The cartoon rabbits pictured on Easter cards may look cute
and cuddly, but real rabbits have no place in the "pet" industry.
These complex animals are often purchased on a whim, especially in the spring,
and potential caretakers rarely understand the specific needs of their new
companion. Once the novelty has worn off, many bunnies are neglected, relegated
to outdoor cages, dumped at shelters, or simply turned loose in the wild, where
they have little chance of surviving. Hundreds of organizations and shelters
are trying to deal with this growing problem.
Dealers and "pet" stores usually request 4-week-old
bunnies because they require less space and are "cuter," but bunnies
of this age are ill-prepared to be weaned from their parents. Many people who
purchase these young, small bunnies do not realize that depending on breed, the
average weight for an adult rabbit is anywhere from 2 to 20 pounds.
Rabbits are social creatures with gentle natures and
individual personalities, and they need just as much attention as a dog or cat.
They are not suitable companions for young children. Rabbits require specific
foods, stimulating environments, and veterinarians who have specialized
knowledge of their species.
How to Spot Neglect
Federal regulations apply only to those breeders or
"bunny mills" that do at least $500 of business with a particular pet
store, and enforcement is lax, so the rabbits that you see in the store may not
have been properly transported or cared for.
A runny nose, sneezing, head-tilt, listlessness, and
diarrhea are all signs of a sick bunny. Rabbits have extremely delicate
respiratory and digestive systems, and any change in the balance of these
systems can result in death if they are not treated properly and quickly. Bare
spots or scabs anywhere on the body suggest that the rabbit has parasites or
has been fighting with other rabbits.
If—after careful consideration—you have decided to welcome a
rabbit into your home, please adopt from your local humane society or rabbit
rescue group. Rabbits can live up to 10 years and require annual checkups by a
veterinarian who is familiar with rabbits. Bunnies need lots of company and can
become withdrawn and depressed if not provided with plenty of love and
companionship. Rabbits do get along with dogs and cats if they are all safely
If you plan to adopt two rabbits, consider a neutered male
and a spayed female, as they are usually more compatible than two fixed
same-sex bunnies. It is crucial to have your new companion spayed or neutered
immediately. Otherwise, males mark their territory, females run a high risk of
uterine cancer, and the already serious overpopulation crisis becomes worse.
Rabbits cannot tolerate extreme heat and must be provided
with shelter from the cold. They prefer to live indoors, where they can
participate in their caretaker's everyday life, but before you let your new
friend into your home, there are a few things you need to do to ensure his or
her safety and happiness. Bunnies are natural chewers and they love to play, so
be sure to provide plenty of toys. Untreated wood; straw; wire cat-balls; keys;
paper towel rolls; and hard, plastic baby toys work well, but even with all
these fun toys to play with, bunnies are drawn to electrical and phone wires,
books, baseboard molding, door jams, and plants.
You'll need to cover or redirect wires and move the rest of
these items up and out of the way before bringing your bunny home. You'll also
want to set up a large box or basket filled with shredded paper for your new
companion to dig in. Not all rabbits are chronic diggers, but those who are
will take their natural digging instincts out on your rugs and other
furnishings unless you've supplied an alternate digging spot. And while you're
setting up, don't forget that rabbits also need a safe, quiet haven such as a
cardboard box or plastic carrier with a towel inside. Wire cages are not
suitable for bunnies.
Litter training is possible at any age—since rabbits like to
relieve themselves in one place—and older rabbits tend to be quicker students
than youngsters. Even if you plan on giving the bunny the run of the house,
you'll need to conduct litter training in a relatively confined space. Fill a
litterbox with paper pulp litter. Do not use clay, as it is deadly for rabbits'
delicate digestive systems! Place the litter box in the corner of the cage or
room. Try encouraging your rabbit by putting some of his or her droppings into
the box or try using timothy hay or treats. Rabbits learn easily, and before
long, you will be able to leave litterboxes in different locations around the
Vegetarians, Thank You!"
The bulk of a rabbit's diet should be grass, timothy or oat
hay, and fresh vegetables. You may also try giving a limited amount of pellets
and a small amount of fruit to him or her. Dark leafy greens, broccoli, carrots,
parsley, watercress, bananas, apples, pears, and pineapples are all good
choices. Stay away from iceberg lettuce (too much water) or large amounts of
cabbage (can give a bunny gas). Like dogs or cats, rabbits may be prone to
begging at the table. As tempting as it may be to give your rabbit a taste of
whatever it is that you're eating, rabbits have digestive systems that are
easily disrupted, so you should stick to his or her normal diet. Check with
your vet before you add other treats.
Grooming and Handling
Although rabbits clean themselves much as cats do, rabbits
do not have the ability to cough up hairballs, so it is imperative that you
groom your rabbit a least once a week. Most rabbits love the attention and
grooming prevents digestive problems later in life
Rabbits are instinctively nervous when lifted off the
ground. Because of the delicate structure of their spines and the power of
their leg muscles, struggling rabbits can actually break their own backbones.
Never lift a rabbit by the ears or with just one hand under the stomach.
Rabbits do not like to be carried around as cats or dogs might. It is best to
get down on their level to interact with them, but if you must pick your rabbit
up, make sure that you are supporting his or her hind legs and rump at all
times and using your other hand to support his or her chest. Once acclimated to
your home, bunnies will come to you, jump into your lap, and even sleep with
Almost all of us grew up eating meat, wearing leather, and going to circuses and zoos. We never considered the impact of these actions on the animals involved. For whatever reason, you are now asking the question: Why should animals have rights? Read more.