There are two basic ways to improve the life of a "backyard dog." In some situations, a quick call to law enforcement is all that's necessary. In others, it'll be up to you to build a relationship with the dog's guardian and get permission to visit and care for the animal. Every case will be different, so carefully assess the situation before you get started.
Call Authorities if a Dog's Life Is in Immediate Danger or if Chaining Is Illegal
Many counties and cities have laws addressing chained or penned dogs. See the list of such places or look up your local law at the library or on Municode.com. Even if your area doesn't have such a law, backyard dogs must have shelter, adequate food, and clean water, and they must be provided with veterinary care if they are sick or injured.
If a backyard dog is in imminent danger—for example, if the animal is very thin, is obviously ill or injured, or has no shelter or cannot access it—notify authorities immediately. Refer to our guide for more information about what to do if you spot cruelty to animals.
Law enforcement officials are unlikely to remove dogs from such situations unless their lives are truly in danger. Err on the side of safety, of course. But unless you're unwilling to work with the dog's guardians or you've already exhausted that option to no avail, don't call authorities for non-emergency backyard dog cases—the dog probably won't be removed from the situation, and the guardians will be less likely to allow you to visit or help the dog.
Work With Guardians to Help Backyard Dogs in Non-Emergency Situations
Your best chance of helping dogs in non-emergency situations is probably to befriend the dogs' guardians.
Using anything other than a polite approach will probably make them angry and hurt your chances of making a difference. You may be pleasantly surprised—sometimes guardians help their animals themselves after just one conversation.
Begin by talking to owners about what their dogs need. Avoid being confrontational. Consider starting the conversation by talking about your experiences with your own dog or by mentioning that you recently learned some new facts about dogs, such as the following:
While you work with the dog's owner to protect the animal's physical health, don't forget to give the dog some attention and playtime too. A happy dog has toys, goes for walks, and spends time with people and/or other dogs. The following are some ideas:
Many dogs have eventually been given to people who have cared for them, all because of patient and friendly intervention. If you are offered or given a backyard dog—even if you cannot give him or her a permanent home—graciously accept the animal. See our tips on how to find an animal a good home.
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