animal in such a manner that allows the animal to be within ten feet of any public right-of-way;

(3) To tether any animal in such a manner that the animal can become entangled with any obstruction or any other tethered animal or be able to partially or totally jump over any fence;

(4) To tether any animal in a manner that prevents it from lying, sitting, and standing comfortably, and without the restraint becoming taut;

(5) To tether any animal that is sick, injured, or in distress, in the advanced stages of pregnancy, or under six months of age;

(6) To tether any animal during any severe weather advisories, warnings, or emergencies that have been issued or declared by the national weather service for the location at which the animal is tethered, unless the animal is provided with natural or manmade shelter that is adequate to keep it safe, dry, and protected under such conditions;

(7) To tether any animal in a manner that results in the animal being left in unsafe or unsanitary conditions, or that forces the animal to stand, sit, or lie down in its own excrement or urine; or otherwise endangers the health or safety of the animal.

(8) To tether any animal between the hours of 11 pm and 5 am.

(i) A first offense of this section is a class 1 civil infraction under RCW 7.80.120(1)(a). A second or subsequent offense is a misdemeanor.

 

Charleston, West Virginia
June 18, 2007

Dogs may not be tethered for more than two continuous hours, there must be a hiatus of three hours between periods of tethering, and dogs may not be tethered more than five times in a 24-hour period. Certain conditions must also be met in order to tether a dog.

Sec. 10-4. – Tethering of dogs.

(a) It is unlawful to attach chains or other tethers, restraints or implements directly to a dog without the proper use of a collar, harness, or other device designed for that purpose and designed to prevent injury to the animal.

(b) No person shall:

(1) Except as provided in subsection (2), tether a dog for more than two continuous hours: provided that tethering of the same dog may resume after a hiatus of three continuous hours; and provided further that the tethering of the same dog shall not be tethered more than five times in a 24-hour period; or

(2) When the outside temperature is equal to or greater than 90° Fahrenheit or equal to or less than 32° Fahrenheit, tether a dog for more than one continuous hour: provided that tethering of the same dog may resume after a hiatus of three continuous hours; and provided further that the tethering of the same dog is allowed no more than five times in a 24-hour period; or

(3) Use a tethering device, including, but not limited to, chain, leash, rope, collaring device, or any assembly or attachments thereto, the weight of which inhibits the free movement of the animal within the area tethered; provided that for the purpose of this subsection, in no event shall the tethering device, including any assembly or attachments thereto, weigh more than ⅛ of the animal’s body weight; or

(4) Tether a dog in such a manner as to cause injury, strangulation, or entanglement of the dog on fences, trees, or other man-made or natural obstacles.

(c) For the purpose of tethering a dog, the chain, leash, rope or other tethering device used shall be at least ten feet in length, unless this length allows the dog to be on property other than the owner’s property, or results in a violation of subsection (b)(4)

(d) Violation of this section shall be a separate and distinct offense from the cruelty to animals provisions of section 10-3. Further, violations of this section shall be subject to the enforcement, adjudication and penalty provisions of section 10-5

(Ord. No. 7266, 6-18-2007)

 

Morgantown, West Virginia
November 7, 2018

Dogs may not be tethered between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. or for more than 30 minutes in adverse weather conditions.

505.03 CRUELTY TO ANIMALS; PENALTIES; EXCLUSIONS.

(a) Definitions. The following terms shall have the meanings ascribed for the purposes of

this Section:

(1) Adverse environmental conditions – means (1) when the ambient temperature is 32 degrees Fahrenheit or below in the immediate vicinity of a dog, domestic companion animal, or service animal or there are other cold weather or precipitation related environmental conditions, including, but not limited to, wind, rain, snow, ice, sleet, or hail, such that a person should reasonably know would pose an adverse risk to the health or safety of a dog, domestic companion animal, or service animal, based on the animal’s size, age, physical condition, or thickness of the animal’s hair or fur; or (2) when the ambient temperature is 80 degrees Fahrenheit or above in the immediate vicinity of a dog, domestic companion animal, or service animal, or a dog, domestic companion animal, or service animal is exposed to direct sunlight or hot pavement or any other hot surfaces such that a person should reasonably know would pose an adverse risk to the health or safety of the animal, based on the animal’s size, age, physical condition, or thickness of the animal’s hair or fur. . . .

(4) Cruelly tether –

(A) The term “Cruelly tether” means attaching a dog to a physical restraint under the following conditions:

(i) the dog is a nursing female, or is less than six months old;

(ii) outdoors between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.,

(iii) in an unoccupied building or upon vacant property;

(iv) in a manner that does not permit the dog continuous access to water in a sanitary and liquid state whenever the dog is tethered for more than 30 minutes;

(v) in a manner that exposes the dog to adverse environmental conditions for more than 30 minutes;

(vi) by means of a choke collar, prong collar, head harness, or any other type of collar, harness, or similar device other than a properly fitted body harness or buckle-type collar designed for dogs;

(vii) by using a chain with metal links that are more than one-quarter of an inch thick, or a tether, collar, or harness to which a weight is attached;

(viii) with a tether on which more than one dog is restrained;

(ix) with a tether that is less than 15 feet in length or which does not permit the dog to walk at least 15 feet in any one direction;

(x) with a tether that permits the dog to reach another dog or an object or location that poses a risk of entanglement, strangulation, drowning, or other harm to the health or safety of the dog, including, but not limited to, another dog’s tether or a window sill, fence, wall, porch, terrace railing, vehicle, tree, pole, pool, or public road or highway;

(xi) with a chain or tether that weighs more than one-eighth of the dog’s body weight;

(xii) in such a manner as to limit its ability to urinate or defecate in an area separate from where it must eat, drink, or lie down; or

(xiii) in such a manner as to prohibit its access to food, water, dry ground or shelter

(B) The term “Cruelly tether” does not include the following:

(i) Attaching a dog to a running line, pulley, or trolley system, if the tether has swivels at both ends to prevent entanglement and only if the dog has access to shelter from adverse environmental conditions:

(ii) Tethering, fastening, chaining, tying, or otherwise restraining a dog pursuant to the requirements of a camping or recreational area.

(iii) Tethering, fastening, chaining, or tying a dog during the restricted hours of 11 p.m. and 5 a.m. for no longer than is necessary for the person to complete a temporary task that requires the dog to be restrained for a reasonable period, which shall not exceed one (1) hour.

(iv) Tethering, fastening, chaining, or tying a dog while engaged in, or actively training for an activity that is conducted pursuant to a valid license issued by the State of West Virginia if the activity for which the license is issued is associated with the use or presence of a dog. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit a person from restraining a dog while participating in activities or using accommodations that are reasonably associated with the licensed activity.

(v) Tethering, fastening, chaining, or tying a dog while actively engaged in any of the following:

(A) Conduct that is directly related to the business of shepherding or herding cattle or livestock.

(B) Conduct that is directly related to an agricultural operation, if the restraint is reasonably necessary for the safety of the dog.

(C) The specific activities defined in Paragraph (2)(A)(ii), (ix), and (x) of this Section shall not constitute “cruelly tethering” a dog when the dog’s owner or a person with custody or control of the dog:

(1) is in the presence of the dog at all times while the dog is tethered, whether indoors or outdoors; and

(2) can see the dog at all times while the dog is tethered, unless the person present is blind or visually impaired so that the person cannot see the dog due to the blindness or visual impairment, in which case the person present shall remain immediately adjacent to the dog at all times while the dog is tethered. . . .

(b) Unlawful treatment. It is unlawful for any person to intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly . . .

(12) Cruelly chain or tether an animal.

 

Moundsville, West Virginia
November 5, 2008

Animals may not be tethered in freezing or hot temperatures, to a stationary object, between nightfall and 6 a.m., or within 500 feet of a school. Animals under 6 months of age and animals who are sick or injured may not be tethered.

505.03 RESTRAINT, FOOD AND SHELTER.
(a) No person who is a caretaker or owner of a dog or cat shall intentionally let it run loose or fail to keep it restrained to the property of the owner or caretaker.
(b) No person shall tether, chain, tie, or confine an animal outside under any of the following conditions:
(1) When the outside temperature is equal to or greater than 85 degrees Fahrenheit or equal to or less than 32 degrees Fahrenheit.
(2) In such a manner as to cause injury, strangulation or entanglement of the dog on fences, trees or other man-made or natural obstacles.
(3) With a fixed point chain or to any stationary object.
(4) After dark and before 6 a.m.
(5) Within 500 feet of a school.
(6) That is under 6 months of age.
(7) That is sick or injured.

 

Linn, Wisconsin
May 10, 2004

No dog shall be tethered for more than 10 hours in a 24-hour period.

§ 7-9. Tethering or chaining of dogs restricted.

A. A dog may be restrained by a fixed point chain, trolley system or tether for no more than 10 hours in a twenty-four-hour period.

B. No chain or tether shall weigh more than 1/8 of the dog’s body weight.

C. Any chain or tether shall be at least 10 feet in length and have swivels at both ends.

D. Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the animal.

 

Racine, Wisconsin
March 15, 2005

Dogs may not be tethered for longer than 12 hours in a 24-hour period, and certain requirements must be met.

Sec. 10-101. Chaining dogs.

(a) It shall be unlawful to keep a dog chained for longer than 12 hours in any 24-hour period.

(b) The chain shall be affixed to a collar or harness and no less than ten feet in length.

(c) The chain shall be attached in such a manner as not to allow the dog to trespass on public or private property.

(d) The terms “chain” and “chaining” include any manner of restraint such as ropes, cables, or leashes.

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