Animals are not ours to eat, wear, experiment on, use for entertainment, or abuse in any other way.

The Following Communities Permit Animals to Be Chained for a Limited Period of Time

Fort Smith, Arkansas
December 27, 2012

Dogs may not be tethered as a primary means of confinement, but they may be attached to a trolley system provided that certain requirements are met.

Sec. 4-120. Regulations for tethering dogs

(a) No person shall tether, fasten, chain, tie, or restrain a dog, or cause any dog to be tethered, fastened, chained, tied, or restrained to a dog house, tree, fence, or any other stationary object with the intent that the tethering will be the animal’s primary means of permanent containment.

(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a), a person may do any of the following:

(1) Attach a dog to a trolley system as long as the trolley system is not intended as a means of permanent containment; or

(2) Tether, fasten, or tie a dog to a stationary object no longer than is necessary for the person responsible for the dog to complete a temporary task (e.g., cutting the grass, washing a car, gardening). In such temporary event, the dog must have convenient access to a sheltered area and containers of food and water.

(c) An acceptable trolley system is subject to the following requirements:

(1) The trolley system must be at least five (5) times the length of the dog’s body, as measured from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail; it must terminate at both ends with a swivel; it must not weigh more than one-eighth (1/8) of the dog’s weight; it must be free of tangles; and, it must be attached at two (2) permanent points elevated four (4) to seven (7) feet off the ground in a manner that allows the tether to move freely along the length of the cable; and

(2) The tether must be connected to the dog by a properly fitted, buckle-type collar or body harness of a size appropriate for the animal. A tether shall not be connected by means of a choke-type, pinch-type or prong type collar; and

(3) The dog must be tethered to a trolley system in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement; and

(4) The dog shall not be outside tethered to a trolley system during a period of extreme weather, including but not limited to, extreme heat or near-freezing temperatures, thunderstorms, or tornadoes; and

(5) The dog must have access to food, water, shade and shelter or dry ground; and

(6) Except as indicated hereafter, no person shall tether any dog outside to a trolley system unless the animal has been spayed/neutered. However, it is permissible to tether an intact dog when under the direct visual observation of the owner at all times the dog is tethered; it is also permissible to tether an intact dog if it is inside a completely fenced area that will prevent other dogs from coming into contact with the tethered intact dog; and

(7) No more than one (1) dog at a time may be attached to the same trolley system.

(d) An acceptable tether system for temporary purposes is subject to these requirements:

(1) When tethered, fastened, chained, tied, or restrained to stationary object, the tether must allow the free and untangled movement of the dog.

(2) The tether must be connected to the dog by a properly fitted harness (recommended) or collar appropriate for the dog. The harness or collar must fit in such a manner as to prevent injury, harm, and strangulation to the dog or allow the contained dot to escape.

(3) The minimum length of a tether is ten (10) feet.

(4) Except as indicated hereafter, no person shall tether any dog outside unless the animal has been spayed or neutered. However, it is permissible to tether an intact dog when under the direct visual observation of the owner at all times the dog is tethered; it is also permissible to tether an intact dog if it is inside a completely secured enclosure that will prevent other dogs from coming into contact with the tethered intact dog; and

(5) The dog is to be monitored periodically.

 

Jonesboro, Arkansas
March 17, 2009

Dogs older than 1 year of age and weighing less than 20 pounds may be tethered for two hours. Dogs may be restrained by a trolley system but only within certain limits.

Sec. 10-47. – Confinement of dogs.

(c) Tethering. Unless otherwise permitted under subsections (d) and (e) of this section, it shall be unlawful for any person to tether, fasten, chain, tie, restrain or cause a dog to be fastened, chained, tied or restrained to houses, trees, fences, garages or other stationary or highly immobile objects by means of rope, chain, strap, or any other physical restrain for the purpose of confinement, except an adult dog age one year or over and less than 20 pounds may be so tied for a time period not to exceed two hours.

(d) Trolley systems. A trolley system is a method to confine a dog by tethering the dog to a cable that is no less than 15 feet in length and elevated seven feet off the ground in a manner that allows the tether to move freely along the length of the cable. Only one animal may be attached to each running cable line or trolley system. Unless otherwise permitted under subsection (d) of this section, it shall be unlawful for any person to confine a dog through the use of a trolley system as follows in subsections (d)(1) through (6) of this section:

(1) For more than 12 consecutive hours or more than 18 total hours in any 24-hour period;

(2) For a puppy under the age of three months to be attached to a running cable line or trolley system for more than one consecutive hour or more than eight hours in a 24-hour period;

(3) For dogs that are not spayed or neutered for any period of time. Unaltered dogs must be in a completely fenced yard, defined within the same parameters as a “pen” to wit: “pen” shall be constructed of wood, metal or wire in such a fashion and manner of construction as to prevent the animal from escaping and to prevent the animals head from protruding through any section or part thereof, or housed indoors;

(4) That is located within 25 feet from any dwelling other than the person owning or controlling the dog;

(5) Any tethering system employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owner’s property; or

(6) In a manner that poses harm to the dog, including without limitation:

a. The use of a collar or harness that is ill fitting or constructed of any material other than leather or nylon;

b. The use of a tether that exceeds one-fifth of the body weight of the dogs or ten pounds total weight; or

c. The use of trolley system in an area that contains hazards to the dog or deprives the dog of food, water, and shelter.

 

Kern County, California
2002

This ordinance prohibits the fixed-point tethering of dogs for longer than 12 consecutive hours in a 24-hour period. Tethers must be at least 15 feet long, weigh no more than one-eighth of the dog’s weight, have swivels on both ends, and attach to a properly-fitting collar or harness.

7.08.115 Restraint.

(a) A dog or puppy shall not be restrained by a fixed point chain or tether for more than twelve (12) consecutive hours in a twenty-four (24) hour period. This chain shall be at least fifteen (15) feet long.

(b) A dog or puppy may be exclusively restrained by a chain or tether provided that it is at least fifteen (15) feet in length and attached to a pulley or trolley mounted on a cable which is also at least fifteen (15) feet in length and mounted no more than seven (7) feet above ground level.

(c) Any tethering system employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owner’s property.

(d) No chain or tether shall weigh more than one-eighth (1/8) of the dog or puppy’s weight.

(e) Any chain or tether shall be at least fifteen (15) feet in length and have swivels on both ends.

(f) Any chain or tether shall be attached to a properly fitting collar (no choke chain collars) or harness worn by the animal. (Ord. G-6942 § 5 (part), 2002)

 

Los Angeles, California
September 26, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the tethering of dogs in most circumstances. A limited period of tethering is allowed provided that certain conditions are met.

SEC. 53.70. CARE AND MAINTENANCE OF DOGS

D.  Tethering. It shall be unlawful for any person to tether, fasten, chain, tie, restrain or cause a dog to be fastened, chained, tied or restrained to houses, trees, fences, garages or other stationary or highly immobile objects by means of a rope, chain, strap or other physical restraint for the purpose of confinement, except in circumstances where all of the following requirements are met:

(1)  The tethering shall not be for more time than is necessary for the dog owner or custodian to complete a temporary task that requires the dog to be physically restrained for a reasonable period.

(2)  The dog must be tethered by a non-choke type collar or a body harness to a tether that is at least three (3) times the body length of the dog, measured from the dog’s nose to the back of the hindquarters and which tether is free from entanglement.

(3)  The dog must have access to food, water and shelter as described above.

(4)  The dog shall be monitored periodically.

This section shall not affect the use of appropriate electronic means of confinement.

 

San Bernardino, California
May 2007

6.08.145 Methods of Restraint – Improper Restraint.

F. Tie-outs must be of sufficient length to allow the animal freedom of movement without becoming tangled, but never less than eight (8) feet in length, excluding the length of the collar. Tie-outs must be made of a non-rigid material. Tie-outs shall not be the primary means of restraint and no animal shall be kept in this manner for more than 12 hours a day.

G. It is unlawful to use a weighted chain collar as a method of restraint.

 

Sonoma County, California
2006

Sec. 5-127. – Tethering/chaining of dogs restricted.

(a) A dog may be restrained by a fixed point chain or tether for no more than twelve (12) hours in a twenty-four hour period. This limitation shall not apply to a dog used in an agricultural operation for herding, guarding, or protecting livestock.

(b) No chain or tether shall weigh more than one-eighth of the dog’s body weight.

(c) Any chain or tether shall be at least ten (10) feet in length and have swivels at both ends.

(d) Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the animal. The use of chain or pinch collar is prohibited.

(e) If a dog is restrained using a pulley and cable system, the chain or tether must be at least ten (10) feet in length and attached to a pulley or trolley mounted on a cable that is also at least ten (10) feet in length and mounted at least four (4) feet and no more than seven (7) feet above ground level in a manner so as not to interfere or become entangled with objects on the property.

(f) The chained or tethered dog must have constant access to clean, fresh water in a sturdy, tip-resistant bowl or bucket inside a rubber tire to prevent tipping. It should be checked for freezing in the winter. Food has to be palatable and nutritious.

(g) The chained or tethered dog must have constant access to shelter and protection from the elements in all seasons of the year. The area must be kept clean of defecation.

(Ord. No. 5664 § 1(d), 2006.)

 

Denver, Colorado
May 11, 1992

Dogs may not be chained for a period longer than one hour on a chain less than six feet in length.

Sec. 8-131. Cruelty to animals prohibited. (b) It shall specifically be cruel, dangerous or inhumane for any person to: (3) Tether and leave, or permit to be left, unattended any animal on a leash, cord or chain of less than six feet in length for longer than one hour.

 

Washington, D.C.
June 8, 2001

Animals may not be chained in a manner deemed “cruel” as defined by the district’s law.

§ 22-1001 Definition and penalty

a. (1) Whoever knowingly overdrives, overloads, drives when overloaded, overworks, tortures, torments, deprives of necessary sustenance, cruelly chains, cruelly beats or mutilates, any animal, or knowingly causes or procures any animal to be so overdriven, overloaded, driven when overloaded, overworked, tortured, tormented, deprived of necessary sustenance, cruelly chained, cruelly beaten, or mutilated, and whoever, having the charge or custody of any animal, either as owner or otherwise, knowingly inflicts unnecessary cruelty upon the same, or unnecessarily fails to provide the same with proper food, drink, air, light, space, veterinary care, shelter, or protection from the weather, shall for every such offense be punished by imprisonment in jail not exceeding 180 days, or by fine not exceeding $250, or by both.

b. For the purposes of this section, “cruelly chains” means attaching an animal to a stationary object or a pulley by means of a chain, rope, tether, leash, cable, or similar restraint under circumstances that may endanger its health, safety, or well-being. Cruelly chains includes, but is not limited to, the use of a chain, rope, tether, leash, cable or similar restraint that:

1 Exceeds 1/8 the body weight of the animal;

2 Causes the animal to choke;

3 Is too short for the animal to move around or for the animal to urinate or defecate in a separate area from the area where it must eat, drink, or lie down;

4 Is situated where it can become entangled;

5 Does not permit the animal access to food, water, shade, dry ground, or shelter; or

6 Does not permit the animal to escape harm.

 

Smyrna, Delaware
July 15, 2013

Dogs may not be tethered unattended for longer than six consecutive hours or during extreme weather. Dogs who are sick or injured may not be tethered. Puppies under 6 months of age may not be tethered.

Sec. 14-36. Tethering of Dogs
It shall be unlawful for a dog to be tethered outdoors, except when all of the following conditions are met:
(a) The dog is not tethered outside for a period of longer than six (6) consecutive hours without the owner or individual who tethered the dog, or who is otherwise responsible for the care and maintenance of the dog, having direct physical contact with the dog.
(b) The tethering device complies with the following requirements:
(1) The tethering device is not placed directly around the dog’s neck;
(2) The tethering device is connected to the dog using a buckle-type collar or a body harness made of nylon or leather at least one inch in width;
(3) The length is at least (a) five times the length of the dog’s body, as measured from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail or (b) ten (10) feet long, whichever is greater;
(4) Both ends of the tethering device terminate with a swivel;
(5) The tethering device does not weigh more than 1/8 of the dog’s weight; and
(6) The tethering device is not prone to becoming tangled.
(c) The dog is tethered in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement with the dog or other objects.
(d) The dog is not outside during periods of extreme weather, including but not limited to the following:
(1) those times when the National Weather Service has issued an excessive heat warning for the Town of Smyrna;
(2) those times when the temperature is at or below 32 degrees Fahrenheit or 0 degrees Celsius;
(3) thunderstorms;
(4) tornadoes;
(5) tropical storms; and
(6) hurricanes.
(e) The tethering device shall allow the dog adequate access to food and water containers, shelter, and dry ground.
(f) The dog is not sick or injured or a puppy less than six (6) months of age.
(g) Any pulley, running line, or trolley systems used to tether the dog is at least 15 feet in length and is less than 7 feet above the ground.
(h) If there are multiple dogs, the dogs are tethered such that they cannot come into contact with each other.

 

Alachua County, Florida
2007

Section 72.10 Humane treatment for companion animals.

(c) Except as provided herein and in Section 72.34(b) no person shall restrain a dog by means of tethering, fastening, chaining, or tying the dog to a stationary object for more than 3 hours in a 24 hour period. If a dog is tethered the owner shall use a tether that weighs less than 118 the total weight of the dog and that is at least three times the body length of the dog from nose to the end of the body excluding the tail. A dog may be attached to a running line, pulley, or trolley system provided a choke or pinch collar is not used.

 

Coconut Creek, Florida
June 2012

Sec. 5-7. Prohibition of cruelty to animals.

(5) A fenced yard, an electric fence, or an enclosure, that is sufficient to prevent the animal from escaping; or
a. In lieu of the above enclosures requirement, a tether is permitted that meets the following requirements:
1. Animal is in visible and/or sound distance from owner.
2. Animal tethering shall not exceed a time period of 30 minutes between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 11:00 p.m. Tethering is not permitted between 11:00 p.m. and 7:00 a.m.
3. Animal or if multiple animals are tied to a tether system that either swivels or running line or pulley system in a manner that prevents injury, strangulation, or entanglement.
4. The tether is not less than ten (10) feet long and not more than fifteen (15) feet long.
5. The tether does not weight more than one eight [sic] (1/8) of the dog’s total body weight.
6. Animal is older than 6 months of age.
7. Animal has clean drinking water, shade, and dry ground.
8. The animal is not sick or injured.

 

Dania Beach, Florida
July 26, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs for longer than one hour in any 24-hour period and allows such tethering only under certain conditions.

Section 5-15. Dogs at large prohibited.

(b) It shall be a violation of this section for the owner of any dog to tie, chain, or otherwise tether a dog… outdoors; provided, however, that a dog may be temporarily tethered, tied or chained outdoors for a total period of time not exceeding one hour on any day between the hours of 9:00 am and 6:00 pm if accompanied by its owner or any person over the age of fifteen years. No dog shall be tethered, tied or chained outdoors at any time for purposes of training on any treadmill device. Dog owners must provide clean, safe and humane conditions for dogs which are outdoors on private property, which conditions include, but are not limited to, sufficient food and water, shelter from cold, heat and rain, with adequate shelter ventilation.

 

Escambia County, Florida 
April 2010

The ordinance requires dog owners to provide each dog with a shelter that is large enough to allow the animal sufficient space to stand up, turn around, lie down, and stretch comfortably. Tethering of animals who are more than 6 months old will be allowed if the animal is within eyesight of the owner and if the tethering system is at least 6 feet long, weighs no more than one sixteenth of the animal’s body weight, and is fitted with a proper collar. The animal cannot be tethered during extreme weather or while he or she is sick.

Section 10-16. Cruelty to Animals.

(e) It shall be unlawful for any owner or person in possession of an animal and who confines the animal outdoors on private property to tie, chain or otherwise tether an animal that is under the age of six (6) months.

(f) It shall be unlawful for any owner or person in possession of an animal and who confines the animal outdoors on private property to tie, chain or otherwise tether an animal that is over the age of six (6) months except when the following conditions are met:

(a) the animal is in the visible range of the responsible party or the responsible party is located outdoors with the animal;

(b) the tether shall—i) be a minimum of six (6) feet in length or at least five (5) times the length of the animal when measured from the tip of the animal’s nose to the base of the tail, whichever is longer, ii) terminate at both ends with a swivel, and iii) not weigh more than 1/16 of the animal’s weight;

(c) an overhead pulley/running line shall—i) be that is at least fifteen (15) feet in length and ii) no less than seven (7) feet above the ground;

(d) the tether must be fastened to a properly fitting body harness or buckle-type collar made of nylon or leather;

(e) the tether shall be free from entanglements or other obstructions at all times;

(f) the animal shall have access to potable water, food, shelter and dry ground at all times;

(g) an animal shall not be tethered while sick, injured or in distress;

(h) an animal shall not be tethered outside during a period of extreme weather, including but not limited to, extreme heat, extreme cold, thunderstorms, tornadoes, tropical storms, or hurricanes; and

(i) multiple animals must be tethered separately.

 

Fort Lauderdale, Florida
June 16, 2006

This ordinance prohibits the tethering of cats, dogs who are under the age of 6 months, and any dog during periods of extreme weather or for longer than 15 minutes between the hours of 10 a.m. and 5 p.m. Any tethering of dogs during other times must meet certain conditions.

Section 6-35. Supervision and Confinement; Tethering.

A. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog or cat to confine or tether that animal outdoors during periods of extreme weather, such as periods of unusually cold or hot temperatures, or periods of poor air quality, or when a hurricane or tropical storm warning has been issued.

B. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog or cat and who confines that dog or cat outdoors on private property to fail to provide the animal with:

6. A tether, which may be employed subject to the following regulations:

a. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog that is under the age of six months to tie, chain, or otherwise tether a dog that is under the age of six months outdoors. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any cat to tie, chain, or otherwise tether a cat outdoors.

b. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog that is over the age of six months to tie, chain, or otherwise tether a dog outdoors between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. except that a dog of any age may be temporarily tethered, tied, or chained outdoors for a total time period not exceeding fifteen minutes. At other times, it is permitted to tie, chain, or otherwise tether a dog that is over the age of six months outdoors if the dog is harnessed by a properly-fitting body harness that is fastened to either

i. a tether that is at least ten feet long and that is free from entanglement and that allows the dog to move unheeded; or

ii. an overhead run, which is an overhead wire at least 10 feet long to which the dog’s body harness is attached by a leash or chain, that allows the dog to move unheeded.

 

Hollywood, Florida
July 6, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs between the hours of 10 a.m. and 5 p.m. and allows tethering during other times only under certain conditions.

Chapter 92.08 Animal Care; Manner of Keeping.

(C) Animals maintained on a tether must be in an area free of objects that may cause entanglements. All tethers must be a minimum of six (6) feet in length and longer if appropriate for breed (i.e., Irish Wolfhound, Borzoi, Great Dane, St. Bernard, etc.). Choke type or prong type collars shall be used only while the animal is under the handler’s direction control. Between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., animals shall not be on a tether outdoors.

 

Jacksonville, Florida
May 28th, 2013

Animals may not be tethered to a stationary point. Animals may be tethered only when the owner is outside and within visual range of the animals and only if certain specific restrictions are observed in terms of tether material, collar/harness material, shelter accessibility, distance from other tethered animals, and distance from property perimeters. Animals who are sick, injured, or less than 1 year old may not be tethered, and animals may not be tethered during extreme weather.

Sec. 462.204. Restraint by tethering.

The City of Jacksonville recognizes that there is a clear link between animals that are left tethered in one location and increased aggressiveness. In order to protect the safety and welfare of citizens and visitors, restraint by tethering may only be used provided all of the following conditions are met:

(a) The tether is constructed of material sufficient to restrain the animal, but also not place the animal in danger of injury or death. Welded metal link chain with links larger than 2.5 mm in thickness (2.5 mm welded link chain has a working load of 750 pounds and a breaking load of 2,000 pounds) cannot be used to tether an animal regardless of the length or weight of the chain. The tether shall not weigh more than one-eighth of the animal’s body weight. When a violation of this provision occurs, an animal control officer is authorized to take reasonable measures to remove the animal from the tether and take the tether and animal to the shelter;

(b) The tether shall be at least long enough to allow the animal to move ten feet in all directions from the point of tethering. The tether must have operative swivels on both ends and be attached to an elevated line, not less than seven feet from the ground and not more than ten feet from the ground, connected to two stationary points not less than 15 feet apart and sufficient to hold the dog without breaking or coming loose;

(c) The tether shall be attached to a properly fitted buckle-style collar or buckle-style harness made of nylon or leather with a width of not less than one inch worn by the animal; the tether may not be attached to a slip or prong collar;

(d) The animal, while restrained by tether, is able to access proper shelter with sufficient floor, at least three walls, and roof to protect the animal from the weather, extreme temperatures and direct sunlight; and is able to access sufficient potable water and sufficient wholesome food.

(e) Beginning October 1, 2014, the tethered animal is within the visual range of the owner, and the owner is located outside with the animal;

(f) The animal is at least one year of age or older, and is not sick or injured;

(g) The animal is not outside during a period of extreme weather, including but not limited to extreme heat or near freezing temperatures, tropical storm or hurricane watches or warnings, thunderstorms, and/or tornado watches and warnings;

(h) Every animal must be tethered separately with each complying with all provisions herein, plus the animals must not be able to tangle their tether with any other animal on the property;

(i) No tethered animal may extend any closer than five feet from the perimeter fence or lot line; and

During the educational phase of the revision of this Section, beginning upon enactment of this ordinance and for a period of six months thereafter, animal code enforcement officers shall provide a warning to all first time tethering violators and allow them 30 days to correct the violation before any civil citation is issued for the tethering violation. Provided however, nothing herein prohibits any animal code enforcement officers from citing an owner for violations of any other portion of Chapter 462, Ordinance Code, including other prohibited acts of cruelty or neglect.

In the interest of public safety, animal control officers and/or law enforcement officers are authorized to remove aggressive and dangerous dogs from tethers and impound such animals where the animal is accessible by children or the public without a secured fence or enclosure.

A violation of this Section shall subject the violator to a civil fine of not less than the amount designated in Chapter 462, Part 18, Ordinance Code.

 

Lake County, Florida
April 2012

The ordinance bans the tethering of dogs unless the owners are out in the yard with them. It also prohibits chaining dogs during thunderstorms and extreme temperatures.

Sec 4-41. Prohibition of Tethering of Dogs.

 1. It is a violation of this section for any owner to tether or to confine a dog on a tether, except when:

a. The dog is in visual range of the owner who must also be physically present with the dog and attending to it while it is tethered; and

i. The tether is connected to the dog by a commercially available buckle-type collar or a body harness made of nylon or leather that is of sufficient size to adequately and safely restrain the dog; and

ii. The tether is of a size and weight that is reasonably necessary to safely restrain the dog without placing excessive strain or weight on the dog; and

iii. The dog is not tethered outside in periods of extreme weather, including but not limited to extreme heat or cold, thunderstorms, lightning, tornadoes, tropical storms or hurricanes.

b. A dog is tethered in a manner and under conditions that do not jeopardize its health, safety, or well-being and the dog is:

i. In attendance at, or participating in, any legal, organized publicly attended even in which both dog and owner are permitted attendees or participants; or

ii. Actively engaged in conduct that is directly related to the business of shepherding or herding cattle or livestock or related to the business of cultivating agricultural products, as long as the restraint is reasonably necessary for the safety of the dog; or

iii. Tethered, chained, tied, or restrained by a veterinarian or groomer while attending the dog; or

iv. Trained or being trained, to act in a law enforcement capacity; or

v. Being lawfully used to actively hunt a species of wildlife in this state, during the hunting season, for that species of wildlife; or

vi. Tethered temporarily while being kept in a bonafide humane shelter or at a commercial boarding facility; or

vii. Tethered in accordance with the regulations of a camping or recreational area; or

viii. Being cared for as part of a rescue operation during a natural or man-made disaster; or

ix. Being transported in a vehicle.

c. Notwithstanding the exceptions provided above, a dog that is sick or injured cannot be tethered as a means of confinement by the owner nor may a puppy under the age of six (6) months be tethered at any time unless the owner is present and attending the puppy during the entire time the puppy is tethered.

 

Leon County, Florida
February 12, 2013

Animals who are sick or injured or who are under 6 months of age may not be tethered. Animals may not be tethered during severe or extreme weather.

Sec. 4-37. – Humane care required.
e) Tethering. No person shall under any circumstances tether or otherwise confine any animal in a manner that is injurious to the animal’s health, safety and well-being. Proper and humane tethering includes, but is not limited to the following:

(1) Collars used to attach an animal should be comfortable and properly fitted. The use of choker collar or chain is prohibited.
(2) The tether shall not extend over an object or edge in such a manner that could result in strangulation of or injury to the animal. The length of the tether must be a minimum of six feet, or at least three times the length of the animal measured from the animal’s nose to the base of its tail, whichever is greater, unless the tether is being used to secure the animal to the bed of an open vehicle or pick-up truck. The tether must have a swivel at both ends to prevent entanglement. Restraints should allow the animal to move about and lie down comfortably. Pulley, running line, or trolley systems must be at least 15 feet in length and less than seven feet above the ground.
(3) Tethering of an animal is prohibited during severe weather events and natural disasters such as flood, fires, tornadoes, hurricanes or blizzard.
(4) No animal shall be confined to a vacant or abandoned structure or vacant property.
(5) The weight or gauge of any tether or chain shall not be more than one-eighth of the animal’s weight. Logging chains and vehicle tow chains are prohibited. No person shall add any weight to an animal collar, harness, chain or tether.
(6) Animals are not to be tethered outside during extreme weather events, including, but not limited to, extreme heat or cold, thunderstorms, lightning, tornadoes, tropical storms, hurricanes, or snow.
(7) The animal tethered must be at least six months of age. Puppies and kittens shall not be tethered.
(8) The animal tethered must not be sick or injured.

 

Manatee County, Florida
May 2012

This ordinance requires full supervision of an animal on a tether, specifies the legal methods of tethering, and bans tethering of animals younger than 6 months as well as tethering in extreme weather.

Sec. 2-4-8. Humane treatment of animals

D. Under no circumstances shall a person improperly tether any animal. It shall be unlawful for any owner to tether an animal outdoors, except when all of the following conditions are met:

1. The animal is within visual range of the owner, and the owner is located outside with the animal.
2. The tether is connected to the animal by a buckle-type collar or a body harness made of nylon or leather, not less than one inch in width.
3. The tether has the following features:
a. It is at least five (5) times the length of the animal’s body, as measured from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail;
b. It terminates at both ends with a swivel
c. It does not weigh more than one-eighth the animals weight; and
d. Is free of tangles.
4. The animal is tethered in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation or entanglement.
5. The animal is not outside during a period of extreme weather, including without limitation, extreme heat or near-freezing temperatures, thunderstorms, tornadoes, tropical storms or hurricanes.
6. The animal has access to water, shelter and dry ground.
7. The animal is at least six 6) months of age. Puppies, kittens and other young animals shall not be tethered.
8. The animal is not sick or injured.
9. Pulley, running line, or trolley systems are at least fifteen (15) feet in length and are less than seven (7) feet off the ground.
10. If there are multiple animals, each animal is tethered separately.

 

Oakland Park, Florida
July 5, 2006

This ordinance prohibits the tethering of dogs who are pre-adolescent and cats. It also prohibits the tethering of any dog during periods of extreme weather or for longer than 15 minutes between the hours of 10 a.m. and 5 p.m. Any tethering of dogs during other times must meet certain conditions.

Sec. 4-23. Supervision and confinement; tethering.

(a) It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog, cat or other animal to confine or tether that animal outdoors during periods of extreme weather or during a period during which a hurricane warning or tropical storm warning is in effect.

(b) It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog, cat or other animal who confines that animal outdoors on private property to fail to provide the animal with:

(1) Food and potable water; and

(2) Adequate shelter, which shall mean ventilated protection for the animal from the elements and which shall provide room for each animal to stand erect, sit, lie down and fully turn around; and

(3) Periodic supervision, which shall mean that each animal is provided with fresh food and potable water and inspected for injury or poor health at least once during every twelve (12) hours; and

(4)) Adequate space for exercise, which shall mean no less than one hundred fifty (150) square feet per animal; and

(5) A fenced yard, an electronic fence or an enclosure that is sufficient to prevent the animal from escaping; or

(6) A tether which may be employed subject to the following regulations:

a. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any pre-adolescent dog to tie, chain or otherwise tether outdoors that pre-adolescent dog .

b. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge of or in control of any cat to tie, chain or otherwise tether outdoors a cat.

c. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog which has reached the adolescent stage to tie, chain or otherwise tether outdoors that dog between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. except that a dog of any age may be temporarily tethered, tied or chained outdoors for a total time period not exceeding fifteen minutes.

d. At other times, it is permitted to tie, chain or otherwise tether outdoors an adolescent or older dog if the dog is harnessed by a properly fitting body harness that is fastened to either:

(i) A tether that is at least ten feet long and that is free from entanglement and that allows the dog to move unheeded;

(ii) An overhead run, which is at least ten feet long to which the dog’s body harness is attached by a leash or chain that allows the dog to move unheeded.

(c) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit an owner or keeper from controlling a dog, cat or animal kept as a pet by the handheld use of a rope, leash, or chain, when total weight of the collar together with the chain, rope, or tether does not exceed on-sixteenth [sic] (1/16) the body weight of the animal.

 

Orange County, Florida
July 12, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs between the hours of 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. and during periods of extreme weather. Tethering is allowed during other times only under certain conditions.

Section 5-29. Definitions.

Restraining Device shall mean a chain, cord, or cable, with a minimum length of ten feet, used to confine an animal on an owner’s property. This device must provide for humane, unrestrained range of movement for the animal to insure that the animal is not exposed to hazard or injury and shall not prevent the animal from having food, water, shelter, adequate ventilation, protection from the elements or other care generally considered to be normal and usual. This device shall be proportional in size, weigh no more than 1/8 of the dog or puppy’s body weight, and designed for use with the specific breed of animal with an appropriate collar. These devices shall not be used to confine a dog on an owner’s property between the hours of 9:00 am and 5:00 pm, 365 days a year and during times of extreme weather, e.g., hurricanes, below freezing conditions.

Seminole, Florida
December 22, 2009

Dogs may be tethered only if certain conditions are met.

Sec. 18-110. – Supervision, confinement and tethering of canines.
(a) As used in this section, tether means to restrain a canine by typing [sic] the canine to any object or structure, including without limitation a house, tree, fence, post, garage, or shed, by any means, including without limitation a chain, rope, cord, leash, or running line. Tethering shall not include using a leash to walk a canine.
(b) It shall be unlawful for a responsible party to tether a canine while outdoors, except when all of the following conditions are met:
(1) The canine is in visual range of the responsible party, and the responsible party is located outside with the canine.
(2) The tether is connected to the canine by a buckle-type collar or a body harness made of nylon or leather, not less than one inch in width.
(3) The tether has the following properties: it is at least five times the length of the canine’s body, as measured from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail; it terminates at both ends with a swivel; it does not weigh more than ⅛ of the canine’s weight; and it is free of tangles.
(4) The canine is tethered in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement.
(5) The canine is not outside during a period of extreme weather, including without limitation extreme heat or near-freezing temperatures, thunderstorms, tornadoes, tropical storms, or hurricanes.
(6) The canine has access to water, shelter, and dry ground.
(7) The canine is at least six months of age. Puppies shall not be tethered.
(8) The canine is not sick or injured.
(9) Pulley, running line, or trolley systems are at least 15 feet in length and are less than seven feet above the ground.
(10) If there are multiple canines, each canine is tethered separately.
(c) This section shall not apply to the transportation of canines.
(d) For a first-time violation, the code enforcement officer shall issue a warning notice to the responsible party and shall wait at least ten days before taking any further enforcement action against the responsible party. Thereafter, each violation of this section shall be subject to enforcement in accordance with section 18-111 of this chapter or Chapter 2, Article V., Division 4 of the City Code. For all civil penalties for violations of this section collected pursuant to section 18-110, 50 percent of the amount collected shall be paid to Pinellas County Animal Services.
Seminole County, Florida
March 22, 2011

Dogs may be tethered only under certain conditions during certain hours of the day.

Sec. 20.39 Use of a fixed-point restraining device

(a) A fixed-point restraining device is hereby defined as a trolley system, chain, cord, leash, cable, or similar device which is attached to one or more fixed points to include, without limitation, a house, tree, fence, post, garage or shed, used to confine a dog or cat to the owner’s property and designed to be used for such purposes. The device shall be a minimum length of ten (10) feet in length and shall be no longer than what is necessary to keep such dog or cat confined to the owner’s property.

(b) A fixed-point restraining device shall not be used to confine a dog or cat outdoors between the hours of 9:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., except as provided herein. A dog or cat may be attached to a fixed-point restraining device for a period of time not to exceed one (1) hour per day, and shall be directly supervised and accompanied by the owner outside for the duration of the time the dog or cat is attached to the fixed-point restraining device.

(c) The use of a fixed-point restraining device between 5:00 p.m. and 9:00 a.m. may be allowed as provided herein.

(1) The fixed-point restraining device shall be a minimum of ten (10) feet in length and shall be placed in a location which keeps such dog or cat confined exclusively to the owner’s property.

(2) The fixed-point restraining device shall be used in conjunction with an appropriate collar or harness designed for use with the specific size of dog or cat. Pinch, choke, and/or pronged type collars shall not be used when restraining a dog or cat in this manner.

(3) The fixed-point restraining device shall be placed in a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation or entanglement.

(4) If there are multiple dogs or cats, each shall be confined separately and in such a manner the fixed-point restraining device shall not become entangled with each other.

(d) It shall be unlawful to use a fixed-point restraining device to confine any dog or cat under the age of six (6) months.

(e) During any time of severe weather, the use of a fixed-point restraining device to secure a dog or cat onto the owner’s property is strictly prohibited. This includes, but is not limited to, lightning storms, tornado warnings, hurricane warnings, heat index above ninety degrees (90°) Fahrenheit, temperatures below thirty-two degrees (32°) Fahrenheit.

 

Wilton Manors, Florida
August 12, 2006

Companion animals may not be kept outside during extreme weather, and those under 6 months of age may not be tethered. No companion animal may be tethered for more than 15 minutes between 10 a.m. and 5 p.m. Tethering is allowed only when certain requirements are met.

Sec. 4-4. – Supervision and confinement; tethering.

(a) The following terms, as used in this section, are defined as set out below:
Animal: A multicellular organism of the kingdom Animalia, differing from plants in certain typical characteristics such as capacity for locomotion, nonphotosynthetic metabolism, pronounced response to stimuli, restricted growth, and fixed bodily structure.

(b) Any person who owns or any person who is in charge of any dog, cat or animal kept as a pet is prohibited from confining or tethering that dog, cat or animal outdoors during periods of extreme weather or when a hurricane warning has been issued.

(c) Any person who owns or any person who is in charge of any dog, cat or animal kept as a pet who confines that animal outdoors on private property must provide the dog, cat or animal with:

(1) Sufficient and appropriate food and potable water; and

(2) Adequate shelter from cold, heat, sun, and rain; and

(3) Periodic supervision, which shall mean that each animal shall be attended to at least once during every twelve (12) consecutive hours; and

(4) Adequate space for exercise, which shall mean no less than one hundred fifty (150) square feet per animal; and

(5) A fenced yard, an electronic fence, or an enclosure, which has at least one (1) translucent side, that is sufficient to prevent the animal from escaping; or

(6) A tether under the following circumstances:

a. Any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog, cat, or animal that is under the age of six (6) months shall not tie, chain, or otherwise tether a dog, cat or animal kept as a pet that is under the age of six (6) months outdoors.

b. Any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any animal that is over the age of six (6) months shall not tie, chain, or otherwise tether a dog, cat or animal kept as a pet outdoors between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. except that an animal kept as a pet of any age may be temporarily tethered, tied, or chained outdoors for a total time period not exceeding fifteen (15) minutes. At other times, it is permitted to tie, chain, or otherwise tether an animal kept as a pet that is over the age of six (6) months outdoors if the pet is collared by a properly fitting, non-choke type collar or a body harness that is fastened to either:

i. A tether that is at least three (3) times the body length of the dog, cat, or animal measured from the dog, cat, or animal’s nose to back of the hindquarters, and that is free from entanglement; or

ii. An overhead run, which is a leash or chain attached to an overhead wire at least ten (10) feet long, that allows the dog, cat, or animal to move unheeded, when total weight of the collar together with the chain, rope, or tether does not exceed one-sixteenth (1/16) the body weight of the animal.

(d) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit an owner or keeper from controlling a dog, cat or animal kept as a pet by the handheld use of a rope, leash, or chain, when total weight of the collar together with the chain, rope, or tether does not exceed one-sixteenth (1/16) the body weight of the animal.

(Ord. No. 907, § 2, 8-12-06)

 

 

Bloomington, Indiana
December 23, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the tethering of animals for more than 10 continuous hours and for more than 12 total hours in any 24-hour period or for any period of time in conditions that threaten the health or well-being of the animal.

Chapter 7.36.050 General animal care.

(f) No chain or tether shall weigh more than 1/8 of the animal’s body weight.

(g) Any chain or tether shall be at least ten (10) feet in length and have swivels on both ends.

(h) Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting buckle-type collar or harness worn by the animal. Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for purposes of tethering an animal to a stationary object or cable run. A person may not wrap a chain or tether around an animal’s neck. A chain or tether used to restrain an animal must, by design and placement, be unlikely to become entangled.

(i) It shall be unlawful for the owner/guardian of any animal to keep or maintain the animal on a tether for a period of more than ten (10) continuous hours and no more than twelve (12) hours in any twenty-four (24) hour period, or for any duration under conditions, which threaten the health, or well being of the animal.

 

Floyd County, Indiana

Only spayed or neutered dogs may be chained. These dogs may not be chained or tethered for more than 10 hours in any 24-hour period and never between sunset and sunrise. The chain may not weigh more than one-eighth of the animal’s bodyweight.

ss. A-O.00 Restraint.

2. For dogs and puppies, RESTRAINT shall mean restricted to the premises of the owner and confined in a secure enclosure as previously defined, or accompanied by the owner and under his/her direct control.

a) Any tethering system employed in place of a fence shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owner’s property. The chain or tether must not be made of rope, twine, cord or similar material that can easily be cut or chewed through. Any tethering system shall not be acceptable for any dog declared dangerous.

b) No chain or tether shall weigh more than 1/8 of the animals body weight.

c) Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the animal as defined in this ordinance. A chain, choke or pinch collar shall not be utilized for tethering purpose.

d) No dog shall be chained or tethered that has not been spayed or neutered.

e) Spayed or neutered dogs may not be chained or tethered for more than 10 continuous hours in any 24-hour period. Dogs may not be chained or tethered at all between sunset or sunrise.

 

Fort Wayne, Indiana
December 11, 2007

Dogs may not be tethered between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m., and unaltered dogs may not be tethered at all.

§ 91.021 FASTENING ANIMALS WITH ROPE OR CHAIN; CHOKER COLLAR.
(F) Tethering. It shall be unlawful:
(1) For any dog to be tethered between the hours of 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.
(2) To tether any unsterilized dog for any period of time.
(3) To tether or confine a dog at a vacant structure or premises for any purpose when it is not monitored by an adult who is present at the property for the duration of such tethering or confinement.
(4) To tether a dog under six months of age.
(5) For more than three dogs to be tethered simultaneously at the same residence.
(6) To have contact between tethered dogs.
(7) For tethered dogs to be within three feet of another person’s property, public thoroughfare, and/or right-of-way.
(8) To tether a dog without access to adequate shelter at all times.
(G) Multiple tangling during tethering. If one or more dogs at a residence have required a response from Animal Control to untangle tethers more than two times in one year, it shall be a violation of this section.

 

Indianapolis and Marion County, Indiana
2006

An animal may not be tethered between the hours of 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. Unaltered dogs may not be left unattended while tethered.

Sec. 531-401. – General requirements for animal care and treatment.
(c) It shall be unlawful for any animal to be tethered between the hours of 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.; or to tether any un-sterilized dog for any period of time unless it is monitored by a competent adult for the duration of such tethering; or to tether or confine an animal at a vacant structure or premises for any purpose or time when it is not monitored by a competent adult who is present at the property for the duration of such tethering or confinement.

 

Marion, Indiana
May 16, 2006

Dogs may not be tethered for more than three hours in a 24-hour period, and they must be fitted with a proper collar or harness.

§ 96.26 USE OF ROPES, CHAINS OR CORDS PROHIBITED.

No animal shall be tied or fastened by any rope, chain, or cord that is directly attached to the animal’s neck. Restrained animals must wear a properly fitted collar or harness made of leather or nylon, not of the choker type. This is not to prohibit the proper use of choker collars in the training of animals. The tying device shall be attached to the animal’s collar or harness and shall be at least 12 feet of free length. If a chain is used, such chain shall not have a total weight of more than one-eighth of the restrained animal’s body weight. All animals tethered on the owner’s property shall not be able to get closer than three feet from any fence or from another tethered animal. No animal will be tethered for more than three hours during any 24-hour period. Reasonable exercise will be provided for the animal by the owner. An animal in estrus shall not be restrained by rope, chain, or cord but shall be contained in a six-sided enclosure which prohibits the access of an animal of the opposite sex.

 

Arkansas City, Kansas
2007

Dogs may be tethered for an hour at a time at three-hour intervals and for no more than four hours total in a 24-hour period.

Sec. 10-35. Restriction on dogs tethered or staked on private property.

No person shall tether or stake a dog for more than one continuous hour, except that tethering or staking of the same dog may resume after a hiatus of three continuous hours, for no more than four total hours on a tether or stake every 24-hour period.

 

Dodge City, Kansas
February 7, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs for more than one continuous hour or more than three total hours in any 24-hour period. Three continuous hours must pass between periods of chaining. Tethers must be at least 10 feet long, weigh no more than one-eighth of the dog’s weight, and attach to a proper collar or harness. Tethers cannot inhibit the dog’s movement or cause injury, entanglement, or strangulation.

Chapter 2-108. Tethering of dogs restricted.

It shall be unlawful for any person to continuously tether a dog for more than one continuous hour, except that tethering of the same dog may resume after a hiatus of three continuous hours, for up to three hours total time on tether per day. (a) For the purpose of tethering a dog, a chain, leash, rope, or tether shall be at least 10 feet in length.

(b) A chain, leash, rope, collaring device, tether, or any assembly or attachments thereto used to tether a dog shall not weight more than one-eighth of the animal’s body weight, or due to weight, inhibit the free movement of the animal within the area tethered.

(c) Dogs shall be tethered in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement on fences, trees, or other manmade or natural obstacles.

(d) It is unlawful to attach chains, ropes, or other restraints implements directly to a dog without the proper use of a collar, harness, or other device designed for that purpose and made from a material that prevents injury to the animal.

 

Lawrence, Kansas
July 13, 2004

This ordinance limits the chaining of dogs to three hours per day. Dogs cannot be tethered for more than an hour at a time and must be taken off a tether for at least three hours between confinements. Tethers must be least 10 feet long and weigh no more than one-eighth of the animal’s body weight. Tethers must attach directly to a proper collar or harness, allow the dog’s free movement, and cannot cause the dog to be injured, strangled, or become tangled.

Section 3-105 1 Picketing of Dogs: It is unlawful to attach chains or other tethers, restraints, or implements directly to a dog without the proper use of a collar, harness, or other device designed for that purpose and made from a material that prevents injury to the animal

No person shall (A) Continuously picket a dog for more than one continuous hour, except that picketing of the same dog may resume after a hiatus of three continuous hours, for up to three hours total time on picket per day, provided that for the purpose of picketing a dog, a chain, leash, rope or tether shall be at least 10 feet in length, or (B) Use a chain, leash, rope, collaring device, tether, or any assembly or attachments thereto to picket a dog that shall weigh more than 1/8 of the animal’s body weight, or due to weight, inhibit the free movement of the animal within the area picketed, or (C) Picket a dog in such a manner as to cause injury, strangulation, or entanglement of the dog on fences, trees, or other man made or natural obstacles.

 

Leavenworth, Kansas
June 13, 2006

This ordinance prohibits the tethering of dogs for more than two continuous hours or six total hours in any 24-hour period. A hiatus of three or more continuous hours must separate tethering sessions.

Sec. 18-44.  Restriction on dogs leashed or tethered on private property.
Any dog leashed, or otherwise tethered on private property shall be restricted from movement closer than ten feet to the property line of the premises or any public sidewalk or right-of-way, unless such dog is muzzled or fenced in.
No person shall continuously tether or stake a dog for more than two continuous hours, except that tethering or staking of the same dog may resume after a hiatus of three continuous hours, for up to six hours total time on a tether or stake per day.  Provided, that this provision shall not apply to businesses utilizing dogs for security during non-business hours.

 

Overland Park, Kansas
1992

Dogs may not be tethered between 7 p.m. and 7 a.m., and they may be tethered only if certain requirements are met.

6.09.025 Abuse and Neglect of Animals.

A. No owner, keeper or harborer of an animal shall fail to provide the animal with adequate care, adequate food, adequate water, adequate health care, and adequate shelter. Such shelter should be clean, dry, and compatible with the condition, age and species. An animal must also have the opportunity for adequate daily exercise. This requires that an owner must offer some freedom from continuous chaining, stabling and tethering. The area where animals are kept must also be kept free from unsanitary conditions and vermin-harboring debris.

B. Tethering. For the purposes of this Section, “tethering” is the use of a chain, leash, tie, tether, rope or other device to restrain any animal to an inanimate object. It shall be unlawful to tether any animal in a manner that is inhumane, cruel, or detrimental to its welfare.

In addition to the above general requirements, the tethering of a dog shall be subject to the following conditions:

a. Dogs shall not be tethered outside except between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 7:00 p.m.

b. Any device used for the purpose of tethering a dog shall provide the dog at least ten feet in which to run.

c. Any device used for the purpose of tethering a dog shall not be of a weight that inhibits the free movement of the dog within the area tethered.

d. Dogs shall be tethered in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation or entanglement on fences, trees or other man made or natural obstacles.

e. It is unlawful to attach chains or other tether restraint implements directly to a dog without the proper use of a collar, harness, or other device designed for that purpose and all such tethering devices shall be made from a material that prevents injury to the animal.

 

Topeka, Kansas
2005

Dogs may not be left tethered unattended for more than 15 minutes. When dogs are tethered, certain requirements must be met.

6.05.040 Cruelty to animals.

(b) It shall be unlawful for any person to attach chains or other tethers, restraints or implements directly to a dog or cat without the proper use of a collar, harness, or other device designed for that purpose and made from a material that prevents injury to the animal. No person shall:

(1) Continuously tether a dog or cat for more than 15 minutes without supervision; or

(2) Use a tether or any assembly or attachments thereto to tether a dog or cat that shall weigh more than one-eighth of the animal’s body weight, or due to weight, inhibit the free movement of the animal within the area tethered; or

(3) Tether a dog or cat on a choke chain or in such a manner as to cause injury, strangulation, or entanglement of the dog on fences, trees, or other manmade or natural obstacles; or

(4) Tether a dog or cat without access to shade when sunlight is likely to cause overheating, or appropriate shelter to provide insulation and protection against cold and dampness when the atmospheric temperature falls below 40 degrees Fahrenheit, or to tether a dog without securing its water supply so that it cannot be tipped over by the tether; or

(5) Tether a dog or cat in an open area where it can be teased by persons or an open area that does not provide the dog or cat protection from attack by other animals; or

(6) Tether a dog or cat in an area where bare earth is present and no steps have been taken to prevent the surface from becoming wet and muddy in the event of precipitation.

 

Wellington, Kansas
April 15, 2008

Dogs may not be tethered for longer than two consecutive hours or more than four total hours within a 24-hour period. Certain requirements must also be met when a dog is tethered.

Sec. 6-73. Tethering.

(a) Unless a dog is under the direct supervision of the owner and/or harborer, it shall be unlawful to keep a dog tethered in place for more than two hours at a time. After a break of not less than two hours off the tether, a dog may be tethered again for two hours. A dog may not be tethered more than four hours in any 24-hour period.

(b) Conditions of tethering are defined as follows:

(1) Dogs shall be tethered in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation or entanglement on fences, trees or other objects.

(2) Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar, or to a harness that is worn by the dog. Collars shall not be of a choke type.

(3) No tether shall weigh more than one-eighth of the dog’s body weight.

(4) Any tether shall be at least ten feet in length and have swivels on both ends.

(5) Any tethering system used shall not allow the dog to leave the owner’s property.

(c) Exceptions to tethering are as follows: Overhead trolley tethering systems are allowed and not applicable to the provisions of subsection (a) of this section.

(d) Penalties for violation of this section are as follows:

(1) A violation of this section shall be an unclassified misdemeanor. Upon repeat offenses by the same person, the court shall have the discretion to remove the dog involved and place the animals with the county humane society for adoption.

(2) Any dog found to be tethered in violation of this section may, at the discretion of the animal control officer, be impounded and placed in a safe harbor until ordered by the court to be released. The owner of the impounded dog shall be responsible for any costs associated with the dog’s placement. If the owner fails to pay the impound costs, the subject dog may be considered for adoption through the county humane society.

Wichita, Kansas
2003

Dogs may not be tethered for more than an hour at a time, there must be a three-hour break between periods of tethering, and dogs may not be tethered for more than three hours total in a 24-hour period. Certain requirements must also be met when a dog is tethered.

Sec. 6.04.040. Control and protection of animals in general.

(e) It is unlawful for any person to:

(12) Continuously picket a dog for more than one continuous hour, except that picketing of the same dog may resume after a hiatus of three continuous hours. A dog may not be picketed for a total time period exceeding three hours, in any twenty-four-hour period.

For the purpose of picketing a dog, a chain, leash, rope, or tether shall be at least 10 feet in length.

a. A chain, leash, rope, collaring device, tether, or any assembly or attachments thereto used to picket a dog shall not weigh more than one-eighth (1/8) of the animal’s body weight, or due to weight, inhibit the free movement of the animal within the area picketed.

b. Dogs shall be picketed in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement on fences, trees, or other man made or natural obstacles;

c. It is unlawful to attach chains or other tether restraint implements directly to a dog without the proper use of a collar, harness, or other device designed for that purpose and made from a material that prevents injury to the animal.

 

Bowling Green, Kentucky
March 7, 2006

Dogs may not be restrained on a fixed-point tether for more than one hour in a 24-hour period. Certain requirements must also be met while the animal is tethered.

5-1.01  Definitions.

“Confinement” shall mean:

a.  All animals, except puppies and dogs: confinement shall mean on the premises of the owner, or if off the premises of the owner, under restraint by means of a lead, leash, harness, appropriate animal carrier or other reasonable method and under the control of a responsible person.

b.  Puppies and dogs: confinement shall mean on the premises of the owner and confined in a secure enclosure or accompanied by the owner on the owner’s property and under his direct control. If off the premises of the owner, the animal must be restrained by a lead or leash and under the control of a responsible person, or accompanied by a responsible person into an approved off-leash area and in conformance with all regulations and/or requirements imposed as a condition of utilizing such “off-leash” area.

1.  It is prohibited to exclusively restrain a dog or puppy by a fixed-point chain or tether. A fixed-point restraint may be used temporarily, but not to exceed one (1) hour in a twenty-four (24) hour period.

2.  A dog may be exclusively restrained by a chain or tether provided that it is at least ten (10) feet in length and attached to a pulley or trolley mounted on a cable which is also at least ten (10) feet in length and mounted no more than seven (7) feet above ground level.

3.  Any tethering system employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owner’s property.

4.  No chain or tether shall weigh more than 1/8 of the dog or puppy’s body weight.

5.  Any chain or tether shall be at least ten (10) feet in length and have swivels on both ends.

6.  Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the animal.

 

Louisville-Jefferson County, Kentucky
December 20, 2007

Dogs may not be tethered for more than one hour during any eight-hour period or between the hours of 8 a.m. and 6 p.m. Certain requirements must be met when dogs are tethered.

§ 91.091 RESTRAINT BY LEASH, CHAIN, OR COLLAR; SPECIFICATIONS.

(A)  Minimum standards for restraint of animals shall be as follows:

(1)  It is prohibited to exclusively restrain a dog or puppy by a fixed-point chain or tether:

(a)  Between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m.;

(b)  For a period of time exceeding one hour in any eight-hour period.

(2)  A dog may be restrained by a chain or tether provided that it is at least ten feet in length and attached to a pulley or trolley mounted on a cable which is also at least ten feet in length and mounted no more than seven feet above ground level.

(3)  Any tethering system employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owner’s property.

(4)  No chain or tether shall weigh more than 1/8 of the dog or puppy’s body weight.

(5)  Any chain or tether shall be at least ten feet in length and have swivels on both ends.

(6)  Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the animal.

(7)  All collars used for the purpose of chaining or tethering an animal must be made of nylon, leather, or other durable and non-metallic material. Using a chain, choke, or pinch collar as a primary collar is prohibited.

(8)  All collars shall fit an animal so as to avoid causing injury to the animal or becoming imbedded in the animal’s neck.

(B)  The Director, with the approval of the Secretary, may promulgate regulations implementing this section which are not inconsistent with any of the provisions of this chapter.

 

New Orleans, Louisiana
March 7, 2013

Dogs may be tethered to overhead running lines if certain requirements are met.

Sec. 18-2.1. Minimum standards of care for animals.

(b) Tethering. It shall be unlawful to tether a dog, except as follows. A dog may be restrained to an overhead running line, pulley, or trolley system under the following conditions:

(1) The tether is attached to the dog by means of a suitable, properly-fitted collar or harness not exceeding two inches in width. Choke or prong collars are not permitted. The tether must have a swivel on both ends.

(2) The tether provides access to adequate space for the dog to move about freely and cannot become entangled in such a way that would prevent the dog’s mobility or cause strangulation.

(3) At minimum, the tether should be four times the length of the dog from the tip of nose to the tip of the tail and the tether must allow the dog to lie down with its head flat on the ground and provide an additional 12 inches of slack.

(4) The tether is made of a durable, lightweight material that will not cause unnecessary stress on the dog. The tether shall not weigh more than three percent of the dog’s total body weight. Thick chains and other heavy lines are prohibited.

(5) The tether allows the dog to move at least 30 feet. Otherwise, the dog must be removed from the tether at least twice a day for exercise and/or socialization for a minimum of 60 minutes each day.

(6) The tether does not inhibit the animal’s access to shelter, shade, food and water; and

(7) Intact dogs may not be tethered under any circumstances.

(8) Dogs may not be tethered unsupervised between the hours of 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.

 

Carroll County, Maryland
November 28, 2006

This ordinance prohibits the tethering of dogs between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. and for more than 12 total hours between 6 a.m. and 11 p.m. Tethers used during such periods must meet certain conditions.

Chapter 81-5. Restraint.

C.  The owner of a dog shall not tie, chain, cable or in any way tether a dog outside for more than 12 hours a day (and at no time between 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.).

D.  A tether to confine a dog shall be a minimum of 41⁄2 times the length of the dog (nose to tail base) and under no circumstances less than 10 feet long.

E.  The tether shall have swivels at both ends to prevent kinking and knotting. The area covered shall be maintained so that the tether cannot become entangled and positioned so that the dog cannot wrap the tether around posts, trees, debris or hang by jumping a fence or guardrail.

 

Frederick County, Maryland
September 23, 2008

This ordinance prohibits chaining dogs for more than 10 hours at a time. A non choke-type collar or body harness must be used to secure dogs to tethers and tethers must be at least four times the length of the dog’s body or a minimum of 10 feet in length, with swivels at both ends.

§ 1-5-26 . PROPER RESTRAINT, SHELTER, PROTECTION AND CARE FOR DOGS.

(A) Restraint requirement.

(1) It shall be unlawful for any person to tether, fasten, chain, tie, restrain or cause a dog to be fastened, chained, tied or restrained to any stationary or inanimate object by means of a rope, chain, strap or other physical restraint for the purpose of confinement for more than ten hours, cumulatively in any 24-hour period.

(2) The dog must be tethered by a non-choke type collar or a body harness to a tether that is at least four times the body length of the dog, measured from the dog’s nose to the back of the hindquarters, or at a minimum be ten feet in length, and which the tether is free from entanglement.

(3) The tether shall have swivels at both ends and all areas of confinement shall be maintained as to provide a safe and healthy environment for the dog.

 

Montgomery County, Maryland

March 2011

This ordinance prohibits dogs from being tethered outside for more than two hours per day.

05.201.01.01 Tethering of Dogs.

The following conditions for the tethering of dogs are adopted under Section 5-201(b); Article II – Prohibited Conduct; Chapter 5, Animal Control; Montgomery County Code, 2005, as amended, and interpret State anti-cruelty provisions at Maryland Code, Criminal Law Article, Section 10-604(a), 2002, as amended and applied in Montgomery County pursuant to Section 5-201(a); Article II – Prohibited Conduct, Chapter 5, Animal Control; Montgomery County Code, 2005, as amended.

I. Definitions.

  1. Director means the Director of the Animal Services Division or designee.
  2. Sanitary means sanitary as defined in § 5-101 of the Montgomery County Code (1994), as amended.
  3. Tether means attaching a dog to a stationary object or pulley run by means of a chain, rope, tether, cable, or similar restraint. Tether does not include the use of a leash to walk a dog.

II. Prohibited Conduct. A person must not tether a dog under circumstances that endanger its health, safety, or well being, including:

  1. Tethering a dog longer than two hours cumulatively during any twenty-four hour period;
  2. tethering a dog by any means other than a harness;
  3. tethering a dog between the hours of eight p.m. and eight a.m. unless the Director grants a waiver based on extraordinary circumstances after determining that the proposed tethering will be safe and humane;
  4. unattended tethering of a dog during a weather emergency, or a dog-control emergency declared by the Executive, the Director, or the County Health Officer,
  5. using a tether that weighs more than 1/8 of the dog’s body weight;
  6. using a tether that does not have a swivel attached on each end;
  7. using a tether that is less than five times the length of the dog, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail;
  8. tethering that unreasonably limits a dog’s movement;
  9. tethering under conditions where the dog or tether can become entangled on the tether or some other object;
  10. tethering that restricts a dog’s access to suitable and sufficient food, clean water, and appropriate shelter;
  11. tethering in unsafe or unsanitary conditions;
  12. tethering that does not allow a dog to defecate or urinate in an area separate from the area where it must eat, drink, or lie down; or,
  13. tethering that causes injury, stress, or demonstrable socialization problems.

III. It shall be unlawful for any person to tether, chain, fasten, tie, or otherwise restrain a cat to a house, tree, fence, or other stationary or immobile object.

IV. Failure to provide relief to a dog in distress when exposed to any of the conditions listed in subsection II is proof that the dog was improperly, i.e., cruelly, tethered.

V. Exception. Nothing in this regulation prohibits:

  1. a regiment of restraint that the Director has approved for a particular training or working dog purpose; or
  2. the temporary tethering of a dog incidental to its veterinary care and/or grooming, in accordance with professionally accepted standards.

VI. This regulation establishes requirements for tethering a dog humanely. Notwithstanding any other provision of this regulation, the particular circumstances or conditions of a dog otherwise tethered according to the requirements of this regulation are sufficient evidence of cruelty to constitute a violation of State or County law.

 

Amherst, Massachusetts

Dogs may not be tethered for longer than eight hours in any 24-hour period.

Prolonged Confinement of Dogs Outside
(A) Prolonged Chaining or Tethering of Dogs is Prohibited.
No person owning or keeping a dog in the town shall chain or tether a dog to a stationary object including but not limited to any structure, dog house, pole or tree for longer than eight (8) total hours in any 24-hour period. Any tethering employed shall not allow the dog to leave the owner/guardian’s or keeper’s property. The tether must be designed for dogs (e.g., logging chains and other lines or devices not for the purpose of tethering dogs may not be used). No chain or tether shall weigh more than one-eighth (1/8) of the dog’s body weight. Nothing in this section shall be construed as prohibiting a person from walking a dog on a hand-held leash.
No dog under the age of six (6) months shall be tethered outside for any length of time.

 

East Longmeadow, Massachusetts
May 1, 2006

This ordinance prohibits the outside confinement of dogs between the hours of 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. and allows the confinement of dogs outside for more than six total hours in any 24-hour period only when certain conditions are met.

9.025 Prolonged Confinement of Dogs Outside

(A) Prolonged Chaining or Tethering of Dogs is Prohibited.
No person owning or keeping a dog in the town shall chain or tether a dog to a stationary object including but not limited to any structure, dog house, pole or tree for longer than six total hours in any twenty-four hour period. Nothing in this section shall be construed as prohibiting a person from walking a dog on a hand-held leash.

(B) Permissible Outside Confinement.
A person owning or keeping a dog in the town may confine such dog outside for longer than six total hours in a twenty-four hour period through the used of any of the following three methods: (1) A pen or secure enclosure, if the following conditions are met:
(a) The pen or secure enclosure has adequate space for exercise with a dimension of at least one-hundred square feet. Commercial dog kennels with pens intended for the temporary boarding of dogs are exempt from this requirement.

(b) The pen or secure enclosure is constructed with chain link or other similar material as determined by the Building Inspector, with all four sides enclosed.

(2) A fully fenced or otherwise securely enclosed yard wherein a dog has the ability to run but is unable to leave the enclosed yard.

(3) A trolley system or a tether attached to a pulley on a cable run, if the following conditions are met:
(a) Only one dog may be tethered to each cable run.

(b) The tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog, with enough room between the collar and the dog’s throat through which two adult fingers may fit. Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for the purposes of tethering a dog to a cable run.

(c) There must be a swivel on at least one end of the tether to minimize tangling of the tether.

(d) The tether and cable run must be at least ten feet in length and mounted at least four feet but not more than seven feet above ground level.

(e) The length of the tether from the cable run to the dog’s collar or harness must allow continuous access to water and appropriate shelter as described in paragraph (C) of this by-law. The trolley system or tether must be of appropriate configuration to confine the dog to the owner’s property, to prevent the trolley system or tether from extending over an object or an edge that could result in injury or strangulation of the dog; and to prevent the trolley system or tether from becoming tangled with other objects or animals.(C) Access to Water and Shelter.
Any person owning or keeping a dog in the town confined outside in accordance with Paragraph (B) of this section must provide the dog with access to water and an appropriate dog shelter. The dog shelter must allow the dog to remain dry and protected from the elements. Such shelter shall be fully enclosed on three sides, roofed, and have a solid floor. The entrance to the shelter shall be flexile to allow the dog’s entry and exit, and sturdy enough to block entry of wind and rain. The shelter shall be small enough to retain the dog’s body heat and large enough to allow the dog to stand and turn comfortably. The enclosure shall be structurally sound and in good repair. Suitable drainage must be provided so that water is not standing in or around the shelter.

(D) No Outside Confinement at Night.
No person owning or keeping a dog in the town may leave a dog chained, tethered or confined outside between the hours of 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.

 

Easthampton, Massachusetts
May 18, 2011

Dogs may not be tethered for longer than eight hours in any 24-hour period, and they may be tethered only when certain conditions are met.
Section 11-18. Prolonged Chaining, Tethering, and Confinement of Dogs
a. Prolonged Chaining or Tethering of Dogs. No person owning or keeping a dog in the City shall chain or tether a dog for longer than 8 continuous hours during any twenty-four hour period. Nothing in this section shall be construed as prohibiting a person from walking a dog on a hand-held leash. It shall be lawful for a responsible party to tether a dog while outdoors when all of the following conditions are met:

  1. The dog must be wearing a suitable collar (no pinch collars) when connected to the tether.
  2. The tether must be appropriate to the age and size of the dog and be long enough to allow the dog ample movement.
  3. The dog is tethered in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement.
  4. The dog is not outside during a period of extreme weather. Arctic breeds and other dogs with a double-layered coat, bred to live in an arctic climate, may be out in suitable freezing temperatures.
  5. The dog is always within reach of drinking water and has access to dry ground.
  6. The dog is not sick or injured.
  7. If there are multiple dogs, each dog is tethered separately.

 

Greenfield, Massachusetts

Dogs may not be tethered for longer than eight hours in any 24-hour period.

4.7.9.5 No person owning or keeping a dog shall permit such dog to be at large elsewhere than on the premises of the owner or keeper, except if it be on the premises of another person with the permission of such other person. Such owner or keeper of the dog, which is not on the premises of the owner, or upon the premises of another person with the permission of such other person shall restrain such dog with a chain or leash not exceeding eight (8) feet in length. No dog or puppy may be restrained by a fixed point chain or tether for more than eight (8) hours in a twenty-four (24) hour period. Any tethering employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owners or keepers property. No chain or tether shall weigh more than one-eighth (1/8) of the dog or puppy’s body weight. Any chain or tether used must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the animal. Exceptions:

  1. the dog is attached to a leash held by a person who is capable of controlling the dog or puppy,
  2. the dog is in a vehicle from which it cannot escape while the vehicle is driven, parked, or stopped,
  3. the dog is not more than fifty (50) feet from a person whose commands it abides to,
  4. the dog is within hundred (100) feet or within calling or whistling distance, mechanical or otherwise, for the purposes of hunting in an area where hunting is allowed and dogs are legally allowed for hunting purposes,
  5. the dog or puppy is not annoying any human or domestic animal or trespassing on private property,
  6. the dog is in a public area where dogs or puppies are allowed. These exceptions shall apply to public parks and recreational fields designated by the Town of Greenfield allowing dogs to be off leash.

 

Milton, Massachusetts
2007

Dogs may not be tethered for more than an hour at a time.

D. 1. No dog shall be tethered to a stationary object for more than one (1) hour at a time.
2. Dogs shall be tethered to a stationary object with a tether which is manufactured specifically for dogs or which is made of a material with sufficient strength for that purpose, including without limitation coated steel cable. No dog shall be tethered to a stationary object with a material which may cause death or injury to a dog or which could become entangled around the body or limbs of a dog or could otherwise cause discomfort to a dog, including without limitation rope, clothesline or chain.
3. No dog shall be tethered to a stationary object with a tether which is less than five (5) times the length of the dog, measured from the tip of the dog’s nose to the tip of the dog’s tail.
4. No dog shall be tethered to a stationary object by a tether which is attached to a training collar on the dog’s neck which, if the tether became tangled, could tighten, causing death, injury or discomfort to the dog.

 

Provincetown, Massachusetts
November 8, 2010

Dogs may not be tethered for more than three hours in a 24-hour period, and they may be tethered only when certain conditions are met.

13-2-7-8 UNLAWFUL TETHERING OF DOGS.38
(a)The following term shall have the following definition:
“Reasonable period” shall mean a period of time not to exceed a total of three hours in any 24-hour period, or a time that is otherwise approved by the animal control officer.
“Temporary task” shall mean a task that takes no longer than 30 minutes to complete.
“Tether” shall mean to fasten, chain, tie or otherwise restrain.
(b) No person shall tether, or cause a dog to be tethered, to a dog house, tree, fence, or any other stationary object.
(1) A dog shall not be tethered to any running line, pulley, or trolley system by means of a choke collar or pinch collar or prong collar or any other device that is not properly fitted to the dog or that is likely to cause injury to the dog.
(2) A dog shall not be tethered if the length of the tether is shorter than ten feet or five times the length of the dog as measured from the tip of the dog’s nose to the base of the dog’s tail, whichever is greater.
(3) A dog shall not be tethered in any manner that is likely to cause injury, strangulation or entanglement to the dog.
(4) A dog shall not be tethered if the dog does not have access to water, shade and dry ground.
(5) A dog shall not be tethered if it is visibly sick or injured.
(6) A dog shall not be tethered in the case of extreme weather conditions, including conditions in which the actual or effective outdoor temperature is below 32 degrees Fahrenheit; a heat advisory has been issued by a local or state authority jurisdiction; or a hurricane, tropical storm or tornado warning has been issued within the Town by the National Weather Service.
(7) A dog shall not be tethered if the owner or party responsible for the dog is not in visual range of the dog.
(c) Notwithstanding subdivision (b), an owner or person responsible for the dog may do any of the following:
(1) Tether a dog for a reasonable period. If there are multiple dogs, each dog is tethered separately.
(2) Tether a dog pursuant to the requirements of a camping or recreational area.
(3) Tether a dog no longer than is necessary for the owner or person responsible for the dog to complete a temporary task that requires the dog to be restrained.
(d) Any person who violates this bylaw shall be subject to a fine of $100 (one hundred dollars) for the first offense; $200 (two hundred dollars) for the second offense; and $300 (three hundred dollars) for the third and subsequent offenses. Each violation of this by-law shall be deemed to be a separate offense.

 

Battle Creek, Michigan
October 4, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the tethering of dogs for more than three , one-hour periods per day. Tethering periods must be separated by a hiatus of three continuous hours.

CHAPTER 608
608.09 Cruelty to Animals

(a) No person shall cruelly treat or abuse an animal in any of the following ways:

(7) Confine an animal on a tether, unless the tether allows the animal access to suitable shelter and:

A. For dogs, the tether is at least ten feet in length; the tether and collar, harness or other type of collaring device when taken together weighs not more than one-eighth of the dog’s body weight and does not, due to weight, inhibit the free movement of the dog; the manner of tethering prevents injury, strangulation, or entanglement on fences, trees or other man-made or natural obstacles or objects; the collar, harness or any other type of collaring device being used is designed for that purpose and made from material that prevents injury to the dog; the period of tethering does not exceed one continuous hour, except that tethering of the same dog may resume after an hiatus of three continuous hours; and the dog is tethered no more than a total of three hours per day.

 

Trenton, Michigan
February 19, 2013

Dogs may not be tethered for more than three hours per day. Dogs may only be tethered when certain conditions are met, such as the tether and collar/harness being of certain materials and the dog having access to shade, food, and water.

Section 14-120 Tethering of Dogs

a) Tethering means the practice of securing a dog to a stationary object by means of a metal chain or coated steel cable for keeping a dog restrained in its movement. Tethering does not mean walking a dog on a leash, or for temporary grooming, or other professional service.
b) It shall be unlawful for a person to:
1) Continuously tether a dog for more than three hours per day;
2) Tether a dog on a tether made of anything but a coated steel cable more than (10) feet in length;
3) Use a tether or any assembly or attachments thereto to tether a dog that shall weigh more than ten percent (10%) of the animal’s body weight, or due to weight, inhibit the free movement of the animal within the area tethered; or
4) Tether a dog on anything except a buckle-type collar or harness, or tethering on a choke chain or around the dog’s neck, or tethered to training collars such as choke or pinch-style collars, or in such a manner as to cause injury, strangulation, or entanglement of the dog on fences, trees, or other man made or natural obstacles; or
5) Tether a dog without access to shade when sunlight is likely to cause overheating, or appropriate shelter to provide insulation and protection against cold and dampness when the atmospheric temperature falls below 40 degrees Fahrenheit, or to tether a dog without securing its food and water supply so that it cannot be tipped over by the tether; or
6) Tether a dog in an open area where it can be teased by persons or an open area that does not provide the dog protection from attack by other animals; or
7) Tether a dog in an area composed entirely of bare earth subject to becoming wet and muddy in the event of precipitation, and without any dry surface area or cover for protection.
8) Tether a dog less than four (4) months of age.
9) Tether more than one dog to a single tether.
10) Tether a dog to a stationary object which would allow a dog to come within five feet of any property line.
11) Tether a dog without a swivel attached and/or equipped on both ends.
c) The animal control officer, or his/her designee, may in his/her discretion temporarily order a more restrictive tethering requirement if circumstances require and it is not detrimental to the health, safety, or welfare of the dog.
d) Penalty. A person found responsible for violating section 14-120 shall be deemed responsible for a municipal civil infraction in the amount of $100 per day. Any person found liable for violating this section three or more times in a one year time span shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

 

St. Paul, Minnesota
October 28, 2009

Dogs may be tethered only for eight cumulative hours total in a 24-hour period, with certain intervals off the tether required. Certain conditions must also be met when dogs are tethered.

Sec. 200.16. Collars, leashes, tie outs.

(a) Collars. Collars may not exceed two (2) pounds in weight and must be made of durable material strong enough to hold the dog it is intended for. No collars are to be used other than for humane restraint. Collars may not be equipped with any type of sharp prongs on the inside of the collar or weighted devices that may cause injury or discomfort to the animal’s neck. Blunt pronged training collars are permitted if properly fitted and unaltered from the manufactured design.

(b) Leashes. Leashes must not exceed six (6) feet in length and may not exceed four (4) pounds in total weight.

(c) Chains, kennels, tethers and tie outs. Chains, tethers or tie outs must be at least three (3) times the length of the animal secured to it and may not exceed ten (10) pounds in total weight. Tie outs must be of durable material, strong enough to hold the animal it is intended for. Any animal secured with a tie out must be so in an area that would not allow the animal to become tangled around objects while allowing access to shelter and water. Tie outs must be placed in such a location as to inhibit the animal secured from reaching a public sidewalk, street or alley. The tie out must not allow the secured animal access to any neighboring property unless written permission has been obtained from the property owner. Animals restrained by a chain, tether, or other tie out device shall not be secured to any stationary object for more than two (2) consecutive hours, with at least a two-hour rest or relief period between each chaining, and no more than four (4) two-hour chaining periods in a twenty-four-hour period. Kennels and pulley/cable run systems shall be exempt from the two-hour restriction provided that:

(1) The length of the pulley system is at least twelve (12) feet, and the attached tether has a swivel at both ends;

(2) The height of the pulley system is mounted at least seven (7) feet above the ground;

(3) The space provided inside the kennel is at least thirty-two (32) square feet;

(4) At least one-third of the kennel floor must be made of solid material to provide relief from the ground conditions in inclement weather and the kennel must also provide proper shelter pursuant to Minn. Stat. § 343.30.

(5) The animal or animals confined or secured to a kennel or pulley system, are not confined in it or to it for more than ten (10) consecutive hours in a twenty-four-hour period.

“Stationary object” shall include, but not be limited to, a tree, embedded stake, pole or post, a house, garage, dog house, or other structure or railing.

“Solid material” shall mean cement, brick, durable plastic, or other suitable material other than wood.

 

Creve Coeur, Missouri
January 6, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs for more than eight consecutive hours or 12 total hours in any 24-hour period. Tethers must be at least 15 feet long and terminate with swivels on both ends. Tethers must attach to a proper collar or harness and may not become entangled or restrict a dog’s access to food, water, and shelter. Tethers must allow dogs to eliminate in a separate area from where they eat, drink, and rest.

SECTION 205.220:   TETHERING — PROHIBITED CONDUCT

It shall be unlawful for any owner or other person controlling or possessing any dog, cat or other animal to:

1.   Leave a dog, cat or other animal tethered outdoors for eight continuous hours or for a total of twelve (12) hours in a twenty-four (24) hour period.

2.   Tether a dog, cat or other animal except by means of a properly fitting harness or collar of nylon or leather construction and a tether in proportion to the size of the animal. The tether must be at least fifteen (15) feet in length with a swivel at both ends.

3.   Tether a dog, cat or other animal outdoors under conditions where the animal or tether can become entangled on the tether, another animal or some other object or where the tether can restrict the animal’s access to suitable, edible and sufficient food, clean water (cool in summer and unfrozen in winter) and appropriate shelter.

4.   Tether a dog, cat or other animal outdoors in unsafe or unsanitary conditions or when said tether does not allow the animal to defecate or urinate in an area separate from the areas where it must eat, drink or lie down.

5.   Expose a dog, cat or other animal to any weather conditions that cause immediate imminent threat to the animal’s physical well-being.

 

O’Fallon, Missouri
December 9, 2010

Animals may not be tethered for more than eight continuous hours or for a total of 12 hours in any 24-hour period.

SECTION 210.055: TETHERING, PROHIBITED CONDUCT
It shall be unlawful for any owner or other person controlling, possessing or having custody any dog or cat to:
1. Leave a dog or cat tethered outdoors for eight (8) continuous hours or for a total of twelve (12) hours in a twenty-four (24) hour period.
2. Tether a dog or cat except by means of:
a. A properly fitting harness or collar of nylon or leather construction which does not chafe or injure the animal, and
b. A tether in proportion to the size of the animal such that its weight and construction do not burden or encumber the animal. The tether must be at least fifteen (15) feet in length with a swivel at both ends.
3. Tether a dog or cat in such a manner that the animal cannot access adequate shelter while tethered.
4. Tether a dog or cat outdoors under conditions where the animal or tether can become entangled on the tether, another animal or some other object or where the tether can restrict the animal’s access to suitable, edible and sufficient food, clean water (cool in summer and unfrozen in winter) and appropriate shelter.
5. Tether a dog or cat outdoors in unsafe or unsanitary conditions or when the tether does not allow the animal to defecate or urinate in an area separate from the areas where it must eat, drink or lie down.
6. Expose a dog or cat to any weather conditions that cause immediate imminent threat to the animal’s physical well-being.
7. No person shall tether an animal on a choke, prong or pinch collar or tow chain or in such a manner as to cause injury, strangulation or entanglement of the animal on fences, trees or other manmade or natural obstacles.
8. No person shall tether an animal in an area where bare earth is present and no steps have been taken to prevent the surface from becoming wet and muddy in the event of precipitation.
9. No person shall leave an animal tethered outside between the hours of 10:00 P.M. and 6:00 A.M., except temporarily tethering outdoors for a time period not exceeding fifteen (15) minutes. (Ord. No. 5469 §1, 6-11-09; Ord. No. 5643 §1, 12-9-10)

 

St. Louis, Missouri
2007

Dogs and cats may not be tethered for longer than 10 continuous hours or 12 hours total in a 24-hour period. Certain conditions must be met when animals are tethered.

10.04.285 Tethering, confinement and treatment of dogs and cats on owner/guardian’s property.

A. No owner/guardian or other person controlling or possessing any dog or cat shall leave a dog or cat tethered outdoors for ten (10) continuous hours or for a total of twelve (12) hours in a twenty-four-hour period.

B. No owner/guardian or other person controlling or possessing any dog or cat shall tether a dog or cat except by means of a properly fitting harness or collar of nylon or leather construction and a tether in proportion to the size of the animal. The tether must be at least fifteen (15) feet in length with a swivel at both ends.

C. No owner/guardian or other person controlling or possessing any dog or cat shall tether a dog or cat outdoors under conditions where the animal or tether can become entangled on the tether, another animal, or some other object or where the tether can restrict the animal’s access to suitable, edible, and sufficient food, clean water (cool in summer and unfrozen in winter), and appropriate shelter.

D. No owner/guardian or other person controlling or possessing any dog or cat shall tether a dog or cat outdoors in unsafe or unsanitary conditions or when said tether does not allow the animal to defecate or urinate in an area separate from the areas where it must eat, drink, or lie down.

E. No owner/guardian or other person controlling or possessing any dog or cat shall fail to provide the dog or cat with sanitary living conditions including shelter proper for the species and sufficient to protect the animal from extreme temperatures, wind, rain, snow and sun.

F. No owner/guardian or other person controlling or possessing any dog or cat shall maliciously and knowingly restrain a dog or cat using a metal chain, tether, or metal wire grossly in excess of the size necessary to restrain a dog or cat safely.

G. All dogs and cats shall be treated humanely and shall not be beaten, tormented, overworked, neglected or cruelly treated, except that reasonable force may be used to drive off vicious animals. No animal shall be induced or encouraged to perform through the use of chemical, mechanical, electrical or manual devices which may cause physical injury or suffering.

(Ord. 67799 § 2, 2007: prior: Ord. 66384 § 1 (part), 2004: Ord. 65206 § 1 (part), 2001.)

 

Bellevue, Nebraska
March 25, 2013

Dogs may not be tethered for more than 15 minutes at a time, and a responsible adult must be present outside with the animal.

Sec. 6-22 Restraint – Dogs
a) It shall be unlawful for the owner of any dog within the city to fail to keep his dog securely restrained or otherwise confined in or upon his premises in an enclosure sufficient to contain the dog.
b) Each animal shall be separately tethered. That no animal shall be tethered outdoors in excess of 15 minutes at any one time unless an owner custodian or person responsible for the animal, 19 years of age or older, is present in the same yard in which the animal is tethered. The tether shall be at least five times the length of the animal’s body as measured from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail, terminates at each end with a swivel, weighs no more than one-eighth of the animal’s weight, is free of tangles, prevents strangulation or injury, and prevents the animal from being within 15 feet from the edge of any public street or sidewalk. Provided, that if the tethering method is a trolley system, at least 15 feet in length and less than seven feet above ground, and meets the foregoing tether requirements, the animal may be tethered outdoors for up to one hour with an owner, custodian or person responsible for the animal, 19 years of age or older, is in the same yard in which the animal is tethered.
c) In addition to the sanctions which may be imposed by law, any person who fails to keep his dog securely restrained or otherwise confined as required by this section shall pay the following penalties:
(1) For the first violation, a penalty in the sum of $100.00
(2) For the second violation within 24 months of the first violation, a penalty in the sum of $205.00
(3) For the third violation within 24 months of the first violation, and each subsequent violation thereafter, a penalty in the sum of $500.00.
d) Such penalties shall be paid to the animal control authority and shall be used solely for enforcement activities
Section 2. This Ordinance shall take effect and be in full force from and after its passage, approval and publication as provided by law.

 

Omaha, Nebraska
September 30, 2008

Dogs may not be tethered for more than 15 minutes at a time, and a responsible adult must be present outside with the animal.

Sec. 6-147. Restraint—Dog.
It shall be unlawful for the owner of any dog within the city to fail to keep his dog securely restrained or otherwise confined in or upon his premises in an enclosure sufficient to contain the dog.
Each animal shall be separately tethered. That no animal shall be tethered outdoors in excess of 15 minutes at any one time unless an owner, custodian or person responsible for the animal, 19 years of age or older, is present in the same yard in which the animal is tethered. The tether shall be at least five times the length of the animal’s body as measured from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail, terminates at each end with a swivel, weighs no more than one-eighth of the animal’s weight, is free of tangles, prevents strangulation or injury and prevents the animal from being within 15 feet from the edge of any public street or sidewalk. Provided, that if the tethering method is a trolley system, at least 15 feet in length and less than seven feet above ground, and meets the foregoing tether requirements, the animal may be tethered outdoors for up to one hour with an owner, custodian or person responsible for the animal, 19 years of age or older, is in the same yard in which the animal is tethered.
In addition to the sanctions which may be imposed by law, any person who fails to keep his dog securely restrained or otherwise confined as required by this section shall pay the following penalties:
(a) For the first violation, a penalty in the sum of $100.00.
(b) For the second violation within 24 months of the first violation, a penalty in the sum of $250.00.
(c) For the third violation within 24 months of the first violation, and each subsequent violation thereafter, a penalty in the sum of $500.00.
Such penalties shall be paid to the animal control authority and shall be used solely for enforcement activities.

 

North Las Vegas, Nevada
February 17, 2010

Dogs may not be tethered for more than 14 hours in any 24-hour period.

6.12.070 – Tethering.
1. Except as otherwise provided in subsections 2. and 3. and NRS 574.210 to 574.510, inclusive, a person shall not restrain a dog:
(a) Using a tether, chain, tie, trolley or pulley system or other device that:
(1) Is less than twelve (12) feet in length;
(2) Fails to allow the dog to move at least twelve (12) feet or, if the device is a pulley system, fails to allow the dog to move a total of twelve (12) feet; or
(3) Allows the dog to reach a fence or other object that may cause the dog to become injured or die by strangulation after jumping the fence or object or otherwise becoming entangled in the fence or object;
(b) Using a prong, pinch or choke collar or similar restraint; or
(c) For more than fourteen (14) hours during a twenty-four-hour period.

 

Camden, New Jersey
January 11, 2001

Animals may not be chained or tethered in any manner for more than two consecutive hours.
§ 210-45. Unlawful to chain or tether animals.

Animals shall not be chained, tied, fastened or otherwise tethered to dog houses, trees, stakes, poles, fences, walls, or any other stationary objects outdoors or indoors as a means of confinement for more than two consecutive hours in any twenty-four-hour period.

 

Cape May, New Jersey
December 5, 2012

Dogs may not be tethered for more than four consecutive hours or between sunset and sunrise. Unaltered dogs may not be tethered. Dogs may not be tethered unless the owner or responsible person is also on the property.

Sec. 145-8
E. Chaining or tethering dogs.
(1) Dogs must be able to move freely when chained or tethered. The size of the tether or chain must be a minimum of 15 linear feet and shall be tangle free. The placement of the chain or tether must be such that the dog is confined to the owner’s property. Dogs must be equipped with properly fitted harness or buckle type collars. The chain or tether must be made of light-weight, yet durable material.
(2) A dog house must be accessible to any dog that is chained or tethered.
(3) Dogs that are not spayed or neutered are not permitted to be chained or tethered for any period of time and must be in a completely enclosed yard or housed indoors.
(4) No dogs may be chained or tethered after dark (prior to sunrise or after sunset).
(5) No dogs may be chained or tethered for more than four consecutive hours.
(6) No dogs may be chained or tethered unless the owner or a person responsible for the dog is at the property.

 

Lower Township, New Jersey
April 19, 2004

This ordinance limits the chaining of dogs to nine hours in any 24-hour period. Tethers must be lightweight, at least 15 feet long, and tangle free. They must allow a dog to move freely and have access to a doghouse.

Section 166-1 (E) Chaining or Tethering of Dogs: Dogs must be able to move freely when chained or tethered and shall be confined for a period no greater than nine hours within a twenty-four hour period. The size of the tether or chain must be a minimum of 15 linear feet and shall remain tangle free. Dogs must be equipped with properly fitting harness or buckle type collar. The tether or chain shall be constructed of lightweight cable. A doghouse shall be accessible to dogs that are chained or tethered.

 

Ocean City, New Jersey
July 21, 2004

This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs who have not been spayed or neutered. The chaining of sterilized dogs for more than nine total hours in any 24-hour period is prohibited. Dogs may not be chained at all between sunset and sunrise. Tethers must be light-weight, tangle free, attach to a proper collar or harness, and must not place the animal in any danger.

Chapter 11-1.6. Chaining or Tethering.

a. Dogs must be able to move freely when chained or tethered and shall be confined for a period no greater than nine (9) hours within a twenty-four (24) hour period. The tether or chain shall be of such length as not to place the animal in any danger and shall assure that the animal will be confined to the owner’s property. The chain or tether shall be tangle free. Dogs must be equipped with a properly fitting harness or buckle type collar. The tether must be made of light-weight, yet durable material, or a chain.

b. Dogs that are not spayed or neutered will not be allowed to be tethered or chained for any period of time and must be in a completely enclosed yard or housed indoors.

c. No dogs may be tethered or chained after dark (prior to sunrise or after sunset).

 

Sea Isle City, New Jersey
May 11, 2004

This ordinance limits the chaining of dogs to nine hours in any twenty-four hour period. Tethers must be lightweight, at least 15 feet long, and tangle free. They must allow a dog to move freely and have access to a doghouse. Unaltered animals cannot be chained for any period of time. No dogs may be chained after 10:30 p.m.

Subsection 5-3.9 Chaining or Tethering of Dogs: (a) Dogs must be able to move freely when chained or tethered and shall be confined for a period no greater than nine hours within a twenty-four hour period. The size of the tether or chain must be a minimum of 15 linear feet and shall remain tangle free. Dogs must be equipped with properly fitting harness or buckle type collars. The tether or chain shall be constructed of lightweight cable. A doghouse shall be accessible to dogs that are chained or tethered. (b) Dogs that are not spayed or neutered will not be allowed to be chained for any period of time and must be in a completely enclosed yard or housed indoors. (c) No dogs may be chained after the hours of 10:30 PM in the evening.

 

Upper Township, New Jersey
2009

Dogs may not be tethered after dark. Unaltered dogs may not be tethered for any period of time.

8-5.7 Chaining or Tethering of Dogs.
a. Dogs must be able to move freely when chained or tethered. The size of the tether or chain must be a minimum of fifteen (15′) linear feet and shall remain tangle free. Dogs must be equipped with properly fitted harness or buckle-type collars. The tether or chain shall be constructed of lightweight, yet durable, material. A dog house must be accessible to any dog that is chained or tethered.
b. Dogs that are not spayed or neutered shall not be tethered or chained for any period of time and must be in a completely enclosed yard or housed indoors.
c. No dogs may be tethered or chained after dark (prior to sunrise or after sunset).

 

Wildwood, New Jersey
July 14, 2004

This ordinance limits the chaining of dogs to nine hours in any twenty-four hour period. Tethers must be lightweight, at least 15 feet long, and tangle free. They must allow a dog to move freely and have access to a doghouse.

Section 8-7.8 Chaining or Tethering of Dogs: Dogs must be able to move freely when chained or tethered and shall be confined for a period no greater than nine hours within a twenty-four hour period. The size of the tether or chain must be a minimum of 15 linear feet and shall remain tangle free. Dogs must be equipped with properly fitting harness or buckle type collar. The tether or chain shall be constructed of lightweight cable. A doghouse shall be accessible to dogs that are chained or tethered.

 

Wildwood Crest, New Jersey
June 14, 2004

This ordinance limits the chaining of dogs to eight hours in any twenty-four hour period. Dogs cannot be tethered for more than four consecutive hours, and must be taken off a tether for at least one hour between confinements. Tethers must be lightweight, at least 15 feet long, and tangle free. They must allow a dog to move freely and have access to a doghouse. No dogs may be chained after 11:00 p.m.

Section 28-9 Chaining or Tethering of Dogs: (a) Dogs must be able to move freely when chained or tethered and shall be confined for a period no greater than eight hours within a twenty-four hour period, with a maximum of four (4) hours at any one interval and a minimum one (1) hour period between confinements. The size of the tether or chain must be a minimum of fifteen (15’) linear feet and shall remain tangle free. Dogs must be equipped with properly fitting harness or buckle-type collars. The tether or chain shall be constructed of lightweight cable. A doghouse shall be accessible to dogs that are chained or tethered. (b) No dogs shall be chained after the hour of 11:00 PM in the evening.

 

Albuquerque, New Mexico
August 22, 2006

This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs for longer than one hour in a 24-hour period. Chains must be at least 12 feet long, weigh no more than one-eighth of the animal’s bodyweight, have swivels on both ends, and attach to a properly fitting harness.

§ 9-2-2-2 HOUSING AND RESTRAINT STANDARDS FOR MAMMALS AND BIRDS KEPT ON RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY.
(D) (3) Chaining, when not accompanied by a Person.
(a) Chaining is prohibited as a means of outdoor confinement for more than one hour during any twenty-four hour period.
(b) No Chain shall weigh more than 1/8 of the Animal’s weight.
(c) The Chain must be affixed to the Animal by the use of a non-abrasive, well-fitted harness.
(d) The Chain must be at least 12 feet long and fastened so the Animal can sit, walk, and lie down using natural motions.
(e) The Chain must be unobstructed by objects that may cause the Chain or the Animal to become entangled.
(f) The Chain shall have a swivel on both ends.
(g) The Chained Animal shall be surrounded by a barrier sufficient to protect the Chained Animal from At Large Animals. The barrier shall be sufficient to prevent children from accidentally coming into contact with the Chained Animal.

Doña Ana County, New Mexico
January 17, 2014

Dogs may be tethered to a stationary object for up to two hours in any 12-hour period or to a running line, trolley, or pulley system for up to four hours in any 12-hour period. Certain requirements regarding the tether itself and how it is attached to the dog must be met.

§ 134-6. Restraint Requirements

C. Owner’s Premises. A person owning or having charge, custody, or care over an animal on his or her premises shall restrain the animal either by a secure enclosure or by immediate control.

(2) A person owning or having charge, custody, or care over a dog on his or her premises may use a tether as a temporary means of restraint only.

  1. A person shall not tether a dog to a stationary object for more than two (2) hours in any twelve (12) hour period.
  2. A person shall not tether a dog to a running line, pulley, or trolley system for more than four (4) hours in any twelve (12) hour period.
  3. A person shall not tether a dog in an unenclosed area where people or other animals are able to wander into the proximity of the tethered dog.
  4. A tether used to restrain a dog shall be at least twelve (12) feet in length. Such tether shall not enable the animal to reach beyond the owner’s property.
  5. A tether used to restrain a dog shall be affixed to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog. A person shall not wrap a chain or tether directly around the neck or other body part of a dog.
  6. A tether used to restrain a dog shall not weigh more than one-eighth (1/8) of the animal’s body weight. The tether weight shall include any additional objects attached to the dog or tether, such as locks or fasteners.
  7. A tether used to restrain a dog shall have working swivels on both ends and shall be fastened so that the animal may sit, walk, and lie down using natural motions. Such tether shall be unobstructed by objects that may cause the tether or animal to become entangled or strangled.

Taos, New Mexico
November 2011

This ordinance prohibits direct-point chaining or chaining to a stationary object. Under this ordinance, dogs may be kept on trolley systems for no more than 12 hours at a time or in kennels.

6.16.040: RESTRAINT OF ANIMALS:

A. Animals On Owner’s Property: Any animal, excluding cats, that are not deemed dangerous on its owner’s property shall be:

    1. Placed in a secure run or kennel measuring at least six feet (6′) in width and twelve feet (12′) in length, and with access to shade; or
    2. Kept within a “secure enclosure”, as defined in this title, surrounding the owner’s premises or a portion thereof; or
    3. Kept under the immediate physical control of a person capable of restraining the animal; or
    4. Restrained by means of a trolley system, if the following conditions are met:

a. Only one dog may be tethered to each cable run;

b. The device must be attached to a pulley on a cable run or trolley;

c. There must be a swivel on at least one end of the tether to minimize tangling of the tether;

d. The tether and cable run must be of adequate size and strength to effectively restrain the dog. The size and weight of the tether must not be excessive, as determined by the animal control officer, considering age, size and health of the dog;

e. The cable run must be at least ten feet (10′) in length and mounted at ground level;

f. The tether must be a minimum of ten feet (10′) in length which does not allow the animal to move beyond the legal boundary of the property;

g. The device must be affixed to an animal by use of a nonabrasive, comfortably fitted collar or harness; and

h. The device must be fastened so that the animal can sit, walk, and lie down comfortably, and must be unobstructed by objects that may cause the device or animal to become entangled or strangled.

i. The animal shall not be kept on the cable for more than twelve (12) hours at a time, and must be off of the cable for at least twelve (12) hours before being placed on the cable again.

j. Direct point chaining, or tethering of dogs to a stationary object, is prohibited.

  1. The animal must have access to adequate shade, shelter, food, and potable water as outlined in subsection 6.16.030A of this chapter.
  2. The area where the animal is confined must be kept free of feces, garbage and other debris that might endanger the animal’s health or safety.
  3. The area where the animal is confined must be kept free of insect infestation, such as anthills, wasp nests, fleas, ticks, and maggot infestations.
  4. The animal shall be brought indoors, garages, or other suitable areas, when temperatures drop to a point where the animal is potentially exposed to harm based on the size, and species of the animal.

 

Canandaigua, New York
September 1, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the tethering of dogs for more than 16 hours in any 24- hour period and only allows tethering if certain conditions are met.

§ 253-13 Definitions

TETHER

Chaining, tying, leashing, or tethering a dog to any object.

[Amended 9-1-2005 by Ord. No. 2005-014]

§ 253-14 Restrictions

H. Tethering of Dogs Prohibited

(1) It is prohibited to restrain a dog or puppy by a chain or tether for more than sixteen (16) hours in a twenty-four (24) period. (a) Any tethering system employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owner’s property.

(b) Any tethered animal shall be arranged so that the tethering device cannot become entangled around trees, poles or other obstacles nor prevent the access to shade, food, water, and shelter.

 

New York City

Animals may not be tethered for more than three continuous hours in any 12-hour period.

§ 17–197 Restraining animals outdoors.
a. (1) No person shall tether, leash, fasten, secure, restrain, chain or tie an animal to a stationary object outdoors, or cause such animal to be so restrained, for longer than three continuous hours in any continuous twelve-hour period.
(2) Any person who tethers, leashes, fastens, secures, restrains, chains or ties an animal to a stationary object outdoors for a permissible period of time shall provide such animal with adequate food, water and shelter, and shall restrain the animal with a device having swivels at both ends that is of an adequate length for the type and size of animal being restrained, provided, however, that the requirement to provide adequate food, water and shelter shall not apply to a person who restrains an animal while completing a task for a period of time that is fifteen minutes or less in duration.
b. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision a of this section, no person shall tether, leash, fasten, chain, tie, secure or restrain any animal for any amount of time with a device that:
(1) is a choke collar or pinch collar;
(2) has weights attached or contains links that are more than one-quarter inch thick;
(3) because of its design or placement is likely to become entangled;
(4) is long enough to allow the animal to move outside of its owner’s property; and
(5) would allow the restrained animal to move over an object or edge that could result in the strangulation of or injury to such animal.
c. Any person who violates the provisions of this section or any of the rules promulgated thereunder shall, for a first offense, be guilty of a violation punishable by a fine not to exceed two hundred fifty dollars, provided that such person shall be issued a written warning instead of such fine for such first offense where such animal was not injured as a result of being restrained in violation of this section. For any subsequent offense within a continuous twelve-month period, such person shall be guilty of a class B misdemeanor punishable by a fine not to exceed five hundred dollars or by imprisonment of not more than three months, or both. In addition to such penalties, any person who violates this section shall be liable for a civil penalty of not less than two hundred fifty dollars nor more than five hundred dollars.
d. Authorized officers, veterinarians and employees of the department, agents of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and any other persons designated by the commissioner shall be empowered to enforce the provisions of this section or any rule promulgated hereunder. Violations of this section may be supported by evidence including, but not limited to, time-stamped photographs and video, records of complaints, and sworn witness statements.
e. The provisions of this section shall not be construed to prohibit the department, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals or any law enforcement officer from enforcing any other law, rule or regulation regarding the humane treatment of animals.
f. The provisions of subdivision (a) of this section shall not apply to the officers or employees of any federal, state or city law enforcement agency.

 

Burke County, North Carolina
January 14, 2010
(effective March 1, 2010)

This ordinance prohibits the chaining or tethering of animals to a stationary object for a period of time or under conditions that could harm the animal and requires that the tether be at least 8 feet long, have a swivel on one end, and be attached to a properly fitting harness or collar.

Sec. 6-3. Animal Cruelty

(1) Animal Cruelty: In addition to what is prohibited by NC State Statute the following shall be prohibited:

(2) Chaining or tethering an animal to a stationary object for a period of time or under conditions that are harmful or potentially harmful to the animal. Examples of improper chaining or tethering include, but are not limited to, the following:

a. Using a length or weight of a chain or tether that is not appropriate for the size, weight, and age of the animal.

b. Using a chain or tether than is less than (8) eight feet in length and/or does not have swivels on one end. All chains or tethers must be attached to the animal by means of a properly
fitting harness or collar.

c. Allowing an animal to be chained or tethered such that the animal is not confined to the owner’s property or such that the chain or tether can become entangled and prevent the animal from moving about freely, lying down comfortably or having access to adequate food, water and shelter.

d. Using a chain of any type as a primary collar. All collars used for the purpose of chaining or tethering an animal must be made of nylon or leather. Choke chains are intended for training purposes only and not to be used as a collar to tie the animal to a chain or tether made of rope, twine, cord, or similar material.

e. When it has been determined that an animal is housed or restrained less than (15) fifteen feet from a public street, road, sidewalk, or rite of passage constitutes a public nuisance, but the animal is not in the street, road, sidewalk, or rite of passage, the Animal Control Officer shall issue a notice to the owner directing the owner to move the animal. If the animal is found on a public street, road, sidewalk, or rite of passage and the owner is not at home or refuses to remove the animal from the street, road, sidewalk, or rite of passage, the animal may be seized and impounded.

 

Chatham County, North Carolina
March 10, 2014

This ordinance places restrictions on the chaining of dogs and provides requirements for the minimum length and maximum weight of chains. It also prohibits the tethering of dogs who are under 4 months of age.

Sec. 91. 093 Humane restraint of non-vicious animals.

All dogs must be restrained. A dog is under restraint within the meaning of this chapter if it is:

(A) Kept within a house, garage, outbuilding or other secure structure on the owner’s property.

(B) Kept on the owner’s fenced in or enclosed property constructed so that the animal cannot escape by means of digging under or jumping over the fence or enclosure or otherwise becoming free unless freed by the owner or within an outside enclosure.

(C) Kept on the owner’s property within an area bounded by a posted electronic fence that is capable of keeping the animal within the area surrounded by electronic fence.

(D) Kept on the owner’s property by a tether equipped with a swivel on both ends and meeting the following minimum requirements for dogs:

(1) The tether shall be a minimum of fifteen feet in length and the line of the pulley system running line, trolley system or stake to which the tether is attached shall be made of either metal chain or coated steel cable.

(2) Tethers shall be attached to a buckle type collar or harness and under no circumstances shall the tether itself be placed directly around the dog’s neck. Tethers shall not be used in conjunction with training collars such as choke or pinch style collars.

(3) The weight of the tether shall not exceed ten percent of the total body weight of the dog but shall be of sufficient strength to prevent breakage.

(4) The tether, by design and placement, shall allow the dog a reasonable and unobstructed range of motion without the possibility of entanglement, strangulation or other injury. The tether shall allow the dog access to adequate food, water and shelter.

(5) A dog must be four months of age or older to be tethered.

(6) Only one dog shall be attached to a single tether.

(7) Pulley systems, running lines or trolley systems used shall be at least fifteen feet in length and no more than seven feet above the ground.

(8) No tether shall be affixed to a stationary object which would allow a dog to come within five feet of a property line.

Forsyth County, North Carolina
September 12, 2011

Dogs may not be tethered during extreme weather or in a way that would cause them physical or psychological harm.

Sec. 6-6. – General duties of keepers of animals
(d) Restraint and confinement to property. It shall be unlawful for any person to utilize chaining, fastening, leashing, or otherwise tethering to confine dogs in a manner which:
(1) Constitutes abuse, abandonment, or cruelty as defined in chapter 6 of the Forsyth County Code; or
(2) Subjects the dog to injury by choking or strangling; or
(3) Causes neurotic or aggressive behavior; or
(4) Subjects the dog to harassment or insect bites so as to cause injury or death, or subjects the dog to attacks by people or other animals, or theft; or
(5) Fails to properly protect a female dog during its estrous period from unintentional breeding; or
(6) Deprives the dog of adequate food, shade, shelter, potable water or proper exercise; or
(7) Causes the tether to become entangled with other objects resulting in overturned food or water bowls; or
(8) Unduly restricts the dog’s movement; or
(9) Results in the dog being confined in its own waste; or
(10) Exposes the dog to extreme temperatures for such duration as to cause injury or death.
(e) Subsection 6-6(d) shall become effective twenty-four (24) months after the adoption of this amendment. Any person who violates subsection 6-6(d) after its adoption date, but prior to the twenty-four (24) months, period following the date of Ordinance No. 3-2011 shall be issued a written warning giving the violator notice of the provisions of Ordinance No. 3-2011. Any person who violates this amendment after the expiration of the 24-month period following the adoption date of Ordinance No. 3-2011 shall be subject to the penalties established in section 6-55, violations and penalties of the Forsyth County Code.

 

Laurinburg, North Carolina
June 20, 2000

Dogs may not be chained for a period longer than one hour in a 24-hour period.

Sec. 4-19. Restraint of dogs.

When a dog is on the property of its owner or keeper and is not within a secure enclosure, it shall be under the direct control of and obedient to the owner or keeper. At all other times when a dog is on the property of its owner or keeper, it shall be kept within a secure enclosure, including a fenced in area or electronic fence, house or other building, of sufficient strength and height to prevent the dog from escaping therefrom; provided, the owner or keeper may, for a period not to exceed one (1) hour every twenty-four (24) hours, allow the dog to be tethered or chained to a stationary object or pole so long as the dog is provided sufficient water and nourishment. All dogs off of the property of the owner or keeper shall be controlled by means of a leash and under the direct control of and obedient to the owner or keeper’s command.

Noncompliance with any of the foregoing provisions in the section 4-21 may result in the impoundment of the animal at any time, or it may result in a fine of one hundred dollars ($100.00) or both.

Dogs utilized by law enforcement officers in the course of law enforcement activities are exempt from the section. (Code 1975, § 4-5; Ord. No. O-1997-29, 11-18-97; Ord. No. O-2000-12, § 1, 6-20-00)

 

Orange County, North Carolina
November 18, 2008
(effective November 19, 2009)

Tethering is restricted to a total of no more than three hours in a 24-hour period. The tether must be at least 10 feet long and less than 10 percent of the dog’s bodyweight, and a buckle collar or body harness must be used.

Sec. 4-41. Mistreatment of animals unlawful.

The following acts or failure to act relating to the mistreatment of animals are unlawful and violations of this Ordinance:

(e) It shall be unlawful to restrain any animal except in a humane fashion as set forth in Section 4-37 above and Section 4-41 below.

(k) It shall be unlawful for any person to restrain a dog using a chain, wire or other type of tethering device in a manner prohibited by this subsection.

(1) No person shall tether, fasten, chain, tie, or restrain a dog, or cause such restraining of a dog, to a tree, fence, post, dog house, or other stationary object for more than a total of three hours in a 24-hour period. During periods of tethering that are not unlawful under this subsection, any tethering device used shall be at least ten feet in length and attached in such manner as to prevent strangulation or other injury to the dog and entanglement with objects. In no event shall the time limitations established by this subsection 4-41(k)(1) & (2) below be added together to allow for tethering, fastening, chaining, tying, or restraining to either a stationary object or to a cable trolley system for more than a total of three hours in a 24-hour period.

(2) No person shall tether, fasten, chain, tie, or restrain a dog, or cause such restraining of a dog, to a cable trolley system, that allows movement of the restraining device, for more than a total of three hours in a 24-hour period. During periods of tethering that are not unlawful under this subsection, the length of the cable along which the tethering device can move must be at least ten feet, and the tethering device must be of such length that the dog is able to move ten feet away from the cable perpendicularly and attached in such a manner as to prevent strangulation or other injury to the dog and entanglement with objects.

(3) No person shall tether a dog with a chain or wire or other device to, or cause such attachment to, any collar other than a buckle type collar or body harness.

(4) No person shall tether with a chain or wire or other device to, or cause such attachment to, a head harness, choke-type collar or pronged collar to a dog.

(5) No person shall tether with a chain, wire or other device to a dog where the weight of the tethering device and the collar combined exceeds ten percent of the dog’s body weight.

(6) No person shall tether with a chain or wire or other device a dog in such manner that does not allow the dog access to adequate food, water, and shelter.

(7) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections 4-41(k)(1) & (2) of this subsection, a person may, subject to the provisions of subsections 4-41(k)(3—(6), and subject to the requirement that any stationary tethering devise used shall be at least ten feet in length, and subject to the requirement that for any cable trolley system used the length of the cable along which the tethering device can move must be at least ten feet, and the tethering device must be of such length that the dog is able to move ten feet away from the cable perpendicularly:

a. Tether and restrain a dog while actively engaged in:

1. Use of the dog in shepherding or herding livestock, or

2. Use of the dog in the business of cultivating agricultural products, if the restraining is reasonably necessary for the safety of the dog, or

3. Use of the dog in lawful hunting activities if the restraint is reasonably necessary for the safety of the dog, or

4. Use of the dog at dog training or performance events, including but not limited to field trials and obedience trials where tethering does not occur for a period exceeding seven consecutive days, or

5. Camping or other recreation where tethering is required by the camping or recreational area where the dog is located, or

6. Any activity where a tethered dog is in visual range of its Owner or Keeper, and the Owner or Keeper is located outside with the dog.

b. After taking possession of a dog that appears to be a stray dog and after having advised animal control authorities of the capture of the dog, tether and restrain the dog in accordance with the provisions of Section 4-41 for a period not to exceed seven days as the person having taken possession of the dog is seeking the identity of the owner of the dog.

c. Walk a dog with a handheld leash.

 

Raleigh, North Carolina
March 3, 2009
(effective July 1, 2009)

This ordinance restricts the amount of time a dog may be tethered to no more than three hours in any 24-hour period and establishes conditions that permitted tethering must meet.

Sec. 12-3007. – RUNNING AT LARGE PROHIBITED.

(b) No person shall tether a dog to a tree, fence, post, dog house, or other stationary object for more than three (3) hours total in any twenty-four-hour period. Any device used to tether shall be at least ten (10) feet long and attached in such a manner as to prevent strangulation or other injury to the dog and entanglement with other objects. A cable trolley system may be used to tether for the allowed period so longs [sic] as the stationary cable is at least ten (10) feet long and the dog can perpendicularly move at least ten (10) feet away from the stationary line. The line should be attached to the dog with a buckle type collar or a body harness. The device used to tether shall weigh no more than ten (10) percent of the animal’s body weight and must allow the dog access to food and water. In addition to being a misdemeanor, a violation of this section is subject to a civil penalty of one hundred dollars ($100.00) per day for each day of violation.

 

Scotland County, North Carolina
June 6, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs for more than one hour in any 24-hour period.

Section 9 (H): No person shall, at any time, fasten, chain, or tie any dog or cause such dog to be fastened, chained, or tied, while such dog is on the dog owner’s property, or on the property of the dog owner’s landlord no longer than one (1) hour per day.

 

Chagrin Falls, Ohio
June 25, 2007

Dogs may not be tethered for more than nine hours in any 24-hour period, and certain restrictions apply during cold and hot weather.

505.071 CRUELTY TO COMPANION ANIMALS.
(c) No person who confines or who is the custodian or caretaker of a companion animal shall negligently do any of the following:
[…]
(3) Dogs tethered outside shall be limited to a total of nine (9) hours in any twenty-four hour period. Tethers cannot inhibit a dog’s movement in a way that causes injury, entanglement, or strangulation. All tethers will be no less than twenty feet (20′) in length. Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for the purpose of tethering.
(4) When ambient temperatures fall below thirty degrees (30º) Fahrenheit, dogs shall be limited to a total of four (4) hours outside, whether in a pen or on a tether. When summer temperatures exceed eighty five degrees (85º) Fahrenheit, animals have to be provided with adequate shade. Adequate shade will be shade which affords the animal the ability to be protected from direct exposure to the sun.
(5) Any dog tethered on private property shall be restricted from movement closer than ten feet (10′) away from the property line or from any public sidewalk or right of way.

 

Cleveland, Ohio
May 25, 2012

Dogs may not be tethered for more than six hours total in a 24-hour period or longer than two hours at a time with one-hour breaks between tethering. Certain requirements must also be met in order for a dog to be tethered.

§ 603.092 Tethering Animals

(a) No person shall tether an animal in any of the following circumstances:

(1) For more than six (6) hours total in a twenty-four (24) hour period and not more than two (2) consecutive hours with no less than a one (1) hour period between tetherings;

(2) Between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.;

(3) If a heat or cold advisory has been issued by a local or state authority or the National Weather Service;

(4) If a severe weather warning has been issued by a local or state authority or the National Weather Service;

(5) If the tether is less than twenty (20) feet in length;

(6) If the tether allows the animal to touch the fence or cross the property line or cross onto public property;

(7) If the tether is attached by means of a pinch-type, prong-type, or choke-type collar or if the collar is unsafe or is not properly fitted;

(8) If the tether may cause injury or entanglement;

(9) If the animal is not provided with its needs as identified in division (b) of Section 603.091;

(10) If the tether is made of a material that is unsuitable for the animal’s size and weight or that causes any unnecessary discomfort to the animal;

(11) If no owner or occupant is present at the premises.

(b) As used in this section, “tether” means a rope, chain, cord, dog run or pulley, or similar restraint for holding an animal in place, allowing a radius in which it can move about.

(c) Whoever violates this section is guilty of a minor misdemeanor on the first offense, a misdemeanor of the fourth degree on the second offense, and a misdemeanor of the first degree on the third or any subsequent offense. Notwithstanding the foregoing penalties, if an animal becomes sick or injured as a result of a violation of this section, then whoever violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor of the first degree.

(Ord. No. 12-12. Passed 5-21-12, eff. 5-25-12)

 

Dennison, Ohio
April 18, 2013

Dogs may not be tethered for more than eight hours at a time, during severe weather, or if the owner is not present on the property.

ORDINANCE NO. 2541
An Ordinance regulating the tethering of animals within the village of Dennison, Ohio, and declaring an emergency. WHEREAS, it has become necessary for the Council of the Village of Dennison, Ohio to regulate the tethering of animals within the territorial limits of the Village of Dennison, Ohio. NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT ORDAINED by the Council of the Village of Dennison, Ohio as follows:

SECTION 1.No person shall tether an animal in any of the following circumstances:

(A) For more than 8 hours totaling a 24-hour period with no less than one half-hour period between tetherings;
(B) If a severe weather warning has been issued by a local or state authority or by the National Weather Service;
(C) With no cover, shelter, bedding, or straw;
(D) If the tether is less than 6 feet in length;
(E) If the tether allows the animal to touch the fence or cross the property line, or cross on to public property;
(F) If the tether may cause injury or entanglement
(G) If the animal is not provided with its needs as identified in Ordinance No. 2323;
(H) If the tether is made of material that is unsuitable for the animal’s size and weight, or that causes any unnecessary discomfort to the animal;
or
(I) If no owner or occupant is present at the premises.

SECTION 2. As used in this section, “tether” means a rope, chain, cord, dog run or pulley, or similar restraint for holding an animal in place, allowing a radius in which it can move about.

SECTION 3.Whoever violates this ordinance is guilty of a minor misdemeanor on the first offense, a misdemeanor of the fourth degree on the second offense, and a misdemeanor of the third degree on the third or any subsequent offense. Notwithstanding the foregoing penalties, if an animal becomes sick or injured as a result of a violation of this section, then whoever violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor of the third degree.

SECTION 4.This Ordinance is hereby declared to be an emergency measure and its immediate passage is necessary in order to preserve, protect and maintain the health, safety and welfare of the citizens of the Village of Dennison, Ohio and for the further reason that immediate action is needed to regulate certain activities within the limits of the Village of Dennison, Ohio.

 

Lyndhurst, Ohio
November 19, 2012

Dogs may not be tethered for more than six hours in a 24-hour period or during severe weather.

618.021 Tethering Animals
(a) No person shall tether an animal in any of the following circumstances:

(1) For more than 6 hours total in a 24-hour period and not more than 2 consecutive hours with no less than a one-half hour period between tetherings;
(2) If a severe weather warning has been issued by a local or state authority or the National Weather Service;
(3) If the tether is less than 10 feet in length;
(4) If the tether allows the animal to touch the fence or cross the property line or cross onto public property;
(5) If the tether is attached by means of a pinch-type, prong type, or choke-type collar or if the collar is unsafe or is not properly fitted;
(6) If the tether may cause injury or entanglement;
(7) If the animal is not provided with its needs as identified in Section 618.05;
(8) If the tether is made of a material that is unsuitable for the animal’s size and weight or that causes any unnecessary discomfort to the animal; or
(9) If no owner or occupant is present at the premises.

(b) As used in this section, “tether” means a rope, chain, cord, dog run or pulley, or
similar restraint for holding an animal in place, allowing a radius in which it can move about.
(c) Whoever violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor of the fourth degree on the first offense, a misdemeanor of the third degree on the second offense, and a misdemeanor of the second degree on the third or any subsequent offense. Notwithstanding the foregoing penalties, if an animal becomes sick or injured as a result of a violation of this section, then whoever violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor of the first degree.
SECTION 2. The Council finds and determines that all formal actions of this Council relating to the adoption of this Ordinance have been taken at open meetings of this Council; and that deliberations of this Council and of its committees, resulting in such formal action, took place in meetings open to the public, in compliance with all statutory requirements including the requirements of Section 121.22 of the Ohio Revised Code.
SECTION 3. This Ordinance is hereby declared to be an emergency measure for the immediate preservation of the health, safety and welfare of the residents of the City of Lyndhurst because it will provide added protection to the residents of the City and their animals. Therefore, this Ordinance shall take effect immediately upon the affirmative vote of not less than five (5) members elected to Council, and signature by the Mayor, or otherwise at the earliest time allowed by law.

 

Middletown, Ohio
March 6, 2007

Dogs may not be tethered directly to a stationary point but may be tethered to a trolley system or cable run. Dogs may not be tethered for longer than 12 consecutive hours in any 24-hour period.

§ 618.23 CONFINEMENT OF DOGS.
(a) Except as otherwise limited by § 618.17 of the Codified Ordinances, dogs may be considered to be in the reasonable control of their owner, harborer or keeper if they are enclosed or tethered on the property of such owner, harborer or keeper.
(b) Chaining or tethering. Direct point chaining or tethering of dogs to a stationary point is prohibited. Dogs may be restrained by means of a trolley system or a tether attached to a pulley on a cable run, if the following conditions are met:
(1) Only one dog may be tethered to each cable run.
(2) The tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog, with enough room between the collar and the dog’s throat through which two adult human fingers may fit. Choke collars, prong collars and pinch collars are prohibited for purposes of tethering a dog to a cable run.
(3) The chain or tether must have swivels on both ends.
(4) The tether or chain and cable run must be of adequate size and strength to effectively restrain the dog. However, the chain or tether shall weigh no more than one-eighth (1/8) of the dog’s weight.
(5) The chain or tether must be at least 15 feet in length and attached to a pulley or trolley mounted on a cable which is also at least 15 feet in length and mounted no more than 7 feet above the ground.
(6) The dog shall be tethered at a sufficient distance for any other objects to prevent tangling of the chain or tether, from extending over an object or an edge that could result in strangulation and a sufficient distance from any fence to prohibit the dog access to the fence.
(7) The dog shall have continuous access to water and shelter.
(8) The dog must be spayed or neutered.
(9) No dog shall be chained or tethered for more than 12 consecutive hours in a 24 hour period.

 

North Royalton, Ohio
July 1, 1997

Dogs may not be tethered unless certain requirements are met regarding socialization, space, safety, exercise, and materials used for restraint.

Chapter 618.05 ANIMAL CARE STANDARDS; CRUELTY TO ANIMALS.

6. Dogs continuously maintained on a restrictive chain, rope or other kind of tether shall be deemed to be improperly confined. However, tethering may be acceptable in certain cases where adequate daily socialization and exercise off the tether have been afforded and verified. If a dog is confined on a tether, excepting periods of time that are brief and incidental, the tether shall be at least fifteen feet in length and positioned to prevent tangling and hanging. The tether must be of proper weight for the dog’s size to allow for the provisions set forth in paragraph (c)(1) hereof. Logging chains are prohibited for any dog. The tethered dog shall wear a properly fitted harness or buckle-type collar and be released from the tether at least twice daily for adequate exercise. A choker-chain on the neck of a tethered dog is prohibited. No other animals shall be tethered unless under the supervision of a custodian capable of handling the animal. Collars, harnesses, halters and the like shall be properly fitted to prevent discomfort or injury.

 

Bartlesville, Oklahoma
April 26, 1999

Dogs may not be chained for a period longer than five continuous hours in a 24-hour period.

Sec. 3-124. Confinement of dogs.

A. The owner of any dog shall provide the animal with adequate shelter that meets the minimum specifications of this subsection. Said shelter shall: 1. Allow the dog to remain dry and protected from the elements; provided, that metal barrels shall not be considered adequate shelter;
2. Be small enough to retain the dog’s body heat and large enough to allow the animal to stand and turn comfortably;
3. Be structurally sound and in good repair;
4. Contain adequate and appropriate bedding.B. Any owner of any dog that elects to confine the animal to a pen or enclosure shall, in addition to the requirements of subsection A of this section, provide a pen or enclosure that meets the minimum specifications of this subsection. Said pen or enclosure shall: 1. Have not less than one hundred (100) square feet of space for each adult dog, provided that boarding kennels shall be exempt from this provision;
2. Provide adequate drainage to prevent surface water from standing in the area of the pen or enclosure where the dog is kept;
3. Be maintained in compliance with section 3-6 of this chapter.
Sec. 3-125. Use of tie-outs and chaining limited.

A. It shall be unlawful for the owner of any dog to keep or maintain the dog on a tie-out consisting of a rope, chain or other type of tether for a period of more than five (5) continuous hours, or for any duration under conditions which threaten the health or well-being of the animal. At the end of any such period, the owner shall remove the tether from the dog and provide the dog with an adequate chance to exercise.

B. The owner of a dog maintained on a tether of any type shall properly fit the dog with a harness or buckle-type collar to which the tether shall be attached. The tether shall be of adequate length to allow reasonable exercise and access to water and shelter at all times, and shall not be subject to entanglement with other objects in a manner to cause the dog any injury or discomfort or be of a weight disproportionate to the size of the animal so tethered as to unduly burden the animal.

C. The owner of any cat shall not stake the cat outside on a leash, rope, chain, or similar tether.

D. The requirements of this section shall apply during the twenty-four hours of each day.

 

Multnomah County, Oregon
June 27, 2002

Tethering is restricted. Dogs may not be continuously tethered longer than 10 hours in a 24 hour period.

§ 13.305 DUTIES OF OWNERS

(B) It is unlawful for any person to commit any of the following:

(14) Except as provided under MCC 13.300(B) (2), permit any dog to be tethered for more than 10 hours in a 24-hour period.

(15) Notwithstanding MCC 13.305 (B) (14), permit any dog to be tethered in a manner or method that allows the animal to become entangled for a period of time detrimental to the animal’s well being.

 

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
May 14, 2013

Dogs may not be tethered for longer than it takes the owner or responsible person to complete a temporary task for which the dog must be restrained. Dogs may not be left outside unattended in severe weather.

3-505.6 Tethering of dogs outdoors

  1. It shall be unlawful for any person to tether, fasten, chain, tie, restrain or cause an unattended dog to be fastened, chained, tied or restrained to houses, trees, fences, garages, stakes or other stationary or highly immobile objects by means of a rope, chain, strap or other physical restraint for the purpose of confinement, except in circumstances where all of the following requirements are satisfied:
  2. The tethering is not for a longer period of time than reasonably necessary for the dog’s owner or custodian to complete a temporary task that requires the dog to be physically restrained.
  3. The tether is attached to the dog by a non-choke type collar and attached to the stationary object by swivel anchors, latches, or similar devices in a manner which prevents the tether from becoming entangled around any object so as to limit the dog’s freedom within the tethered area, or to prevent the dog, or any of its appendages, from becoming entangled by the tether.
  4. The tether must be of a type commonly used for the size of the dog involved and if the tether is a chain, it may not be thicker than one-eighth of an inch.
  5. The dog has easy access to (i) potable drinking water, (ii) edible food and (iii) adequate shade and/or shelter within the tethered area.
  6. The dog is periodically monitored while tethered for the aforementioned reasonable period of time.
  7. The dog is not tethered outdoors in violation of §3-505.7

3-505.7 Restrictions on leaving dogs outdoors

It shall be unlawful for any person to leave any dog outside and unattended during any period in which a severe weather warning has been issued for Dauphin County by the National Weather Service for a continuous period of time greater than one-half (1/2) hour if the temperature during such period remains entirely either (i) below thirty-two (32) degrees Fahrenheit or (ii) above ninety (90) degrees Fahrenheit. Outside, for purposes of this section, shall mean any unattended dog that is outside subject to the weather and elements, which expressly includes, but not limited to, a dog in securely fenced-in yard, a dog in a carrier, or a dog tethered or tied-out. The dog shall be considered “outside” regardless of access to an outdoor doghouse or similar structure, unless such structure is a properly functioning climate-controlled and weather-resistant structure.

 

Mount Wolf, Pennsylvania
April 2012

This ordinance limits the manner in which an animal may legally be tethered.

If a dog is tethered outside: The tether shall be attached to the dog by a non-choke type collar and attached to the stationary object by swivel anchors, latches, or similar devices in a manner which prevents the tether from becoming entangled around any object so as to limit the dog’s freedom within the tethered area, or prevent the dog, or any of its appendages, from becoming entangled by the tether. The dog shall have easy access to clean drinking water and adequate shade and/or shelter within the tethered area. The dog is periodically monitored while tethered for the aforementioned reasonable period of time. The dog is not to be tethered or left outdoors for a continuous period of time greater than one-half (1/2) hour if the temperature during such period remains entirely either below thirty two (32) degrees Fahrenheit or above ninety (90) degrees or during any period in which severe weather warning has been issued for York County by the National Weather Service.

 

Florence County, South Carolina
2008

Dogs may not be tethered for more than eight hours in a 24-hour period or during severe weather. Dogs who are under 6 months of age or who are sick or injured may not be tethered.
Sec. 6-2. – Animal cruelty.
(n) Tethering of dogs. “Tethered” or “tethering” means attaching an animal to a stationary object by means of a chain, cable, rope, running line, harness or similar device. Tethering shall not include the use of an appropriate leash to walk a dog.
(1) It shall be unlawful for any person to tether, fasten, chain, tie, restrain or otherwise cause a dog to be fastened, chained, tied or restrained, without limitation to houses, trees, garages, or other stationary or immobile objects by means of a chain, cable, rope, running line, harness or other physical restraint for the purpose of confinement, except in circumstances where all of the following requirements are met:
a. The tether must be attached to a properly fitting harness or collar and not directly to the dog’s neck. The tether must be at least 15 feet in length; positioned so that at its greatest length it prevents injury, strangulation or entanglement with any obstruction, man-made or natural or another animal; and employ a swivel on at least one end of the tether to minimize tangling.
b. The tether, assembly or attachments shall not exceed one-tenth of the dog’s body weight so as to inhibit the free movement of a dog within the area tethered.
c. Tethering of dogs for more than eight hours at a time in any 24-hour period is prohibited.
d. A dog is not to be tethered outside during extreme weather including, but not limited to, extreme heat or near-freezing temperatures, thunderstorms or floods.
e. A tethered dog must have access to adequate shade, shelter, food and water.
f. The dog must be at least 15 feet from the edge of any public road or sidewalk and not in an area open to teasing or attacks, or where the ground is continuously wet or muddy. The dog must be tethered in a manner that will prevent the animal from leaving any part of the owner’s property.
g. The dog must be six months of age or older.
h. The dog must not be sick or injured.
i. If there are multiple dogs, each dog must be tethered separately with sufficient space placed between the dogs to ensure that there is no contact with another tethered animal.
(2) Any person in violation of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction must be punished by imprisonment not exceeding 30 days or by a fine not less than $100.00 nor more than $500.00, or both.

 

Greenville, South Carolina
November 26, 2012

Animals may not be tethered for more than two hours in a continuous period of 12 hours. Animals may not be tethered unless a responsible party is outside and within visual range of the animal. Animals under 6 months of age may not be tethered.

Sec. 4-5 – Animal Care Generally
c) It shall be unlawful for a responsible party to tether an animal while outdoors, except when all of the following conditions are met:

  1. The animal must be over the age of six months.
  2. The animal is in visual range of the responsible party and the responsible party is located outside with the animal.
  3. The animal is not tethered more than 2 hours in any continuous 12 hour period.
  4. The tether is connected to the animal with a buckle type collar or a body harness made of nylon or leather not less than one inch in width and is one inch greater in diameter than the animal’s neck or torso.
  5. The tether has the following properties:
    a. A minimum twelve foot length
    b. A swivel type termination at both ends.
    c. Is not made of chain.
    d. Total weight does not exceed ten percent of the animal’s body weight, and
    e. Is fabricated of a material that prevents tangles.
  6. The animal is not outside during extreme weather including, but not limited to, extreme heat, temperatures below 36 degrees Fahrenheit, snow, hail, tornadoes, thunderstorms, tropical storms or hurricanes.
  7. The animal is tethered so as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement.
  8. The animal has access to water, food and shelter.
  9. The animal is not tethered where any object may interfere or impede free movement of the tether.
  10. The animal is not sick or injured.
  11. The animal is not tethered in such proximity to any other tethered animal that would allow entanglement.
  12. The animal is not tethered on any property with an unoccupied dwelling to include, but not limited to, abandoned or condemned buildings.
  13. Any pulley, running line or trolley system to which a tether is attached shall be no less than fifteen feet in length and no more than seven feet above ground.

 

Chattanooga, Tennessee
January 26, 2010

This ordinance prohibits the chaining or tethering of animals to a stationary object for more than 12 hours in a 24-hour period or under conditions that could harm the animal and/or that could be dangerous to pedestrians.

Sec. 7-2. Definitions.

“Adequate space” means sufficient space to allow each animal to (i) easily stand sit, lie, turn about, and make all other normal body movements in a comfortable, normal position for the animal and (ii) interact safely with other animals in the enclosure.

When an animal is tethered, “adequate space” means a tether that permits the above actions and is appropriate to the age and size of the animal; is attached to the animal by a properly applied collar, halter, or harness configured so as to protect the animal from injury and prevent the animal or tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals, or from extending over an object or edge that could result in the strangulation or injury of the animal; and is at least three times the length of the animal, as measured from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail, except when the animal is being walked on a leash or is attached by a tether to a lead line. When freedom of movement would endanger the animal, temporarily and appropriately restricting movement of the animal according to accepted veterinary standards for the species is considered provision of adequate space. Provided, however, that no animal shall be tethered for more than twelve (12) hours in a twenty-four (24) hour period.

Sec. 7- 49. Tethering dogs and other animals.

(a) It shall be unlawful for any person to tie or tether a dog or other animal to a stationary object for a more than a reasonable period of time or in a location so as to create an unhealthy situation for the animal or a potentially dangerous situation for a pedestrian as determined by an animal services officer.

(b) The terms “unhealthy situation” and “potentially dangerous situation” shall include, but not be limited to the following:

(1) Tether, fasten, chain, tie, or restrain a dog, or cause a dog to be tethered, fastened, chained, tied, or restrained, to a dog house, tree, fence, or any other stationary object
for longer than a reasonable time;

(2) Tether any animal in such a manner as to permit the animal to leave the owner’s property;

(3) Tether any animal in an area that is not properly fenced so as to prevent any person or child from entering the area occupied by said animal;

(4) Tether any companion animal in a manner whereby the animal is subject to harassment and perpetual stings or bites that show evidence of injury from outdoor insects, or attacks by other animals;

(5) Failure to remove waste from the tethered area on a daily basis;

(6) Allow more than one animal to be tethered to each running cable or trolley line.

(7) Use a tether that weighs more than one fifth (1/5) of the animal’s body weight;

(8) Tether, chain, attach to a running cable line or trolley system any animal between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 am;

(9) Use a running cable line or trolley system that is made of a substance which can be chewed by the animal;

(10) Not allow the length of the tether from the running cable line or trolley system to the animal’s collar and permit access to the maximum available exercise area and allow the animal free access to food, water, and shelter;

(11) Not be attached to a properly fitted harness or collar not used for the display of a current rabies tag and other identification; and with enough room between the collar and
the dog’s throat through which two fingers may fit; and

(12) Not be tethered at sufficient distance from any other objects to prohibit the tangling of the cable, from extending over an object or an edge that could result in injury of strangulation of the animal and be of sufficient distance from any fence so as to prohibit the animal access to the fence.

 

Montgomery County, Tennessee
March 8, 2010 

Dogs cannot be chained or tethered to an object for more than an hour, and they must be provided with plenty of food, water, and shelter.

MONTGOMERY COUNTY
ANIMAL CONTROL REGULATIONS

Definitions:

(s) Restraint for all domesticated animals shall mean on the premises of the owner, or if off the premises of the owner, under restraint by means of a lead or leash and under the control of a responsible person.

(i) Any tethering system employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owner’s property.

(ii) No chain or tether shall weigh more than 1/8 of the dog or puppy’s body weight.

(iii) Any chain or tether shall be at least twenty (20) feet in length.

(iv) Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the animal.

Restraint and Confinement—Generally:

(e) It shall be unlawful for any animal to be confined or restrained to any stationary object for more than one (1) hour. Puppies under six (6) months of age may not be left unattended at any time while tethered. Dogs six (6) months or older, as determined by veterinary records or breeder certificates, may be restrained by means of a trolley system attached to a pulley on a cable run. Exception: An in ground fixed point cable system may be used if the system allows 360 degree movement and if the following conditions are met:

(1) Only one dog may be confined or restrained to each cable system.

(2) Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for purposes of confining or restraining.

(3) There must be a swivel on at least one end of the restraint to minimize tangling.

(4) The cable run must be at least twenty (20) feet in length and mounted at least four (4) feet and no more than seven (7) feet above ground level with a swivel on at least one end to minimize entanglement.

(5) The length of the restraint to the dog’s collar should allow access to the maximum available exercise area and should allow continuous access to clean water and adequate shelter. The trolley system must be of appropriate configuration to confine the dog to the owner’s property, to prevent the restraint from extending over an object or edge that could result in injury or strangulation of the dog, and to prevent the restraint from becoming entangled with other objects or animals.

(6) Any dog confined or restrained 24 hours a day 7 days a week must have at least 30 minutes of time spent actively with proper exercise off restraint (by means of leash walking, active play in an enclosed secured area conducive to the dogs size and age) within each 24 hour period.

(a) Any dogs confined within a fenced yard or kennel type enclosure must have adequate space for exercise based on a dimension of at least one hundred (100) square feet.

(7) No dog shall be confined or restrained in an area where bare earth is prevalent and no steps have been taken to prevent the area from becoming wet and muddy from precipitation. (10-3-7)

 

Oak Ridge, Tennessee
August 26, 2002

Animals may not be restrained for more than eight hours in a twenty-four hour period.

10-101. Definitions.

(18) “Restraint.”

(b) A dog or puppy may be restrained by a fixed point chain or tether for no more than eight hours in a twenty-four hour period.
(c) A dog may be exclusively restrained by a chain or tether provided that it is at least ten feet in length, with swivels on both ends, and is properly attached to a pulley or trolley mounted on a cable which is also at least ten feet in length and mounted at least four feet and no more than seven feet above ground level in a manner so as not to interfere or become entangled with objects on the property.
(d) Any tethering system employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owner’s property.
(e) No chain or tether shall weigh more than one-eighth of the dog or puppy’s body weight.
(f) Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog or puppy.

 

Abilene, Texas
May 24, 2004

Dogs may not be tethered for a period of time or in a location so as to create “an unhealthy situation” for the animal or a potentially dangerous situation for a pedestrian.

Sec. 6-16.   Care and humane treatment of animals.
It shall be unlawful for an owner or other person to:

(j)   Tie or tether a dog or other animal to a stationary object for a period of time or in a location so as to create an unhealthy situation for the animal or a potentially dangerous situation for a pedestrian.
(1)   “Unhealthy situation” shall include, but not be limited to:
(a)   Tethering an animal in such a manner as to permit the animal access upon any public “right-of-way;”
(b)   Tethering an animal in such a manner as to cause the animal injury or pain;
(c)   Tethering an animal in such a manner that does not permit the animal to reach shelter, food, or water;
(d)   Tethering an animal in such a manner that it is subject to attacks by persons or other animals, stinging bites from outdoor insects, or other similar hazards that pose an unreasonable threat of injury to the animal;
(e)   Failing to remove waste from the tethered area on a daily basis;
(f)   Using a choke-type collar to tether the animal.

(2)   It shall be minimally required that the tether used must be at least ten (10) feet in length, equipped with swivel ends, positioned in such a manner as to prevent the animal from becoming entangled with any obstruction, from partially or totally jumping any fence, or from leaving any part of its owner’s property, and that is secured to the animal using a properly fitted collar or harness.

 

Allen, Texas
October 27, 2009

Sec. 3-3. – Running at large/restraint.
(a) It shall be unlawful for an owner of an animal without regard to mental state, to fail to keep the animal from running at large.
(b) It shall be unlawful for an owner or harborer to allow a dog or other animal to be tethered to a stationary object or in a location so as to create an unhealthy situation for the animal or a potentially dangerous situation for a pedestrian as determined by the animal control authority. The term “unhealthy situation” shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
(1) To tether any animal in such a manner as to cause the animal injury;
(2) To tether any animal in such a manner as to not permit the animal access to shelter, food, or water. It shall be an affirmative defense to this subsection that the owner or harborer was in the same location as the dog or other animal while the animal was tethered;
(3) To tether any animal in such a manner as to permit the animal to leave the premises owned, leased, or occupied by the dog’s owner or harborer or to permit the animal access on any public right-of-way;
(4) To tether any animal in such a manner as to permit the animal to leave the owner or harborer’s property;
(5) To allow any tethered animal to become entangled; or
(6) To use a collar that is pinch-type, prong-type, or choke-type or that is not properly fitted to the dog.
(c) An owner may not leave a dog outside and unattended by use of a restraint that unreasonably limits the dog’s movement:
(1) Between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.;
(2) Within five hundred (500) feet of the premises of a school; or
(3) In the case of extreme weather conditions, including conditions in which: a. The actual or effective outdoor temperature is below thirty-two (32) degrees Fahrenheit;
b. A heat advisory has been issued by a local or state authority or jurisdiction; or
c. A hurricane or tornado warning has been issued for the jurisdiction by the National Weather Service.
(Ord. No. 1859-8-00, § 1, 8-3-2000; Ord. No. 2867-10-09, § 1, 10-27-2009)

Grand Prairie, Texas
October 2, 2007

Animals may not be tethered for more than three hours in a 24-hour period, between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m., within 500 feet of a school or school bus stop, in freezing temperatures, or during extreme weather.

Sec. 5-21. – Unlawful restraint of animals.
(a) The owner of an animal may restrain an animal on a tether for a reasonable period, not to exceed three (3) hours in a twenty-four-hour period, and no longer than is necessary for the owner to complete a temporary task that requires the animal to be restrained.
Tethering is prohibited:
(1) Between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.;
(2) Within five hundred (500) feet of the premises of a school or school bus stop;
(3) If the actual or effective outdoor temperature is below thirty-two (32) degrees Fahrenheit;
(4) If a heat advisory has been issued by a local or state authority or jurisdiction;
(5) If a hurricane, tropical storm, or tornado warning has been issued for the jurisdiction by the National Weather Service;
(6) If the tether is:
a. less than five (5) times the length of the dog, as measured from the tip of the dog’s nose to the base of the dog’s tail; or
b. less than ten (10) feet; whichever is greater.
(7) If the tether and/or related attachments are greater than twenty (20) percent of the animal’s weight;
(8) If the tether is attached by means of a pinch-type, prong-type, or choke-type collar or if the collar is unsafe or is not properly fitted;
(9) If the tether inhibits the animal’s free movement or causes injury or entanglement;
(10) If the animal is under four (4) months of age;
(11) If the animal does not have access to shade, dry shelter, and a tip-proof water supply;
(12) If the length of the tether allows the animal to touch the fence or cross the property line or cross onto public easement.
(Ord. No. 7676, § 3, 10-2-07)

 

Harris County, Texas
October 1, 2007

Dogs may not be tethered between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. or during extreme weather conditions.

SECTION 13. UNLAWFUL RESTRAINT OF DOGS

  1. A person who owns or has custody or control of a dog and who uses a chain, rope, tether, leash, cable, or other device that attaches a dog to a stationary object or trolley system shall comply with Chapter 821, Subchapter D, sections 821.076 through 821.081 of the Texas Health and Safety Code, as amended. Dogs must have a properly fitted collar and restraint system as required by Subchapter D, Chapter 821 of the Texas Health and Safety Code.
  2. A person who owns or has custody or control of a dog may not leave a dog outside and unattended by use of a chain, rope, tether, leash, cable, or other device that attaches a dog to a stationary object or trolley system that: unreasonably limit the dog’s movement: between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.; or is located within 500 feet of a school; or occurs during extreme weather conditions as defined in Subchapter D, Chapter 821 of the Texas Health and Safety Code.
  3. A chain, rope, tether, leash, cable, or other device that attaches a dog to a stationary object or trolley system unreasonably limits a dog’s movement if it:
    1. uses a collar that is pinch-type, prong-type, or choke-type or that is not properly fitted to the dog;
    2. is a length shorter than the greater of: 17
      1. five times the length of the dog, as measured from the tip of the dog’s nose to the base of the dog’s tail; or
      2. 10 feet;
    3. is in an unsafe condition; or
    4. causes injury to the dog.

 

San Angelo, Texas
March 2009

Sec. 3.2002     Chaining of Dogs Prohibited as Primary Enclosure

(a)     It shall be unlawful for any person to chain or tether a dog as its primary enclosure for any period longer than two hours cumulative, in a 24-hour period, except that:

(1)     A dog must be restrained by a leash while being walked outside of a fenced or enclosed area;

(2)     A dog may be restrained by chain or tether at a camping or recreational area in compliance with Texas Health and Safety Code § 821.077.

 

Richland Hills, TX
July 8, 2008

Sec. 6-80. – Tethering of animals.
(a) No person shall tether an unattended animal by any means on any public property such as city parks or utility easements, or private property accessible to the public, such as undeveloped lots or unfenced yards, or any other plot or tract where the public has unrestricted access.
(b) No person shall tether an animal without providing unrestricted, continuous access to shade and water.
(c) No person shall tether an animal for more than three hours without providing unrestricted, continuous access to a wind and moisture proof shelter.
(d) No person shall tether an animal in such a way that the tethering device can become tangled around trees, poles or other obstacles and prevent the access to shade, water or shelter.
(e) No person shall leave an animal outside and unattended by use of a tether that unreasonably limits the animal’s movement:
(1) Between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.;
(2) Within 500 feet of the premises of a school; or
(3) In the case of extreme weather conditions.
(f) A tether unreasonably limits an animal’s movements if the tether:
(1) Uses a collar that is a pinch-type, prong-type, or choke-type or that is not properly fitted to the animal;
(2) Is a length shorter than the greater of:
a. Five times the length of the animal’s nose to the base of the animal’s tail, or
b. Ten feet.
(3) Is in an unsafe condition; or
(4) Causes an injury to the animal.
(g) Subsection (e) of this section shall not apply to:
(1) An animal tethered to a running line, pulley, or trolley system and that is not tethered to the running line, pulley, or trolley system by a means of a pinch-type, prong-type, choke-type, or improperly fitted collar.
(2) An animal tethered for a reasonable period, not to exceed three hours in a 24-hour period, and no longer than is necessary for the owner to complete a temporary task that requires the animal to be tethered;
(3) An animal tethered while the owner is engaged in, or actively training for, an activity that is conducted pursuant to a valid license issued by the state if the activity for which the license is issued is associated with and requires the use or presence of the animal;
(4) An animal tethered while the owner is engaged in conduct directly related to the business of shepherding or herding cattle or livestock; or
(5) An animal tethered while the owner is engaged in conduct related to the business of cultivating agricultural products, if the use of the tether is reasonably necessary for the safety of the animal.
(Ord. No. 810-97, § 15(F), 1-28-1997; Ord. No. 1119-08, § 3, 7-8-2008)

Salt Lake County, Utah
June 5, 2010

8.08.130 – Tethering of dogs—Restrictions.
A. It is unlawful for an owner or handler of a dog to tether a dog in any manner that would cause injury or damage to the dog, or when restriction of freedom of movement would endanger a dog. A tether must be of sufficient length to provide the dog with adequate space. Each dog tethered in violation of this section shall constitute a separate offense.
B. It is unlawful for an owner or handler of a dog to tether a dog for longer than ten hours within a twenty-four-hour period. Each dog tethered in violation of this section shall constitute a separate offense.
(Ord. No. 1663, § III, 1-5-2010)

 

Alexandria, Virginia
June 12, 2010

Sec. 5-7-36.1 Provision Of Adequate Shelter And Space, Tethering Of Dogs.

(a) It shall be unlawful for my person to fail to provide any dog with adequate space or adequate shelter. As used in this section, the terms “adequate space” and “adequate shelter” have the meanings ascribed to them by City Code Section 5-7-3 1 (DEFINITIONS), subsections n and o, respectively.

(b) Except when a dog’s owner, guardian or custodian is physically within reach of the dog, it shall be unlawful for any person to tether a dog to a chain, rope or line of any kind -that is too short to enable the dog easily to stand, sit, lie, turn about, and make all other normal body movements in a comfortable, normal position for the animal and reach shade as necessary, for more than three hours cumulatively within any twenty-four hour period, whether or not the tethered dog has been provided adequate space.

(c) Notwithstanding any other part of this Section, a dog may be attached to a running cable line or trolley system that allows it to reach shelter and water as necessary, except that no dog may be confined to such a running cable line or trolley system for more than twelve (12) hours cumulatively, within any twenty-four (24) hour period. A running cable line or trolley system is defined as one that is at least twenty (20) feet in length and is mounted at least four (4) feet, but no more than seven (7) feet, above the ground. Under no circumstances shall a dog be attached to a running cable line or trolley system unless the tether attaching it to the running cable line or trolley system is at least ten (1 0) feet in length or three times the length of the animal, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail, whichever is longer.

Arlington County, Virginia
October 19, 2013

Dogs may not be restrained by a tether that is too short to allow them natural movement for more than three hours in a 24-hour period while unattended and may not be retrained on a trolley system for more than 12 hours in a 24-hour period.

§ 2-6.1. Tethering of Dogs
A. Except when a dog’s owner, guardian or custodian is physically within reach of the dog, it shall be unlawful for any person to tether a dog to a chain, rope or line of any kind that is too short to enable the dog easily to stand, sit, lie down, turn about, and make all other normal body  movements in a comfortable, normal position for the animal, and reach shade as necessary, for more than three (3) hours cumulatively within any twenty-four (24) hour period, regardless of whether the tethered dog has been provided adequate space during parts of such period. For the purposes of this section, “adequate space” shall have the meaning given to it in Title 3.2 of the Code of Virginia. When the same dog is observed to be tethered in the same location that it was in after an initial observation of the dog in that location, then there shall be a rebuttable presumption that the dog has been continuously tethered in that location since the initial observation.
B. Notwithstanding any other part of this section, a dog may be attached to a running cable line or trolley system that allows it to reach shelter and water as necessary, except that no dog may be confined to such a running cable line or trolley system for more than twelve (12) hours cumulatively within any twenty-four (24) hour period. When the same dog is observed to be tethered in the same location on a least two (2) subsequent occasions in the twenty-four (24) hour period that follows an initial observation of the dog in that location, then there shall be a rebuttable presumption that the dog has been tethered in that location for more than twelve (12) hours cumulatively in the twenty-four (24) hour period since the initial observation. A running cable line or trolley system is defined as one that is at least 20 feet in length and is mounted at least four (4) feet, but no more than seven (7) feet, above the ground. Under no circumstances shall a dog be attached to a running cable line or trolley system unless the tether attaching it to the running cable line or trolley system is at least ten (10) feet in length or three (3) times the length of the animal, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail, whichever is longer.

Chesapeake, Virginia
February 11, 2014

Dogs may be tethered to a stationary object for no more than 60 consecutive minutes. Tethering dogs less than 6 months of age or females in estrus is prohibited. Certain requirements regarding the tether itself and how it is attached to the dog must be met.

Sec.10-22.1. Tethering dogs.

(c) No person shall tether or cause to be tethered any dog that is not in the immediate proximity of its owner or custodian except under all of the following conditions:

(1)   The owner or custodian is present on the property;

(2)   Such tethering does not exceed sixty (60) continuous minutes;

(3)   The dog is six (6) months of age or older;

(4)   If female, the dog is sterilized and not in estrus;

(5)   The tether does not exceed ten percent (10%) of the dog’s body weight;

(6)   The tether is at least three (3) times the length of the dog from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail;

(7)   The tether allows the dog to easily stand, sit, lie, turn around, and make all other normal body movements in a comfortable, normal position for the dog;

(8)   The tether allows the dog to interact safely with other animals, if at all;

(9)   The tether is (i) appropriate for the age and size of the dog; and (ii) attached to the dog by a properly fitted collar or body harness configured to prevent the dog or tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals or from extending over an object or edge that could result in strangulation or injury of the dog;

(10) Only one (1) dog is attached to a single tether; and

(11)  The dog is not tethered in such a manner to permit the dog to cross and enter upon another’s property, except that the same shall not be unlawful if the affected property owner or person having lawful possession thereof provides consent.

Danville, Virginia
December 1, 2009
(effective July 1, 2010)

This ordinance prohibits the tethering of companion animals who are under the age of 4 months and any animal when outside temperatures are 32 degrees Fahrenheit or below or for longer than four hours in a 24-hour period. Tethering is also prohibited under certain conditions that could harm the animal.

Sec. 5-25. Adequate space for animals; time restriction on tethering companion animals.

(a) It shall be unlawful to fail to provide any animal with adequate space. “Adequate space” means sufficient space to allow each animal to (i) easily stand, sit, lie, turn about, and make all other normal body movements in a comfortable, normal position for the animal and (ii) interact safely with other animals in the enclosure.

(b) When a companion animal is tethered, “adequate space” means a tether that permits the above actions and is appropriate to the age and size of the companion animal. The tether must be attached to the companion animal by a properly applied collar, halter, or harness configured so as to protect the companion animal from injury and prevent the companion animal or the tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals, or from extending over an object or edge that could result in the strangulation or injury of the companion animal. Furthermore, the tether must be at least three (3) times the length of the companion animal, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail, except when the companion animal is being walked on a leash or is attached by a tether to a lead line. When freedom of movement would endanger the companion animal, temporarily and appropriately restricting movement of the companion animal according to professionally accepted standards is considered to be provision of adequate space.

(c) It shall be unlawful for any person to tether a companion animal:

  1. When the outside temperature is equal to or less than thirty-two (32) degrees Fahrenheit;
  2. In a manner as to cause injury, strangulation or entanglement of the dog on fences, trees, or other manmade or natural obstacles;
  3. To a fixed-point;
  4. That is under four (4) months of age;
  5. That is sick or injured; or
  6. For more than four (4) hours, in any twenty-four-hour period.

 

Norfolk, Virginia
November 21, 2006

Animals may not be tethered for more than three consecutive hours.

Section 6.1-2. When an animal is tethered, “adequate space” means a tether that permits the above actions and is appropriate to the age, size, and health of the animal; is attached to the animal by a properly applied collar, halter, or harness configured so as to protect the animal from injury, with enough room between the collar and the dog’s throat through which two (2) fingers may fit, and prevent the animal or tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals, or from gaining access to public thoroughfares, or from extending over an object or edge that could result in the strangulation or injury of the animal; weighs not more than one eight[h] of the body weight of the animal tethered; and is at least ten (10) feet in length or three (3) times the length of the animal whichever is longer, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail, except when the animal is being walked on a leash or is attached by a tether to a lead line. When freedom of movement would endanger the animal, temporarily and appropriately restricting movement of the animal according to professionally accepted standards for the species is considered provision of adequate space. Provided, however, that no animal shall be tethered for more than three (3) consecutive hours in a twenty-four-hour period.

 

Northampton County, Virginia
May 10, 2004

No animal shall be tethered for more than 12 hours in a 24 hour period. Tethers must be at least 10 feet long.

§ 95.05 TETHERING OF ANIMALS.

(A)  An animal owner in the county shall allow each animal to (i) easily stand, sit, lie, turn about and make all other normal body movements in a comfortable, normal position for the animal and (ii) interact safely with other animals in the enclosure. When an animal is tethered, “adequate space” means a tether that permits the above actions and is appropriate to the age, size, and health of the animal; is attached to the animal by a properly applied collar, halter, or harness configured so as to protect the animal from injury and prevent the animal or tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals, or from gaining access to public thoroughfares, or from extending over an object or edge that could result in the strangulation or injury of the animal; and is at least ten feet in length or three times the length of the animal whichever is longer, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail, except when the animal is being walked on a leash or is attached by a tether to a lead line. When freedom of movement would endanger the animal, temporarily and appropriately restricting movement of the animal according to professionally accepted standards for the species is considered provision of adequate space. Provided, however, that no animal shall be tethered for more than 12 hours in a 24-hour period.

(B)  Animals involved in agricultural activities shall not be subject to this section.

(C)  It shall be an unlawful act if any person violates any provision of this section and it shall constitute a Class 4 misdemeanor.

 

Portsmouth, Virginia
September 25, 2012

Dogs may not be tethered for more than three consecutive hours in a 24-hour period.

Sec. 4-9. Standards for keeping animals and household pets; harboring stray animals.

(c) It shall be unlawful for any person to chain, stake out, or tether any animal on any premises in such a manner that the animal may go beyond its own property line unless such person has permission from the owner of the affected property. At no time shall an animal be allowed to be staked out, chained or tethered in a manner, which allows the animal to cross onto city property.

(d) Animals, which are staked out, chained, or tethered outside on any property, shall be 15 feet away from the property line, and at no time shall an animal be permitted to be chained, staked out or tethered outside on a balcony that is above ground level.

(e) When an animal is tethered, “adequate space” means a tether that permits the above actions and is appropriate to the age and size of the animal. The tether must be attached to the animal by a properly applied collar, halter, or harness configured so as to protect the animal from injury and prevent the animal or the tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals, or from extending over an object or edge that could result in the strangulation or injury of the animal. For dogs, the tether must be at least three times the length of the dog, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail, except when the dog is being walked on a leash or is attached by a tether to a lead line. When freedom of movement would endanger the animal, temporarily and appropriately restricting movement of the animal according to professionally accepted standards is considered to be provision of adequate space.

(f) It shall be unlawful for any dog to be tethered for more than consecutive three hours during any 24-hour period.

Richmond, Virginia
October 22, 2007

Dogs may not be tethered for more than an hour in a 24-hour period.

Sec. 10-92. Cruelty to animals.

(d) (2) It shall be unlawful for any person to tether a dog for more than one hour cumulatively within any twenty-four hour period, whether or not the tethered dog has been provided adequate space.

 

Smithfield, Virginia
October 4, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the tethering of dogs for more than 8 hours in any 24- hour period and forbids tethering between the hours of 11 p.m. and 6 a.m.

Section 18-45

(a) It shall be unlawful for any person owning and/or controlling dogs whether vaccinated or unvaccinated, licensed or unlicensed, to allow said animal to be tied or chained to dog houses, or other stationary objects for a period of time longer than 8 hours in a 24 hour period and shall be prohibited from 11:00 pm through 6:00 am.

 

Staunton, Virginia
2010

Animals younger than 4 months of age may not be tethered. Animals older than 4 months of age may not be tethered between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.

6.05.090 Tethering animals.
(1) It shall be unlawful for any person to tether any animal less than four months of age within the city of Staunton. Animals over four months of age are prohibited from being tethered between the hours of 10:00 p.m. through 6:00 a.m. local time.
(2) Whenever the police department or animal control officer receives a complaint as to a violation of this section, and the complaint is found to be warranted, the police department or animal control officer shall notify the person in writing to abate such violation within 30 days. If, after such written notice, the person fails to correct the violation, the police department or animal control officer shall take the necessary legal action to abate the violation by having the animal impounded or the person charged with a violation of this section, or both.
(3) The first violation of this section shall constitute a Class 4 misdemeanor. A subsequent violation shall constitute a Class 3 misdemeanor. (Ord. 2010-14).

 

Virginia Beach, Virginia
January 11, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs for more than three total hours in any 24 hour period. Tethers must be at least three times the dog’s length and allow the dog to easily stand, sit, lie, and turn about. Tethers must be attached to a proper collar, halter, or harness and cannot become entangled or extend over an object that may cause the dog to strangle or be injured.

Sec. 5-501. Adequate space for animals; time restriction on tethering dogs.

(a) It shall be unlawful to fail to provide any animal with adequate space. “Adequate space” means sufficient space to allow each animal to (i) easily stand, sit, lie, turn about, and make all other normal body movements in a comfortable, normal position for the animal and (ii) interact safely with other animals in the enclosure.

(b) When a dog is tethered, “adequate space” means a tether that permits the above actions and is appropriate to the age and size of the dog. The tether must be attached to the dog by a properly applied collar, halter, or harness configured so as to protect the dog from injury and prevent the dog or tether from becoming entangled with other objects or dogs, or from extending over an object or edge that could result in the strangulation or injury of the dog. Furthermore, the tether must be at least three times the length of the dog, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail, except when the dog is being walked on a leash or is attached by a tether to a lead line. When freedom of movement would endanger the dog, temporarily and appropriately restricting movement of the dog according to professionally accepted standards is considered to be provision of adequate space.

(c) It shall be unlawful for any dog to be tethered for more than three (3) hours, cumulatively, in any twenty-four-hour period.

 

Charleston, West Virginia
June 18, 2007

Dogs may not be tethered for more than two continuous hours, there must be a hiatus of three hours between periods of tethering, and dogs may not be tethered more than five times in a 24-hour period. Certain conditions must also be met in order to tether a dog.

Sec. 10-4. – Tethering of dogs.

(a) It is unlawful to attach chains or other tethers, restraints or implements directly to a dog without the proper use of a collar, harness, or other device designed for that purpose and designed to prevent injury to the animal.

(b) No person shall:

(1) Except as provided in subsection (2), tether a dog for more than two continuous hours: provided that tethering of the same dog may resume after a hiatus of three continuous hours; and provided further that the tethering of the same dog shall not be tethered more than five times in a 24-hour period; or

(2) When the outside temperature is equal to or greater than 90° Fahrenheit or equal to or less than 32° Fahrenheit, tether a dog for more than one continuous hour: provided that tethering of the same dog may resume after a hiatus of three continuous hours; and provided further that the tethering of the same dog is allowed no more than five times in a 24-hour period; or

(3) Use a tethering device, including, but not limited to, chain, leash, rope, collaring device, or any assembly or attachments thereto, the weight of which inhibits the free movement of the animal within the area tethered; provided that for the purpose of this subsection, in no event shall the tethering device, including any assembly or attachments thereto, weigh more than ⅛ of the animal’s body weight; or

(4) Tether a dog in such a manner as to cause injury, strangulation, or entanglement of the dog on fences, trees, or other man-made or natural obstacles.

(c) For the purpose of tethering a dog, the chain, leash, rope or other tethering device used shall be at least ten feet in length, unless this length allows the dog to be on property other than the owner’s property, or results in a violation of subsection (b)(4)

(d) Violation of this section shall be a separate and distinct offense from the cruelty to animals provisions of section 10-3. Further, violations of this section shall be subject to the enforcement, adjudication and penalty provisions of section 10-5

(Ord. No. 7266, 6-18-2007)

 

Moundsville, West Virginia
November 5, 2008

Animals may not be tethered in freezing or hot temperatures, to a stationary object, between nightfall and 6 a.m., or within 500 feet of a school. Animals under 6 months of age and animals who are sick or injured may not be tethered.

505.03 RESTRAINT, FOOD AND SHELTER.
(a) No person who is a caretaker or owner of a dog or cat shall intentionally let it run loose or fail to keep it restrained to the property of the owner or caretaker.
(b) No person shall tether, chain, tie, or confine an animal outside under any of the following conditions:
(1) When the outside temperature is equal to or greater than 85 degrees Fahrenheit or equal to or less than 32 degrees Fahrenheit.
(2) In such a manner as to cause injury, strangulation or entanglement of the dog on fences, trees or other man-made or natural obstacles.
(3) With a fixed point chain or to any stationary object.
(4) After dark and before 6 a.m.
(5) Within 500 feet of a school.
(6) That is under 6 months of age.
(7) That is sick or injured.

 

Racine, Wisconsin
March 15, 2005

Dogs may not be tethered for longer than 12 hours in a 24-hour period, and certain requirements must be met.

Sec. 10-101. Chaining dogs.

(a) It shall be unlawful to keep a dog chained for longer than 12 hours in any 24-hour period.

(b) The chain shall be affixed to a collar or harness and no less than ten feet in length.

(c) The chain shall be attached in such a manner as not to allow the dog to trespass on public or private property.

(d) The terms “chain” and “chaining” include any manner of restraint such as ropes, cables, or leashes.

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